Home' Greymouth Star : November 27th 2014 Contents London
A scientist has identified
fossilised bones in a Canadian
museum as belonging to a new
species of dinosaur, saying
researchers had only “scratched
the surface” in terms of dinosaur
Nick Longrich, a palaeontologist
who teaches at the University of
Bath in Britain, says the bones
appear to be from a previously
unknown Pentaceratops, a
buffalo-sized plant-eating horned
dinosaur. He says the distinctive
frill — the crest at the back of the
animal’s head — helped identify
Previous specimens have been
found in the south-western
United States, but the 75-million-
year-old fossils, brought to the
museum 75 years ago, were found
in the Canadian province of
In a paper in the academic
journal Cretaceous Research,
Longrich christened the new
species Aquilonius, a Latin word
“In 25 years we’ ll find twice as
many dinosaurs. We’re finding
them faster than we ever were
before,” Longrich, a senior
lecturer in the university ’s biology
“It seems dinosaurs were more
regional in their distribution
than animals are today. If you
look in different localities you get
different dinosaur species,” he said.
Longrich said he made his
identification based on the skull
and the frill, which was believed
to be a courtship device like a
“Every species ends up with a
unique one,” he said.
About 700 species of dinosaurs
have been identified so far, but
Longrich says a re-evaluation of
fossils in collections around the
world means that this number will
rise even without new excavations.
n 1940 Air New Zealand
started life as Tasman Empire
Airways Ltd and launched with
a nine-hour flight across the
Tasman aboard a flying boat.
Today the airline launches
a book to mark its 75th anniversary,
which falls next year.
The book traces its journey from that
flight of the Short S30 Empire carrying
just nine passengers, to this year’s
launch of ser vices using the world’s
most advanced passenger aircraft — the
Boeing 787 Dreamliner — which can
make the trip in a third of that time
with 302 passengers.
Air New Zealand: Celebrating 75
Years digs deep into the airline’s image
archive with pictures of early aircraft,
cabin crew uniforms and the staff and
passengers on the famed Coral Route
through the South Pacific.
Women were not hired at first on the
flying boats but in 1946 the first of six
stewardesses joined TEAL.
They became the face of the airline
and in the early years they had to be
The book displays sample menus from
the days when air travel was more of a
luxury for the wealthy.
Passenger meals in the 1940s included
oysters in their shells, filet mignon and
crumbed baked flounder.
While the airline has received
international attention and awards for
its marketing in the past decade, the
242-page book shows off some of its
early advertising poster art advertising
exotic destinations here and in the
Pacific. Besides the arrival of new
planes, the arrival of domestic lounges
and air bridges is detailed.
They came about as a result of Ansett
providing competition here.
Smoking on planes is featured.
Aircraft had “smoking areas” in their
cabins, the airline sold cigarette lighters
and one non-smoking pilot recalls the
constant fug on the flight deck.
Head of global brand for Air New
Zealand, Jodi Williams, said dozens of
former staff contributed to the book as
researchers and fact checkers, and story
Aviation nostalgia is big — Qantas
has just painted up a brand new Boeing
737 in 1970s livery — but Ms Williams
said the aim of celebrations was not to
bolster her airline’s marketing push.
“It’s not the objective when you set
out — it’s taking time to celebrate the
The book also touches on the Erebus
disaster — the 35th anniversary
is tomorrow and the airline’s near
financial collapse in 2001 following
its disastrous investment in Ansett
It is part of a year of celebration which
will centre on an exhibition at Te Papa
in association with the museum starting
on December 20.
The exhibition includes a replica
Solent flying boat cabin, a display
tracing the evolution of uniforms and a
“design lab” highlighting the future of
“It’s really important not to just
celebrate the past but how you’re going
to launch into the future,” Ms Williams
The airline will also sell retro
merchandise, crockery, cabin bags and
— New Zealand Herald
4 - Thursday, November 27, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
8 BC - Death of the Latin poet Horace.
1582 - William Shakespeare marries Anne
1926 - Communists revolt in Java, Indonesia.
1941 - Australia’s HMAS Parramatta is sunk
by a German submarine in the
Mediterranean near Tobruk.
1950 - United Nations troops
retreat in Korea.
1978 - San Francisco Mayor
George Moscone and City
Super visor Har vey Milk, a
gay-rights activist, are shot to
death inside city hall by former super visor
1990 - John Major is elected prime minister
1999 - New Zealand’s Labour Party under
Helen Clark wins a general election, ousting
the National Party after nine years in power.
2006 - Australia wins first Ashes test in
2008 - Australian soldier Lieutenant Michael
Fussell, 25, is killed by an improvised explosive
device while on patrol in Oruzgan province in
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer and
inventor of the Celsius scale (1701-1744);
Chaim Weizmann, Zionist
statesman and chemist, first
president of Israel (1874-1952);
Alexander Dubcek, First Secretary
of Czechoslovakia’s Communist
Party, (1921-1992); Bruce Lee,
Chinese-American actor (1940-
1973); Jimi Hendrix, US rock
guitarist (1942-1970); Kathryn
Bigelow, American film director, (1951-);
Robin Givens, US actress (1964-); Michael
Vartan, French-American actor (1968-).
“ Who does not thank for little will not thank
for much. ” — Estonian proverb.
“ Be completely humble and gentle; be patient,
bearing with one another in love. Make every
effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through
the bond of peace.” — Ephesians 4:2-3.
An elderly man who
lay injured for over
nine hours outside
his Brunner home
earlier in the day clad only in a singlet, died in
the Greymouth Hospital last night. He was
79-year-old Hugh Patrick Keenan, a well-
known identitiy of the Grey Valley coalmining
district who variously followed the occupations
of gold-digger, colliery worker and brickworks
employee during his lifetime.
A single man who lived on his own, Mr
Keenan left his bed about 3 o’clock in the
morning and, walking in the backyard, he
stumbled on the path and fell.
Unable to rise, he had to lie there exposed to
the cold night air and frequent heavy showers.
He was discovered nine and a half hours later
by Dobson police officer, constable Allan
Waters, who keeps an eye on a number of old
men living in his area.
The local medical offer, Dr G R Clarke,
was summoned and it was decided to put Mr
Keenan in hospital where he died that evening,
pneumonia following his long exposure.
The ‘sold out ’ sign is common in Greymouth
today. It is hanging on the door of almost every
tobacconist, hairdressing and stationery shop in
The sign indicates that the Mammoth
Golden Kiwi No 3 is sold out. Agents this
morning have been plagued with inquiries
from prospective buyers. But those who did not
put their name down with a seller had the odds
of succeeding in purchasing in the £60,000 first
prize lottery stacked against them — almost as
much as the odds of winning a major prize.
Most tickets were sold even before they got as
far as the seller.
uFood for thought
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Andrew Little’s Shadow Cabinet reflects
his assessment of where Labour is, where
it needs to be, and how quickly it should
move in that direction.
With Grant Robertson’s faction
currently wielding extensive influence
in both the caucus and the wider party,
Little has taken the precaution of seeding
the Opposition front bench with at least
three of his rival’s closest supporters
( Jacinda Ardern, Chris Hipkins, Phil
In accepting Little’s offer of the finance
spokesperson’s role, Robertson himself has
shown considerable courage. Throughout
his parliamentary career, the Wellington
Central MP ’s political decisions have
(mostly) erred on the side of caution.
That will now have to change, because
the incremental strategies of his mentors,
Helen Clark and Michael Cullen, are no
longer equal to the task of halting the
relentless decline in Labour’s vote.
What ’s needed in the finance portfolio
is creativity and daring. Already, Little
is making encouraging noises about a
Universal Basic Income (UBI) the radical
income support guarantee popularised
by the economist-turned-philanthropist
Gareth Morgan. Will Robertson be bold
enough to transform New Zealand’s fiscal
and welfare landscape by making the UBI
policy his own? Or will he, instead, hold
fast to the orthodox Treasury line?
Prior to last week’s wide-ranging
inter view between Little and Radio
NZ’s Kathryn Ryan, the only political
party bold enough to take the UBI
seriously had been the Greens. Simply by
broaching the subject, Little is sending
out a number of important messages.
To the Greens he is saying: “You might
want to taihoa on that shift to the centre
you lot are so obviously contemplating
because, unlike David Cunliffe’s, my
radicalism tends towards the practical and
To the rank-and-file of the Labour
Party he’s acknowledging, firstly, the
years of patient UBI advocacy put in by
Lower Hutt stalwart, Perce Harpham,
and his supporters; and secondly, that in
spite of the time spent at the helm of the
notoriously conservative EPMU, Andrew
Little, as Labour’s new leader, is not afraid
to debate radical ideas.
And, finally, to his caucus colleagues he’s
saying that spouting left-wing rhetoric
is no longer going to be enough. Labour
needs to advance a practical programme
of reforms that aim to do a lot more
than just tinker around with the existing
The message to the man he defeated by
a single percentage point could not be
Little expects a lot more from his future
Finance Minister than the standard
neoliberal commitment to keeping the
books in the black. He will not decide
whether or not Labour’s economic
policies are on the right track by the level
of praise from the business community.
For Little, looking after the funds of ‘the
1%’ cannot be Labour’s first priority. The
critical challenge confronting Labour’s
next Finance Minister will be funding
the changes so desperately needed by the
In other words, how does Labour make
sure that a rising tide of economic growth
lifts more than just the luxury yachts?
Little has strongly hinted that the
answer to that question does not lie
in the introduction of a Capital Gains
Tax, or raising the age of eligibility for
superannuation from 65 to 67. New
policies, based on the electorate’s most
urgent needs, is what Little has asked for,
and his promise to review the Shadow
Cabinet ’s performance in 12 months’ time
strongly suggests that he means to get
them. Little’s colleagues would be wise to
assume that his threshold for failure is set
a lot lower than his predecessors’.
Little cannot afford to let Labour drift
any longer. Either its Shadow Cabinet
will convince the electorate that it
possesses both the will and the talent to
take New Zealanders where they want
to go, or it will be reshuffled within an
inch of its life. Either its MPs will make
themselves the conduits for new ideas and
bold initiatives, or they will be replaced.
Labour will either, once again, become the
party of progressive reform, or it will die.
And, if Andrew Little aspires to being
something more than just the latest
person to pass through Labour’s revolving
door of leaders, then he will not only use
the next 12 months to introduce himself
to the voters, but also to recruit the best
and the brightest New Zealanders he
encounters to Labour’s cause.
Time is not on his side.
Chris Trotter is an independent,
left-wing political commentator.
Little expecting a lot of Cabinet
75 years of Air NZ
Margaret Gould, National Air ways Corporation’s first ground hostess, in 1948.
Dino bones identified as new species
An artist ’s impression of the buffalo-sized Pentaceratops aquilonius,
which was identified from a set of fossilised bones in Canada.
The Tasman Empire Airways Ltd flying boat Aotearoa lifts off.
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