Home' Greymouth Star : August 29th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
linging to his brother’s
coffin, draped in the red
Turkish flag, Lieutenant
Colonel Mehmet Alkan’s
outburst was a rare public
show of defiance from a
ser ving officer as Turkish jets bombard
“ Who is his murderer? Who caused this?
How come those who spoke of settlement
until yesterday now speak of war,” he
shouted in front of television cameras as
they filmed mourners, in thinly-veiled
reference to Turkey ’s political leaders.
His brother was also an officer in the
armed forces and the latest victim of
renewed conflict in the mostly Kurdish
south-east, where Turkey has launched air
strikes on Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)
militants in response to what it says are
increased attacks on the security forces.
The violence has rekindled old wounds
from a 30-year-old conflict and unleashed
a wave of anger towards the pro-Kurdish
opposition, President Tayyip Erdogan and
the government, raising the prospects of a
highly-charged campaign for a November
election and concerns over security around
Erdogan and government ministers have
done little to quell the flames at an already
tense time for the Nato member as it
battles slowing economic growth and risks
blowback from its fight against Islamic
State in Syria.
Nationalist anger has been directed
at the pro-Kurdish opposition, which
entered parliament as a party for the first
time in June. Government ministers have
meanwhile been booed and jeered at
soldiers’ funerals in rare shows of public
“Those reactions are just sparks from a
large ball of fire,” said Onder Celik, head
of a Turkish war veterans’ association in
Istanbul, whose office walls are lined with
photographs of members of the security
force members killed in the conflict.
He blamed the PKK for exploiting the
state’s “good intentions” by sabotaging a
peace process — begun by Erdogan in 2012
— and using a lull in fighting to build up
The group, designated a terrorist
organisation by Turkey, the United States
and European Union, took up arms in 1984
and more than 40,000 people have since
been killed. The violence had halted after
talks began with its jailed leader Abdullah
“Now in all parts of Turkey there are
street battles. The government did whatever
the PKK wanted and they responded with
gunfire,” said Celik, who lost a leg after
being wounded in a PKK attack in the
eastern province of Bingol in 2007.
The surge in violence has dredged up
bitter memories of the peak of the conflict
in 1994-96, when more than 3000-4000
militants were killed yearly.
Such deep polarisation raises the prospect
of difficult run-up to the election in
November, particularly with three pro-
Kurdish HDP opposition members set to
ser ve in an interim power-sharing cabinet.
Ankara has declared more than 100
temporary military zones across the mainly
Kurdish south-east, prompting the main
opposition CHP to table a parliamentary
question on how security can be guaranteed
during the election campaign.
Davutoglu has pledged to provide
election security in all regions, saying that
maintaining public order is the priority.
But the latest violence has triggered
attacks on offices of the HDP by
nationalists who see it as a political offshoot
of the PKK. Memories are also fresh of a
bomb attack on an HDP rally on the eve of
the last election on June 7.
HDP leader Selahattin Demirtas has
called on the PKK to declare a fresh
ceasefire but accused the ruling AK Party
and in particular its founder Erdogan of
fomenting the conflict in a bid to shore up
“This war is not our war. We will not turn
a blind eye to our children being killed for
the (presidential) palace,” he said in a recent
Erdogan angrily dismissed such words
as “slander” in a speech this week, saying
he doubted the mental health of anyone
that believed it and that media groups who
spread such ideas shared responsibility for
the blood and tears shed.
Erdogan invested major political capital
in the peace process and says he ended
a decades-old State policy of denying
Kurdish rights with reforms boosting
the situation of a minority making up
some 20% of Turkey ’s 78 million
Government officials say PKK pledges
made during the peace process have gone
unfulfilled, notably the withdrawal of
fighters to northern Iraq and the laying
down of weapons.
Erdogan’s call during the process to “stop
the blood, we don’t want the mothers to
cry” has now been replaced by a pledge to
continue the fight “until not one terrorist is
left within our country”.
Despite the nationalist fer vour, polls
suggest the violence has done little to dent
support for the HDP.
The ruling AK Party, founded by
Erdogan, lost its majority in the June 7
election for the first time since coming to
power in 2002, partly at the hands of the
HDP, which won 13% of the vote and
entered parliament as a party for the first
A sur vey by respected pollster Metropoll
on Wednesday showed a rise in HDP
support to 14.7% from the 13.1% it won in
June, while the AK Party was still short of
the votes it would need to form a single-
party government. — Reuters
4 - Saturday, August 29, 2015
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welcome your opinion and suggestions.
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uLetters to the editor
1782 - Almost 1100 people drown when
English Man-of-War sinks while being
repaired at Portsmouth, England.
1935 - Queen Astrid of Belgium is killed in
car accident in Switzerland.
1943 - Danish warships are scuttled at
Copenhagen in World War Two
uprising against Nazis.
1965 - US astronauts L Gordon
Cooper and Charles Conrad make
safe landing after a record eight days
of orbiting around Earth in Gemini
1994 - Israel and the Palestine
Liberation Organisation sign an early
empowerment accord giving the Palestinian
Authority administrative powers throughout
the West Bank.
2002 - Michael Skakel, a member of
America’s politically prominent Kennedy
family, is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison
for the 1975 murder of neighbour Martha
2005 - Hurricane Katrina plows into the
below-sea -level US city of New Orleans
with 233km-per-hour winds and rain that
submerges neighbourhoods up to the roof lines.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French
painter (1780-1867); John Locke,
English philosopher (1632-1704);
Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress
(1917-1982); Charlie Parker, US jazz
musician (1920-1955); Slobodan
Milosevic, Yugoslav president and
war crimes suspect (1941-2006);
Michael Jackson, American pop
star (1958—2009); Richard Attenborough,
British actor, director (1923 -2014); William
Friedkin, American director (1935—) Rebecca
DeMornay, US actress (1962—) .
“ Whom the gods would destroy they first
make mad.” — Euripides, Greek poet (480
B.C. - 406 B.C .).
“Therefore encourage one another and build
up each other.” — (1 Thessalonians 5:11).
something of a
sugar-coated pill this
morning — at least
for West Coast viewers — when it beamed
its first signals designed to increase CHTV3’s
coverage. But there was a bonus in the arrtival
of two NZBC technicians who this morning
were making tests in Greymouth believed
aimed at the siting of a corporation translator.
This morning they tested at the Cobden
hill translator, were interested in Mt Davy
and noted the fall-off of the signal at the
old Stewart brewery. For those who take
their signal direct in Greymouth, the new
transmitter that came in with its transmission
of sound and test pattern at 9 o’clock this
morning it was a disappointment.
The strength of New Zealamd farming lay
in the family unit, said Mr Mark Wallace at
yesterday ’s quarterly meeting of West Coast
Federated Farmers. Mr Wallace was speaking
in support of a resolution urging the branch to
congratulate the Government on its courage
in refusing to allow the Land and Settlement
Promotion Act to be repealed.
“ I would fight to the bitter end if it were to be
repealed,” said Mr Wallace. “ The Act provides a
measure of restraint on the aggregation of land
and I have yet to meet a man who agrees that
land aggregation is a wise and sensible thing
for the country.
“I am very sincere when I say that it is very
necessary and desirable that we do everything
possible to give encouragement to young men
and women to farm the land efficiently rather
than allow it to be merged into big holdings,”
concluded Mr Wallace.
uFood for thought
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You know how it is
with buses? You wait ages
for one, far longer than
seems reasonable — then
three arrive all at once.
Financial crises are a bit
like that too.
The financial crisis
everybody in the business
has really been waiting
for is a “hard landing”
of the Chinese economy, now one of the
two motors of the global economy. (The
other is still the United States). Everybody
thought it was bound to come eventually
— w ell, everybody who was not too heavily
invested in the Chinese market — and
it now appears to be here, although the
Chinese government is still denying it.
The second crisis, less widely anticipated,
is a credit crunch that is sabotaging
economic growth in almost all the
developing countries except India. In many
cases their currencies have fallen to historic
lows against the dollar, making it harder for
them to repay the dollars they borrowed.
Moreover, it is getting harder for them to
earn dollars from their exports because
commodity prices have collapsed.
A third crisis is looming in the developed
economies of Europe, North America and
Japan, which can see another recession
looming on the horizon before they have
even fully recovered from the effects of the
banking crash of 2007-08 . It is hard to pull
out of a new recession when interest rates
are still down near zero because of the last
These crises are all arriving at once
because they are all connected. When the
huge misdeeds and mistakes of American
and European banks caused the Great
Recession of 2008, China avoided the low
growth and high unemployment that hurt
western countries by flooding its economy
with cheap credit. But that only postponed
the pain, and between 2007 and 2014 total
debt in China increased fourfold.
The Chinese government is more terrified
of mass unemployment than anything
else. It believes, probably correctly, that
the Communist regime’s sur vival depends
on delivering continuously rising living
standards. So the Chinese economy went
on booming for another six years, but the
“solution” was fraudulent and now it is
The huge amount of cheap credit sloshing
around the Chinese economy mostly went
into building unnecessary infrastructure,
and above all into housing. That did
preserve employment, but property values
soared and a huge “housing bubble” was
created. There was nobody to buy all those
houses and apartments, and there are now
brand-new “ghost towns” all over China, so
property values are falling fast.
Since the crash on the Chinese stock
markets began last month, the government
has done everything it could to stop it. It
has dropped interest rates repeatedly, it has
devalued the currency, it has ordered State
institutions to invest more — and nothing
Chinese exports have fallen 8% in the
past year, and even the regime admits
that the economy is growing at the lowest
rate in three decades. Nobody outside
the regime knows for certain, but it may
scarcely be growing at all. The “hard
landing” is now close to inevitable.
Now for the second crisis. While China’s
artificial boom was rolling along, its
appetite for commodities of every sort,
from iron to soya beans, was insatiable,
so commodity prices went up. The other
“emerging market economies” grew fast by
selling China the commodities it needed,
they attracted large amounts of western
investment because of their rapid growth,
and they borrowed freely because western
interest rates were at rock-bottom.
The collapse of Chinese demand ends
this party too. From Brazil to Turkey to
South Africa to Indonesia, exports are
falling, the value of the local currencies is
tumbling, and foreign investors are fleeing.
Capital flight from the 19 largest emerging
market economies has reached almost a
trillion dollars in the past 13 months, and
the outflow is still accelerating.
Now, the third crisis, in the west. The
problems that caused the crash of 2007-08
have not really been addressed, just papered
over. What limited growth there has
been in western economies is due almost
entirely to absurdly low interest rates and
“quantitative easing” (governments printing
The average time between recessions in
the west is seven to 10 years, so one is due
around now anyway. The most probable
trigger for that is a collapse of demand
in China and in the other emerging
economies, which is now practically
certain. When it hits the west, neither of
the traditional tools for pulling out of a
recession will be available. Interest rates
are already near zero, and the money supply
has already been expanded massively.
It would be rash to talk about a long-
lasting global depression in the style of
the 1930s, because a lot has changed since
then. But it is certainly safe to say that the
global economy is heading into a perfect
Gwynne Dyer is an independent
journalist whose articles are published in
The global economy: A perfect storm?
WORLD IN FOCUS
with Gwynne Dyer
Demonstrators wave Turkish flags as they shout nationalist slogans during a protest against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party in central Istanbul.
Renewed conflict angers
A New Jersey woman shown covered in
dust in an iconic photo taken after the
2001 terrorist attacks in New York City has
Marcy Borders died after a battle with
stomach cancer, her daughter Noelle
The 42-year-old Bayonne resident was
working on the 81st floor inside one of the
Twin Towers in the attack, but she managed
to escape the building. She told news
reporters after ward that as the north tower
crumbled before her eyes, a stranger pulled
her into a building lobby, out of harm’s way.
The striking image of her was captured by
Stan Honda with AFP.
Last year, Borders said she had avoided
looking at the photo as much as possible
because “I don’t want to be a victim any
In an inter view with The Jersey Journal,
Borders said her traumatic experience
caused her to fall into a decade-long
depression that led her to abuse alcohol and
She entered rehab in 2011 and said she
had remained clean.
Borders learned she had stomach cancer
in August 2014 and she under went
At the time, the mother of two questioned
if her cancer was related to the terrorist
“I’m saying to myself ‘Did this thing
ignite cancer cells in me?’.”
Researchers have not yet determined
whether exposure to toxins during the
attacks made anyone more likely to get
certain types of cancer.
— New Zealand Herald
9/11 dust lady dies of cancer
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