Home' Greymouth Star : January 7th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
erries have an intriguing history.
The ancient Romans believed that
they alleviated symptoms of fevers,
throat infections, kidney stones, gout,
and diseases of the blood, liver and
spleen. Some say that Christ ’s crown
was made of bramble (also called blackberry). And
according to early Christian legend, the Virgin Mary
favoured strawberries above all other fruits.
When we think of berries we normally think
raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries — fruits with
a soft exterior, juicy texture, brightly coloured and
with no stones or pips but with many internal seeds.
However, there is a difference between the everyday
usage of the word and the botanical definition. In
fact, these berries are clusters of tiny individual stone
fruit or drupes, set around a central core.
The strawberry is also not a berry but a member
of the rose family and is the only fruit with its seeds
Surprisingly, grapes and avocados fall into the berry
category. But today I am concentrating on what we
normally think of as summer berries.
Raspberries: There are more than 200 species
of raspberries. They range from white to pink to
raspberry-red in colour and they are prized for their
intense flavour. Raspberries have been crossed with
blackberries to produce loganberries.
Blackberries: Wild blackberries have the best
flavour but the farmed variety are bigger and you
do not have to fight the unruly, thorny branches to
secure a berry or two. You just pick up a pack and
Boysenberries: A boysenberry is a cross between
a raspberry, a loganberry, a blackberry and an
Blueberries: The blueberry is a true berry with
up to 65 internal seeds although you can barely see
When purchasing berries, select those in dry,
unstained containers. The berries should be free of
surface moisture as this accelerates decay. Refrigerate
as soon as possible after purchase. Blackberries,
raspberries and boysenberries should be arranged
unwashed in a shallow pan lined with paper towels,
and washed just prior to use. The berries can be
topped with a paper towel to absorb any additional
moisture. Consume within two to three days of
purchase and at room temperature for fullest flavour.
Store blueberries unwashed in the refrigerator in a
rigid container covered with plastic film. They should
last up to two weeks if they are freshly picked.
The butter in pastry
ensures it is a winner. This
recipe may be halved to
serve 6-8 people.
5 cups plain flour
1 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons caster
500g cold unsalted
1⁄2-1 cup iced water
1kg (8 cups) fresh or
1⁄2 cup caster sugar
3 tablespoons cornflour
finely grated rind and
juice 2 lemons
1 small egg, lightly
1 tablespoon milk
2 tablespoons caster
Pulse the flour, salt, and sugar in a large food
processor, until combined. Add the diced butter
and pulse until the mixture resembles coarse
breadcrumbs. With motor running, add a 1⁄2 cup
of iced water. Pulse until the dough is crumbly but
holds together when squeezed. Add extra water, 1
tablespoon at a time if necessary. Do not over-mix.
Halve the dough and flatten into 2 disks. Wrap
tightly in plastic film. Refrigerate until firm, at least
1 hour or overnight. This makes about 1.3kg of rich
Preheat oven to 200degC. Lightly oil a 25cm x
35cm slice pan about 3cm deep.
Combine the blueberries, cornflour, sugar, lemon
rind and juice in a large bowl.
On a floured bench, roll 1 disc of pastry to 28cm x
40cm. Line the base and sides of the slice pan with
the pastry. On the floured bench, roll out a second
disk to a 25cmx 35cm rectangle. Using a 5cm biscuit
cutter, make about 35 rounds.
Pour the blueberry filling into the pastry-line
pan. Place the pastry rounds over the blueberries.
Brush the tops with the combined egg and milk and
sprinkle with the caster sugar.
Bake until the crust is golden and the juices are
bubbling, about 50 minutes. Cool on a wire rack for
1 hour. Serve warm or at room temperature.
Great served ‘as is’ or with whipped cream or plain
yoghurt. Serves 12-16.
Lamb salad with blackberries
4 lamb steaks, about 600g
2 teaspoons mixed dried herbs
freshly ground black pepper to taste
130g packet mesclun with herbs
16 large blackberries
1 large avocado, halved, stoned and sliced
1⁄4-1⁄2 cup balsamic vinaigrette
Trim the lamb and snip the edges, if required. This
will prevent the lamb from curling during cooking.
Spray with the oil.
Combine the mixed herbs and black pepper and
rub onto the lamb. Cover and refrigerate for at least
Return to room temperature before cooking.
Barbecue, grill or pan-fry for 4-6 minutes each side,
depending on thickness.
Combine the salad greens, blackberries and
avocado in a salad bowl. Thinly slice the lamb and
toss with the salad and dressing. Serves 4.
1 tablespoon honey
1 cup cream
2 tablespoons plain yoghurt
extra whipped cream, optional
Puree the fruit and honey, until smooth.
There should be about 1 cup of puree. Reserve
3 tablespoons of puree for garnishing.
Whip the cream, until stiff. Fold in the yoghurt and
puree and pour into individual serving dishes. Chill
well. Serve garnished with the reserved puree. Serves
Sugar-free raspberry jam
1⁄2 cup water
8 sugar-free sweeteners
1 tablespoon hot water
4 teaspoons powdered gelatine
Choose good quality raspberries. Place in a large
saucepan. Add a 1⁄4 cup of water and simmer, until
just cooked. Crush the sweeteners in the
1 tablespoon of hot water and add to the hot (not
Soak the gelatine in the remaining 1⁄4 cup of water
then dissolve over hot water or in the microwave.
Add to the fruit and stir gently for about 3 minutes.
Pour into small jars and seal with vacuum seals and
screw bands. Give the bands a half turn backwards.
Stand the jars on a rack in a saucepan. Fill with
enough boiling water to just cover and poach for
Lift out and leave to cool completely. Remove the
bands before storing.
Makes about 2 cups.
Butter y blueberry pie.
6 - Wednesday, January 7, 2015
ou have to make most
of the summer, we
do not get much of it
So you get out there
when it is fine and
You need to drink lots when you are
hot. You perspire, dehydrate, and need
liquid. It will go to your head fast if you
drink full strength liquor. Dilute your
alcohol. Put lemonade in your beer. You
can be staunch and also drink shandy.
Pace yourself and sur vive.
Add tonic or soda to your wine. It
will last longer and so will you. Make
your spirit drinks longer with the soda,
lemonade or coke.
Drink low alcohol wine and beer, there
are lots of them available this year. Sales
have increased 30% in the past two
months for the 9% wines. Monteith’s
even have a light cider, it is good.
What is in the chilly bin? Have you
got cold water? Have you got nibbles
cold meat, leftover ham, bread rolls,
small sammies, whatever. You need to
nibble even though you do not feel like
eating when you are hot.
Cold punch is great for summer
parties. Have two punches, one with
alcohol and one without and labelled.
They are basically ice, chopped fruit,
fruit juice, red or white wine, sparkling
wine or ginger ale or lemonade or soda
for bubbles and rum or brandy for more
alcohol. Cold tea is an old traditional
way to stretch a punch.
There are many smart modern non-
alcohol drinks now available from
lemon, lime and bitters to iced teas to
Make the most of the good summer
There are four types of wine drinkers,
according to a recent visitor from the
USA addressing a masterclass at the NZ
School of Food and Wine, Tim Hanni.
These ‘vinotypes’ are sweet,
hypersensitive, sensitive and tolerant.
That means you either like wine that is
sweet, delicate, smooth or intense.
He thinks you need to know what
vinotype you are so you are not drinking
the wine that does not suit you.
You might be drinking a wine because
you think you should because everyone
else is but you do not like it.
So you can go to myvinotype.com and
answer a set of questions about everyday
things you might love or hate or want
and you will discover what vinotype you
You will be able to validate
your wine choices and be better
at wine and food matching.
Frobisher — Fill a highball glass with
ice, add 4 drops of Angostura Bitters,
15ml gin, squeeze a slice of lemon and
drop it in, fill with sparkling white wine.
Drinks exercise quotes
“I have tried running but I kept
spilling my drink”
“Every time I say the dirty word
‘exercise’ I have to wash my mouth out
with red wine and chocolate.”
A very berry
Red wine choice
Trinity Hill Syrah 2013 — Very ripe fruit
flavours of raspberries and blackberries
in a medium bodied style with a subtle
complexity of spice and oak and light
tannins. Very fine syrah. Drink now till
White wine choice
Vidal Chardonnay 2013 Reserve Series
Light gold colour, strong aromas of
citrus and stone fruit, lovely flavours of
peaches and apricots with a mealy creamy
aftertaste carried along with a bright acidity.
A good example of a modern Hawke’s Bay
chardonnay showing careful and sensitive
winemaking. Drink now. Dry. $14 - $20.
Monteith’s Velvet Stout — A dense
luxurious drink, could almost be a sparkling
shiraz with those coffee and chocolate
undertones. Well balanced flavour and aroma
with a gentle hoppy bitterness. You might
think of stout as a winter drink but it works
in summer, too. You can make a black velvet
with half stout and a sparkling white wine.
5%. 500ml. $4.
Lipton Ice Tea Daiquiri — A refreshing
and exotic fruit flavoured iced tea that
hangs around your palate with a light
sweetness. Nice and easy. 500ml. $2.20.
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