Home' Greymouth Star : April 24th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, April 24, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1558 - Mary Queen of Scots, aged 16,
marries the Dauphin of France, the future
1731 - Death of Daniel Defoe, British
journalist and author of Robinson Crusoe.
1833 - The soda fountain is patented by Jacob
Ebert and George Dutley.
1877 - American Federal troops
are ordered out of New Orleans,
ending the North’s post-Civil War
rule in the South.
1898 - Spain declares war on
United States after receiving US
ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.
1915 - The Ottoman Turkish Empire begins
the brutal mass deportation of Armenians
during World War One.
1916 - Some 1600 Irish nationalists launch
the Easter uprising by seizing several key sites
in Dublin. The rising is put down by British
forces several days later.
1945 - US forces liberate Dachau
1953 - British statesman Winston Churchill
is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Anthony Trollope, English novelist (1815-
1882); Philippe Petain, French statesman
(1856-1951); William Joyce (Lord Haw-
Haw), British fascist and Nazi broadcaster
(1906-1946); Shirley MacLaine,
US actress (1934-); Jill Ireland, US
actress (1936-1990); John Williams,
Australian classical guitarist (1941-);
Barbra Streisand, US actress and
singer (1942-); Jean Paul Gaultier,
French fashion designer (1952-);
Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer
(1973-); Kelly Clarkson, US singer (1982-);
Snuppy, world’s first cloned dog (2005-).
“ We are what we think. All that we are, arises
with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we
make the world.” — Buddha.
“The rain fell, the floods came, and the winds
blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall,
because it had been founded on rock.”
— (Matthew 7.25).
seriously injured when
the scooter he was
riding collided with a car at the Heaphy-Tainui
street intersection shortly after 7.30 last night.
George Simon, of Richmond Street, Cobden,
was admitted to the Greymouth Hospital with
a fractured right leg and fractured ribs. His
condition today was described as fair. A pillion
passenger, Raymond Vincent was taken to
the hospital with minor injuries but allowed
to return home after treatment at the casualty
The motorcar, which was driven by Robert
Woollett, was travelling in a southerly direction
from Tainui Street into High Street when the
accident occurred. The scooter was extensively
damaged while the car was damaged to a lesser
extent about the grille and bonnet.
The Paroa School and Paroa Hall committees
were two organisations of the many which
would have liked to have aired their special
problems before the Prime Minister during
his short visit to the Coast to open the
Fletcher’s factory yesterday. These two Paroa
organisations were successful and the Prime
Minister instead of spending 10 minutes as
promised at the school, spent a good half hour.
The Prime Minister gave both committees
plenty of hope that the finance for the
completion of the hall on the school grounds
could and would be found. The deputation
had been arranged by correspondence with
the Prime Minister, but kept quiet as the
committees did not want too many people
present who might interfere with the putting
of the case to Mr Holyoake.
uFood for thought
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Kurt Bayer in Gallipoli
ou can only learn so much
The many historical
accounts of the ill-fated
campaign at Gallipoli, tells
of all its famous battles and
landmarks: Anzac Cove, Walker’s Ridge,
Chunuk Bair, Q uinn’s Post, Shrapnel Valley.
But it is not until you make the
pilgrimage to the Turkish peninsula that
you get a full understanding of just what
happened there a century ago.
The eight-month World War One
stalemate has left its mark on the
Standing on the skinny stretch of stony
beach at Anzac Cove, terraces where
New Zealand and Australian troops dug
crude makeshift huts that would be there
home for months, are clearly visible
Across the rugged battlefield, are still seen
to undulate trenches zig-zag thick scrub
and steep valleys.
“For anyone who comes to Gallipoli for
the first time, it doesn’t matter how much
reading you have done, Gallipoli stuns you,”
said military historian Dr Christopher
“It ’s always different to what you imagine.
It ’s much smaller, compact ... and with
places like Chunuk Bair, Q uinn’s Post...
there’s a tremendous amount to see. In
many ways, the cemeteries and memorials
are poignant enough, but you have to look
at these tiny pieces of dirt to think, wow.
“I always believe that the boys tap you
on the shoulder and tell you, ‘ You’re in the
right spot ’.”
For 35 years, Dr Pugsley, who wrote
in Gallipoli: the New Zealand story, has
been coming to the stretch of land at the
entrance to the strategically-important
Yesterday, he gave a personal tour of the
The first port of call was Anzac Cove,
where the New Zealand and Australian
troops landed on April 25, 1915.
One hundred years ago, the beach was
sandy and about 20m-wide.
Now, it ’s stony and no more than 5m
Yesterday it was also crawling with
Anzac tourists laying poppies and taking
photos just days ahead of the centenary
From the narrow beach, looking towards a
jutting block of rock known by the Anzacs
as the Sphinx, Dr Pugsley points out
contours where terraces were car ved into
the land. Around 1500 soldiers made crude
dug-outs into the parched earth, pinning
groundsheets together with sticks, that
would be their accommodation for much of
the bloody stand-off.
Travelling from the coast up to the
highest point that the Anzacs ever made
— C hunuk Bair at 266m — Dr Pugsley
shows all of the high ground held by the
It is striking to witness just how little
ground the Anzacs ever held.
They only ever made it 1.2km inland.
For the next eight months, 30,000 Allied
men would be living on the tiny stretch
of doomed territory, much of which was
highly exposed to Turkish firepower.
Quinn’s Post is the most incredible
New Zealand machine-gunners snatched
the 10m strip of land within hours of
landing on April 25.
Australian troops took control of it the
following day and was named after their
commander, Captain Hugh Quinn.
Perched precariously on a hillside,
surrounded by Turks from above on
three sides, the position quickly earned a
reputation for being the most dangerous
place on the peninsula.
The supply route was up a steep, narrow
and foreboding valley known as Shrapnel
Valley, which led up to Monash Gully.
Both sides dug underground tunnels
towards each other, coming to within
almost touching distance of one another.
Behind the flat strip at Quinn’s Post was
seven terraces carved into the hard, dusty
ground. Sand bags were stacked high to
protect troops from firing into them,
and that is where 300 soldiers lived in
It was so tenable that, “ We should’ve been
knocked off it,” Dr Pugsley believes.
Malone did the impossible and made it
impregnable. I’m staggered, even now.”
The New Zealand and Australian troops
had to fight bitterly to keep hold of the
land. It was only relented when the decision
came to evacuate Turkey in late 1915.
At Walker’s Ridge, our photographer/
videographer Alan Gibson laid a poppy
at the grave site of his great-great-uncle,
Herbert A Knight who was shot and killed
on May 8, 1915.
He lies near Auckland Mounted Rifles
squadron commander, Captain Alfred
Charles Bluck, shot and killed by a sniper
on May 18.
The 38-year-old had to be buried at night,
away from opportunistic Turkish snipers.
His men dug his grave. D uring the service,
in pitch black, a stray bullet killed his
squadron sergeant major, Joseph Marr. They
are now buried alongside each other.
“Just the chance of war,” Dr Pugsley said.
On from there, we pressed on upwards to
Chunuk Bair — one of the greatest battles
in New Zealand military history.
The plan had been for New Zealand
troops to attack the high ground of
Chunuk Bair in the pre-dawn of August
7. But a decision by drunk brigade
commander, Colonel Francis Johnston to
delay the attack proved ‘fatal’. The attack
happened in daylight with 300 men shot
dead within 100 yards, Dr Pugsley said.
“They were cut to pieces and stranded on
Johnston, a British Army officer seconded
to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force,
ordered a bayonet charge by the Wellington
But Malone refused to charge by daylight.
Instead, he came up Chunuk Bair later
under the cover of darkness and successfully
grabbed the peak from the poorly-prepared
Turks who were forced from shallow
The New Zealanders furiously dug fox-
holes for some cover as the Ottoman forces
launched ferocious counter-assaults.
The fox holes — crude craters, jagged
lines of pock-marks look like the surface
of the moon — are today filled with pine
“The men dug in behind dead bodies
which they used as a parapet,” Dr Pugsley
“People don’t realise the significance of
this particular piece of trench. This is New
Zealand turf. Here is small town New
Zealand,” he said.
“If there is an epic here, this is that epic.”
Dr Pugsley is a renowned battlefields
expert. The former senior lecturer in war
studies at the Royal Military Academy
Sandhurst has visited Normandy more than
40 times, as well as several trips to Crete,
Italy, and North Africa.
This is his 18th visit to Gallipoli — a
place he has brought all three of his
And yet, every time it draws from him an
“It ’s hard not to,” he said.
“I always look at the names and say,
these are faces in the street. Here, we are
surrounded by New Zealand voices.”
They are voices that will never be
forgotten. — NZ ME
The real Gallipoli
On the eve of Anzac Day, we as New
Zealanders may wonder whether sending
troops to Iraq is morally right and just.
With the history of Iraq over the past 100
years and its subsequent relationship with
the west it is of no surprise that Isis are
promoting their anger towards the United
States and their allies. To think that their
primary cause is the promotion of Islam,
as the world’s media consistently leads us
to believe, is without foundation. Rather
that Isis hates the west, primarily the US,
France and Britain for what those countries’
policies have inflicted upon them over the
past 100 years.
In 1918, British troops invaded Iraq,
took control of their oil fields and held
that control, along with an interest
from American, French and British oil
companies until 1977, when the oilfields
were wrested from the superpowers and
nationalised for the benefit of the Iraqi
In 1999, with a looming threat to the US
from some major oil producing countries
selling their oil, and not in the world’s
reser ve currency US dollars, the action was
seen to destabilise the US monopoly of the
world reser ve currency, the US dollar.
Benefits in excess of $100 billion a year
flow in to the US economy as a result of
holding this currency. Nearly every major
commodity or financial contract is priced
in US dollars, and this requires that all
countries purchase US dollars in order to
trade, and also use the US banking system.
This has placed the US in a position of
unparalleled privilege. It has allowed the
US to indebt itself more than any other
nation in history and quintuple its money
supply. Yet, today the US total debt stands
at $61 trillion. To lose its status of holding
the world currency, the US economy would
Since the crisis of 2008 until October
of 2014, the Federal Reserve has been
electronically printing $18b a month, and at
times up to $80b monthly.
This was called the ‘Q uantitative easing
programme,’ where money was given
to banks and other institutions to try to
kickstart the economy post-2008.
In order to halt the move away from
trading in US dollars, the Pentagon released
a high-level paper, where it was agreed to
themselves that military intervention was a
legitimate option to once again take control
of Iraq’s oilfields.
A propaganda programme followed under
the guise of ‘weapons of mass destruction’
and the saving of the Iraqi people from the
despot Saddam Hussein.
A despot he may have been, however the
Iraqi people would never have suffered
under Saddam Hussein in the way they
have suffered since the US and coalition
forces invaded on March 20, 2003.
The British and American forces used
radioactive depleted uranium in their
weapons, which for many, many years to
come will continue to cause birth defects
among Iraqi children.
Bombing of Iraq destroyed 7000 years of
history in three weeks, as was reported in
the media at the time.
Since the war, over four million people
have been displaced and many thousands
detained. Oil and rebuild contracts were let
to predominantly American companies, and
the US had the audacity to offer loans to
Iraq in exchange for oil to their corporates
to finance the so-called rebuild of Iraq. This,
of course, led to massive frauds, corruption
After such a blatant theft of a nation’s
resources and the phenomenal hardships
and personal loss suffered by its people, it is
in no way surprising that a revolt by some
sections of the population would take
In a similar way, Hitler came to power
following the embargoes placed on
Germany after World War Two, when
millions of Germans died of starvation.
America did get it right when it poured
money into Japan for reconstruction after
World War Two. They developed a trading
partner and no terrorism ensued.
Last year we had intense media coverage
of the Israel-Palestinian conflict, with
reports of Israel bombing schools and
hospitals and the deaths of many innocent
women and children, when during the
6am news President Obama announced
that America would re-enter Iraq with air
strikes to ‘protect their interests’. He did not
say they would go in to protect innocent
Later in the conflict, a village near
Bassara, besieged by Isis, received no
requested support due to air strikes being
reser ved for the protection of oil wells.
Since President Obama’s announcement,
reports from the Israel-Palestinian conflict
have been almost non-existent.
Ultimately, the stealing of resources, the
infliction of suffering and instability on the
people of the Middle East by some of the
superpowers is inexcusable.
Since the Bretton Woods conference in
1944, and Nixon’s inter vention in 1975
removing the gold standard, US economists
and foreign policy makers set the US on
a path of implosion, a path many other
countries have followed, crushed by debt
and living beyond their means.
Japan has recently followed the US in a
‘Q uantitative easing programme,’ printing
money electronically, out of thin air. The
present model that countries must have
continual growth is unsustainable. To
have continual growth we must have an
inexhaustible supply of resources.
A new model must be created. A model
where all banks are nationalised, with
profits from borrowers’ interest used by the
government in the national interest, instead
of some offshore corporate account that
pays little or no tax.
The real crisis for America is debt. Much
less reported on than the firestorms of the
Middle East, but one that hinges upon the
position of the US as the dominant world
power, and America’s way of life as a first-
The emergence of China as a contender
for the control of a global currency has
been gaining momentum. China’s new Asia
Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
invited New Zealand to join in October
last year, the first non-Asian country to
be asked. Now also Austria, Switzerland
and Australia, along with US allies in
western Europe — Germany, France and
the United Kingdom — have signed on to
become founding members.
To their credit, it appears the AIIB
will be jointly controlled by its collective
membership, promoting a more stable
So to return to the issue of New Zealand
troops being deployed to Iraq.
During the 1800s, Europeans arrived en
masse in New Zealand. Britain had claimed
sovereignty over the land and some of its
people. Resources were exploited, many
Maori were disenfranchised, having land
confiscated by the Crown.
Only in relatively recent times has the
Crown moved to address those grievances
and make an effort to right the wrongs of
the past. This has instilled in most New
Zealanders a sense of moral justice that
must take place if we are to move for ward
Will the US, Britain or France sign a
treaty of Baghdad to right their wrongs of
To send New Zealand troops to fight in a
war that is in principle the opposite of the
essence of our Treaty is beyond me, and in
conflict with our cultural principles.
Should New Zealand send troops to Iraq?
Save our fresh milk!
It is with disappointment that I read the
article in the Greymouth Star (April 29)
about the possibility of the Village Milk
venture having to close shop due to lack of
community support, and I feel compelled
to write in support of this Greymouth
Since my first purchase of this wonderful
fresh, unadulterated whole milk almost
two years ago, I have not bought any
supermarket milk. My fortnightly drive
out to the farm is well worth the effort
for the natural product. The milk lasts for
at least two weeks in the fridge, and I can
skim the cream off the top when this is
I know when I buy this product nothing
has been added or extracted and this is
the real thing, cream and all. While I
have no idea as to the processes that the
supermarket milk goes through, and what
is added and taken out, to become trim,
high calcium, blue top etc, I personally
am really happy to have the choice to buy
natural, untreated milk.
Greymouth has, unfortunately, lost all
of its small independent food outlets such
as butchers and fresh fruit and veggie
shops, to the dominant large supermarket
chains and The Warehouse, depriving the
local consumer of how and where they
want to shop. We have little choice about
the quality, quantity or price of what
we purchase, as this is dictated by the
I applaud Jody and Colin on their
innovative venture in wanting to provide
more choice to people in this community.
I will be very sad to lose this natural milk
if Village Milk has to close their doors,
and I am sure there are others who will
feel likewise. I therefore urge more people
to get out to the farm and support
illage Milk. You will not be disappointed,
and it is well worth the effort of driving
out there every week or two.
Fish and Game thanks Mr Cave for his
letter (Greymouth Star, April 22). It is
always desirable to have people discussing
public access issues to New Zealand’s great
Fish and Game has opposed Heaphy
Road stopping at Haupiri as it is currently
used to access the Haupiri River valley.
Mr Cave is correct in his statement that
a short section at the end of Heaphy
Road is through private property and
requires permission. The travesty is, that
section of road was intended for public
use as far back as 1933, when the area
was subdivided. Finalisation of the road
legalisation never occurred ‘for some
unknown reason’ and legal advice provided
by a Linz accredited agent to Fish and
Game indicates that the Grey District
Council could rectify the situation if it so
Fish and Game believes an opportunity
will be lost forever if Heaphy Road is
stopped as proposed, as this opportunity
to provide certain and enduring access to
what is a magical valley will be lost forever.
Fish and Game make no apologies for
taking this stance as it is our ‘statutory
obligation’ and the ‘right thing to do’ for
anglers, and incidentally other recreational
users are wanting to use the valley.
Regarding the alternative access Mr
Cave alludes to, I have to ask why then
does he, as stated, use the access via
Heaphy Road? To those who frequent the
area, it is obvious; Heaphy Road provides
the only ‘practical’ option and links up to
the DOC track in the valley.
As for withdrawing submissions,
Fish and Game is only aware of one
organisation, Federated Mountain Clubs,
that withdrew their submission, which
was regrettable as they were not aware
of the opportunity that existed to rectify
the current situation and gain certain and
enduring public access to the valley.
Fish and Game also asks that Mr Cave,
when referencing his membership in these
organisations, also includes any companies
that provide ser vices to the Gloriavale
Christian Community so that readers can
discern any potential conflicts of interest.
West Coast Fish and Game Council
The correspondent is correct — Murr y
Cave was previously contracted to Gloriavale
to conduct oil drilling exploration on their
I deeply thank you all, especially reporter
Ben Aulakh, for your coverage and support
of my recent sur vival experience in the
mountains near Hokitika.
I also especially thank my rescuers —
senior constable Mike Tinnelly, helicopter
pilot Stu Geddes, and volunteer searcher
Ben Neilson, and all of their search and
rescue support people and volunteers for
so quickly finding me and then evacuating
me safely to Greymouth Hospital, where
the staff went all out to expertly and
quickly repair the injuries and get me
mobile again. ‘ Thank you.’
‘Thank you’ also to the other media
reporters who shared this story with the
It feels good that we now all share this
happy ending to this story and that others
can learn from it and prevent it happening
to them. As I was reading my e-mail just
hours after the rescue, an e-mail from
my younger daughter in Christchurch
informed me that she is expecting a
new baby within the next nine months.
I certainly hope that my grandchildren’s
generation and future generations can
grow up and enjoy New Zealand’s
mountains, huts, and tracks heritage, as
did my generation.
‘Thank you’ all very much. Well done.
I see by your paper (April 14) the
council is agonising re the Civic Centre
lease. It is not only the Civic Centre,
there is also the parking area we are
leasing for just a few, when there is
adequate kerbside parking available.
Then there is also the area on the corner
fronting Alexander Street, containing
grass and a few flowers, which is of no
benefit to the ratepayer. How many
separate leases does this area consist of,
costing the ratepayer millions over the
lease period of 21 years?
As the council may only require the
Civic Centre for a few months, I suggest
they show some guts, on the side of the
ratepayer, and walk away. Some of them
appear more like salespersons for the
It is only for a few months. The aquatic
centre will probably be out longer than
that when the council rebuilds the roof.
I have tossed out the paper now, but I
believe I did not read one word uttered by
Tony or Paul on this subject.
I also see the DWC are being sucked
into this leasing system of land when
they have land of their own. I do not
believe there is provision in their charter
allowing them to make this ‘gift’ to
the landowners for the next 21 years,
amounting to probably millions of
There is no return, or benefit to us
Coasters, and we will not get our money
back. The salary-wage drain on our
finances is growing like a weed and like a
weed it must be stopped.
May I suggest tDWC moves to
Westport or Hokitika if it cannot get a
I want to congratulate the Southland
district councillors for taking the initiative
and enabling the way for ward for the
Haast-Hollyford road project.
The headlines in both the Greymouth
Star and the Guardian, ‘Southland stalls
on Hollyford road’ are nothing like
the resolution passed by the Southland
District Council. I think the article in our
local papers was a copy of an article in the
Southland Times, which was produced
before the resolution of the council
was available, and when I was asked to
comment on it I told the reporter that
until I saw the resolution it would be
unwise to comment.
The Otago Daily Times quoted this
morning, ‘the Southland District Council
has become the fifth council to give
its support in principle to a proposed
highway linking the West Coast and
the Milford road, much to the delight of
highway promoter Durham Havill’.
So yes, I am delighted as it is another
step for ward on this project, which will do
more for the West Coast than any other
project in the past 50 years.
Haast-Hollyford Highway Ltd
The Southland Times was present at the
Southland District Council meeting, the
Otago Daily Times was not there.
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