Home' Greymouth Star : April 13th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
Monday, April 13, 2015 - 5
Atlas Iron, Australia’s fourth-largest
iron ore supplier, will suspend all
operations this month in response to
a slump in prices to their lowest in a
The company is the biggest casualty
in Australia of a collapse in the price
of the steelmaking material, caused by
a glut in supply and cooling demand
in China, its largest consumer.
Australia, led by Rio Tinto and BHP
Billiton, is the world’s top exporter of
“This is something of a watershed
moment,” Paul Gait, a London-
based analyst at Sanford C Bernstein,
said. “ It ’s the first of the producing
Australian miners from the best
supply location to close. ”
Atlas, which had forecast output in
the year through June of as much as
13 million tonnes, said its operations
are no longer viable and would be put
into care and maintenance, pending
future market conditions, according
to a statement. Discussions with
creditors have begun, the Perth-based
Output at Mt Webber will halt this
week, its Abydos project is scheduled
to cease within 14 days, while the
Wodgina mine will be closed late this
month, Atlas said. Its operations are
in Australia’s iron-ore rich Pilbara
Iron ore has plunged 59% in the past
year as larger, lower-cost producers,
including BHP and Brazil’s Vale,
raised output just as growth slowed
in China. Global iron ore demand
will contract this year, according to
“ To suspend our operations, with
the impact that will have on so many
committed and talented people,
is an extremely difficult decision,”
managing director Ken Brinsden
The producer employs about 575
staff and contractors.
Atlas, the second-worst performing
Australian mining company in the
past year, suspended its shares from
trading last week, saying it was
reviewing operations in response
to the price plunge. It had targeted
annual savings of as much as
$A120 million ($122 million) by
June, according to a February filing.
Rio Tinto, the world’s second-
biggest iron ore supplier, forecasts 80
million tonnes of higher-cost iron ore
production will exit the world market
in 2015, with a further 85 million
tonnes vulnerable to lower prices. In
its statement, Atlas said the timing of
a recovery remains unclear.
The producer ’s decision to halt its
output is not likely to spur a rally in
the steelmaking ingredient ’s price,
according to Bernstein’s Gait.
A global seaborne surplus is
forecast to grow to 184 million
tonnes in 2018 from 55 million
tonnes this year, Morgan Stanley
“ It ’s a positive for iron ore, but it
doesn’t mean to say that the price will
go up,” Gait said. “ What it means is
that the price will be higher than it
other wise would have been — if it
falls again, it won’t fall as far.”
Atlas said it is now in talks with
its creditors on options that would
enable its mines to restart.
The producer had drawn down
December 2017 US term loan
facility as of December 31, it said in
a February filing. Net debt increased
by $A131.4m to $169m in the final
six months of 2014 as iron ore prices
plunged and the Aussie dollar fell,
Atlas had its credit ratings cut
by two steps and put on review for
further possible downgrades by
both Moody’s Investors Ser vice and
Standard and Poor’s this month.
Standard and Poor’s reduced its score
to CCC, eight steps below investment
grade, while Moody’s took it down
two notches to Caa3, one level lower.
Aust mining firm suspends production
Pope Francis sparked a
diplomatic row overnight
by calling the massacre
of up to 1.5 million
Armenians 100 years ago
“the first genocide of the
20th century,” prompting
Turkey to accuse him of
Muslim Turkey accepts
Armenians died in clashes
with Ottoman soldiers
beginning in 1915, when
Armenia was part of the
empire ruled from Istanbul, but denies
hundreds of thousands were killed and
that this amounted to genocide.
At an Armenian rite Mass in St Peter’s
Basilica to mark the 100th anniversary of
the mass killings, Pope Francis became
the first head of the Roman Catholic
Church to publicly pronounce the word
“genocide” to describe them.
Some European and South American
countries use the term to describe the
killings, but the United States and some
others, keen to maintain good relations
with an important ally, avoid doing so.
Turkey was swift to protest. “ The Pope’s
statements, which are far from historical
and judicial facts, cannot be accepted,”
Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu
said on his Twitter account.
“Religious offices are not places to
incite hatred and revenge with baseless
accusations,” he said.
The foreign ministry called its
ambassador to the Holy See back to
Ankara, and summoned the Vatican’s
ambassador, saying Pope Francis’s
remarks had caused a “problem of trust ”
in diplomatic relations.
Pope John Paul II and Armenian
Apostolic Church Supreme Patriarch
Kerekin II called the massacre “the first
genocide of the 20th century” in 2001,
but that was in a joint written statement.
Francis, who has disregarded many
aspects of protocol since becoming
pope two years ago, uttered the phrase
during a private meeting at the Vatican
with an Armenian delegation in 2013,
prompting a strong protest from Ankara.
As archbishop of Buenos Aires,
Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio had already
publicly described the
killings as genocide before
he was elected leader of
the world’s 1.2 billion
Catholics in 2013.
made an official visit to
Turkey as part of his efforts
to strengthen relations with
moderate Muslim states.
At the start of the
the Pope described the
“senseless slaughter” of
100 years ago as “the first
genocide of the 20th century” and noted
it was followed by Nazism and Stalinism.
“It is necessary, and indeed a duty, to
honour their memory, for whenever
memory fades, it means that evil allows
wounds to fester. Concealing or denying
evil is like allowing a wound to keep
bleeding without bandaging it,” he said.
Pope Francis’s comments were also
published by Armenian President Serzh
“ We are deeply grateful to His
Holiness Pope Francis for the idea
of this unprecedented liturgy which
symbolises our solidarity with the people
of the Christian world,” Sarksyan said in
a speech at a Vatican dinner on Saturday
The Pope said genocide continues
today against Christians “who, on
account of their faith in Christ or their
ethnic origin, are publicly and ruthlessly
put to death — decapitated, crucified,
burned alive — or forced to leave their
Islamic State insurgents have
persecuted Shi’ite Muslims, Christians
and others who do not share their ultra-
radical brand of Sunni Islam as they
car ved a self-declared caliphate out of
swathes of Syria and Iraq, which share
borders with Turkey.
Pope Francis also urged reconciliation
between Turkey and Armenia, and
between Armenia and Azerbaijan over
the disputed Caucasus mountain region
of Nagorno-Karabakh. The appeal came
in a letter handed out during a meeting
after the Mass to Sarksyan and the
three most important Armenian church
leaders present. — Reuters
Hillary Clinton has launched her
bid to become the first woman to win
the White House, and announced
a campaign tour to showcase her
support for “everyday Americans”.
“I ’m running for president,”
Clinton, a former secretary of state
and United States first lady, said in a
video on her campaign website that
went live early today.
“Everyday Americans need a
champion, and I want to be that
champion, so you can do more than
just get by. You can get ahead, and
stay ahead,” she said in the two-
“Americans have fought their way
back from tough economic times. But
the deck is still stacked in favour of
those at the top,” she said.
Clinton, 67, becomes the third
major figure to announce her US
Republican Senators Ted Cruz and
Rand Paul rolled out their campaigns
in recent weeks.
Senator Marco Rubio is widely
expected to announce his campaign
tonight, and former Florida governor
Jeb Bush is actively considering a
With little serious competition on
the Democratic side, she immediately
becomes the frontrunner for her
She also said in the video that she
will soon be “ hitting the road to earn
Presumptive campaign chairman
John Podesta told donors and other
backers in e-mails that Clinton’s first
campaign stops will be in Iowa — the
State that votes first in the primary
process early next year to decide
the parties’ nominees — and that “a
formal kick-off event ” will be held
next month. — AFP
Hillary Clinton launches presidency bid
If the Queen had not inter vened, the
new royal baby would be a lord or a lady,
rather than a prince or a princess, and
would not be a HRH.
Under past rules, only a first-born son
of the D uke and Duchess of Cambridge
would automatically have become a
A Letters Patent in 1917, issued by
King George V, limited titles within
the royal family, meaning a daughter
born to William or Kate would not
have been a HRH but Lady (forename)
Mountbatten-Windsor instead and
a second-born son would also have
lacked the HRH title and become Lord
rather than a prince.
The Q ueen issued a Letters Patent
under the Great Seal of the Realm in
December 2012 when Kate was around
three months pregnant with Prince
George, declaring “all the children of
the eldest son of the Prince of Wales
should have and enjoy the style, title
and attribute of royal highness with
the titular dignity of Prince or Princess
prefixed to their Christian names or with
such other titles of honour”.
If the new royal baby is a boy, he may be
given a dukedom one day — most likely
on his wedding day if he marries.
A girl might later in life, when William
is king, have the honorary style the
Princess Royal — which is currently
used by Princess Anne. It is customarily
given by the sovereign to his or her eldest
Day to day, the new addition to the
royal family will be a Prince or Princess
of Cambridge — following the dukedom
given to William by the Queen on the
morning of his wedding. William used
Wales as his professional surname in the
forces and his children are likely to use
Cambridge in the same way.
Should the baby require a surname to
get married or for legal reasons, it will be
Mountbatten-Windsor. — PA
Queen steps in
over baby’s title
The head of the European
Parliament implored citizens to
fight the “demons” of racism and
anti-Semitism that still haunt
Europe in a speech to mark
the liberation of Germany’s
Buchenwald concentration camp
70 years ago.
Buchenwald, near the city
of Weimar, was the biggest
concentration camp on German
soil. Set up by Hitler’s SS in
1937, it held more than 250,000
Jews, Roma, homosexuals and
other people not tolerated by the
Nazis. More than 56,000 people
died there from torture, medical
experiments and star vation.
Some 80 camp sur vivors travelled
to Weimar from Europe, the
United States and Israel, joining
US army veterans who helped free
Buchenwald on April 11, 1945.
On Saturday they held a minute’s
silence at 3.15pm, the time of
liberation, and laid red carnations
at the mustering point.
Fears are growing about anti-
Semitism in Europe, underscored
by the January attacks in France
on Charlie Hebdo magazine and a
Jewish supermarket, at a time when
immigration has shot to the top of
Germany ’s political agenda.
European Parliament President
Martin Schulz said in a speech in
Weimar that in the 1930s people
allowed the seeds of hatred to
grow in their hearts, allowing the
Holocaust to happen.
“Tohonour the victims ...we
want to fight the return of demons
that we thought were overcome
but which still show their ugly
face — racism, anti-Semitism,
ultra-nationalism and intolerance,”
He homed in on events in the
eastern town of Troeglitz, where
neo-Nazis are suspected of setting
fire to a refugee home and whose
mayor resigned because he feared
an attack from right-wing radicals
over his plans to house asylum
Although towns across Germany
have seen similar attacks by right-
wing radicals — Der Spiegel says
there were 150 last year — the fire
in Troeglitz caught the headlines.
“ We must not let agitators and
arsonists believe a silent majority
stands behind them,” Schulz said.
“ We must oppose xenophobia and
say clearly that we, the majority,
support refugees,” he said.
The debate on immigration,
caused partly by a 60% surge in
asylum seekers to Germany last
year, has been fueled by the grass-
roots anti-Islam Pegida (Patriotic
Europeans Against the Islamisation
of the West) group in Dresden.
Although Germany has also seen
big counter-demonstrations and its
popularity has waned, Dutch far-
right politician Geert Wilders is to
address marchers tonight and may
boost numbers. — Reuters
Fight racist demons, top EU lawmaker says at Nazi camp ceremony
Sur vivor Petro Mischtschuk, from Ukraine, arrives at the former Buchenwald Nazi concentration camp near Weimar in Germany.
Wrong shark killed after
boy surfer’s death
Saint-Denis de la Reunion
A 13-year-old boy has been killed by
a shark who attacked him while he was
surfing off the French Indian Ocean
island of La Reunion.
The shark tore off the right-hand side
of the boy ’s body in an off-limits section
of water off the west coast of the island.
It was the 16th shark attack on the
island since 2011 and the seventh death.
The boy, whose first name was given as
Elio, was said to have been a keen and
Authorities immediately put in place
a “post-attack procedure” in a bid to
capture the shark.
Specialised boats were deployed for
“targeted fishing in the immediate area
around the attack,” the local authorities
said in a statement overnight.
A few hours after the attack a tiger
shark measuring more than 3.5m was
captured and killed.
According to a medical examination of
the boy ’s body, however, it was not the
Local police chief Dominique Sorain
stressed that “engaging in swimming
and water-based activities outside the
protected zone is extremely dangerous”.
“More than ever, we have to be doubly
vigilant and the best way to prevent
accidents is to respect the ban,” added
In February, island
extended until February 2016 a law
prohibiting swimming and other water-
based activities such as surfing and
windsurfing except in special areas.
This measure has resulted in a dramatic
decline in tourism on the island lying to
the east of Madagascar. — AFP
Turkey recalls ambassador
Doctors are backing a plan to strip
childcare and welfare benefits from
parents who refuse to vaccinate their
The Australian Medical Association
supports the federal government ’s policy,
which could cost parents who object to
immunisations up to $15,000 in tax-
payer funded payments.
The government says the number of
parents opting for the “conscientious
objection” vaccination exemption for
payments has more than doubled over
the past decade.
The “no jab, no pay” policy, which has
bipartisan support, could affect families
of up to 39,000 children under seven
who have not been vaccinated.
Children can still be exempted on
medical and religious grounds, but the
“contentious objection” exemption will
be removed on January 1, 2016.
The AMA says its important to
encourage vaccinations because it ’s
one of the most effective public health
But AMA president Brian O wler
is concerned the policy will not catch
everyone and fears some children could
be punished for their parents’ decisions.
no pay’ plan
Beijing is to impose a limit on the
number of mainland Chinese visitors to
Hong Kong, a politician and media says,
after a series of protests against the influx
from over the border.
The southern Chinese city has been
inundated by a stream of tourists
from mainland China, who often pay
short visits to the city to snap up daily
necessities from baby formula to nappies.
The so-called parallel traders, who
dodge hefty tariffs on their return, have
become a source of tension in the semi-
autonomous city leading to angry rallies
where protesters clashed with police.
“ Too many people are coming through
the unlimited entry permits. (Imposing
a limit) is a step for ward,” Michael
Tien, a member of the National People’s
Congress, China’s de facto parliament,
told reporters overnight.
The Hong Kong-based South China
Morning Post described the policy as
“one visit per week” for residents of
Shenzhen, citing unnamed sources.
China to curb
Hong Kong visitors
Australian authorities insist the
Gallipoli peninsula will be one of
the safest places to be in Turkey in a
fortnight’s time despite reports the
Anzac commemorations could be a
high-value target for terrorists.
Gallipoli ser vices director Tim
Evans says the 8200 Australians
attending the dawn ser vice at North
Beach and the later memorial at
Lone Pine should be “alert but not
“I think attending the ser vices will
probably be one of the safest places
you can be in Turkey on April 24
and 25,” Evans said.
“There is no expectation that
particularly Australians attending
represent a target.
“So any Australian that goes to
Gallipoli should be reasonably
confident that they are attending
a ser vice that is well secured, in
an area of Turkey where the threat
level to Australians is nowhere near
as high as it might be in the more
easterly areas of the country. ”
News Corp last week quoted an
intelligence source saying Anzac
Day at Gallipoli would be a “high-
value target ” for Islamic State
terrorists who have seized large
parts of neighbouring Syria and
It said ASIO, ASIS and Australian
Federal Police officers had been
deployed to Turkey in recent weeks.
Evans would not comment on
that report but stressed Turkish
authorities were responsible for
securing the peninsula.
It is expected there’ll be 4000
Turkish jandarma and national
police present — an increase of
40% on previous years — as well
as the coast guard and at least 1000
soldiers from the 2nd Army Corps.
“They take their responsibilities
very seriously and the number of
security personnel will be much
larger this year than in previous
years,” Evans said from Turkey.
“The Turks are quite properly
alert to the high-profile and larger
number of guests they’ve got. ”
Prince Charles and Prince Harry
will attend the international and
commonwealth ser vices on April
24 as well as the Australian and
New Zealand commemorations on
Australian Prime Minister Tony
Abbott will be on the peninsula
along with his New Zealand
counterpart, John Key, and other
high-profile leaders from the
United Kingdom, Ireland, France
and Turkey itself.
“The Turks are well-practised at
this,” Evans said.
undertaking dress rehearsals for the
last couple of years and reached a
fairly high standard last year.
practices that have been developed
between Turkey, Australia and New
Zealand over a number of years. ”
Lessons have been learned after
an incident in 2013 when dual
Turkish-Australian national Ali
Riza Ersoy started yelling during
the dawn ser vice and rushed the
main stage. — AAP
Gallipoli safe for Anzac
A British victim of the French alps air
disaster was on the doomed aircraft after
switching flights at the last moment.
Paul Bramley, 28, died when co-pilot
Andreas Lubitz locked the Germanwings
flight’s captain out of the cockpit before
flying the plane into a mountainside,
killing all 150 people on board.
His grieving girlfriend Anneli Tiirik
says she does not blame Lubitz.
“ I cannot hate or blame someone
for being sick”, the 23-year-old music
student told Britain’s Sunday People.
On the day of the tragedy she was
waiting for her boyfriend at Manchester
airport, having flown in herself from
“ He was originally meant to land in
Manchester on the Monday night, but
he changed his flight at the last moment
for Tuesday. That was all the information
his mum and I had, because he had
switched off his mobile phone.
“ I had a bad feeling because he would
never have left me alone waiting like that.
I had been there for a couple of hours
when one of his relatives came to pick
me up. She stepped out of the car with
tissues in her hand. My heart sank and
I knew the worst had happened.” — PA
with quads at 65
A 65-year-old woman from Berlin
is pregnant with quadruplets, German
private broadcaster RTL has reported.
The woman, identified overnight only
as Annegret R due to German data
protection laws, conceived after receiving
fertility treatment abroad.
The Russian and English teacher already
has 13 children and seven grandchildren.
She had her last child in 2005.
When asked how she would
respond to potential criticism for her
unconventional decision, she said: “I
think it is something that everyone has
to decide for themselves.”
RTL reported that the woman has had
no complications in her pregnancy thus
far. — DPA
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