Home' Greymouth Star : December 19th 2014 Contents Boston
“ You don’t have a squirrel one?” the
woman asks, rifling through the hanging
costumes of lobsters, skunks, giraffes,
koalas, ballerinas and pirates.
Dressing up for Halloween is a serious
business in the United States, and
dogs can also get in on the act here at
Penelope’s Pet Boutique.
Salem in October is a single-focus
town. Never mind that the hour-long
ferry ride from Boston is a sparkling
delight of islands and lighthouses; or that
brilliant orange and yellow trees shade
the shingled roofs of pretty brick-and-
clapboard houses and their neat gardens.
What the cheerful crowds thronging the
streets want to see are giant spider webs,
pumpkins, ghosts, ghouls and, especially,
Not all of these are pretend. Certainly
the four Anjelica Huston lookalikes
posing for photos in the street market are
fake, but the two women striding along
Essex Street in billowing cloaks and
pointed hats might easily be real.
It is ironic that a town best-known
for its witch trials and executions now
has a thriving community of modern
witches. Like Peter, the entertaining
and informative guide at the Salem
Witch Museum, who takes us through
the history of the 1692 trials and all the
way up to present-day witch hunts, for
example of Muslims and gay people.
“It’s human nature,” he shrugs.
Leanne claims to be a psychic and
medium as well as a witch, and is rushing
off to hold a seance.
“I used to be a stockbroker,” she says
cheerfully, standing in her shop, Hex,
surrounded by shelves of potions, spell
ingredients and candles labelled Curse
Reverse and Conjuring Spirits.
An altar is heaped with skulls, trinkets,
candles, incense burning inside a horn,
and notes to the dead.
“ We read these out at Samhain,”
Leanne, using the Wiccan preferred name
for Halloween, said.
It is all rather fanciful, but in a shady
courtyard beside an old cemetery is
the dignified memorial to those who
died after the group hysteria of a dozen
teenage girls led to random accusations of
More than 200 people were tried by the
Puritans. Eventually 19 were hanged and
poor Giles Corey was crushed to death,
rocks piled on his chest.
More than 400 years later, high and
low-brow fascination still brings people
flocking to Salem, especially as Halloween
approaches — but there are other reasons
One is the town’s maritime history.
There is an impressive sailing ship moored
by the pier, welcoming visitors to the
little port and teaching them about the
infamous 300-year Triangle Trade of
slaves, sugar and rum between Africa, the
West Indies and Massachusetts.
There are also literary connections: near
the ferry landing is the well-presented
House of the Seven Gables made famous
by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel of that
Better-known for The Scarlet Letter,
Hawthorne was born nearby and was a
frequent visitor to the house.
He was also a strikingly handsome
young man, and his fresh-faced portrait
hangs in the Peabody Essex Museum,
which provides more relief from the
Halloween frenzy of the streets.
One of the oldest museums in the US, it
is bright, light and modern. The exhibits
include an actual 1800s Chinese house,
a collection of ships’ figureheads and
It is the intellectual version of the
equally eclectic collection of goods inside
the equally fascinating junk shop down
Salem — it is all about history, and
whether that is actual and authentic, or
fake and fun, it is certainly worth a visit.
hen Sony Pictures
was hacked, all
the dirty laundry
executives was aired.
Both fascinating and at times, appalling,
people have scrabbled to try and stem
the flow from this embarrassing public
Many of the troubling e-mail exchanges
are between Sony Pictures Entertainment
co-chairman Amy Pascal and mega-
producer Scott Rudin, talking about
everything from Angelina Jolie, to
Jennifer Lawrence’s pay and racially
insensitive comments about President
In late November, the group Guardians
of Peace hacked into Sony, releasing a
mass of documents including the social
security numbers of stars and employees,
copies of upcoming Sony films like Annie,
and hundreds of thousands of e-mails.
Some have wondered if the hack was
organised by North Korea due to Sony ’s
upcoming movie The Interview, where
James Franco and Seth Rogen play
tabloid journalists tasked by the CIA with
assassinating the leader Kim Jong-un .
Websites including The Daily Beast and
the Defamer blog have trawled through
the trove of information, bringing to light
some juicy details and at times, a highly
unflattering look at Hollywood.
Here are some of the things we have
Not even 007 is safe.
Bond producers EON Productions say
an early screenplay for the upcoming
James Bond film Spectre was stolen in the
hack. They said in a statement that they
would “take all necessary steps to protect
their rights against the persons who stole
the screenplay, and against anyone who
makes infringing uses of it or attempts to
take commercial advantage of confidential
property it knows to be stolen”.
Jennifer Lawrence is not valued as
much as her male co-stars.
The e-mails showed Jennifer Lawrence
and Amy Adams were paid less than
their male co-stars in American Hustle
— Bradley Cooper, Christian Bale and
Jeremy Renner. Lawrence was actually
even lower than Adams originally.
“Got a steve warren/gretchen rush
call that it ’s unfair the male actors get
9% in the pool and jennifer is only at
7%,” an e-mail from Andrew Gumpert,
the President of Business Affairs and
Administration for Columbia Pictures,
“ You may recall Jennifer was at 5 (amy
points for Jennifer to get her up to 7. If
anyone needs to top jennifer up its megan.
But I think Amy and Jennifer are tied so
upping JL, ups AA.”
Aside from the gender pay gap, these
e-mails also revealed Lawrence’s awesome
e-mail handle — “peanutbutt ”.
What they really think of the stars.
E-mails back and forth about the
upcoming Jobs biopic have led to some
of the biggest e-mail blasts — one which
called Angelina Jolie a “spoiled brat ”.
In an alleged e-mail to Pascal, Rudin
wrote that he was concerned director
David Fincher would leave the Jobs movie
to make Cleopatra with Jolie.
“I’m not remotely interested in presiding
over a $180 million ego bath that we both
know will be the career-defining debacle
for us both,” he says.
“I’m not destroying my career over a
minimally talented spoiled brat who
thought nothing of shoving this off her
plate for eighteen months so she could
go direct a movie. I have no desire to be
making a movie with her, or anybody, that
she runs and that we don’t.
“She’s a camp event and a celebrity and
that ’s all and the last thing anybody needs
is to make a giant bomb with her that any
fool could see coming.”
Other celebs were also hit.
Sony executive Clint Culpepper called
Kevin Hart “a whore” in one e-mail
and when Leonardo DiCaprio pulled
out of the Jobs biopic, producer Mark
Gordon said, it was “Horrible behaviour”,
while Pascal replied, saying “Actually
Hollywood executives are sometimes
While talking about meeting President
Obama at a breakfast, Pascal asked Rudin:
“Should I ask him if he like Django?”
referring to the Q uentin Tarantino’s film
about slavery Django Unchained. She also
went on to ask if she should see if he liked
Lee Daniel’s The Butler, about a black
man who worked for eight US presidents,
and romantic comedy Think Like a Man,
which starred high-profile black actors
including Kevin Hart. — A AP
Hollywood’s dirty laundry
Sony’s headquarters in Tokyo.
What constitutes a military victory?
In the past, vanquishers might have
planted a flag after the capture of a
battlefield or capital, and held a victory
But in the era of insurgencies and the
“ war on terror”, victory is much harder
to define, according to academics at the
University of Glasgow, who have just
begun researching the ethics of victory in
A case in point was former United
States President George W Bush’s speech
announcing the end of major combat
operations in Iraq in May 2003, senior
lecturer in politics at Glasgow
Cian O’Driscoll said.
Aboard USS Abraham Lincoln at the
time, Bush said the US-led mission in
Iraq continued but his appearance before
a banner with “mission accomplished”
emblazoned on it caused many to interpret
Bush’s remarks as victory cry.
“There is currently a great need to think
about the ethics, not only of fighting wars,
but of winning them. The urgency of this
is signalled by the botched conclusions
of recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq
and Libya, where we won the war but lost
the peace,” O’Driscoll, the project ’s lead
“The question becomes really acute when
you think about it in terms of the war on
terror, and you have somebody like (former
US defence secretary) Donald Rumsfeld
who said in 2003, ‘ We lack metrics to
know if we are winning or losing the
global war on terror’,” he added.
The aim of the two year research project
is to explore whether it is possible to
distinguish just from unjust victories and
what military victory means at a time
when wars are no longer confined to the
“ We’re interested in ... what is victory?
How do you recognise it when you see
it? What ethical principles should guide
states, political leaders, military leaders as
they strive towards victory?” O’Driscoll
said in an inter view, referencing campaigns
ranging from the Trojan War of Homer’s
Iliad to the American Civil War, Vietnam
and the Gulf War.
Scholars will look at a range of
benchmarks to try to quantify victory in
modern war from body count to territory
taken and data — such as the US index of
hamlets that were friendly to Communist
forces kept during the Vietnam war —
that might indicate success in “hearts and
O’Driscoll added that historically, an
incontrovertible defeat has been better for
lasting peace than a marginal loss.
“ More recently, US military commanders
have complained that the problem with
victories achieved over the Taliban and
Saddam Hussein’s Iraq was that they were
not emphatic enough, thus encouraging
the enemy to resume the fight at a later
date,” he said.
“ Note as well that victors who have
won an emphatic triumph are usually in a
better place to be magnanimous to their
defeated foes than victors who have only
scraped a win.”
How enemies are treated is another key
component to building peace, O’Driscoll
said, referring to the Versailles Treaty
ending World War One. Often cited as
sowing the seeds for later hostilities, it has
been cast as “a vindictive peace that ended
up being no peace at all”, he said.
Central to the research is the theory of
just war which refers to when it is justified
to go to war (jus ad bellum), the right
conduct in war (jus in bello) and how wars
are concluded in a just manner (jus post
The project, in partnership with the UK
Defence Academy and the US Naval War
College, will seek the views of lawyers,
theologians, political theorists and
religious ethicists among other experts.
O’Driscoll hopes the findings will shape
how the ethics of “war termination” is
taught at the military academies.
“The notion of victory is integral to how
people think about war, how military
planners go about their business, and yet
people who are interested in the ethics of
war have largely surrendered that concept
(of just war) to strategists,” he said.
Era of terror blurs definition of victory
4 - Friday, December 19, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1154 - Henry II crowned as King of England.
1793 - Napoleon Bonaparte takes Toulon.
1843 - Charles Dickens’ classic Yuletide tale,
A Christmas Carol, is first published
1907 - 239 workers die in a coal
mine explosion in Jacobs Creek,
1939 - The German cruise liner
Columbus is scuttled by its crew in
the Atlantic after being followed by
a US cruiser; 577 sur vivors are picked up.
1972 - US Apollo 17 spacecraft splashes
down on target in Pacific Ocean, ending US
programme of landing men on Moon.
1996 - Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni,
dies in Rome at 72.
1997 - James Cameron’s epic Titanic, the
highest grossing film ever, opens in the US.
2006 - A Libyan court convicts five Bulgarian
nurses and a Palestinian doctor and condemns
them to death for infecting 400 children with
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Su Tung-p’o, Chinese poet (1036-1101);
Karl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish chemist
(1742-1786); Jean Genet, French
writer (1910-1986); Cicely Tyson,
US actress (1933-); Richard
Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist and
environmentalist (1944-); Mike
Lookinland, US actor of Brady
Bunch fame (1960-); Jennifer
Beals, US actress (1963-); Alyssa
Milano, US actress (1972-); Ricky Ponting,
Australian cricketer (1974-); Jake Gyllenhaal,
US actor (1980-); Neil Kilkenny, English-born
Australian football player (1985-).
“And so, as Tiny Tim obser ved, God Bless
Us, Every One!” — The closing line of
A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens
“Commit your way to the Lord; trust in
Him and He will do this: He will make your
righteousness shine like the dawn, the justice of
your cause like the noonday sun.”
— Psalm 37:5-6
year-old child, Cheryl
McIntyre, of Monro
Street, Cobden, is
in a satisfactory condition in the Greymouth
Hospital after being struck by a truck outside
the Cobden Hotel at 5.35 last night. The truck,
driven by Mr Roy Munn, of Cobden, hit the
child as she ran from behind a parked car.
She was struck a glancing blow as Mr Munn
braked and endeavoured to avoid her.
Two other cars were damaged when they
endeavoured to stop behind the accident. No
other person was hurt in the accident though it
held up after-work traffic in Bright Street for
The fishing boat Zealandia was wrecked off
South Westland on Wednesday. The two crew
members escaped and were taken to Milford
by another Greymouth based boat, Ida Marion.
They are expected now to be on their way
back to Christchurch where their ill-fated
craft is owned, though it was operating from
The fishing boat was owned by Mr
Gerald Noonan who is also proprietor of
Fish Processing Ltd, Moorhouse Street,
Christchurch, and who owns the largest fishing
vessel operating from Lyttelton, Snolyne.
With the re-enactment of the first landing
of the ship Nelson by staff and pupils of the
Westland High School on Sunday, Hokitika’s
centennial celebrations will commence.
Nelson, a paddle steamer, was the first ship to
enter the Hokitika River when it splashed its
way across the bar on December 20, 1864. A
plaque will also be unveiled to commemorate
the laying out of the first two streets by
government agent W H Revell who arrived on
uFood for thought
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Salem’s House of the Seven Gables, near the ferry landing, was made famous by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel of the same name.
Salem casts its spell
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