Home' Greymouth Star : August 4th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, August 4, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1914 - Germany invades Belgium and when
London’s ultimatum to Berlin to withdraw
expires at midnight, Britain declares war on
Germany; the US declares its neutrality.
1944 - Nazi police capture 14-year-
old Anne Frank and seven other Jews
in hiding places in Amsterdam.
1961 - Death of Sir Sidney
Holland, New Zealand statesman
and prime minister from 1949-57.
1964 - Bodies of missing civil
rights workers Michael H Schwerner,
Andrew Goodman and James E
Chaney are found buried in an earthen dam in
1972 - Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for
shooting George Wallace, governor of Alabama.
1986 - Britain’s Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher reluctantly offers to impose limited
sanctions against South Africa.
1997 - The world’s oldest person, Jeanne
Calment, dies aged 122 years and 164 days in
1999 - Hollywood actor Victor Mature dies.
2000 - Queen Mother Elizabeth celebrates her
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (1792-
1822); Queen Elizabeth the Q ueen
Mother (1900-2002); Louis
Armstrong, US jazz musician
(1901-1971); Frankie Ford, US
singer (1939-); Richard Belzer, US
actor-comedian (1944-); Billy Bob
Thornton, US actor-director (1955-
); Tim Winton, Australian author
(1960-); Barack Obama, American president
“ Every man is dangerous who only cares for
one thing.” — G K Chesterton, English poet-
“ Enter through the narrow gate; for the
gate is wide and the road is easy that leads to
destruction, and there are many who take it.”
Trade from the old
North Brunner mine
may have entered its
last gasp yesterday as
the last load of greyish soil was taken from the
The mine itself ceased production over 50
years ago, but the site has for a long time been
connected with another trade — clay. Found
on land adjacent to the timber firm Piesse-
Blacklock, the clay contains certain qualities
that are much sought after. It is fire clay and
can stand up to temperatures some 300 to
400 degrees in excess of ordinary clay. Its
importance was discovered not long after the
old mine closed down, and besides being railed
to Christchurch it was used by the old Brunner
More recently it has been sent to a pottery
firm in Christchurch.
A Cronadun farmer stood by helplessly as 35
jersey and jersey-friesian milking cows died,
between Monday of last week and yesterday,
of suspected swede poisoning. Department of
Agriculture officers have sent samples of the
swedes and dead animals to the Wallaceville
experimental station for analysis and a report.
Mr M Smith, who has been farming at
Cronadun for 35 years, said he had been
feeding most of his stock on a crop of swedes
for 10 days before the cattle started to die
off. Th e swedes had not been treated with
chemicals or sprays.
Whataroa travels to Haast at the weekend
for the annual rugby match between the two
centres and for the first time ever the team will
travel by road. In the past Whataroa has flown
into Haast but at the weekend they will travel
as far as possible by road then walk through
uFood for thought
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Recently, Turkey joined
the war against Islamic
State (IS), the terrorist-
run entity that now
controls eastern Syria and
western Iraq. After four
years of leaving the border
open for supplies and
recruits to reach IS, the
Turkish government sent
planes to bomb three IS
targets in Syria.
At the same time, Ankara ended a
four-year ban on its anti-IS “coalition”
allies using the huge Incirlik air base near
the Syrian border. There was rejoicing
in Washington, since coalition aircraft
(mostly American) will now be much
closer to IS targets in Syria, and Turkey
will also presumably close its border with
Syria at last. But there may be less to this
change than meets the eye.
On Saturday, Turkey broke a two-
year ceasefire with the PKK, a Kurdish
revolutionary group that fought a 30-year
war to establish a separate state in the
Kurdish-majority south-east of Turkey.
In fact, since then Turkey has carried out
considerably more air strikes against the
PKK than it has against IS.
The Turkish army has even shelled
territory controlled by the PYD, the
Syrian branch of the PKK, although the
PYD has managed to drive IS troops out
of most of the Kurdish areas of northern
So which war is President Recep Tayyip
Erdogan really planning to fight, the one
against Islamic State or his own private
war with the Kurds? And why now?
The only person who knows the answers
is Erdogan, and he is not saying. But you
can work it out if you try.
Erdogan has spent more than a decade
subverting a secular and democratic
system and establishing his own
unchallengeable power. At first he was
responding to real popular demands for
equal civil rights for religious people and
for an improvement in living standards.
He delivered on his promises, and won
three successive elections by increasing
But he reduced the once-free mass
media to subser vience, undermined the
independence of the judiciary, and staged
show trials of his opponents. He also
allowed his own political associates to
engage in massive corruption.
As his power grew, moreover, he began
to indulge his obsessions. He is a deeply
conser vative Sunni Muslim who shares
the widespread Sunni belief that Shi’ite
Muslims are not just heretics, but heretics
whose power is a growing threat.
From the start of the Syrian civil war in
2011, therefore, Erdogan supported the
Sunni rebels against the regime of Bashar
al Assad, which is dominated by the
country ’s Alawite (Shi’ite) minority —
and he did not much mind if the Sunni
rebels were head-cutting extremists like
Islamic State or not. That is why the
Turkish-Syrian border stayed open, and
the coalition did not get access to Turkish
At the same time, Erdogan opened
peace negotiations with the PKK,
because conservative Kurds who voted
for his party on religious grounds were
an important part of his electoral base.
But then his party lost its majority in
parliament in last month’s election.
What cost him his majority was the
new People’s Democratic Party (HDP),
which seduced most of his Kurdish voters
away. It is liberal, pluralistic, all the things
that Erdogan is not. But conser vative
Kurds had already got the religious
freedoms they wanted, and the HDP
was also advocating equal political rights
for the Kurdish minority. Of course they
switched their votes.
So now, if Erdogan wants to form a
coalition government (or even win a
new election), he needs the support of
the hard right — but they are ultra-
nationalists who loathe his willingness to
make deals with the Kurds. To win them
over, therefore, he has started bombing
He might be restarting a Turkish-
Kurdish civil war (the last one killed
40,000 people), but that is a risk he
is willing to take. On the side he has
dropped a few bombs on Islamic State to
make the Americans happy.
Erdogan’s problem with Washington
was that it finally had the goods on him.
A United States Special Forces raid in
Syria last May killed Abu Sayyaf, the IS
official in charge of selling black-market
oil from IS-controlled wells into Turkey.
The American troops came away with
hundreds of flash drives and documents
that proved that Turkish officials were
deeply involved in the trade, which
has been IS’s main source of revenue.
Turkey has now bombed a few IS
targets to show willing — but if you
look at the videos, the Turkish planes
are launching missiles at single buildings
out in open fields, not exactly where you
would expect IS to have weapons stores
and command centres. It is as if the
Turkish forces were ordered to hit
targets that would not do any real
damage. But least the coalition gets to
Is Erdogan still in cahoots with IS?
Maybe. Is he actively supporting the
other big Islamist group, the Nusra Front,
which dominates the battle in western
Syria? Yes he is, quite openly, and the
difference between these two terrorist
groups is only skin-deep. So if you are
expecting a radical change in the military
situation in Syria — do not. Assad is still
losing slowly, the Islamist extremists are
still winning, and Turkey is still playing a
Gwynne Dyer is an independent
journalist whose articles are published in
Turkey joins the war — sort of
A Turkish F16 jet takes off.
WORLD IN FOCUS
with Gwynne Dyer
Dressing for work is all about adapting to
your surroundings, and good grooming
Choosing the right attire for your working
environment can be a struggle — striking just
the right balance between personal style and
professionalism. But what you choose to wear
will make an impression so it’s important to
be judicious about your choice of clothes.
Today, casual wear reigns supreme, in
and out of the office, and, sadly, very few
professionals still subscribe to the Don
Draper (Mad Men) standard of style.
However, many companies still prefer
a more traditional approach. Rebecca
O’Hagan from Madison Recruitment says
the professions (accounting, law et al) usually
require staff to adhere to classic standards.
“Business attire is expected in most
corporate environments, particularly if you are
client-facing. However, it’s not uncommon to
see a suit jacket without a tie,” she says.
Whether or not there is an expectation of
business or casual wear for the workplace,
there are little things that can make a big
difference. Grooming, hygiene and hair all
play a role in how we are viewed.
“No matter what the work environment,
there will usually be an expectation of
smartness. This will include hygiene and little
things like not having chipped nail polish or
When it comes to applying for jobs it is vital
that you put a lot of thought into what you
wear. Clothing can make a real impression on
a potential employer, so it’s best to err on the
side of caution.
“First impressions count,” says O’Hagan.
“Dressing inappropriately for an interview
could have an impact on your prospects.”
O’Hagan also says many work places have
a dress code. She says that it is a good idea to
investigate what these are before becoming
too adventurous at work.
“It is critical to get an understanding of
the company and their dress code as every
organisation is different. If you are unable to
get this information, then dress to impress! It
is better to be over prepared and more formal,
than too casual.”
Joan Watson, a human resources
professional, says standards of clothing have
changed dramatically over time. “ Typically
now you would find suits worn only in your
legal and large accounting, consultancy firms,”
she says. “Smaller New Zealand firms have
very much adopted a smart casual for five
days a week, not just Fridays.
“Some jeans are more expensive than dress
trousers now, and often you will see these
worn with a smart jacket instead of the suits
or dress trousers for females.”
But she says that while many companies
allow casual dress, issues can arise when
employees take the word “casual” too literally.
Watson is a strong believer in dressing
appropriately. She has had to intervene in a
number of situations where managers felt staff
had stretched the limits of taste too far.
She believes people wanting to make a good
impression at work should adhere to a basic
standard of dress. Clean and ironed clothes
are a must, but there are other simple ways to
make a good impression.
“For women it ’s best not to have skirt
hemlines too high, or to wear clothes that are
too tight or too low-cut. Showing the midriff
is a no-no for both males and females,” she
She says general grooming and hygiene
are also important. “I get asked to help with
issues around personal hygiene, as managers
find this really difficult to address. It is easier
to ask people to wear different clothes than it
is to speak to someone about their personal
A good haircut and clean hair creates a
more professional look, as do appropriate
accessories. “Shoes complete an outfit — they
should be clean and not too scuffed.”
Watson says it is also very important to
choose the right clothes for the right occasion.
When she is networking, she wears bright
colours as it makes her stand out from the
crowd. “Bright colours help people remember
me, as nearly everyone else will be in black,”
And she says the reverse is true for meetings
that are of a more serious nature. “I choose to
wear darker clothes for such meetings, as this
helps to convey and reflect the seriousness of
the situation.” — New Zealand Herald
Clothes tell a story, make it a good one
of the New Zealand Herald
y 2100, New Zealand ’s
postcard glaciers will bear
little resemblance to how
we know them today, a
The warning comes as a
new global study, published overnight,
shows the world’s glaciers are melting at
an unprecedented rate, losing on average
between half a metre and metre of ice
thickness every year.
Recent research has already shown how
the Franz Josef and Fox Glaciers, which
attract tens of thousands of tourists each
year, have retreated by 3km and lost at
least three to four square kilometres
in area since the 1800s, with most of
the loss happening between 1934 and
Although there had been small
advances at different points, the overall
picture was one of melting — and a
retreat obser ved last year was one of the
fastest on record.
Dr Brian Anderson, of Victoria
University’s Antarctic Research Centre,
said there was now little doubt the
dramatic retreats seen over the past few
decades was the result of anthropogenic
With predictions the world’s climate
will warm by several degrees by the end
of the century, this would have a major
impact on the icy wonders.
“The Fox and Franz Josef glaciers will
advance again, because they respond so
quickly to even a few years of higher
snowfall or lower melt but, given the
fact the Earth is warming, it’s unlikely
they will reach their 20th century
maxima again,” said Dr Anderson, who
has calculated the glacier retreat under
various warming scenarios.
“They are not going to disappear,
because our mountains are so high that
there is always going to be some small
glaciers on them, but they are really not
going to be as recognisable as we know
“For example, we are not going to have
the Fox or Franz Josef glaciers with those
steep, spectacular tongues coming down
into the rainforest.
“The Tasman and the other glaciers
on the eastern side of the mountains,
meanwhile, are going to respond in a
really complicated way that we don’t
fully understand — but they are certainly
going to get a lot smaller, too.”
Dr Anderson contributed to the latest
study by the World Glacier Monitoring
Ser vice, published in the Journal
of Glaciology, which has compiled
worldwide data on glacier changes in
more than 30 countries.
When obser vations from the previous
decade were compared to all available
earlier data, it was shown that glaciers
were losing ice thickness at a rate
of two to three times more than the
corresponding average of the 20th
The study authors found that the
present rate of glacier melt was “without
precedence” at a global scale — at
least for the time period observed and
probably also for recorded history —
and that the long-term retreat of glacier
tongues was a global phenomenon.
The study further indicated that the
“intense ice loss” of the past two decades
had resulted in a strong imbalance of
glaciers in many regions of the world, and
these would suffer further loss even if the
climate remained stable.
See time lapse footage on our
PICTURES: Brian Anderson
The Franz Josef Glacier in November 2012, left, and in July 2015.
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