Home' Greymouth Star : February 10th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, February 10, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1840 - Britain’s Q ueen Victoria marries
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
1873 - NSW coal miners win a 10.5-hour
day after a six-week strike against 12-hour
1879 - O utlaw Ned Kelly holds up Jerilderie
post office in NSW.
1942 - Glenn Miller receives the
first ever gold disc for selling one
million copies of Chattanooga Choo
1964 - Royal Australian Navy
destroyer Voyager sinks after
collision with HMAS Melbourne
off Jer vis Bay; more than 80 die.
1990 - South African President F W de
Klerk announces that black activist Nelson
Mandela will be released after 27 years in
1996 - An IBM computer called Deep Blue
makes chess history by comfortably beating
world champion Garry Kasparov - a machine’s
first victory under classic tournament rules.
2014 - Child star Shirley Temple dies aged
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Charles Lamb, English writer and essayist
(1775-1834); Robert Wagner,
US actor (1930-); Roberta Flack,
US singer (1937-); Peter Allen,
Australian entertainer (1944-1992);
Mark Spitz, champion US swimmer
(1950-); Greg Norman, Australian
golfer (1955-); Laura Dern, US
actor (1967-); Michael Kasprowicz,
Australian cricketer (1972-); Emma Roberts,
American actress (1991-).
“Culture is on the horns of this dilemma:
if profound and noble it must remain rare, if
common it must become mean.” — George
Santayana, Spanish-born philosopher
“ Do not be conformed to this world, but be
transformed by the renewing of your minds, so
that you may discern what is the will of God
—what is good and acceptable and perfect.”
— (Romans 12.2).
In a winch accident
at the Liverpool State
afternoon, a 64-year-
old Cobden resident, Mr William Larcombe,
of Firth Street, suffered lacerations to his right
leg and foot. Mr Larcombe was admitted
to the Greymouth Hospital late yesterday
afternoon. His condition is satisfactory.
Mr David Eric L ow, aged 36, of Ward Street,
Runanga, was also admitted to the Greymouth
Hospital yesterday afternoon suffering
lacerations to his right hand.
The West Coast owned and trained Totara
Lad started the day well for Coast gallopers at
Riccarton today when he finished attractively
to win the Malvern Highweight, first leg of
the on-course double at the Canterbury Jockey
Club’s meeting. He paid £16 to win.
The pacemaker, another West Coast horse in
Picket, tired in the straight and finished sixth.
West Coasters are seemingly unsympathetic
to the Winston Churchill Memorial Fund
appeal. As yet no donations have been received
by either the borough or county council or
in the box in the doorway of Hay ’s shop. The
appeal was launched fully a week ago.
The town clerk Mr G Hayter said this
morning the response to the appeal was very
slow and he added that nowadays there are
many calls on the pockets of the people.
The Mayor Mr F W Baillie, referring to
the great work Winston Churchill had
done during the war years in saving the free
world, added that this man had a wonderful
personality and he sincerely felt it was a truly
uFood for thought
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e used it to get pumped
and it worked brilliantly.
But it was not long
before Ryan Young
realised something was
up with the powder he
had been mixing with water and knocking
back before his workouts.
As weeks turned into months, he began
to feel tired and lethargic — apart from
when he’d taken his dose of Craze.
The penny dropped when he saw a tv
documentary revealing what was really in
his “performance fuel” — an amphetamine
analogue that was the chemical cousin of
methamphetamine, or P.
“It was like a drug,” says Young, a
personal trainer and real estate agent who
runs fitness camps for kids as a fundraiser
for the Starship Foundation. “It was
addictive. You had to wean off it.”
Craze was well named. It quickly
became a market leader in a global fitness
supplement industry worth an estimated
$30 billion. “Everyone was taking it,” says
An investigation by USA Today found
that the vice-president of Driven Sports,
the maker of Craze, had a long history
of making and selling dangerous “health”
Matt Cahill’s resume; includes mixing a
highly toxic pesticide with baking powder
and selling it on-line for weight loss,
and selling a steroid that had never been
tested on humans. He was jailed for mail
USA Today revealed that, of 100 firms
caught selling supplements spiked with
drugs or dangerous chemicals, at least
14 were run by people with serious
convictions, including theft, fraud, assault,
weapons offences and money-laundering.
Many of their products have made it
into New Zealand. Documents received
under the Official Information Act
show two New Zealanders most likely
contracted acute non-viral hepatitis after
taking a supplement called Oxy Elite Pro.
The main hepatitis outbreak occurred in
Hawaii, where 24 cases were linked to the
supplement, resulting in one death and
two people requiring liver transplants.
Another popular supplement, Ripped
Freak, was linked to the death of a New
Zealand airman during a workout in
2009. A coroner noted that, while the
airman had been using anabolic steroids,
he had also been taking Ripped Freak,
which at the time contained DMAA
— an ingredient included in some party
pills linked to the deaths of a London
marathon runner and three members of
the US armed forces.
DMAA is now banned by many
countries including New Zealand.
However, a chemical cousin, DMBA, has
just surfaced here as an ingredient in the
exercise supplement Frenzy.
DMBA is also banned here. Following
the NZ Herald’s investigation, the
Ministry of Health said it would contact
retailers to tell them the sale and supply
of Frenzy were prohibited.
Supplement makers such as Cahill rely
on weak laws and non-existent regulation
and enforcement to peddle their wares,
reformulating, rebranding and re-entering
the market as often as required.
Under current New Zealand laws,
products such as Craze and Ripped Freak
are classified as dietary supplements,
which do not need to be tested or proved
safe before being sold. Once they are
shown to be dangerous or illegal they can
be removed, but by then the horse has
The problem, says Medsafe chief
Stewart Jessamine, is that the current
law was enacted in the 1980s when the
world was a very different place. Dietary
supplements were mainly wholesome and
could be found in normal foods. Our law
is simply not built to cope with someone
slipping methamphetamine into a drink
powder people are going to imbibe in an
effort to be more healthy.
An attempt to update the legislation has
been before Parliament in various guises
since 2006. The latest version, the Natural
Health and Supplementary Products Bill,
will be slotted back into the legislative
agenda now the election is over, but a
Beehive spokeswoman was unable to say
when that might happen.
“The whole idea of what is in these
products when there is no real regulatory
regime around them is without doubt
open to abuse,” admits Dr Jessamine.
“Current legislation allows you (the
ministry) to take unsafe product off the
market only after you have found it. It
doesn’t require you to make sure that it
is what it says it is on the label when it
enters the market.”
Even under current law the marketing
of most workout supplements is probably
illegal. “ You don’t have to go through
any approval system to get them on the
market but you are not allowed to make
any claims for them,” says Dr Jessamine.
Common claims such as “supports
healthy fat loss” are probably prohibited.
The problem is that there is no regulatory
body directly tasked with policing
the area. Medsafe’s primary job is to
ensure medicines are safe, not chase
rogue supplement merchants making
questionable claims over their products’
Some products, however, do catch
Medsafe’s attention. Cricketer Jesse Ryder
found out the hard way about Gaspari
Detonate, a fat burner that turned out
to contain two amphetamine analogues.
Ryder sought advice from a trainer and
was told that, while nothing on the label
indicated banned substances, he should
seek further advice. He did not, and was
banned for six months.
Gaspari withdrew Detonate, but it was
not long before a reformulated product,
Detonate XT, was on sale. The new
product is not much better than the first.
One of its active ingredients, oxedrine,
has been the subject of a health warning
in Australia over the dangers of mixing it
It also contains yohimbine — which
like oxedrine is a controlled medicine
that can be obtained only with a doctor’s
prescription — high nicotine levels and
possibly a class-A psychedelic compound.
“Detonate XT is definitely not able to
be legally sold in New Zealand,” says Dr
Another exercise supplement, Dorian
Yates GH Blast, was pulled from New
Zealand shelves in November due to
suspicions it contained the date-rape drug
With the Herald’s discovery of Frenzy
and its subsequent banning, the list of
outlawed exercise supplements continues
to grow at an alarming rate.
Most exercise supplements, says Drug
Free Sport NZ chief Graeme Steel, are
simply a con. They either do not work or,
if they do, it is highly likely they contain a
Dr Jessamine agrees. “ The old saying
about dietary supplements — and
it would probably apply to sports
supplements as well — is that the thing
they do is give you the most expensive
urine in the world. That is the most they
do. Everything else is about perception
and how you feel about it rather than any
— N ZME -New Zealand Herald
There is a famous Ngati Porou
saying that the tribe’s lonely mountain,
Hikurangi, does not move anywhere.
It is a statement about pride, confidence
and, at its heart, the iwi’s fierce
Dr Apirana Mahuika, who died
yesterday in Gisborne, epitomised that
Fellow iwi member Sir Tamati Reedy
said picking a fight with him was like
arguing with a boulder. It was a waste of
“The things that he believed in, well, he
was immovable on those issues and a lot of
them had to do with Ngati Porou. No one
would shake the foundations of his belief
in the history of our sense of identity.
“He gave his life for Ngati Porou; that is
the easiest way to express it. ”
At hui throughout the country he
always cut a handsome figure. Rarely seen
without a hat, he was the type of man that
tweed suits were made for, Sir Tamati said.
“He loved that moustache of his. He
loved curling it and just smoothing his
fingers over it. That was part of the pride
of the man. ”
Whanau spokesman Te Rau Kupenga
said the 80-year-old, who is known
throughout the country as Api, had been
battling illness for the last year.
“He held the name he was given by Sir
Apirana Ngata. In many ways that was a
burden but that set him on a path in terms
of his achievements.”
Dr Mahuika was raised in Tikitiki on
the East Cape. Once an important tribal
centre, the region from Te Araroa to just
south of the village is now home to just
2418 people, according to Statistics NZ.
Thousands are expected to mourn at
Rahui Marae this week.
A founding member of the tribal
runanga in 1987, Dr Mahuika led the
organisation, which was responsible for
frugally building up $50 million worth of
farming, forestry, radio and other assets
before the tribe’s 2012 $110 million Treaty
Before the ink was dry on that deal, he
said the collective future of his 71,000-
strong iwi was what drove him.
“ We have to develop ourselves at home
because if you can’t keep the home
fires burning and if you can’t keep the
sentiment of your people and the tikanga
they belong to, then you lose them.
And we don’t want to lose them because
they are the repositories of our history,
our knowledge, our tikanga and
our reo. ”
Education Minister Hekia Parata said
her uncle was a walking, talking stereotype
of what other iwi know Ngati Porou
for — strong links to the church and
producing leading educationists.
Dr Mahuika had been an Anglican priest
before moving into academia, producing
a ground-breaking body of work around
Ngati Porou female leaders and the
practice of marae up and down the coast
being named for wahine.
Ms Parata said her uncle was one of the
few people who could lead in prayer, give
her an academic lecture and then advocate
to different governments — possibly all on
the same day, she joked.
“He was a doting father and a
completely indulgent grandfather. He was
absolutely in love with his mokopuna,” she
said. “ I’ll miss his smile, which was both
complimentary and expectant at the same
time. Every time you’d get a compliment,
there was now a list of 10 other things you
needed to get on with. ”
Sir Paul Holmes also had a special
relationship with Dr Mahuika after
the broadcaster was in a helicopter that
crashed into the sea off the East Coast
in 1989. Four on board swam in freezing
waters to shore but young Television NZ
cameraman Joe Von Dinklage was never
After the sur vivors made land, the Ngati
Porou leader prayed with the group.
A thankful Holmes later named his son
Reuben Thomas Apirana Holmes.
It is understood Dr Mahuika was offered
a knighthood several times but turned it
down, saying he did not see himself in the
same league as others who held the title
King Tuheitia is expected tomorrow at
the marae. His spokesman, Tuku Morgan,
said Dr Mahuika’s ability to lead for three
decades put him in a class of his own
“He is synonymous with Ngati Porou.”
— New Zealand Herald
Ngati Porou leader Apirana Mahuika — a rock for his people
Ngati Porou’s Api Mahuika was intent on building for future generations.
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