Home' Greymouth Star : December 30th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, December 30, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1803 - Sindhia of Gwalior submits to British
1853 - Gadsden Purchase signed with
Mexico to sell southern portion of Arizona
and New Mexico to the United States for $10
1880 - Transvaal Boers under Stephanus
Kruger declare a republic.
1886 - Germany and Portugal agree on
boundaries between Angola and German
1903 - Some 600 people die in the Iroquois
Theater fire in Chicago.
1922 - Transcaucasian Soviet Federated
Socialist Republic, consisting of Armenia,
Georgia and Azerbaijan, joins the Soviet Union.
1949 - France transfers sovereignty to
1964 - UN Security Council calls for an end
to all foreign inter vention in the Congo, a
ceasefire and withdrawal of mercenaries.
1972 - United States halts its heavy bombing
of North Vietnam.
1994 - North Korea frees US Army helicopter
pilot Bobby Hall, ending a 13-day crisis.
1995 - Italian Premier Lamberto Dini
submits his resignation, but wins a chance for a
second year in office when Italy’s president tells
him parliament should decide if he stays.
1999 - A man walks into the office
of Pakistan’s largest Urdu-language
newspaper and confesses to killing
2006 - Saddam Hussein, 69, the
shotgun-waving dictator who ruled
Iraq for a quarter of a century and
was driven from power by a US-
led war, is taken to the gallows and
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Rudyard Kipling, English author (1865-
1936); Stephen Leacock, Canadian
humorist (1869-1944); Carol Reed,
English film director (1906-76); Bo
Diddley, US singer/guitarist (1928-
2008); Skeeter Davis, US singer
(1931-2004); Patti Smith, US punk
musician (1946—); Tracey Ullman,
British actress-singer (1959—).
“The meek shall inherit the earth — if that ’s
all right with you. ” — Anonymous.
“ If you do well, will you not be accepted? And
if you do not do well, sin is lurking at the door;
its desire is for you, but you must master it.”
— Genesis 4:7
While there are
signs at both ends
of the Otira Gorge
forbidding the use of
the road by caravans, cars drawing caravans
are still using the road. Yesterday two were
seen passing through the gorge and several
motorists held up by them complained bitterly.
The law is fairly new. It was gazetted in
October but since then signs have been placed
at most of the appropriate places prohibiting
the use of caravans on the road.
The two caravans spotted yesterday both
came from the Canterbury side. Irate motorists
approaching Canterbury from this side of the
alps who had to negotiate around the caravans
were loud in their complaints to Bealey
publican Mr Jack Gowie.
The death occurred yesterday after a lengthy
illness of Mr William Jenkin, a well-known
Westport resident. He was in his 60th year.
Mr Jenkin was born at Reefton, the only son
of the late Mr and Mrs Joe Jenkin, Cornish
immigrants. He learned the bootmaking trade
there. Eventually Mr Jenkin established his
own business at Westport and followed the
trade up to his death.
Mr Jenkin was a keen sportsman and at
various times participated in cycling, hockey
and rugby. He was a particulary keen rugby
enthusiast and a senior member of the White
Star Club and a Buller representative, later
His interests were also centred in the
Westport Fire Brigade. He had been a member
of the brigade for over 35 years and was a Gold
He is sur vived by two daughters, one
grandson; and one sister.
uFood for thought
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A top drop
arl Safi is reluctant to say
brewing beer is a science.
He thinks it is more
accurate — and important
— to describe it is a
combination of science and
But he will admit his day job as a
microbial ecologist definitely helps with
his weekend hobby. In November, at the
national home brewing competition,
Karl was awarded the prestigious title of
Champion Brewer by the Society of Beer
Advocates. He entered 16 beers and won
12 medals, in a year the judges said the
standard was higher than ever.
Karl works at Niwa’s Hamilton office,
you’ll most likely find him in a science
laboratory or out in the field where he
conducts research into algae, climate
change and ocean acidification among
Currently his main focus is monitoring
research into long-term trends of
micro zooplankton and phytoplankton
populations and the microbial composition
It requires precision, understanding
subtle changes that can make big
differences and how one process affects
everything else with increasing complexity
— all of which doesn’t sound too different
to making beer.
“The key thing is that I have a
microbiology background so I understand
the importance of keeping things sterile
and clean. Yeast, the organism used to
make beer, is a similar sort of micro-
organism to algae so I suppose I have an
understanding in how to deal with them.
“Applying good microbiological
practices to my beer means I can make it
consistently and make it well.”
Also Karl says he’s drunk a lot of beer
from a lot of places and that research has
given him an understanding of flavour.
“An experienced palate is really critical
to understanding whether the beer you’ve
made is a good beer or not. ”
Tip No 1 to making a good home brew:
drink a lot of other people’s beer.
This is because Karl reckons a lot of
people taste their own beer, think it’s
fantastic, then get it judged and are
horribly disappointed when they are told
it’s not up to scratch.
“Going to tastings and listening to judges
at competitions, and even standing around
trying each other’s beers helps you realise
what was meant by the faults the judges
picked up. The feedback you get from
competitions is really important. You get
to understand what makes a good beer and
the kind of faults that are quite common.”
TipNo2:do notbuy akitfrom the
supermarket if you want to make great
beer. “ It is not going to win you any
Karl used to buy kits when he was at
university mainly because it was a cheap
way of getting beer but he gave up because
“ it wasn’t fabulous”. These days the
ingredients you can buy to make beer are
the same as the professionals use so you
can do better.
“ Ten years ago you were hard-pushed
to find good grain of a quality you could
use but with the internet there are good
suppliers with all the elements you need to
make good home brew beer. ”
Karl mills his own grain with a hand
mill. It takes a day for him to lay down
a brew, a couple more weeks for it to
ferment, and about six to eight weeks
before it has matured enough to drink.
Tip No 3: use full grain.
Tip No 4: temperature control. It is
critical. You need a temperature control on
your fridge but you can buy them pretty
cheaply. Also you do not need expensive
gear for beer. He uses pots and chilly
bins and makes it in his garage. At the
weekend. Karl insists this is a weekend
He has been brewing beer in his garage
for about six years. His brother got him
interested in the full grain brewing
process and he kind of went from there.
Being crowned Champion Brewer means
receiving a brewing scholarship to spend
time at a micro brewery which will turn
one of his brews into a commercial beer.
“ If it sells well there’s the opportunity to
do another batch. It ’s a great opportunity
and the idea is to foster people interested
into getting into the industry. But I’m very
realistic about how far you can go.
“ You have to be very good to get into the
market and realistically people who run
micro breweries are willing to take a big
risk and put up a lot of capital.”
Right now Karl’s favourite beer is an
Indian pale ale. He says it is regarded as
quite trendy at the moment but dates
back to when beer was once shipped from
England to India and they put more hops
in it to make it last.
He likes big flavours and also has a
particular fondness for Belgian beers.
He has been to Belgium where many are
associated with monasteries and have been
crafted over centuries.
“They use open fermenters but over the
years they ’ve developed so much. It ’s all
wooden walls which are coated with yeast,
which then reinfects their batches, so by
chance over a long time they have self-
culturing systems. It ’s an interesting way
of doing it. ”
Tip No 5: practice helps. You need to
keep trying, keep talking to people, join an
on-line forum, keep good notes.
“The major thing is trying to get
consistency in what you make and being
able to reproduce it. ”
Home brewing definitely has its
complexities but there are plenty of clubs
and friendly, enthusiastic brewers keen to
share their knowledge and drink beer.
Karl’s one of them. He likes beer but
makes too much to drink it all himself. He
gives a lot away — and worse.
throwing some away.” — Niwa
The science behind a good home brew
PICTURE: Peter Drury
Karl Safi with one of his craft brews.
Most New Zealanders are immensely
proud of their country’s anti-nuc lear
policy. So many, in fact, that the National
Party, which originally opposed to the
policy, was eventually required to say “me
too”. Indeed, since the late-1980s, such a
strong bipartisan consensus has grown up
around New Zealand’s anti-nuclear policy
that no sensible politician would seriously
contemplate knocking it down.
Viewed in this light, the ban on both
nuc lear-powered and armed warships
and on nuclear power generation stands
as one of the signal achievements of
“progressive” New Zealand. Along with
votes for women, industrial arbitration
and the welfare state, this country’s anti-
nuc lear stance is held up as proof of New
Zealanders’ political enlightenment. It
represents the last unequivocal addition to
our reputation as the “social laboratory of
What the anti-nuclear policy is to
progressive New Zealanders, Sweden’s
incredibly generous immigration laws are
to progressive Swedes. Conceived and
born during the heyday of Swedish social-
democracy in the late-1960s, Sweden’s
commitment to the world’s refugees
reiterated the (long discarded) promise
car ved into the base of America’s Statue of
Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to
As with our own anti-nuclear policy,
there was an “anti-imperialist ” (i.e.
anti-American) element to Sweden’s
immigration policy. While the rest of the
west was creating refugees, Sweden, that
beacon of freedom, equality and solidarity
in a darkening world, was lifting her lamp
“above the golden door”.
Sweden’s welcome to “the wretched
refuse” of the world’s conflict zones
was a source of pride to her progressive
citizens. It reinforced everything they
believed was special about their country
and its internationally acclaimed
progressive movement, led by the
Swedish Social Democratic Party
(SSDP) which had been in office for the
best part of 40 years.
Not surprisingly, the demands of
effective political competition led the
SSDP’s centre-right rivals to embrace
its commitment to the world’s refugees.
Like New Zealand’s anti-nuclear policy,
Sweden’s bipartisan commitment to
progressive immigration and refugee
resettlement programmes became
As anyone reading Henning Mankell’s
Inspector Wallander novels soon discovers,
the SSDP ’s progressive ideals have never
been universally accepted by Swedes. Prior
to World War Two the country boasted a
vigorous and vociferous national-socialist
movement, and even the SSDP, in the
1930s and 40s, pursued eugenic policies
barely distinguishable from those of
Indeed, some have argued that the
SSDP’s extraordinary electoral success was
based not upon socialist internationalism
but upon the party’s key concept of the
Folkhem (literally, “People’s Home”).
Swedish generosity was for the Swedes
and only the Swedes. Socialist “charity”
began, and ended, where it belonged — at
Thus it was that as progressive Sweden
opened its golden door to the homeless
and the tempest-tossed, that other
Sweden, the one that saw itself as a single,
albeit vast, extended family, recoiled in
dismay, and then in anger, at the sudden
(and in many locations over whelming)
influx of foreigners.
Far from the metropolitan haunts
of progressive Sweden, sprawling,
prefabricated refugee camps proliferated.
Once naturalised, the inhabitants of these
camps moved into the packed social-
housing estates of Sweden’s provincial
cities. So ethnically and religiously
undifferentiated were these immigrant
communities that they became effectively
self-governing. There are places in
Swedish cities where the police and other
emergency ser vices hesitate to inter vene.
Very unofficially, the Swedes call them
The inevitable electoral response came in
the form of the Swedish Democrat Party
(SDP). In the recent Swedish general
elections it captured 13% of the vote —
and the balance of power.
The SDP promised to co-operate with
the minority SSDP-Green government
— but only on condition that Sweden’s
immigration and refugee resettlement
regime be radically overhauled. The
SSDP and their Green allies refused,
prompting the SDP to, as promised,
reject the new government ’s budget.
Swedes were poised for their first snap-
election since 1958 when the centre-right
opposition Alliance Party closed ranks
with the centre-left parties to freeze out
the anti-immigration movement until at
This is a dangerous experiment,
undertaken by the Swedish political class
in defence of the increasingly contested
humanitarian ideals of the 1960s. The
SDP, now casting itself as the last, defiant,
defender of the Folkhem, is rubbing its
hands in glee.
Political nostalgia cuts both ways.
Chris Trotter is an independent
Fish hooks in political nostalgia
The last voyage of the world’s oldest
sur viving clipper ship is to be revealed in a
The City of Adelaide transported
thousands of settlers from Europe to
Australia in the 19th century before
ending up in Irvine, North Ayrshire.
Scottish author Rita Bradd was granted
exclusive access to accompany the
150-year-old ship on its final 22,526km
journey around the globe.
She was given permission to join the
crew of the cargo ship MV Palanpur,
which carried the clipper from Rotterdam
in the Netherlands to its final resting place
in Port Adelaide in South Australia, where
it arrived safely earlier this year.
The tall-ships enthusiast kept a diary in
tandem with that of a young woman who
made the maiden voyage in 1864, charting
the ups and downs of the trip — from
spending Christmas Day on the equator to
sur viving a cyclone.
The journey marked the culmination
of the latest chapter in the 450-tonne
clipper’s eventful life.
Researchers estimate that a quarter of a
million South Australians can trace their
origins back to passengers who travelled
on the City of Adelaide.
Its sailing days ended in 1893 but in later
years it was used as a hospital ship, renamed
Carrick as a training boat and a clubhouse,
and was raised and kept on a slipway at
Scottish Maritime Museum in Irvine after
sinking in the River Clyde in 1991.
Charitable organisation Clipper Ship
City of Adelaide led a successful campaign
to save and relocate the boat to become
part of a new maritime heritage park in
The group beat a rival bid from
campaigners in Sunderland where the ship
Bradd, whose book will include the
stories of many of those who have been
involved with the clipper over the years,
recalled the “huge sadness” of the day the
boat left Scotland bound for Greenwich in
south-east London and on to Rotterdam.
“The ship is a people’s ship. She’s just got
such an amazing presence,” she said.
“S he’s done so many interesting things
in her life and she’s lived through all these
hardships. She just captivates people’s
“ It ’s an incredible story, not just my part
in it, but the whole ship and the people
who have been involved with her and the
passion that bubbles out from everybody.”
The 70-day voyage took her from
Rotterdam to Norfolk in Virginia, United
States, and on to Port Hedland, Western
Australia, via the Cape of Good Hope,
following the historic route the ship would
have taken in its heyday.
Recalling the final and most precarious
leg of the journey, Bradd said: “ We hit the
tail end of a cyclone and it was really wild.
“ I quite like a bit of a thrill but that was
just a little bit scary and I did think ‘Am I
ever going to see my family again?’. I really
“I was always imagining what it would
have been like being inside the ship in
storm-force winds, it must have been awful.
“ When I saw the land, I was so relieved.
I was overcome with joy at the safe
arrival of the ship and for that wonderful
engineering experience to have been such
“ It ’s a fantastic thing that she has been
saved and she looks great out there.”
Bradd has pledged to give a percentage
of what she makes from the book towards
the City of Adelaide in the future.
“S he’s given me this wonderful
experience and you can’t not give
something back,” she said. — PA
Book details immigrant ship’s last voyage
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