Home' Greymouth Star : May 27th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Wednesday, May 27, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1647 - First recorded American execution of a
witch in Massachusetts.
1918 - German forces launch major offensive
on Western Front in World War One.
1933 - Walt Disney ’s Academy Award-
winning animated short The Three
Little Pigs is released.
1936 - Britain’s luxury liner Queen
Mary begins maiden voyage across
1937 - Golden Gate Bridge
connecting San Francisco and Marin
County, California, is opened to the
1941 - German battleship Bismarck is sunk
by the British Navy.
1961 - Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul
Rahmam proposes Great Malaysia Federation.
1964 - Death of independent India’s first
prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.
1995 - Actor Christopher Reeve is left
paralysed when thrown from his horse in
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Wild Bill Hickok, US sheriff (1837-1876);
Vincent Price, US actor (1911-
1993); Christopher Lee, English
actor (1922-); Henry Kissinger, US
secretary of state (1923-); Pauline
Hanson, founder Australian One
Nation political party (1954-); Neil
Finn, New Zealand singer (1958-
); Pat Cash, Australian tennis star
(1965-); Joseph Fiennes, English
actor (1970-); Lisa “Left-Eye” Lopes, US hip-
hop singer of TLC (1971-2002); Jamie Oliver,
British chef and television personality (1975-).
“Great wisdom is generous, petty wisdom
is contentious. Great speech is impassioned,
small speech cantankerous. ” — Chuang-Tzu,
Chinese essayist (c369-c286 BC).
“ Bear with one another and, if anyone has a
complaint against another, forgive each other;
just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also
must forgive. ” — (Colossians 3.13).
He is probably the
oldest union secretary
in New Zealand.
Today he administers
to the needs of 400-500 Westland workers.
On Monday, 85-year-old Mr Tom Bond will
end an association of over 30 years with the
Westland Shop Assistants’ Union when his
resignation as secretary takes effect.
It was a dispute with a former employer in
Wellington in 1907 that started the spry-
looking former grocer on the road to trade
unionism. As a grocery assistant he was paid
£2 5s a week 58 years ago. The business was
run by two brothers not given to generosity.
Mr Bond asked for an hour off one Monday
morning to help his mother and his bosses did
not appear to mind. But when the end of the
week arrived and payment came round, Mr
Bond found he had been docked 10s for his
hour off !
The manager was immediately inter viewed
and after Mr Bond gave him the customary
week’s notice he was offered a 10s per week
rise, but a man of principle he took the next
boat for the West Coast.
A Strongman miner, Brian James Freeman,
aged 25, of Mill Street, Runanga, was hurt
in the mine yesterday. He suffered facial
lacerations. His condition in the Greymouth
Hospital today is satisfactory.
Another miner was hurt and admitted to the
hospital yesterday. He was Ronald Donaldson,
33, of Rapahoe. He was caught between boxes
in the New Jubilee mine and suffered leg
The condition of the five-year-old Blaketown
schoolboy, Murray Leach, hurt outside the
school yesterday has improved. His condition
now is satisfactory.
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (office)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
ou Tube’s first decade shows
sharing free content pays off
You Tube’s legacy extends
beyond its pioneering role
in the internet ’s video
The 10-year-old site provided a stage for
exhibitionists, narcissists and activists to
broadcast their opinions, show off their
talents, expose abuses or just pass along
their favourite clips of movies, tv shows,
music, cute kittens and other interests.
The rampant sharing on You Tube
quickly attracted a massive audience that
loved watching what they wanted when
they wanted, even if much of the material
was being contributed by amateurs.
You Tube’s rapid rise demonstrated
that influential media hubs could be
built around free content supplied by an
internet ser vice’s users. Other companies
that went on to embrace a similar strategy
included Facebook, which limited its
on-line social network to college and
high school students until opening up the
ser vice to anyone 13 or older beginning in
September 2006. That was just before You
Tube’s whirlwind success culminated in its
$1.76 billion sale to Google Inc.
In the spirit of sharing popularised by
You Tube, here are a few moments to
remember from the site’s first decade:
You Tube’s potential to transform
people’s viewing habits became apparent
during the autumn of 2005 when a Nike
soccer shoe ad called Touch of Gold
became the first video on the site to be
watched 1 million times.
The dance video Gangnam Style became
the first You Tube video to surpass
1 billion views in 2012.
The clip from South Korean rapper Psy
still reigns as You Tube’s most-watched
video at 2.3 billion views. The only other
video to break the billion barrier so far
has been Baby by Justin Bieber, but You
Tube expects clips by singers Katy Perry,
Shakira, Taylor Swift, Meghan Trainor
and Miley Cyrus to eventually join the
In 2007, about six hours of video footage
was being transferred to You Tube every
minute. Now, about 300 hours of video
is uploaded to You Tube each minute, or
about 432,000 hours per day. That means
it would take about 49 years to watch all
the videos posted on You Tube on a typical
Most tv and movie executives initially
reviled You Tube, contending the site’s
early success stemmed from its lax controls
against video pirates posting copyrighted
clips. Even Google initially viewed the
video site as a “rogue enabler of content
theft,” according to internal documents
that surfaced in a copyright lawsuit filed
against You Tube.
You Tube steadfastly denied wrongdoing
and, as a defence, pointed to its policy of
removing pirated video whenever asked by
a copyright holder.
Shortly after being bought by Google,
You Tube built an automated detection
system that prevents most unauthorised
clips from appearing on its site.
In need of additional computing power
and legal protection against the pirating
claims, You Tube’s founders decided to
sell in 2006. They negotiated the Google
deal in a series of meetings in a Denny ’s
restaurant in Palo Alto, California, instead
of YouTube’s dinky office located above a
pizza parlour in nearby San Mateo.
The purchase price was originally set at
$1.65 billion in Google stock, but the
value of the shares had climbed by the
time the deal closed in November 2006 to
set the final price at $1.76 billion.
The biggest winners were co-founders
Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed
Karim , who collectively received nearly
$700 million in Google stock. Hurley now
runs a mobile video site called Mix Bit
App. Chen is an entrepreneur-in-residence
at Google’s venture capital arm. Karim
is financing and advising start-ups at Y
You Tube employed fewer than 70
people at the time of the sale, and at least
18 of them became millionaires. Other
early investors in the site who pocketed
smaller windfalls included tv talk show
host Maury Povich and former network tv
news broadcaster Forrest Sawyer.
Google has never disclosed how much
money You Tube brings in or even if
the site is profitable. The research firm
eMarketer projects You Tube will sell
about $4.3b in advertising this year, after
subtracting commissions and licensing
fees. That would translate into about 7%
of Google’s projected revenue of $60b
this year after subtracting advertising
If it were an independent company,
You Tube likely would be worth at least
$20b, based on investors’ assessment of
Netflix — the Internet ’s leading video
subscription ser vice. Netflix currently has
a market value of $37b, or about five and
half times its projected revenue this year.
— New Zealand Herald
It is a ritual familiar to us all: foraging in
a box of chocolates in search of a hidden
piece of treasure sparkling with promise.
We all love an assortment box, where the
fudges, hazelnut whirls and strawberry
dreams are wrapped in a twist of brightly
coloured, shiny paper. How we thrill to the
task of peeling off the paper to get to our
But not for much longer. Roses, the
brand owned by Cadbury, is getting rid
of twist-wraps in the United Kingdom
in favour of something altogether more
modern: flow wraps.
This is the packaging jargon for wrappers
with a jagged end. Instead of untwisting
a caramel, you will now have to tear it
open. The wrapper can no longer be
scrunched and tossed into a parabolic arc.
Try screwing a ‘flow wrap’ into a ball and it
flips back into shape and drifts sadly to the
It is the latest in a long line of changes
that the company has introduced since it
was bought by Kraft in 2010. The United
States owner of Cadbury is now called
Mondelez — the confectionery business
of Kraft was made a separate company
in 2012 — and has already sparked
scandal among chocolate traditionalists
by replacing Dairy Milk for a cheaper
chocolate on its Creme Eggs, rounding the
corners on Dairy Milk bars, and axing its
Now this. To explain the logic, the firm
has invited me to its historic Bournville
factory. Tony Bilsborough, of Cadbury,
says: “ We’ve changed the wrapping simply
because the quality of twist wrap was just
not up to scratch. Time and again, we were
getting complaints that the twist wraps
were coming undone, or the entire wrapper
itself was appearing empty in the box. It
was our No 1 complaint.”
It is certainly true that if you open a
box of Roses, there are always a handful
of sweets that look as if they have been
assembled by an unskilled three-year-old.
The odd rogue empty wrapper was not
unheard of, but that just added to the
Yes, I was able to open the new ones
with ease and there was no sign of flow
wrappers’ notorious impenetrability. But
rummaging your hand in the tub was
definitely less satisfying than before.
And watching the country fudges come
off the factory line at the rate of 1000 a
minute, they looked like silvery pillows,
rather than traditional sweets. Yes, the
new packaging lines are quicker — twist-
wrapping machines can wrap as slowly
as 450 a minute — but this new chapter
ignores a fundamental part of the history
of chocolates and confectionery in
The original twist-wrapping machines
were invented in the 1920s, replacing the
previous system: employing thousands
of women to wrap by hand. As a result,
the great companies of the time —
Mackintosh, Terry’s and Cadbury’s — were
able to significantly reduce the cost of
chocolates, but still huge care was taken to
make sure they were excitingly packaged.
The original Quality Street even included
two strings of bunting made out of crepe
paper that ran around the inside of the tin
to add to the explosion of colour when you
Robert Opie, Britain’s foremost consumer
goods historian, who runs the Museum
of Brands, is quietly horrified at the new
changes: “ The razzmatazz of unwrapping
sweets is so important. It’s a key part of our
enjoyment of our favourite brands.”
Equally, Dorothy Briggs, the teacher from
Cumbria and lifelong Cadbury fan who
was the first to blow the whistle on the
demise of the coins, when told about the
flow wrappers said: “ This is a step too far.
The Cadbury name used to be synonymous
with superb quality and tradition. I have
completely lost faith in the products.”
Bilsborough and the Cadbury team at
Bournville are braced for a backlash.
“ We are well aware that by moving from
twist wrap to flow wrap, there will be some
traditionalists who will say, ‘ We love the
old twist wrap’. That ’s true. But I think
what people want more than tradition is
quality. It’s no good to have twist wrap if
some are undone, some are tainting the
But there is one further move that many
will find hard to stomach. Yet again,
Cadbury has shrunk the size of its boxes in
the UK, without a corresponding reduction
in price, which has held steady at $NZ10
for the past few years. In 2011 Roses went
from 975g to 850g. Then last year it moved
down to 777g. As of this week, the new
tins are 748g.
Bilsborough says: “Like many food
manufacturers, we have found our costs
increasing. We want to keep Roses an
Whether this new change will make
them feel less than a treat than they used
to be remains to be seen.
Cadbury New Zealand says the changes
will not apply to New Zealand.
“The change relates to the UK product
only, not New Zealand. We are proud
of the fact that we have been making
Cadbury Roses, New Zealand’s most
popular assorted chocolates, in Dunedin
for decades,” said Jack Evison, general
manager Mondelez New Zealand.
— New Zealand Herald
Roses chocolates ditch classic twist wrapping
Plea for Kaiata
I am a resident in the area affected by the
Kaiata water decision, although not in the
Kaiata township. Grey District Council
sent postal sur veys to 67 Kaiata township
residents but not to all affected property
owners. As is typical of postal sur veys, not
everyone responded. Of those sur veyed, 17
or 25% chose not to connect to the water
supply. Fifty per cent or 75% did not say
Is it not council responsibility to provide
clean drinking-water to residents? If not,
why did the Ministry of Health provide
an 85% cost subsidy? Is it not council
responsibility to provide hydrants for the
Fire Ser vice? Because my property does
not have reticulated water, i.e. a toby box
at the boundary, my insurance policy
requires a charge of $110 annually for
firefighting purposes. If this amount was
transferred to council rates instead, the
balance of an annual water rate would be
Central Greymouth, Karoro, Paroa,
Blaketown, Cobden, Runanga, Taylor ville
and Dobson all have water supplied.
Where is the logic in not supplying Kaiata
The water pipeline has been extended to
Kaiata, please let us use it.
Grey council cash
reser ves $13m
In reply to Paul Berry (Greymouth Star,
May 25), Mr Berry is wrong and has been
misinformed when he stated ‘Council
was liquidating what is left in the reser ve
accounts on the CBD proposals’.
The cash reser ves at the council are in
a very healthy state at present, with $13
million deposited in the bank. Of that, $3
million is earmarked for sewerage and the
balance is for present infrastructure and
projects some time in the future.
In the council’s 10-year plan $1m was set
aside from reser ves for CBD projects that
have been widely consulted on throughout
the district over the past two years.
Our 10-year plan increases reser ve funds
to $16m, which is the opposite to Mr
Berry’s statement. The council has not
direct rated for the $11m stadium and
only direct rated $1.5m for the aquatic
centre construction. Some 100,000 people
use the centre each year. It is a huge
We have the highest cash reser ves of
all district councils on the Coast and the
lowest average rates. The Grey district is
under the average rates charged by the 68
district councils in New Zealand.
Mr Berry is also incorrect when he states
there is ‘some compensation for the pool
roof beams’. We received $770,000 full
compensation for the roof beams. We
could not get our legal fees refunded.
Over the past 10 years we have renewed
infrastructure which was swept under the
carpet by past councils. We have kept rates
to a minimum and managed to spend over
$90m on many overdue projects. We still
have $13m in cash reser ves and this year’s
rate rise averages 3.8% .
Fundraising outside of the council with
no direct ratepayer input is hard work
but the district will make progress during
extremely tough times that we all are
experiencing at present. Doing nothing is
not an option. Building modern amenities
and starting the central business district
revamp that is many years overdue will
attract more visitors to the Grey district,
and the new facilities will continue to
make the district a great place to live.
There is lots to do but councillors are
making tough decisions and we are
making excellent progress.
Grey District Mayor
Trains for tourists
Bringing the steam train to the West
Coast may sound a good idea but the acid
test is whether it can pay for itself once
the novelty wears off.
One correspondent to your paper stated
that the Development West Coast fund
was for West Coasters to spend. It is true
that the fund belongs to West Coasters
but it is for investing in projects which
create jobs rather than on expensive toys.
With declining tourist villages such
as Franz Josef and Fox Glacier being
propped up by overseas visitors who follow
the well-worn tourist trail to Q ueenstown,
there is no doubt that new ideas are
needed. Maybe the normal trains that
Kiwi Rail uses could be an alternative to
the steam train for a Greymouth-Hokitika
passenger ser vice.
R A Stewart
Do you support the Kumara Chinese
memorial garden project? This garden will
honour the past contribution the Chinese
made to our community and region. It will
become a significant gateway to Westland,
and add to the cultural and tourist features
already on the West Coast.
How can you support this project?
Submit to the Westland District Council
long-term plan process (you do not have
to be a Kumara or Westland resident,
anyone can submit to any District Plan
process). Go to www.westlanddc.govt.
nz It is as easy as 1, 2, 3. Deadline for
submissions is June 10.
Our community appreciates the
continuous feedback and recognition
from the wider West Coast community,
that Kumara is looking great and it is
becoming a destination. ‘ Thank you’ for
your support and encouragement of our
Kumara Residents Trust
I would like to take this opportunity
to say how amazing our local business
community is. Karoro Kindy held a Mini
Gala on Saturday, May 23. The kindy and
organising committee were over whelmed
by the amazing response and support
we were given from our local businesses.
Without the business support our gala
would not have been the success it was.
The donations of prizes and other things
we needed to get our gala up and running
was amazing and we cannot thank enough
the local businesses and our community
as a whole for the wonderful support we
Also to our wonderful kindy neighbours
for being supportive, and the offers to let
people use their driveways for parking
— ‘thank you’.
Karoro Kidsfirst Kindergarten
I know from past experience how keen
your readers are to share stories in a
published anthology. Freelance — Writers
Helping Writers is equally keen to
launch its proposed new series that allows
anyone to submit something suitable for
publication later this year (No 1) and
early in 2016 (No 2).
Our first topic is serious: Home Affront:
Women’s Experiences of Domestic
Invasion. This will be supported by advice
on home security from New Zealand
police and advice on recovery from Victim
Our second is Popping the Cherry: New
Zealanders’ First Experience of Sex. We
do not want explicit details, just a frank
and honest sharing of ‘how was it for you’.
This sharing of experience is vital for
both writer and reader — with no need
to use other than a first name. We have
guidelines, which can be requested from
me at email@example.com
or by sending a SSAE to Freelance, Unit
76A Vale Street, Otumoetai, Tauranga
Your co-operation in this project is
Editor in chief
Freelance — Writers Helping Writers
Goldmining histor y
I am writing a book on the history of
goldmining in New Zealand, particularly
through the eyes of one Henry Andrew
Gordon. Henry was in Ross first and
Hokitika as well as several other areas on
the West Coast from 1864-65 until the
late 1870s. He was attached to Masons
and as a friend of John Lazar, he built
roads, bridges, water races etc and had
his own mining companies as manager
and later owner. He became chief mining
engineer for the government, started the
Schools of Mines, and wrote A Miners
Guide. In 1872 he married Mary Ellen
Sinclair at Ross.
I have searched Papers Past. Do you
or any of your readers, have any other
information on him that I can use in this
book? I would much appreciate anything
anyone can find.
West Coast Rugby League
The West Coast Rugby League is
holding its centenary year celebrations
over Labour Weekend 2015. The
functions are open to all clubs, rep players,
referees and officials, past and present.
Registrations are now open, closing
Inquiries to centenary registrar Greg
Mooney at the Lockwood Show Home,
Nelson Street, Greymouth, or e-mail Greg
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