Home' Greymouth Star : May 28th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
8 - Thursday, May 28, 2015
Glaciers in the Everest region could
shrink at least 70% or even disappear
entirely by the end of the century as a
result of climate change.
Researchers in Nepal, the Netherlands
and France have studied weather
patterns on the roof of the world and
then created a model of conditions on
Mount Everest to determine the future
impact of rising temperatures on its
“The worst-case scenario shows a 99%
loss in glacial mass . . . but even if we
start to slow down emissions somewhat,
we may still see a 70% reduction,” Joseph
Shea, who led the study, said.
Shea was part of a team that published
a major study last year using satellite
imagery to show how Nepal’s glaciers
had already shrunk by nearly a quarter
between 1977 and 2010.
But the latest study, published on
Wednesday in international scientific
journal The Cryosphere, paints a grim
picture of the impact of climate change
on the world’s highest peak by 2100.
“Once we had tested our model and got
the weather patterns right, we increased
temperatures according to different
emission scenarios for a look at future
scenarios,” Shea said.
Shea, a glacier hydrologist at the
Kathmandu-based International Centre
for Integrated Mountain Development,
said melting glaciers could form
deep lakes which could burst and
flood mountain communities living
The centre is considered by experts to
be the leading authority on glaciers in
The impoverished Himalayan nation
was devastated this month by two
major earthquakes. The first tremor also
triggered an avalanche which killed 18
people on the 8848m peak.
Shea said shrinking glaciers could
also affect water supplies in the Everest
region, with lower volumes of snow
melt flowing into the D udh Kosi river,
which provides water for Nepalese
“The decline during the pre-monsoon
period will probably have an impact on
any future hydropower projects because
there won’t be enough rainwater to meet
power needs. ”
Glacial loss in Nepal raises concerns
over future access to water resources,
groundwater is limited and monsoon
rains are erratic.
The IPCC, a group of scientists
convened by the United Nations to warn
governments around the world about
the effects of climate change, was forced
to apologise in 2009 for claiming that
the Himalayan glaciers would melt by
2035. — AFP
May disappear by end of century
Thousands farewell B B King in Memphis
A Dixieland jazz band walked ahead of a
slow black hearse and a crowd of thousands
followed as the city of Memphis farewelled
blues legend B B King with a tribute and
processional down Beale Street.
The procession made its way down the street
that ’s synonymous with the blues and paused
next to BB King’s Blues Club before turning
on to B B King Blues Highway.
Behind the Memphis-based Mighty Souls
Brass Band and just ahead of the hearse,
drummer Rodd Bland — son of the late blues
singer Bobby “Blue” Bland — carried one of
King’s signature Lucille guitars.
The huge crowd filled Beale Street and
spilled down side streets as onlookers pressed
in making cellphone pictures.
“This is history,” Detroit resident Mary
Springfield said, standing at Beale and 3rd
Streets. “ This is an awesome feeling. This
is a legacy and I’m part of it today, and I’m
blessed to be here.”
She travelled to Memphis for the
“Such a beautiful day,” Memphis native
Gary Daly said.
“ It ’s a great tribute to a wonderful
contributor to the world of music. It ’s been
really amazing to see the people of Memphis
coming out, having a great time together,
celebrating a wonderful, loving man.”
Tributes in music and words were also
offered at nearby W C Handy Park.
King’s body is being taken to Indianola,
Mississippi, which the singer considered his
hometown, for his funeral on Saturday.
Early in his career, King was nicknamed
“ Beale Street Blues Boy ”, and the name was
soon shortened to “B B”.
King died on May 14 in hospice care at
home in Las Vegas at 89. — AP
Rodd Bland, son of Bobby ‘Blue’ Bland, carries the iconic Gibson guitar named Lucille
belonging to the late B B King in a procession down Beale Street, Memphis.
Americans keep getting fatter
Waistlines of American adults kept growing
last year with obesity creeping up to 27.7%,
according to a Gallup poll.
It was the highest percentage since Gallup
started studying American weight issues in
2008, the pollster said as it released the results
The rate was 27.1% in 2013, 26.2% in 2012
and 25.5% in 2008.
The percentage of Americans who are either
obese or simply over weight stood at 62.9% last
year. More over weight people passed over into
the more serious obese category, Gallup said.
Americans who have a body mass index of 30
or higher are classified as obese.
Gallup said that obesity rates rose in
particular among people over age 45 and
As in previous years, African Americans,
the poorest Americans and people living in
southern States like Mississippi or Louisiana
are the most likely to suffer from obesity.
Obese people also enjoy less “ well-being”,
calculated with a related poll that takes into
account personal, social and financial factors.
The Gallup poll involved 176,702 American
adults and was conducted from January 2
through December 30, 2014.
It had a margin of error ranging from one to
four percentage points, depending on the size of
the State being studied. — AFP
Quadruplets still critical
Doctors caring for quadruplets born
prematurely to a 65-year-old Berlin woman say
the babies are still in intensive care but have
been gaining a little weight and are being given
their mother’s milk through feeding tubes.
Mother Annegret Raunigk left intensive care
48 hours after the delivery and is doing well.
She gave birth by Caesarean section to a girl and
three boys during her 26th week of pregnancy at
Berlin’s Charite Hospital on May 19.
The director of obstetrics at Charite,
Wolfgang Henrich, says Raunigk is believed
to be the oldest mother to have ever delivered
Raunigk already has 13 children aged 44 to
nine from five other fathers.
She travelled abroad to have donated, fertilised
eggs transferred — a procedure that is illegal in
Germany. — AP
An Illinois couple recently
celebrated the birth of their
Leo and Ruth Zanger
have 53 grandchildren, 46
The birth of great-grandson
Jaxton Leo on April 8 made
the number 100.
Leo Zanger said “the good
Lord has just kept sending
He said his family “could
start our own town”.
Ruth Zanger said “there’s
always room for one more”.
The Zangers have been
married 59 years and have
12 children. The youngest,
31-year-old Joe, was already
an uncle 10 times when he
When the family gets
together, they rent a church
hall. It takes 10 turkeys to
feed everyone. — AP
Couple welcomes 100th grandchild
Leo and Ruth Zanger now have 100 grandchildren.
‘Lucy’ may not be mother of mankind
In 1974, anthropologists in Ethiopia found
the astonishing fossilised remains of a human-
like creature who last walked the planet some
3.2 million years ago.
Was “Lucy ”, as the hominid was called, the
direct ancestor of Homo sapiens? Was she
“The Mother of Mankind”, as some headlines
Over the years, the dramatic assertion has
come under attack by doubters, who point to
ancient yet inconclusive finds in Kenya and
But a new fossil, reported overnight, may
have dealt Lucy ’s claimed status an irreversible
Another species of hominid lived at the same
time and in the same Afar region of Ethiopia,
according to the paper, published in the journal
Named Australopithecus deyiremeda, the
hominid and Lucy are probably only part of a
wider group of candidates for being our direct
forerunners, the finders said.
“The new species is yet another confirmation
that Lucy’s species, Australopithecus afarensis,
was not the only potential human ancestor
species that roamed in what is now the Afar,”
Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland
Museum of Natural History said.
“Current fossil evidence . . . clearly shows that
there were at least two, if not three, early human
species living at the same time and in close
The find, in the Woranso-Mille area of the
Afar region, comprises fossilised remains of an
upper and lower jaw, dated to a range of 3.3 to
3.5 million years ago.
This overlaps with the range given to Lucy, of
2.9 to 3.8 million years ago.
The bones are clearly different from Lucy ’s,
with teeth of different size, shape and enamel
thickness and a more robust lower jaw, said the
They were found in March 2011 on top of silty
clay in the Burtele area, about 500km north-
east of Addis Ababa and 35km north of Hadar,
where Lucy was found. — AFP
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