Home' Greymouth Star : November 10th 2014 Contents Beijing
rom self-driving cars
to carebots for elderly
people, rapid advances
in technology have long
represented a potential
threat to many jobs normally
performed by people.
But experts now believe that almost
50% of occupations existing today
will be completely redundant by 2025
as artificial intelligence continues to
A revolutionary shift in the way
workplaces operate is expected to
take place over the next 10 to 15
years, which could put some people’s
livelihoods at risk.
Customer work, process work and
vast swatches of middle management
will simply ‘disappear’, according to a
new report by consulting firm CBRE
and China-based Genesis.
“Experts predict that 50% of
occupations today will no longer exist
by 2025 as people will take up more
creative professions,” Martin Chen,
chief operating officer of Genesis said.
“This means that jobs will evolve
and so will real estate development.”
Workspaces with rows of desks will
become completely redundant, not
because they are not fit for purpose,
but simply because that purpose no
longer exists, according to the report.
“The next 15 years will see a
revolution in how we work, and
a corresponding revolution will
necessarily take place on how we
plan and think about workplaces,”
Peter Andrew, director of workplace
strategy for CBRE Asia Pacific said.
A growing proportion of jobs in
the future will require creativity
intelligence, social skills and
the ability to leverage artificial
“And for most people that will be a
route to happiness and fulfilment,” the
“For many of us, artificial
intelligence will be a tool to undertake
tasks of a scale and complexity that
were once unimaginable but which
are now eminently possible and
The report — Fast For ward
2030: The Future of Work and the
Workplace — is based on inter views
with 200 experts, business leaders
and young people from Asia Pacific,
Europe and North America.
Data in the US suggests that
technology already destroys more jobs
than it creates, as GDP has been able
to grow faster than employment since
But the report states: “Losing
occupations does not necessarily mean
losing jobs — just changing what
Growth in new jobs could occur
as much through crowd sourced
freelancers as within the bounds of
the corporation, according to the
“The biggest wild card will be
the emergence of 20 to 40 person
companies that have the speed and
technological know-how to directly
challenge major corporations,” it
A 2014 report by Pew Research
found 52% of experts in artificial
and robotics were optimistic about
the future and believed there would
still be enough jobs in the next few
The optimists envisioned “a future
in which robots and digital agents
do not displace more jobs than they
create”, according to Aaron Smith, the
Microsoft’s Jonathan Grudin told
researchers that: “ Technology will
continue to disrupt jobs, but more
jobs seem likely to be created. When
the world population was a few
hundred million people there were
hundreds of millions of jobs.
“Although there have always been
unemployed people, when we reached
a few billion people there were
billions of jobs. There is no shortage
of things that need to be done and
that will not change.”
Oxford University researchers
have ranked the occupations most
in danger of being replaced by
computers and robots, including
telemarketers, insurance under writers
and watch repairers.
Some of the least likely to be
replaced are therapists, audiologists
and choreographers. — AP
Monday, November 10, 2014 - 5
2. Biochemists and
3. Electronics engineers,
4. Directors, religious
activities and education.
5. Supervisors of
6. Art directors.
8. Interior designers.
9. Producers and
11. Physical therapists.
12. Fashion designers.
13. Materials engineers.
14. Materials scientists.
15. Soil and plant
16. Health diagnosing and
17. Civil engineers.
18. Physical therapist
19. Architects, except
landscape and naval.
A doctor operates on a patient with the assistance of a surgical robot in Hefei, China.
Jobs at most risk of
2. Title examiners,
abstractors and searchers.
3. People working in
6. Watch repairers.
7. Cargo and freight
8. Tax preparers.
9. Photographic process
10. New accounts clerks.
11. Library technicians.
12. Data entry keyers.
13. Timing device
14. Insurance claims.
15. Brokerage clerks.
16. Order clerks.
17. Loan officers.
18. Insurance appraisers.
19. Umpires, referees, and
Jobs at least risk of
Robots to replace half of jobs by 2025 — report
White balloons from a light installation rise into the air to symbolise the collapse of the Berlin Wall in front of the Brandenburg Gate
More than a million Germans
and people from around the
world today celebrated the 25th
anniversary of the fall of the
Berlin Wall, the event that more
than any other marked the end of
the Cold War.
A spectacular 15km-long string
of 7000 illuminated helium
balloons traced the course of
the barrier that once snaked
through the city, slicing across
streets, between families and even
They were set free one after
another into the night sky,
symbolising the breaching of the
wall by crowds of protesters in
1989. The Berlin Staatskapelle
orchestra played Beethoven’s
Ninth Symphony Ode to Joy in
front of the Brandenburg Gate.
“ We’re the happiest people in
the world and we’re thrilled that
you brought the Berlin Wall
down 25 years ago,” Berlin’s
mayor Klaus Wowereit said as
the first balloons were sent aloft.
“Nothing and no one can stand
in the way of freedom.”
Germans, whose national pride
was shattered by Nazism, World
War Two and the Holocaust,
have proudly focused on the
peaceful East German revolution
that felled the wall as a rare and
bright shining moment in their
Festivities to mark the
anniversary drew more than one
million Berliners and tourists
to the heart of the once-divided
city. Earlier, Peter Gabriel played
a powerful rendition of “Heroes”
and several German artists
performed on stage as well.
Despite the fog and cold, many
wandered along the former
“death strip” where the wall
stood and where the illuminated
helium balloons forming the
Lichtgrenze, or Border of
Light, were perched 3.6m high
on poles matching the height
of the barrier built in 1961 by
Communist East Germany.
The crowd also cheered when
former Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev, widely admired in
Germany for his role in paving
the way for the wall’s collapse,
stood and waved. He ominously
warned in a speech in Berlin
yesterday that a new Cold War
was looming over the Ukraine
The anniversary of the wall’s
fall was marked around the
world. Pope Francis told tens of
thousands of people in St Peter’s
Square that it should spur people
to try to topple other walls.
“ Where there is a wall, there
is a closing of hearts. We need
bridges, not walls,” he said.
Earlier today, Chancellor
Angela Merkel said the fall of
the wall showed the world that
“dreams can come true” and
should inspire people trapped in
Merkel, a young physicist in
Communist East Berlin when
she got her first taste of freedom
on November 9, 1989, said in a
speech that the wall’s opening in
response to mass popular pressure
would be eternally remembered
as a triumph of the human spirit.
“The fall of the Berlin Wall
showed us that dreams can come
true and that nothing has to stay
the way it is, no matter how high
the hurdles might seem to be,”
The Berlin Wall was built in
1961 to stop East Germans
fleeing to the west. It began as
a barbed wire and cinder block
wall and was then fortified as a
heavily guarded 160km white
concrete barrier that encircled
West Berlin. — Reuters
1 million celebrate
Berlin Wall’s fall
Americans Kenneth Bae and Matthew
Miller have marked their first full day of
freedom, returning to the United States
after being imprisoned in North Korea.
The two men arrived home yesterday
following a secret mission by US intelligence
chief James Clapper to secure their freedom
at Pyongyang’s initiative.
North Korea’s surprise release of the men
followed Pyongyang’s equally unexpected
decision last month to free 56-year-old US
national Jeffrey Fowle.
The two men descended from a US
government jet with shaved heads and
carrying their luggage, then embraced loved
ones on the tarmac.
“Thank you for ... not forgetting me,” Bae
Clapper had carried a brief message from
Obama to North Korean leader Kim Jong-
Un — whom he never met during the short
trip — indicating he was his personal envoy
to bring the Americans home, a US official
Bae, a Korean-American missionary, had
ser ved two years at a North Korea labour
camp. Miller had been held since April.
Nicholas Burns, a
department top official and Asia expert,
said the American detainees’ release marked
the latest somewhat mysterious gambit
by North Korea’s inscrutable leader Kim
“It looks like he’s looking for a conversation
with the United States.” — AFP
US pair released by North Korea
More than 1000 people, mostly jihadists,
have been killed in Kobane since the Islamic
State (IS) group began an attack in the Syrian
town nearly two months ago, a monitor says.
IS jihadists, who proclaimed a “caliphate” in
June straddling territory captured in Iraq and
Syria, launched their offensive for the town
also known as Ain al-Arab — in mid-
“At least 1013 people have been killed in
fighting in Ain al-Arab from the beginning
of the offensive until last night,” Syrian
Obser vatory for Human Rights director
Rami Abdel Rahman said.
Militants from the Sunni extremist IS
group accounted for 609 of those killed in the
Kurdish town on the Turkish border, he said.
Another 363 of those killed were members
of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units,
16 were Kurdish volunteers, and one was a
Syrian Arab fighter who had joined the ranks
of the Kurds.
There were 24 civilians among the dead,
said the director of the Britain-based group
which relies on a network of sources on the
ground for its information.
The toll for jihadists excludes those killed in
US-led strikes on the IS group.
Syrian Kurdish forces have been battling
to repel IS militants from Kobane since
September 16. — AFP
Over 1000 dead
in jihadist battle
Gold’s rout may be far from over, with many
analysts and traders predicting prices could
fall to $US1000 per ounce by the end of the
year, the first time at that level since 2009,
even after Friday ’s 3% short-covering rally.
A rush of physical buying in the past week
from jewellery in Shanghai to coins in
Germany — may prove to be a dead-cat
bounce that is too feeble to offset a broader
trend of selling by investors betting on
further gains in the dollar, US equities and
an improving US economy, according to the
sur vey of more than two dozen analysts and
Half of the 27 respondents sur veyed
predicted gold prices would breach a critical
support at $US1100 an ounce by the end of
A significant portion even had $US1000 in
their sights, which would be a five-year low
and a level considered critical for miners.
Only two saw prices recovering above the
$US1200 mark. — Reuters
Gold prices tipped to plummet further
Queen Elizabeth II has led Britain in paying
silent tribute to the Commonwealth war dead
on Remembrance Sunday, an annual event
made particularly poignant this year on the
centenary of the start of World War One.
The 88-year-old monarch, senior royals
and politicians laid wreaths at the cenotaph
national war memorial in London, as
thousands of military veterans looked on.
Security was tighter than normal amid
heightened fears of the risk of a terror attack,
but the programme of marches and military
music was unaffected.
In Afghanistan, Prince Harry returned to the
country where he served two tours with the
British army to lay a wreath at the Nato base
The centrepiece of the events was the two
minute’s silence, observed by millions of
people across Britain and marked in London
by the firing of a 13-pounder World War One
“ Today we stand united to remember the
courageous men and women who have ser ved
our country, defended our freedoms and kept
us safe,” Prime Minister David Cameron said
ahead of the event.
“ We remember all those who have fallen and
those who have risked their lives to protect us.”
He noted the “particularly poignant ” timing
of this year’s events, 100 years after the start
of World War One, 70 years after the D-Day
landings and just as Britain was leaving
Remembrance Sunday is the Sunday
nearest to Armistice Day on November 11,
the anniversary of the 1918 signing of the
peace that ended fighting in World War One.
Queen leads silent tribute to WWI victims
A P-plate driver in Melbourne has told
police he was driving at almost 150kph
because he was running late for church.
The 23-year-old man had his three sisters
in the car when he was pulled over on the
Hume Highway, in Craigieburn, just before
“ When asked to explain his behaviour he
insisted he was running late for church,”
Victoria Police also said in a statement.
The car was impounded with a $A848
release fee, and the man is facing charges
of excessive speeding and failing to display
P-plates. — AAP
‘ late for church’
The remains of the last nine victims of flight
MH17 may never be recovered from the
Ukrainian battlefield where their plane was
downed four months ago, the Dutch foreign
Bert Koenders made the grim assessment
in the city of Kharkiv, where he attended a
memorial ser vice for five more sets of human
remains collected from the site of the disaster
and flown to The Netherlands.
Another ceremony attended by some 1600
friends and relatives was planned to take
place in The Netherlands tomorrow.
“ We cannot say at this moment in any
certain way ... at what moment, and even if,
we can recover the last nine” victims, he said
of the air crash that killed all 298 on board,
including 193 Dutch.
The shooting down of the Malaysia Airlines
Boeing 777 on July 17 was one of the worst
tragedies of a war in which an estimated 4000
people have died. So far, the remains of 289
of those victims have been identified.
Ukraine and the west blame Russian-
backed separatist fighters using surface-to-air
missiles for the catastrophe, while Moscow
has pointed the finger at Kiev ’s forces. — AP
Last nine victims of MH17
may never be recovered
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