Home' Greymouth Star : April 15th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Wednesday, April 15, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1861 - Three days after the attack on Fort
Sumter, South Carolina, President Abraham
Lincoln declares a state of insurrection and
calls out Union troops.
1865 - Andrew Johnson becomes the
17th US president after the assassination of
President Abraham Lincoln.
1891 - Katanga Company is formed
under Leopold of Belgium’s direction to
exploit copper deposits in what is today the
southernmost province in Congo.
1912 - The passenger luxury liner SS Titanic
sinks, with the loss of more than 1500 lives.
Harriet Quimby becomes the first
woman to fly across the English
1923 - Insulin, discovered by
Canadian Dr Frederick Banting, is
made available for general use by
1959 - Cuban leader Fidel Castro
arrives in Washington, D.C., to begin
a goodwill tour of the United States.
1968 - Two unmanned Soviet satellites link
up while in orbit around Earth.
1986 - US President Ronald Reagan orders
air strike on Tripoli and Benghazi in Libya 10
days after bombing of German disco kills two
US ser vicemen.
1987 - Philippines-flagged vessel sailing
to Kuwait with load of Australian sheep is
attacked and set ablaze by Iranian gunboat in
the central sector of the gulf.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, engineer,
sculptor and architect (1452-1519); Nanak,
guru and founder of Sikhism (1469-1539);
Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (1707-
1783); Henry James, US author (1843-1916);
A Philip Randolph, US civil rights leader/
trade unionist (1889-1979); Bessie
Smith, US blues singer (1898-1937);
Kim Il-Sung, North Korean dictator
(1912-1994); Dodi Al-Fayed,
Egyptian businessman (1955-1997);
Emma Thompson, British actress
(1959-); Lee Kernaghan, Australian
country singer (1964-); Willie
Mason, Australian rugby league player (1980-);
Seth Rogen, Canadian actor/writer (1982-);
Emma Watson, British actress (1990-).
“ Patriotism is your conviction that this
country is superior to all other countries
because you were born in it.” — George Bernard
Shaw, Irish-born playwright (1856-1950)
faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God,
to maturity, to the measure of the full stature of
Christ.” — Ephesians 4.13
The standard was as
good as she had seen
anywhere and she
believes the winner
will be hard to beat in the New Zeland final.
This was the opinion of Mrs Gwen Gill, an
Auckland professional dressmaking judge
after Mrs Beverly Bell, of Runanga, had been
declared winner of the West Coast section of a
New Zealand-wide dressmaking contest.
The contest, called Make ‘n’ Model, was
conducted by the Greymouth firm of Trumans
Ltd, and attracted 26 entries. It required the
contestants to make the clothes of their choice
from established patterns and model them at
elimination and final contests. Apart from the
entrants, the store was packed with an excited
crowd of women — with a sprinkling of men.
Official placings were Mrs Bell 1, Mrs
W R Stewart (Kumara) 2, Mrs J Mundy
(Greymouth) 3, Mrs B Munn (Cobden) 4.
A Russian unique to New Zealand is on the
West Coast. He is living at Boddytown with
the family of Mrs J Dekker and is getting VIP
treatment — very important pet treatment. The
Russian is a male borzoi named Don Cossach
and he comes from a famous breed of Russian
wolfhounds originally bred solely to hunt
wolves in Russia.
Don was sent from Perth, Western Australia,
to Mrs Dekker who now holds the distinction
of being the owner of the only borzoi in New
Zealand. She said this morning that the dog is
roughly four and a half months old and looks
a lot like a greyhound, with a distinctive fine
chiselled head, but it has long hair.
Don will be used for show purposes.
uFood for thought
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Gallipoli looms large for Turks, too
ustralia and New Zealand
have Anzac Day. Turkey
has Canakkale Week.
Zealanders and Australians
a visit to Gallipoli is a
pilgrimage to a piece of sacred ground
across the seas.
For a long time, Turkey largely left the
Australians and the New Zealanders
to it, but things have changed in recent
About two million Turks now travel to
Canakkale province to visit the Gallipoli
Peninsula each year, paying tribute to the
nearly 87,000 Turkish soldiers who died
defending their homeland during the nine
months of the campaign.
On their visits, they stop at some of
the many memorials to Turkish soldiers
have been built on the peninsula in recent
University of Technology Sydney
researcher Burcu Cevik says there has
been a change in Turkish attitudes to the
Gallipoli invasion over the past decade or
so, with much of that in reaction to the
effort shown Australia and New Zealand.
In 1990 former Australian Prime
Minister Bob Hawke led a group of
Anzac veterans to Gallipoli for the 75th
anniversary dawn ser vice, at which he
said the place was “ in one sense, a part of
That high-profile visit triggered a stream
of visitors that turned into a flood of up to
15,000 pilgrims some years later.
Organisers had to cap numbers for the
2015 event to 8000 places for Australians
and 2000 for New Zealanders.
Cevik, who is working on her PhD
and researches the memorials and
commemoration of the Great War, says
allied memorials at Gallipoli were built by
1926 but many of the Turkish memorials
now dotting the peninsula were built after
Australia started commemorations in
In 2003 the Turkish government
introduced a Canakkale Week history
programme in schools, featuring essay
writing, drawing and poetry competitions.
“Australians and New Zealanders did a
better job of commemorating it so that
became a bit of competition,” Cevik says.
The Turkish attitude was that “it was
important for them but it was more
important for us so we should be more
Gallipoli has also become an ideological
battleground in Turkey.
Gallipoli — or the Battle of Canakkale
as Turks know it — was the anvil on
which Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the father
of modern Turkey, forged his reputation
as a successful division commander of the
victorious Ottoman forces.
In recent years, however, Ataturk’s legacy
has been played down by conser vative
politicians and religious groups keen to
focus more on the Islamic martyrs of
Gallipoli and less on the hero who created
a secular republic.
“ I think there isn’t a monolithic Turkish
version (of Gallipoli). It’s a very contested
place and a very contested memory,” Cevik
“There is a sort of battle for the memory
of Gallipoli going on.” — AAP
PICTURE: Getty Images
Turkish visitors walk among headstones of Turkish soldiers killed during the Gallipoli campaign at the Turkish 57th Infantry Regiment Memorial near Eceabat. Allied and
Turkish representatives, as well as family members of those who ser ved, will commemorate the 100th anniversary of the campaign with ceremonies scheduled for April 24-25.
The Gallipoli land campaign, in which a combined Allied force of British, French, Australian, New Zealand and Indian troops sought to occupy the Gallipoli peninsula and
the strategic Dardanelles strait, began on April 25, 1915 against forces of the Ottoman Empire. The Allies, unable to advance more than a few kilometres, withdrew after eight
months. The campaign cost the Allies approximately 45,000 killed and up to 200,000 wounded, the Ottomans approximately 85,000 killed and 160,000 wounded.
Sisters in arms: Unsung heroines of landing
Dressed in white, proffering clean sheets
and saving lives, Australian nurses were
like angels to World War One troops who
had spent months in muddy trenches.
Along with Australia’s indigenous
soldiers, they were the Great War’s
unsung heroes, historian Mat McLachlan
“It’s a really important part of the story
that gets a little lost when we talk about
men going off and fighting,” he said.
Nurses worked on the Western Front in
France and Belgium where huge battles
were waged at awful human cost.
Many also spent months on ships packed
with badly injured and sick troops as they
were ferried to hospitals from the shores
Sometimes recreating the trappings
of home proved the best medicine for
Australia’s war wounded, like soldiers
hanging socks on their hospital tents for
the nurses to fill with lollies at Christmas.
“They were like angels to these men who
had been living in mud for months in the
trenches,” McLachlan says.
Meanwhile back home, women were
raising money, running farms, managing
a range of industries and keeping the
In short, they played “an absolutely vital
role”, says McLachlan.
Similarly under-recognised were
Australia’s Aboriginal troops.
There is evidence six of them are buried
But it is unclear exactly how many
fought in the war because their
recruitment papers were not filled out
Indigenous men were not officially
allowed to enlist because they were not
considered Australian citizens at the time.
“But many of them did anyway, whether
it was the recruiting officer turning a blind
eye or however they managed to sneak in,”
This made their dedication even more
“Despite the discrimination they were
suffering at home, they enlisted, they still
felt passionate enough,” he says.
“ We have a lot of evidence of them being
promoted, winning bravery awards.
“Unfortunately, when they got back, they
often weren’t recognised for their ser vice. ”
Sick nurses recuperating on Lemnos Island, off Gallipoli, in 1915.
Nurses ‘like angels’
to wounded troops
Where Anzacs fought in the Great
Samoa: A New Zealand force seized the
German colony of Samoa on August 29,
1914, encountering no resistance.
New Britain: In September 1914,
Australian troops seized Germany ’s New
Guinea colony. Six Australians died
fighting in New Britain.
Cocos Islands: The first engagement
of the new Royal Australian Navy on
November 9, 1914 when HMAS Sydney
defeated German light cruiser Emden.
Broken Hill: The war came to Australia
on January 1, 1915 when two Muslim
Afghan men, supporters of Turkey,
opened fire on a holiday picnic train. Four
died and seven were wounded before
the perpetrators were hunted down and
Gallipoli: Australia’s and New
Zealand’s part in the epic but
unsuccessful and costly campaign to
knock Turkey out of the war. It lasted
eight months, from April 25, 1915 to
withdrawal of the last Australian forces
on December 20.
Egypt: Australian and New Zealand
units fought with British units in Western
Egypt in the early stage of the little
known Senussi campaign. Supported by
Germany and Turkey, the Senussi Muslim
sect attacked British forces in Egypt from
the west. The campaign ended in March
Mesopotamia: A detachment of the
Australian Flying Corps and a group of
New Zealand signallers participated in
the abysmally managed and ultimately
disastrous British campaign to drive
Turkish forces out of what is now Iraq.
Palestine: Australian and New Zealand
mounted troops fought in the successful
campaign to drive Turkish forces out of
Palestine and the Sinai.
Western Front: The main event of
World War One for Australia and New
Zealand, involving the greatest number of
troops, the heaviest fighting and the most
Persia: Small numbers of Australian
and New Zealand troops participated in
Dunsterforce, deployed in 1917 into what
is now Iran to guard against the spread of
Turkish and German influence.
Russia: About 150 Australian soldiers
were recruited into British units to fight
on the side of white Russians resisting the
Bolsheviks in 1919. — AAP
Anzac troops fought around the world
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