Home' Greymouth Star : September 6th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Saturday, September 6, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1620 - Pilgrims sail on the Mayflower from
Plymouth, England, to settle in the New
1666 - Great Fire of London ends after
destroying much of the city.
1715 - Jacobite uprising known as The
Fifteen begins at Braemer in Scotland.
1859 - Brisbane incorporated as capital of
1901 - US president William McKinley is
shot by an anarchist and dies eight days later.
1914 - First battle of the Marne begins in
World War One.
1941 - Jews over the age of six in German-
occupied areas are ordered to wear yellow Stars
1944 - The German V-2 missile, the
precursor of modern ballistic missiles, is used
for the first time, against Paris.
1966 - Prime Minister Hendrik F
Ver woerd of South Africa, a staunch
apartheid supporter, is stabbed
to death by an immigrant from
Mozambique during a parliament
session in Cape Town.
1990 - Death of Sir Leonard
Hutton, Yorkshire and England
cricketer who scored 364 runs in an
innings against Australia in 1938.
1997 - Princess Diana is buried after a
funeral ser vice at Westminster Abbey seen by
millions around the world.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Guillaume D ubois, French cardinal-statesman
(1652-1723); Moses Mendelssohn, German
philosopher (1729-1786); Marie Joseph du
Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French politician
and soldier (1757-1834); John Dalton, English
chemist (1766-1844); Montague Norman,
English economist (1871-1950); John James
Rickard Macleod, Scottish physiologist and
Nobel laureate (1876-1935); Nigel Westlake,
Australian musician and composer (1958-);
Rosie Perez, US actress (1964-); John
Polson, Australian director-actor
(1965-); Saeed Anwar, Pakistani
cricketer (1968-); Dolores O’Riordan,
Irish singer in The Cranberries (1971-
); Tim Henman, English tennis player
(1974-) Nina Persson, Swedish singer
(1974-); Pippa Middleton, sister of
Catherine, D uchess of Cambridge (1983-).
“ Laziness is often mistaken for patience.”
— French proverb.
“ What you heard from me, keep as the
pattern of sound teaching, with faith and love
in Christ Jesus. Guard the good deposit that
was entrusted to you — guard it with the help
of the Holy Spirit who lives in us.”
— 2 Timothy 1:13-14
will be introduced
by the Greymouth
with its forthcoming production, You Touched
Me. For the first time the group will be using
a composite stage — the type of set which
provides more than just the one basic room.
This play calls for two rooms, one in the form
of a captain’s cabin, the other in the shape of
a living room. Set in rural England at the end
of World War Two, it is a romantic three-act
comedy. “But it is a bit more adult than most of
the others we have had,” said the producer, Mrs
Repertory practice can have its hazards.
Raymond Bunt discovered this while
rehearsing his role as a policeman with other
members of the cast for the forthcoming
He touched something in the dark and
suffered a nasty fall. In the process he gashed
his leg on a projecting section of timber. The
result was 15 stitches in a cut below the knee
on his right leg.
As far as the show goes? “I’ll be okay to start,”
he remarked today.
Youth has made its presence felt in a
variety of sports in recent years and golf is
no exception. On the local plane there are
three young golfers hailed as being potentially
among the best produced on the Coast for
They are all members of the Reefton Golf
Club and their names are Bruce Johnson,
Duncan McVicar and Lynsey Blair. All three
began playing the sport on a club basis this
year. They attribute much of their ability to
some of the older members of the club who,
on Saturday mornings, coach them in the
fundamentals of the game.
uFood for thought
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cotland’s vote on independence
this month means Queen
Elizabeth faces a division in
her kingdom not seen since
the days of her namesake
Elizabeth I at the start of the
17th century. But some things may not
change so much.
Whatever the outcome, Q ueen Elizabeth
is likely to still be Queen of Scotland,
since most Scots are keen to retain her
as head of State even if they vote to go it
After almost 64 years on the throne,
Elizabeth is set to overtake Q ueen
Victoria in September next year as
Britain’s — and both England and
Scotland’s — longest reigning monarch.
But celebrations then might be muted
if Scots vote for independence this
September 18, although opinion polls
suggest they will not.
The date of the potential split, March 24,
2016, is laden with historical significance:
It would be exactly 413 years after the
crowns of the two countries were united
following the death of Elizabeth I in 1603.
With no children of her own,
Elizabeth I’s cousin James VI of Scotland
became King of England too, although
the countries remained separate sovereign
In 1707, under the Act of Union, the
crowns and parliaments of both countries
were formally joined under King James’s
granddaughter Queen Anne to form the
Kingdom of Great Britain.
Idiosyncrasies of that union remain to
When heir-to-the-throne Prince Charles
is in Scotland, aides refer to him by his
Scottish title the D uke of Rothesay rather
than as the Prince of Wales. The title was
given to the heir apparent of the Scottish
throne before the union with England.
Should Scotland vote for independence,
nationalists say Queen Elizabeth, who
is 88, would remain Q ueen of Scotland
although they give no guarantee of the
monarchy’s long-term future.
“Scotland will be a constitutional
monarchy for as long as the people of
Scotland wish us to be so,” the Scottish
government, led by the Scottish
Nationalist Party, says.
There is no doubt Scotland is close to
Queen Elizabeth’s heart. She spent much
of her childhood there, and her late sister
Margaret was born there.
The country is the favourite summer
destination for her and her husband
Prince Philip, who lefte London in August
for their estate at Balmoral, often joined
by other members of the royal family.
The granite palace, a home for the
royals since Victoria’s husband Prince
Albert bought it for her in 1852, sits in
the Cairngorms National Park. With
its towers and turrets, it is an impressive
example of the Scots Baronial style.
“S he absolutely loves it here — she
spends four months a year here, and it’s
not as though she has to,” one employee at
Balmoral, who declined to be named, said.
“ It ’s run just as it was under Victoria. It’s
nice to keep it in the family.”
The royals pursue traditional pastimes
of fishing and shooting, whatever the
weather, and Queen Elizabeth was there
with Prince Charles and his sons William
and Harry in 1997 when Princess Diana
died, leading to demands from newspapers
that they return to London.
“One of the problems when Diana died
back in 1997 was that she (the Q ueen)
didn’t want to leave Scotland, she was
happy there, she didn’t want to come down
to London,” royal biographer Robert
Tourists are told Elizabeth and Prince
Philip are devoted to Balmoral. An
exhibition includes features on the Q ueen’s
ponies, dogs and custom-made Bentley.
The castle also has a small ballroom,
where the royal visitors can perfect their
“If you live in this sort of life, which
people don’t very much, you live very
much by continuity and tradition,” the
Queen says in one documentary display on
her daily life there.
Mary Macleod, a former policy adviser
to the Q ueen and now a member of
parliament in Prime Minister David
Cameron’s Conser vative Party, said it was
the place where the royals had time to
switch off from their official duties.
“It is where they relax, it goes back to
their childhood,” she said.
Although the Queen is assumed to back
the union, under her constitutional role
she must stay politically neutral.
Her only official comment on the
referendum came in May in a message to
the General Assembly of the Church of
“In this important year of referendum,
we pray that whatever the outcome, people
of faith and people of good will, will work
together for the social good of Scotland,”
However, she gave an indication of her
views on a split of her realm during a
speech to mark 25 years on the throne in
1977 when she referred to referendums
on devolved governments in Scotland and
Wales, which were later rejected by voters.
“ I number Kings and Queens of England
and of Scotland, and Princes of Wales
among my ancestors and so I can readily
understand these aspirations. But I cannot
forget that I was crowned Queen of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland. ”
Macleod said her actions spoke louder
“ It will be something she will be looking
at with extremely close interest because
historically and to this day she feels
Scotland is a very important part of the
country as a whole,” she said.
Dickie Arbiter, the Q ueen’s former press
secretary, said Queen Elizabeth had faced
the same issue when Australians voted in
1999 against becoming a republic.
He said she took the view then it was for
Australians to decide, and it would be the
same for the Scots now.
“S he’s very pragmatic,” Arbiter said.
“ If you want to see how the Scots feel
about the Queen just look at the reception
she got at the Commonwealth Games,”
he said. She was greeted in Glasgow with
loud cheers and a rousing rendition of the
British national anthem.
Biographer Lacey pointed out that
Queen Elizabeth was already head of
State of 16 independent nations.
“ I don’t think that would be a problem
for her at all. She’s already Queen of
Canada and Queen of Australia and
Queen of New Zealand and queen of a
dozen Commonwealth countries, quite
independent of being Queen of Great
Britain,” he said.
But among those campaigning for
independence, there is also a feeling that
not only should the union with England
be ended, but also the Scottish monarchy.
Kenny MacAskill, Scotland’s Justice
Minister, has hinted an independent
Scotland should hold a referendum
on keeping the monarchy, and Dennis
Canavan, the chairman of the Yes
Scotland campaign who has called a
hereditary head of State “an affront to
democracy ”, has said such a vote should
take place quickly.
Polls have traditionally shown Scots are
less enthusiastic about the royal family
than the rest of Britain. However recent
sur veys suggest they would not want to
ditch the sovereign.
A British Social Attitudes sur vey in June
found that 62% in Scotland thought an
independent Scotland should keep the
same king or queen as England.
Post-independence, it would be a matter
for Scotland, not what remains of Britain,
whether the Queen reigns north of the
Come what may, for Queen Elizabeth
personally, she will still be able to enjoy
the palace where she feels most at home.
“Those Highland moors mean a lot to
her,” Lacey said. “ If I could speculate about
what she might be thinking, she’s thinking
whichever way the vote goes, I can still go
to Balmoral.” — Reuters
End of the UK?
Balmoral Castle, the Queen’s favourite summer destination, in the heart of Scotland.
“ Whoever betrays the country will
pay the price, I assure you,” Rwanda’s
President Paul Kagame told a rally soon
after the country’s former intelligence
chief, Patrick Karegeya, was found
strangled in a South African hotel
room last January. Karegeya had quit
the government and become a leading
opponent of the regime, which President
Kagame would certainly see as a betrayal
of the country.
It is not unusual for dictators to see
their own interests and those of the
country they rule as one and the same
thing. It is not even uncommon for
dictators to have people killed. What
is really rare is a dictator who has
had quite a lot of people killed, but is
congratulated by other countries for his
excellent administration and showered
with foreign aid. That is the happy lot of
President Paul Kagame.
Fewer than half of Rwanda’s 12 million
people have personal memories of the
terrible genocide 20 years ago, but the
country as a whole is still haunted by it.
Kagame has ruled Rwanda for all of that
time, and he is convinced that only he can
stop it from happening again. It is only a
small step from there to believing that he
has the duty to maintain his rule by any
means necessary, including even murder.
All the murders are officially denied, but
nobody believes it. Last week four not
very competent assassins, one Rwandan
and three Tanzanians, were found guilty
by a South African court of trying to
kill the former Rwandan army chief of
staff, Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, in
Johannesburg in 2010. They shot him
in the stomach, but he sur vived after
months in intensive care — and they did
not get away.
The South African judge, Stanley
Mkhair, said diplomatically that the plot
to kill Nyamwasa came from “a certain
group of people from Rwanda”. The
South African authorities even know how
much the assassins were paid: 80,000
rand ($8946). But it was just not worth
Last March, when South African
Justice Minister Jeff Radebe warned
Rwanda to stop after another attempt
on Nyamwasa’s life, the two countries
went through a ritual round of tit-
for-tat expulsions of diplomats. Once
a year is enough, but at least South
Africa complains occasionally. Most
other African countries look the other
way when Kagame’s hit squads turn up,
people like Tony Blair accept lifts in his
private jet, and the aid agencies do not
These people are not fools or knaves
(except Tony Blair, of course), so why
are they all giving Kagame a free pass?
Because they secretly suspect that
Kagame is right: that only he can prevent
another genocide in Rwanda. Maybe they
The 1994 genocide killed an estimated
800,000 people, about 10% of the
population. There is no reliable estimate
of how many of the victims were Tutsis,
who were once the dominant caste but
by 1994 were a persecuted minority. A
fair guess is that more than half of those
murdered were Tutsis (the rest were
“moderate” Hutus), and that at least half
of the total Tutsi population died.
The Tutsi sur vivors, and more
importantly the Tutsi exiles who fought
their way home with Kagame’s Rwanda
Patriotic Front, still provide the core
leadership of the country 20 years later,
although Tutsis are now down to about
10% of the population. Kagame insists
that “we are Banyar wanda” (all Rwandans),
and that there are no separate tribes in
Rwanda. Technically he is right. But in
practice he is wrong, and he knows it.
The Tutsis and the majority Hutus both
speak the same language, Kinyar wanda.
Once upon a time the Tutsis were herders
and the Hutus were farmers, and even
longer ago they probably were separate
ethnic groups. But in the present, they
are better seen as castes defined by their
(former) occupations. Indeed, even the
herdsman/farmer distinction no longer
Yet the “caste” distinction is just as
strong, and potentially just as lethal,
as it was in 1994. That is why Rwanda
is a thinly disguised dictatorship, run
by a man who kills people — but only
individuals who threaten his rule, not
Kagame has produced a very impressive
rate of economic growth in Rwanda (an
average of 8% annually in 2001-12), in
the hope that prosperity will ultimately
defuse the Tutsi-Hutu hostility. But he
dares not allow a truly free election, for
the Hutus, still strong in their identity,
would vote him out of office. Almost
everybody else goes along with his
behaviour, because they buy into his belief
in his own indispensability.
But all his efforts may ultimately
amount to no more than a finger in the
dyke. Rwanda was already one of the
most densely populated countries in
Africa in 1994, but its population has
increased by half since the genocide.
There is little evidence that everybody (or
even most people) thinks of themselves
as “Banyar wanda”. Kagame is just playing
Gwynne Dyer is an independent
journalist whose articles on world
affairs are published in 45 countries.
The Kagame Dilemma
WORLD IN FOCUS
with Gwynne Dyer
PICTURE: Getty Images
Rwandan President Paul Kagame addresses the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of his country’s genocide, at
Amahoro Stadium in Kigali, Rwanda, in April this year.
Wildlife cinematographer Andy Brandy
Casagrande was filming from a shark cage
in June when a great white shark tore into
the equipment and dislodged it from the
Casagrande then wrote to the owner
of the equipment, 360 Heros chief
executive Michael Kintner: “Mike — I
unfortunately have very bad news ... I
can’t believe it — but the worst possible
scenario happened yesterday — I only just
now built up the courage to tell you,” he
“ While shooting with the 360 rig
. . . I took the rig underwater and after
an hour of getting awesome footage,
I pushed the envelope too far and an
aggressive white shark bit and literally
ate the 360 — completely — all six
cameras in one bite.”
In an inter view with the Mercury Press,
Casagrande added: “I watched as the first
great white shark engulfed the rig.
“The shark realised that it was not
a natural prey item and decided to
“ However, directly after the first shark
spat it out, a second shark rushed up and
engulfed (it) before spitting it out.”
Casagrande had been working to capture
footage of great whites alongside the
360 Heros team for Discovery Channel’s
The company is now offering a reward to
anyone who can recover the lost camera.
“Thanks to one hungry shark, our gear,
SD cards and the historic footage they
contain are currently sitting on the ocean
floor,” its website states.
“360 Heros is offering a $5000 reward
for the return of this gear following its
unintended descent into the water off
New Zealand.” — New Zealand Herald
A shark attack sent $12,000 worth of
camera equipment down to the bottom
of the ocean off New Zealand — and now
a $5000 reward is being offered to get it
Just when you thought it was safe to take a picture . . .
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