Home' Greymouth Star : January 8th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
In the Garden
Thursday, January 8, 2015 - 5
new year in the garden
is exciting and full of
all sorts of possibilities.
January is the ideal time
to assess and make plans
for the future of your garden.
Veggies to sow
Kale has been top of the popularity
stakes for the last year or so and, while
experts argue about whether it deser ves
its ‘super food’ reputation, supermarkets
and green grocers cannot keep up with
The answer, of course, is to grow your
own. Kale seeds can be sown in January
into trays or pots of seed raising mix.
Keep in a cool spot and transplant the
seedlings into a garden bed when they
are well established.
Flowers to sow
Alyssum is so easy to grow from seed
that every garden should be dotted with
these tiny, charming bunches of bloom.
Alyssum mix, with its blend of pastel
shades, adds patches of gentle colour.
As an added bonus, the honey scent of
alyssum flowers attracts bees and other
Fruit trees growing in the ground will
appreciate a feed with Dynamic Lifter
Plus Fruit Food. It has the perfect
combination of organic matter and
correctly balanced nutrients. Potted fruit
should be fertilised with Thrive Citrus
Liquid Plant Food but remember, a
liquid fertiliser like this will need to be
re-applied every couple of weeks.
Prune summer fruit trees (peaches etc)
as soon as their crop has finished. This
allows them to make new growth before
winter. Cut back the non-flowering
shoots on hydrangeas this month. This
will encourage multiple heads that will
(hopefully) develop more flowers next
As summer progresses, caterpillars
increase in numbers. Watch out for
grubs on cabbages and rocket and the
leaf-rolling, Australian invader, light
brown apple moth caterpillar, on fruit
trees. These pests can all be taken care
of with Success Ultra, a new generation
insect pest control that is derived from a
beneficial soil bacteria.
Jobs to do
In summer weeds grow so rapidly it
is important to keep on top of them
and not to allow them to get to seeding
stage. Remove by hand or spray the
seedlings with fast-acting Zero Rapid.
Cut off and bag any weed seeds before
taking out the parent plant.
Yates DAS gives long term protection
from weeds that invade paths and
Plant of the month
These underrated plants are ideal for
those difficult shaded spots in frost-
free gardens. They have upright, caney
growth, pretty flowers and interestingly
shaped or spotted leaves. They grow
easily from cuttings.
Supplied by Yates
e have five copies each of the New
Zealand Gardener and NZ House
and Garden magazines to give away.
NZ House and Garden has
features on baches and beach
houses, as well as summer treats to eat. New Zealand
Gardener has planting instructions for the month,
plus features about growing fruits and vegetables
in a bucket, and a DIY planter box.
To enter the draw your entry must include your
name, address and phone number.
Send it to.—
C/o Greymouth Star
or email firstname.lastname@example.org with
‘garden’ in the subject line.
One entry per household. Entries close on
Januar y 15.
oses have been
popular on the West
Coast since the first
In 1866, among a long list of
fruit trees and (shudder) broom
bushes on sale, one Hokitika
merchant offered 33 rose varieties.
Frustratingly, no names were
given but they — and others
brought into the region — clearly
did well, for in December 1870
at the West Coast ’s first known
flower show, a Mrs Barker
won high praise for her Lord
Macaulay, said by the judge to be
the best dark red rose available.
Unfortunately, this once-popular
hybrid perpetual variety, bred in
England in 1864, seems to have
vanished. It may have sur vived in
some Coast gardens as apparently
it can be cutting-grown and was
favoured for blooming over a long
period and having quite good
Almost exactly 140 years after
that initial show, the Westland
Rose Society was responsible
for another first, when it hosted
the national rose convention
in Greymouth in March 2010.
Rosarians came from as far away
as Whangarei, bringing their
prize blooms for the competition
that is always a feature of the
With tens of thousands of roses
on the market, it is difficult to
know where to start.
Carpet Roses come in red,
white, yellow and pink, and
bloom virtually all year round.
Sometimes sneered at by so-called
experts, they are great for the
novice or busy gardener, as they
are vigorous, easy-care plants that
grow to about hip height and can
be slashed hard if they spread too
For even speedier results,
the fastest growing roses must
be the banksias, which climb
metres while your back is turned.
Smothered with little yellow or
white flowers in spring, they are
perfect for covering an old shed or
encouraged to grow up a dead tree
to save exhausting sessions with
a chainsaw to get rid of the tatty
Most of us want scent in our
roses and the heritage varieties
really shine here, although their
tendency to flower only once can
This is where David Austin’s
English roses come into their
own, with dark red Munstead
Wood one of his best for perfume.
Other Austins worth considering
for their scent are red L D
Braithwaite and pink Sharifa
Asma but do not expect much
perfume in his (or any other
breeder’s) yellow roses.
An exception is Colleen
O’Connell’s climber Jack Hume,
which last year was awarded
8.5 on the New Zealand Rose
Society’s 10-point scale for
perfume. Austin’s deep orange
Summer Song scored an 8.0,
while pink Memorial Day made
8.5 and pure white John Paul II
was rated 7.5.
These ratings are compiled by
rose fanciers and the results are
published in the NZ Rose Review,
which comes out each winter.
Disappointingly, there were
no West Coast reports in the
2014-15 edition, but there may
still be time to get into the
2015-16 issue. (See www.nzroses.
org.nz for more information
or contact Doug Grant, 326c
Patumahoe Rd, RD3, Pukekohe
2678; phone-fax (09) 238-5723 or
Some roses’ popularity is
reflected in their appearance on
the list year after year and those
bred by Sam McGredy always
Last year, his Paddy Stephens
was the top hybrid tea ahead
of another of his popular roses,
Hamilton Gardens, but it was his
large-flowered climber Dublin
Bay that was the most impressive,
coming in No 1 for the 27th year
Although now retired, Sam
McGredy remains our best-
known breeder but New Zealand
breeding remains strong through
people like Rob Summerfield of
Te Puna, whose red hybrid tea
Love Heart was 2014 Rose of the
Year, and South Otago rosarian
David Benny, who has won
awards for several of his roses,
including cream Honeymoon and
pale pink Dear One.
Not all rose breeders are
professionals. Save hips and grow
the seeds and you may get some
lovely surprises say Dawn and
George Agnew, of Mosgiel. They
released Pamela Bartrum two
years ago and this winter will have
a limited number of their hybrid
tea Julia’s Baby and miniature rose
Hopscotch for sale.
The enthusiasm and skill of
breeders ensures that our passion
for roses and desire for new
varieties will continue to be well
Showing can be fun. We asked
North Otago judge Val Clarke for
some tips and she recommended
picking roses a day before a show
and standing them in a bucket of
cold water. Leave it in a cool place
overnight and you will find your
roses will last better, even at a
Val suggested five hybrid tea
varieties for those wanting to give
exhibiting a go. She recommended
pink Paddy Stephens, cream
Elina, red Loving Memory,
near-white Auckland Metro and
Solitaire, whose soft yellow petals
are tinged with pink.
The beauty of these five is each
is a good garden rose, so if you try
showing and find it is not your
thing, nothing is lost.
If you were given a book voucher
for Christmas and are looking
for a treat, Diana Sargeant ’s All
About Roses ($34.99) is one
to consider. A soft-cover guide
for every rose lover, from the
new gardener to those who’ve
been growing them for years,
the author has been dubbed
Australia’s ‘Rose Lady’ which
reflects her passion for her subject
and level of expertise. The book
covers everything from the ideal
position for planting roses to
growing them in containers.
Although written for people who
want to grow roses but do not
have a clue, it has something for
everyone and the suggestions
on how to have healthy plants
without using chemicals will
have wide appeal. With lots of
eye-catching photos, this one is
a winner. The only reservation is
that some of the roses shown are
not available in this country.
Gillian Vine has a
gardening blog at http://
Our new garden columnist
GILLIAN VINE looks at the love
affair with roses.
with Gillian Vine
for the love of
A frame of seagull draws the eye to a bed of pink carabella. Carpet roses and a white banksia could be used to create a similar effect.
Paddy Stephens is happy in the garden and on the show bench.
Dear One was bred in South Otago.
Julia’s Baby was bred in Mosgiel.
One of the best Austin roses for perfume is Munstead Wood.
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