Home' Greymouth Star : September 9th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, September 9, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1087 - Death of Norman King William I
(William the Conqueror)..
1901 - Death of Henri de
Toulouse-Lautrec, the French
painter and lithographer who re-
corded and drew with great insight
characters from Parisian cabaret
1945 - US troops land in South
Korea at end of World War II, So-
viets take over north from Japanese, and 38th
parallel is made dividing line.
1976 - Death of communist Chinese leader
Mao Tse-tung in Beijing at age 82.
1994 - The United States agrees to accept
at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in
return for Cuba’s promise to halt the exodus of
1997 - Sinn Fein, political ally of the IRA,
formally renounces violence and enters talks on
the future of Northern Ireland; Death, aged 89,
of US actor Burgess Meredith; Former South
African president FW de Klerk retires from
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
William Bligh, mariner and governor of NSW
(1754-1817); Leo (Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy,
Russian author (1828-1910); Bert Oldfield,
Australian cricketer (1894-1976);
Decima Norman, Australian
athlete (1909-1983); John Grey
Gorton, former Australian prime
minister (1911-2002); Sylvia
Miles, US actress (1932-); Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono, Indone-
sian president (1949-); Alexander
Downer, former Liberal politician (1951-);
Dave Stewart, musician-producer (Eurythmics)
(1952-); Hugh Grant, British actor (1960-);
Adam Sandler, US actor-comedian (1966-).
“Think wrongly if you please, but in all cases,
think for yourself ” — Gotthold Lessing,
German dramatist-critic (1729-1781).
“ Jesus came to Galilee, proclaiming the good
news of God. “
The death occurred
of Mr Harold Daniel
(Dick) Beckett, of
Taramakau Settlement. He was 58. Born in
Ashburton, he came to the West Coast in
1933 and took up farming at the Taramakau
Settlement. He had lived there ever since.
A past-president of Federated Farmers,
Mr Beckett was chairman of directors of the
Golden Coast Dairy Company and chairman
of the Westland Veterinary Ser vice. He was
also a member of the Greymouth Masonic
Lodge, and a keen trout fisherman.
Besides his wife Mabel, Mr Beckett is
sur vived by two daughters, Barbara and Patsy;
two sisters and one brother.
The death of Mrs Bertha Harris occurred
at Greymouth on Saturday evening. Born
in South Wales, Mrs Harris came to New
Zealand 41 years ago. She lived in Dunollie
before moving to Greymouth three years ago.
Predeceased by her husband Charles 14
years ago, Mrs Harris is sur vived by two sons,
Creighton and Charles (Greymouth); one
brother, Alfred Mason (Greymouth) and one
sister, Mrs Rona Napier (Adelaide).
Electric shock — probably as high as
9000 volts — killed 21-year-old technician
War wick Russell at the Taramakau transmitter
owned by the New Zealand Broadcasting
Corporation late yesterday afternoon.
Despite frantic efforts by station staff and a
doctor to revive him, Mr Russell was found
dead on arrival at the Greymouth Hospital.
A special ser vice will be held tonight in the
Holy Trinity Church and another will be held
on Thursday in Christchurch, Mr Russell’s
uFood for thought
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scaping the rat race
and starting a brewery
must seem an appealing
proposition to many beer
enthusiasts — a way to
avoid office drudgery and
escape the tyranny of middle managers.
The statistics show New Zealanders are
increasingly doing just that.
The number of beer companies has more
than doubled since 2008, rising from 39 to
almost 100 last year, according to industry
research by ANZ.
A walk down the beer aisle at any
supermarket reveals the explosion in local
brands that has taken place over the past
Roughly 11,000 people shrugged off
bitter weather to attend last month’s
Beer vana festival in Wellington, where
more than 250 craft beers and ciders were
But while starting your own beer
company sounds like great fun, is it an
easy path to profit?
“No, not really,” replies Stu McKinlay,
co-founder of Wellington’s Yeastie Boys
craft brand. “But it ’s the best job in the
While Yeastie Boys is one of the
country’s best-known boutique beer
labels — with about 60% of its products
exported to Australia, Asia, Europe and
the United States — Mr McKinlay only
recently quit his position as a business
analyst with Z Energy to focus on the beer
With three sons aged under 10, he
admits that chucking in the day job was a
willing to take.”
In a way, Yeastie Boys — established
six years ago by Mr McKinlay and Sam
Possenniskie — epitomises the local craft
brewing sector. It is run by passionate
beer aficionados and is yet to take outside
investment, but will need more capital to
reach its growth goals.
ANZ’s central region general manager
for commercial and agri, John Bennett,
says brewers will have to work hard to
ensure their business models are robust
enough to secure the investment they need
to increase capacity and meet domestic
and export demand for their products.
“A lot of brewers start off with family
and friends’ money, which is great, but it
only gets you so far and if you’re looking
to attract either debt or equity investors
then you’ve got to have a story that makes
financial sense,” Mr Bennett says.
Mr McKinlay said Yeastie Boys could
raise expansion capital through equity
crowd funding — selling shares to
the public through an on-line platform
to fund a planned move into
contract brewing in Scotland, where
beer for the European market could be
produced instead of shipping it all the
way from New Zealand, where Yeastie
Boys products are contract brewed at
Southland’s Invercargill Brewery.
Most New Zealand breweries are under-
capitalised, he said, which is a hurdle that
needs to be overcome if the sector wants
to maintain its growth trajectory.
Craft brewers, however, can be
unwilling to take on investment.
“It ’s a very personal business,” Mr
McKinlay said. “ You’re making beer
that ’s important to you and you’re
running a business that really reflects
your personality so I think people
can be a bit scared of taking on other
investors who might try and push this
way or that.”
Equity crowdfunding appears to
be a viable option for brewers after
Blenheim’s Renaissance Brewing last
month raised $700,000 through the
newly established platform Snowball
Effect. Individual investments ranged
from $500 to $50,000.
Renaissance will use the fresh capital
to boost production and develop new
markets in North America, Europe
Other recent craft beer capital
raisings include the 35% stake in
Kapiti Coast brewer Tuatara that
Wellington investment company
Rangatira bought last year, and the
$16 million Moa raised through its
2012 listing on the NZX.
Mr Bennett reckoned the craft
sector had the potential to grow
exports by up to 300% over the next
decade, particularly as drinkers in
Asia, especially in China, develop a
taste for craft beer.
“ To keep growth going breweries
will have to look at offshore markets,”
Mr Bennett said. “ The New Zealand
market is a finite size, which means that
you’ve got to grow exports as well. ”
Beer exports from this country almost
trebled from $19m in 2004 to $56m in
2012, before falling back to $41m last year,
according to ANZ’s research.
Australia is by far the biggest export
market for New Zealand brewers, followed
by the US.
Ralph Bungard, president of the Brewers
Guild, which represents craft firms, says
it can be challenging for small-scale
breweries to create the brand recognition
and product supply required to break into
“ You can certainly sell product but it ’s
difficult to create an (export) market,” Mr
Bungard, who also owns Christchurch’s
Three Boys Brewery, said. “It certainly
requires a large volume of product and
when you think about the average size of
the New Zealand craft brewery they’d be
simply a drop in the bucket and wouldn’t
get beyond two or three (overseas) stores. ”
Craft beer accounts for only 2% of this
country’s total beer market, if you leave
out the craft ranges made by the big three
Lion, DB and Independent Liquor. It
is thought to be about 10% if those ranges
In the United States, craft breweries last
year had a 7.8% share of that country’s
beer market by volume, and 14% by value,
according to the US Brewers Association.
The figure is much higher in some states,
such as Oregon, where craft has close to
50% of the market.
Many New Zealand brewers look to the
Pacific north-west state as an example of
the New Zealand craft market ’s potential.
“There’s a place just outside of Portland
(Oregon) which has something like 30
breweries and there’s only 100,000 people
there,” Mr McKinlay said. “Craft beer is
mainstream there, which is really cool.”
But the growth spurt in New Zealand’s
boutique beer sector is expected to
produce some casualties. Luke Nicholas,
founder of Auckland craft brand Epic,
wrote a recent blog post which questioned
whether a bubble was forming in the local
market, given the meteoric expansion of
brands and breweries over the past couple
He expects liquor retailers to “rationalise”
their craft beer ranges, a move that will hit
brewers whose quality is not up to scratch.
“There’s only so much shelf space that
they ’re prepared to give to craft beer,” Mr
Nicholas said. “ The good beers will stay
there and the beers that don’t sell are going
to be moved off to bring the next thing on.
That ’s how I see it anyway. ”
Adrian Klemp, general manager of
Wellington’s Fork and Brewer bar and
brewery, agrees that some brands will
“fall by the wayside”. “It will be good for
the industry on the whole because it will
increase the quality of beer,” he says. “ The
consumer is becoming more aware of it
(quality) — they ’re starting to pick up
In the meantime, Nicholas says, liquor
retailers remain excited about craft beer.
“They make some great dollar margin
out of craft per square inch of retail space.
They probably make more out of a single
bottle of craft beer than they do out of a
12-pack (of mainstream beer). ”
With such a vast range of brands
available, capturing drinkers’ attention and
gaining brand loyalty can be difficult.
Mr Nicholas said some brands have
attempted to overcome such challenges
through “buying market share” by
undercutting competitors on price.
“It’s kind of a dumb game to play,” he
says. “ You should be maximising your
margin while you can because we’re not
going to have the margins like we do
Commentators in the US have raised
the prospect of a craft bubble, and burst,
there. The number of US breweries has
ballooned from 89 in 1979 to 2358 last
year. However, some obser vers say the US
beer market is simply returning to normal
after many decades of domination by large,
Beer writer Dan Shapiro points out that
the US has gone from having one brewery
per 30,000 people in 1887 to one per
126,000 people now. “ In those terms, we’re
practically in a recession,” Mr Shapiro
Per head, New Zealand has many more
beer companies — roughly one for every
47,000 people — but Mr McKinlay does
not think there is any risk of a craft bubble
But he says the sector is gaining critical
mass and social media is becoming an
increasingly powerful marketing tool for
driving growth. Yeastie Boys has more
than 6700 Twitter followers, while Epic
has a whopping 20,000. Indeed, while
overall beer consumption has been in
decline in this country, craft beer output is
growing by about 25% a year.
With so many brands vying for such a
small slice of the total beer trade, it would
be easy to assume there is cut-throat
rivalry between craft firms. But brewers
say the relationship between companies is
often much closer to collaboration than
It is common for ingredients and even
beer recipes to be shared.
“ We’re not fighting over 2% (of the
market),” Jos Ruffell, co-founder of
Wellington’s Garage Project brewery, said.
“ We’re rapidly expanding into the other
He says breweries are increasingly
collaborating in export markets.
“ We share a distributor in Australia
with Tuatara, Yeastie Boys, Renaissance
and Parrot Dog and we routinely share
containers,” Ruffell says. “ If we don’t have
enough beer to fill a container we can
reach out to another brewery across town
and work to fill that load. ”
While there may be lots of potential for
craft beer exports, Mr McKinlay ’s aims for
Yeastie Boys are relatively modest.
“ I just want to remain at the forefront of
making interesting and exciting beers and
be able to pay myself and wife a nice wage
that we can live on,” he says.
“ Hopefully in 10 years’ time when my
kids reach school-leaving age we’ ll be in
a position where they look at what I do
and can think they don’t have to go to
university and get an office job.”
New Zealand Herald
Craft beers bubbling
New Zealand women are having Botox
injections in their fingers and hands
to look better in close-up wedding
Clinics throughout Auckland say
business is booming as an increasing
number of middle-aged brides-to- be
spend up to $300 a time for treatments
to have fat injected into their fingers
and hands to make them look fuller and
younger. They are also having unsightly
marks removed by laser procedures.
Dr Pier Marzinotto, a cosmetic specialist
at at the Skin Institute in Auckland,
said many requests were from women
preparing for their wedding day.
“Botox has become part of the wedding
package,” he told the Herald on Sunday.
“There has been a 250% increase in
people using this treatment worldwide and
a staggering number of those are using it
for their wedding day.”
A large number of people were getting
fillers in their hands to get rid of the
skeleton look that comes with old age.
Laser treatment was also used to erase
pigmentation on the hands, caused by
sun exposure. The founder of Ever Young,
Stacey Power, said hand treatments cost
$250 to $300 and brides weren’t the only
ones keen to have a touch-up before the
“ We have had quite a few mothers of the
bride coming in to get work done before
the wedding day. Thirty-year-olds through
to 50-year-olds are the biggest age group
we treat. ”
The clinic manager at The Face Place in
central Auckland, Dee Barnes, said many
middle-aged women seeking pre-wedding
hand and face treatment left it too late.
“ We especially ask first timers to come a
month or so in advance so we can ensure
the treatment is working before the
wedding day. ”
An increasing number of middle-
aged New Zealand men and women
are also turning to cosmetic surgery and
treatments, hoping it will help them
compete with younger jobseekers.
Statistics show over-50s are likely to stay
out of work longer than younger people.
“About 60% of my clients are women in
that age group,” Auckland-based Dr Zac
Moaveni said. “Some older women often
seek treatments to boost their confidence
and believe this helps them perform better
in the workplace and in the job market. ”
But Auckland University psychology
lecturer Annette Henderson believes
older women seeking work would be
better off concentrating on their skills and
“The older generation might find it
more beneficial to sell themselves on
qualities such as stickability, maturity and
reliability,” she said.
“These should be more attractive to
employers than simply how a person looks
or what age they are.”
‘It knocked 10 years off me’
For 47-year-old Katrina Holding,
cosmetic beauty treatment was all part of
the wedding package.
Holding says Botox made a real
difference to her self-confidence on her
big day. “ I had already spent so much on
the wedding I thought I might as well go
the whole distance,” she said. “I was really
happy with the results, although there
was a tiny bruise on my face from where
anaesthetic was used.”
Holding, from Auckland’s North
Shore, had hand-fillers, treatment on the
“40-year-old frown” and on her crows’ feet.
“ My hands are still looking great. I have
been told the treatment should last up to
Now a regular customer at Ever Young,
Holding says treatments like Botox are
great confidence boosters. “ My husband
even said I looked like the treatment had
knocked 10 years off me.”
Herald on Sunday
Brides choosing finger Botox
Stunning statues unearthed at biggest
ancient tomb ever found in Greece
Two stunning caryatid statues have
been unearthed holding up the entrance
to the biggest ancient tomb ever found in
Greece, archaeologists said.
The two female figures in long-sleeved
tunics were found standing guard at the
opening to the mysterious Alexander The
Great-era tomb near Amphipolis in the
Macedonia region of northern Greece.
“The left arm of one and the right arm
of the other are raised in a symbolic
gesture to refuse entry to the tomb,” a
statement from the culture ministry said
at the weekend.
Speculation is mounting that the tomb,
which dates from Alexander’s lifetime
(356-323BC), may be untouched, with its
Previous evacuations of Macedonian
tombs have uncovered amazing troves of
gold jewellery and sculptures.
A 5m tall marble lion, currently
standing on a nearby roadside, originally
topped the 500m long funeral mound,
which is ringed by a marble wall.
Two headless stone Sphinx statues
flanked the outer entrance, officials said,
who said that “removing earth from
the second entrance wall revealed the
excellent marble caryatids”.
Photographs released by the ministry
show the sculptures — which hold up
a lintel — uncovered to mid-bust, their
curly hair falling on to their shoulders.
Archaeologists have been digging at
the site, which Greek Prime Minister
Antonis Samaras called a “very important
find ”, since mid-August.
The ministry said the layout of “the
second entrance with the caryatids
gives us an important clue that it
is a monument of particular
Expectation had already begun
to build given the quality of the
sculpted column capitals and
delicately coloured floor mosaic
already discovered at the site.
Theories abound about who
could be buried in the tumulus
tomb, ranging from Alexander’s
Bactrian wife Roxane, to his mother
Olympias or one of his generals.
Experts say the chances of
Alexander himself being buried
there are small, however.
After his death at 32 in Babylon,
the most celebrated conquerer of
the ancient world is believed to
have been buried in Alexandria,
the Egyptian city he founded —
although no grave has ever been
Ancient statues unearthed
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