Home' Greymouth Star : September 23rd 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, September 23, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1779 - US Admiral John Paul Jones captures
British warship Serapis off Flamborough
1846 - The planet Neptune is discovered by
German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
1939 - Death of Sigmund Freud, Austrian
psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis.
1940 - The George Cross, the highest British
civilian award for acts of courage, is instituted.
1952 - Rocky Marciano becomes world
heavyweight boxing champion when he
knocks out Jersey Joe Walcott in 13 rounds in
1965 - Roma Mitchell is appointed to the
South Australian Supreme Court: the first
female judge in Australia.
1972 - President Ferdinand
Marcos declares martial law in the
1978 - Egypt ’s President Anwar
Sadat returns home to hero’s
welcome after Camp David summit
that results in agreement on
framework for peace with Israel.
1990 - Swiss citizens vote to ban the
construction of nuclear power plants for the
rest of the century.
1993 - Sydney is chosen over Beijing as the
site for the 2000 Summer Olympic Games.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Augustus Caesar, first Roman emperor
(63BC-14AD); John De Witt, Dutch
statesman (1625-1672); Baroness Orczy,
British novelist (1865-1947); Raymond
Chandler, US writer (1888-1959); Aldo Moro,
Italian prime minister (1916-1978); Mickey
Rooney, US actor-entertainer (1920-2014);
Ray Charles, US singer-composer (1930-
2004); Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
(1943-); Paul Petersen, US actor
(1945-); Bruce Springsteen, US rock
singer (1949-); Jason Alexander, US
actor (1959-); Ani DiFranco, US
folk singer (1970-); Sarah Blasko,
Australian singer (1976-); Lote
Tuqiri, Fijian/Australian rugby
“ Each generation imagines itself to be more
intelligent than the one that went before it,
and wiser than the one that comes after it. ”
— George Orwell (Eric Blair), British author
“ Remember, O Lord, Your great mercy and
love, for they are from of old. Remember not
the sins of my youth and my rebellious ways;
according to Your love remember me, for You
are good, O Lord.” — Psalm 25:6,7
work forces have
now completed the
reconstruction of Milton Road. The council
was told by the acting engineer, Mr W R Hall,
last night that a fortunate aspect of the road
repairs was that the Nelson Street intersection
would not require excavations but would be
brought to standard just before sealing.
Mr Hall said the reconstruction of
Marborough Street had commenced and to
date seven chains of road had been rebuilt.
“The current spell of bad weather has made
work here extremely difficult and at times the
job had to be stopped. Some of the ground
traversed is very bad and has necessitated
digging deeper than originally anticipated.
Some 800 cubic yards of spoil have been
carried away — mostly to the water walk
reclamation and some for cover to the Cobden
The first-ever sales training course for
business representatives in Greymouth began
here this afternoon. More than 40 members
of West Coast firms attended the class. The
course is a follow up to one convened here last
month for sales staff.
A Karoro man, a butcher who lost his right
hand in an accident last week, died in the
Greymouth Hospital early this morning. He
was 49-year-old Mr John William Dalzell, of
Mr Dalzell was born and educated in
Runanga, where he lived for the greater part of
He is sur vived by his wife Alma, a member of
the Boustridge family of Dobson, one daughter
Margaret and one son Kenneth; his mother,
Mrs Minnie Dalzell; one brother, George, and
one sister, Mary.
uFood for thought
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Louisville preser vation
society will raise a glass in
December to toast the end
of the Prohibition Era, but
not with just any ordinary
The Filson Historical Society will
celebrate “Repeal Day,” the day in 1933
when the United States lifted a ban on
alcohol, by popping open more than two
dozen rare bottles of bourbon, some over a
Donated by a member, most were bottled
during the 13-year period when the sale
and production of alcoholic beverages
was prohibited, an era of contraband,
speakeasies and larger-than-life gangsters
like Al Capone.
“ We’re doing as the donor wished,”
said Mike Veach, a bourbon historian
at Louisville’s Filson Historical Society.
“Opening them up. ”
The society is offering the rare bourbon
at a sold-out fundraiser tasting on
December 5, an event that helps the group
preser ve historical stories and artefacts for
Louisville, Kentucky, and the Ohio Valley
Two bottles in the collection dated prior
to Prohibition. These bottles stand out,
according to another bourbon historian,
and not just because of their age.
One is a bottle of Cascade, a whisky
sold by Julian P Van Winkle senior, and
bottled in Louisville between 1910 and
Popularly known as Pappy Van Winkle,
he would eventually become a distiller
on his own. Pappy Van Winkle is now
considered one of the bourbon industry’s
Bill Thomas, owner of the Jack Rose
Dining Saloon in Washington DC, said
selling Cascade ushered him in as part of
the whisky industry.
“It ’s a Honus Wagner of whiskey pints,”
Thomas said, referring to the Hall of Fame
baseball player whose 1909 T206 baseball
card is one of the rarest and most valuable
collectible cards because only a small
number were produced.
The other bourbon is a Belmont, bottled
“Those bottles, the Belmont and
Cascade, are extremely rare,” Thomas said,
adding he could not say how many bottles
of these are around, but knows of none in
According to Veach, a similar bottle of
Belmont went for $1200 at auction just a
few years ago. He estimates the Cascade
would fetch a similar amount.
Belmont was a Louisville-based brand,
one of about 10 based in the city at the
time, Veach added.
A century later, the city is undergoing
a renaissance as five new distilleries and
bourbon-themed tourist attractions have
opened in the past year with more in the
These sites, as well as other bourbon
distilleries across the State, have drawn
thousands to the region and helped spur
the ongoing growth.
Once poured, they will let the whiskeys
breathe so any odours from the bottle can
dissipate allowing people to truly taste the
Veach will not make any promises
regarding the taste of the bourbons that
will be on hand.
“Nobody’s tasted these for 70 or 80 years
or more,” Veach said. “ I always tell people,
‘This may be the best bourbon you’ve ever
tasted or the worst you’ve ever tasted’.”
Rare bottles of Belmont, right, and Cascade Kentucky bourbon are seen at the Filson Historical Society in Louisville, Kentucky.
Kentucky preservation society cracking century old bourbons
Militants using oil to fund war
In an oil field in north-eastern Syria, a
queue of trucks lines up daily to load crude
sold cheaply by Islamic State militants
who have hijacked parts of the country’s
energy industry in their bid to build a
Sales at Shadada field, described by an
oil trader, are just one example of how the
group, which has seized land in war-torn
Syria and neighbouring Iraq, is creating
its own economy through a series of
It is cutting deals with local traders and
buyers, even businessmen who support
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and
some of its oil has made its way back to
government buyers through a series of
“Islamic State makes not less than
$2 million daily that allows them to pay
salaries and maintain their operations,” a
former western oil executive who worked
in a foreign oil firm operating in Syria
before the crisis and who is familiar with
the nascent oil market said.
The United States, which has been
bombing Islamic State positions in Iraq,
has said it is prepared to extend the
campaign into Syria, which has been
racked by civil war for more than three
years, and has said it will train more than
5000 Syrian rebel fighters to counter the
But oil sales mean Islamic State, an al
Qaeda splinter group, can rely less on
foreign donations and attract more recruits
and supporters with its newfound wealth,
something that is likely to make the group
harder to stamp out in Syria.
Islamic State has taken oilfields from
western-backed Syrian rebels and the
government in recent months and is
believed to control hundreds of wells,
depriving Assad’s government of a major
source of income.
Damascus says Syria’s production fell to
an average of 28,000 barrels per day (bpd)
in 2013 from 164,000 bpd in 2012. Oil
sales made up nearly a quarter of State
revenues before the war. The government
says it has lost $3.8 billion in stolen oil
because of the conflict.
Boosted by arms seized in neighbouring
Iraq, Islamic State has consolidated its
grip on the eastern oil-producing area of
Deir al-Zor in recent months, coming
closer to the north-east, where the largest
oil wells are controlled by Kurdish militias.
It is estimated to have taken control of
hundreds of small wells in Deir al-Zor
that produced about 130,000 bpd of
mostly light crude, according to a senior
oil engineer now working in Damascus.
Half of Syria’s estimated pre-war
production of 380,000 bpd in 2011 was
located in Hasaka province, which the
Kurds took control of in mid-2012 as
Assad’s forces relocated westwards to fight
Sunni Muslim rebels in Aleppo.
If Hasaka were eventually to fall to
Islamic State, the group will have control
of nearly all of the country’s installations.
However, the group has yet to fully
exploit the fields it already holds due to a
lack of technical expertise. The main fields
it controls — Shadad, al Omar, Tenak and
Ward — were once mostly operated by
international oil companies.
But Royal D utch Shell Total and Petro
Canada have long since abandoned
the area, making full use of the fields a
“ Many wells were shut down and foreign
firms withdrew and the equipment
was looted by rebels, who emptied
warehouses,” one former oil executive with
a foreign company said.
Few people with technical expertise
remain in Islamic State areas. In Kurdish-
held territory many staff have remained,
and some still get their salaries from
Damascus’s oil ministry.
A lack of expertise in extracting and
refining oil means that most of Islamic
State’s revenues come from direct sales
to local businessmen, smugglers and
profiteers and oil traders.
They resell the mainly light crude to
refiners across rebel held parts of Syria and
have won a variety of customers by selling
it at an average of $18 per barrel.
Some of the crude is sold to fuel
smugglers that take it into Turkey, but the
amounts are small because of tight border
controls, Syrian border traders said.
Instead a local market has developed
with a multi-million-dollar refinery
business, run on an ad hoc basis. Local
investors bring in Chinese and Turkish-
made makeshift refineries via Turkey, some
of which process 500 to 1000 bpd.
These then sell to wholesalers and
retailers in oil trading hubs across several
towns in rebel-held parts of northwest
and eastern Syria. Prices for the refined
oil range from $50-$60 per barrel, nearly
three times the price of the crude.
A litre of petrol from this locally refined
crude sells for around half a dollar, a third
of the price of good quality petrol sold in
government-held areas, according to oil
traders in Idlib in western Syria.
In a country where the conflict has
produced many contradictions and strange
bedfellows, traders with connections
on both sides of the war have sought to
make hefty profits by reselling fuel in
Crude buyers, directly or indirectly,
include businessmen close to Assad’s
They are driven mainly by wide profit
margins, according to one broker who runs
a network of oil tankers that transport
crude oil to Latakia, a hub of pro-Assad
support on the western coast.
There are tacit arrangements between
Islamic State and local State officials
to ensure that basic ser vices such as
electricity and water are not disrupted or
“There is an equation that no one talks
about in the Syrian war. It has not so
far gone to all-out war. Parties that are
fighting each other still exchange ser vices
and find bargains,” Samir Aita, a Syrian
economist living abroad, said.
Oil traders say that since taking control
of oil wells from rivals, Islamic State has
continued the practice of guarding some
pipelines transporting crude pumped by
Kurds in their fields in northeast Syria to
a government-run refinery in Homs in
exchange for protection money.
“They would take fees and transit fees so
the oil would go through without blowing
it up,” said a Kurdish oil executive working
in Qamishli who requested anonymity.
Traders who buy crude from Islamic
State and known middlemen acting on
behalf of prominent loyalist business
figures have been active buyers in recent
months, according to a Damascus-based
businessman familiar with the local oil
“This is a lucrative trade for some
businessmen who are mainly war profiteers
who can also find buyers any time at the
right price,” he said. — Reuters
Owners in focus over naughty dogs
Dogs are complex creatures still retaining
many of the instincts and behaviours of
their wolf ancestors.
What we may perceive as bad is often a
predictable response when viewed in the
context of normal canine behaviour.
Bringing a little “wolf ” into the
family and the urban environment
requires research and forethought and
a commitment to the animal’s lifelong
I spoke with dog training and behaviour
expert Pete Pedersen who shared his
thoughts and experiences from many
years of dealing with naughty dogs and
naughtier owners. Mr Pedersen runs
group puppy classes through to individual
training for specific issues.
It seems that having a badly behaved dog
is surprising easy and can be achieved in
any of the following ways:
Adopting a dog for the wrong reasons
Just like children, a dog needs to be
wanted, and to be cared for in a suitable
environment by those with the knowledge,
skills and means to do so.
Taking on dog ownership simply to
provide the children with a plaything, or
to teach them ‘responsibility’ without a
full understanding of what ’s involved will
almost certainly produce a badly behaved
Similarly, obtaining a dog purely to
guard your home will yield the same result.
Think carefully about your reasons for
adopting a dog.
Choosing an unsuitable breed for your
Dogs come in many shapes and sizes
and have different predilections according
to the origin of the breed and original
Some research into this will prevent
inappropriate choices from the outset.
For example, choosing a working dog
such as a huntaway or German shepherd
and confining it to a small yard with
nothing to do will instantly produce ‘bad
behaviour’ through no fault of the dog.
Treating your dog like a human
such leads to unfair expectations of that
Even the smallest cutest looking ball of
fluff is still a dog.
Not exercising your dog
Physical exercise is vital to a dog’s well-
being and if not able to expend energy
you can almost certainly be guaranteed of
undesirable behaviour from your pet.
Daily exercise is essential every day
outside of the home.
Not training your dog
Failing to train a dog will result in a very
confused canine unsure of their place in
the household and constantly pushing the
boundaries with regard to behaviour.
Start training early with a puppy class
that incorporates obedience as well as
playtime. A short daily training session
after a walk will help cement desirable
behaviour, maintain obedience skills and
stimulate the dogs mind.
Not keeping to a regular training
regime with your dog is much the same
as not sending your child to school and
continually reinforcing their learning.
Getting all your information from the
The internet is a great source for breed
information and other general topics
however it’s not the best place to find
solutions to a badly behaved dog.
A “one size fits all” approach does not
take into account underlying issues likely
to be contributing to the undesirable
behaviour. Seek out the ser vices of a
professional trainer or dog school.
Failing to interact with your dog
Giving your dog free reign at the dog
park is great exercise but is not the same as
interaction with you, and other members
of the family.
Training time and playtime is important
to provide companionship and reinforce
the bond with your pet.
Not socialising your dog
A poorly socialised dog is essentially set
up to fail when it encounters others.
Socialisation should include other dogs,
children, adults and pets and be conducted
in a controlled super vised environment.
Puppy classes are the perfect place to
Having a dog as part of the family is a
truly rewarding experience but not one
that should be taken lightly or entered
into on impulse.
A knowledge and awareness of the needs
of dogs and what drives them is a must
when it comes to the privilege of canine
ownership. — New Zealand Herald
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