Home' Greymouth Star : November 17th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, November 17, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1511 - England and Spain form defensive
alliance against French.
1558 - Elizabeth I becomes Queen of
England on death of Mary I.
1838 - The birth of the Melbourne Cricket
Ground is heralded in a match between civilian
and military teams on Batman’s Hill.
1869 - Suez Canal opens in Egypt, linking
Mediterranean and Red Seas.
1913 - First vessels pass through Panama
1937 - Lord Halifax visits
Adolf Hitler attempting peaceful
settlement of Sudeten issue,
marking start of Britain’s policy of
1941 - Ernst Udet, head of the
German Luftwaffe Ordnance
Department, commits suicide after
disagreements with the Nazi leadership.
1970 - Russian Luna 17 spacecraft lands an
eight-wheeled lunar vehicle on the moon.
1976 - China sets off its largest nuclear
explosion in atmosphere.
1977 - Egypt ’s President Anwar Sadat
formally accepts invitation to visit Israel,
ignoring uproar among Arab nations and his
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet-
dramatist (1587-1679); Rock Hudson, US
actor (1925-1985); Sir Charles Mackerras,
Australian conductor (1925-2010); Peter
Cook, English actor-comedian (1937-1996);
Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian singer
(1938-); Martin Scorsese, US film
director (1942-); Lauren Hutton,
US actress-model (1943-); Danny
de Vito, US actor (1944-); Michael
Wenden, Australian Olympic
swimming champion (1949-); Mark
“Chopper” Read, Australian criminal,
artist and entertainer (1954-2013);
Kate Ceberano, Australian singer (1966-); Jeff
Buckley, US singer-songwriter (1966-1997);
Isaac Hanson, US musician with Hanson
“The mind will ever be unstable that has only
prejudices to rest on, and the current will run
with destructive fury when there are no barriers
to break its force.” — Mary Wollstonecraft,
English author (1759-1797).
“ Every sabbath day Aaron shall set them
in order before the Lord regularly as a
commitment of the people of Israel, as a
covenant forever.” — Leviticus 24:8
The body of
Thomas, aged 25,
a schoolteacher, of
Christchurch, was taken this morning from the
Taramakau River north of Arthur’s Pass. Mr
Thomas met his death when he was swept off
his feet while attempting to cross the junction
of the Otehake and Taramakau rivers on
His brother, Denis Michael Thomas, aged 19,
a student of Christchurch, scrambled ashore
from the swollen river before being swept away.
Christopher Thomas’s body was recovered
approximately a mile from the river junction,
near where Denis Thomas crawled ashore.
The first tour of the new Haast road was
made last weekend by several Canterbury
members of the Vintage Car Club. Veteran cars
are those built before 1918. Fourteen persons
made the trip in five cars. The only troubles
experienced were two puctures and a petrol
The drivers found the road in good condition.
There was one short sloppy stretch and some
rough areas, but the veterans averaged 30 miles
The Reverend Father James Michael Roche,
a Marist missionary priest, died at Calvary
Hospital on Saturday. Born at Nelson Creek,
near Greymouth, on June 17, 1887, Father
Roche completed his education at St Patrick’s
College in Wellington. He entered the Marist
Scholasticate in Greemeadows in 1910 and was
ordained there in 1916.
After a time at St Patrick’s in Sydney, he
returned to parochial work in New Zealand in
1926. In 1934 he volunteered for missionary
ser vice in Fiji where he laboured with devotion
and zeal for 25 years.
uFood for thought
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Strange twist to monkey selfie copyright battle
The saga of a series of “monkey selfies”
snapped four years ago in the Indonesian
wilderness using a camera borrowed from
a nature photographer seems to never end.
At least it also appears to never get boring.
The group PETA (People for the Ethical
Treatment of Animals) is now suing on
behalf of a macaque named Naruto for
copyright on the photographs, seeking “all
proceeds from the sale, licensing, and other
commercial uses of the monkey selfies” to
fund conser vation efforts.
But defence papers filed late last week
say that PETA cannot prove that Naruto,
a male, is the actual monkey which took
the famous pictures. If a monkey were
able to hold copyright on a photo, the
document alleges, it would not necessarily
be Naruto’s to claim.
Nature photographer David Slater, who
is being sued along with the makers of
the book publishing software Slater used
to make a nature book containing the
photographs, has described the monkey
seen in the famous selfie as female — as
has, the court document says, PETA itself
in some of its previous statements on the
monkey selfie dispute.
“The allegation that Naruto is, in fact,
the monkey who took the Monkey Selfies
is contradicted by other allegations in the
Complaint,” a motion to dismiss the case,
filed on Friday, reads. “Specifically, in the
Wildlife Book, Mr Slater describes the
monkey who took the photographs as a
female, not a male like Naruto.”
PETA, along with primatologist Antje
Engelhardt, are suing as “next friends” on
behalf of Naruto, which, for reasons of
being a monkey, is unable to file a lawsuit
As Sarah Jeong at Motherboard noted
in an earlier deep dive into the macaque’s
identity, PETA says that Engelhardt used
her expertise to establish Naruto as the
macaque in the photographs. Engelhardt’s
colleagues at the Macaca Nigra Project
were “very much aware of, and recognised,
Naruto in the photographs” after they went
viral in 2011, PETA said.
Jeong asked other primatologists
to weigh in on the gender of the
photographer macaque. One answer shows
how complicated the question of identity
here can get, given that a whole series
of photographs, and not just the famous
smiling “selfie,” are involved:
“Carol Berman, who has PhD students
associated with the Macaca Nigra Project,
wrote in an e-mail that ‘I can say with
confidence that the monkey in the full
body photo is a juvenile male,’ pointing
out that there is “a round pink spot in his
crotch which is the top of his withdrawn
“However, Berman also told us that
the she is not positive that ‘the smiling
monkey is the same individual. ’ Based on
the teeth, that monkey is ‘either a female
or a young male’.”
The motion for dismissal also accuses
PETA and Engelhardt of seeking “to
commercialise the photographs (without
Naruto’s knowledge or consent, which, as a
monkey, it cannot give)” in order to “spend
the proceeds as they see fit on, among
other things, habitat preser vation for the
benefit of Naruto’s ‘community’ of crested
“That is, next friends seek to redress
a totally different problem — that of
habitat loss and endangerment of crested
macaques in Indonesia — through the
ridiculous vehicle of a United States
copyright claim,” the document continues.
The US Copyright Office clarified last
year that it registers copyright claims
only for human authorship, meaning
that neither the macaque, nor the nature
photographer David Slater, have a valid
claim to it, according to the office.
That clarification came after a years-
long disagreement between Slater and
Wikimedia Commons, which hosted the
image in the public domain.
Slater said he should own the rights to
the photograph, saying last year that the
selfie’s distribution by Wikimedia and
Techdirt as public domain was “ruining
“ If it was a normal photograph and I had
c laimed I had taken it,” he added, “I would
potentially be a lot richer than I am. ”
t was the case that gripped a
nation: two bright, beautiful
young revellers disappear from
a New Year’s Eve party at a
seaside resort, last seen boarding
a mystery yacht with an unknown
Olivia Hope, 17, and Ben Smart, 21,
were never seen again.
Six months later, in June 1998, Picton
boatbuilder Scott Watson is arrested and
charged with murder.
Watson, who has been in jail ever since,
has always professed his innocence.
The police investigation that led to his
arrest has been criticised in numerous
newspaper articles, documentaries and
books, particularly Trial by Trickery, a
stinging attack on those who put Watson
away by Auckland journalist Keith
Watson has pursued, and exhausted,
every avenue of appeal.
The bodies of Hope and Smart have
never been found.
In the December issue of North and
South, Watson who is ser ving a life
sentence with a minimum non-parole
period of 17 years, speaks for the first
“I don’t know where Ben and Olivia
are,” Watson tells the magazine.
“I’ve never met them, never seen them.
They definitely never came on my boat
and I definitely didn’t murder them.
And they ’ve basically dumped me in jail
for half my lifetime, it must be coming
up, for something I haven’t done. It’s
destroyed my family and my life.”
Olivia and Ben were with 1500
people at a New Year’s Eve party at
Furneaux Lodge in the Marlborough
In the early hours of 1998, water taxi
driver Guy Wallace says he dropped the
couple, and another lone male, at a yacht
in the inlet.
During the hunt for Olivia and Ben,
police identified Watson’s single-masted
sloop, Blade as the scene of their murder.
The Crown told the jury in the
sensational 1999 trial that Watson was
the killer and was seen on his yacht
in Cook Strait between 4.30pm and
4.45pm on the day Hope and Smart went
“Good place to go if you had something
to dump,” Crown prosecutor Paul
Davidson QC told the court. Speaking
later, he said “... by employing Olivia’s
sleeping bag and weights, the bodies are
likely to have been disposed of by him
Former detective Mike Chappell, who
worked on the case, however would later
go public with his belief that Watson is
innocent and that he became the prime
suspect too quickly.
A draft report of the Independent
Police Conduct Authority investigating
the way in which police pursued Watson,
was highly critical of the way police got
witnesses to identify Watson as the man
seen with Smart and Hope on the night
It also stated that police failed to pursue
leads as to the identity of the “mystery
ketch” seen by witnesses around that time.
A star secret witness of the double
murder trial who gave testimony that
Watson confessed to the killings would
later allege that police had pressured him
into giving false testimony.
Witness A, whose name and identifying
details were suppressed, shocked the
jury when he said Watson demonstrated
on him the way he forced Olivia into
submission and strangled her.
In 2007, Olivia’s father Gerald Hope
told the Herald he had growing doubts
about whether Watson was guilty and
would help fight to free the convicted
killer if he was convinced of Watson’s
“ What we got was a conviction but we
never got the truth. And that ’s the part
that still really rips me up. Nothing ever
was confirmed, it was all circumstantial,
there was no hard evidence. And that ’s
where my greatest doubts lie.
“I’m not saying Scott Watson is not
guilty. What I’m saying is let ’s clear up
Watson’s behind-bars inter view with
North and South journalist Mike White
published this week is the latest chapter
in what is one of New Zealand ’s most
There will be more chapters to write
before this page-turner is closed.
December 31, 1997: Ben Smart,
Olivia Hope, Scott Watson and 1500
others party at Furneaux Lodge in the
Early hours of January 1, 1998: water
taxi driver Guy Wallace drops Olivia, Ben
and a man at a yacht in the inlet.
January 2, 1998: Olivia’s father
Gerald Hope reports his daughter
June 15, 1998: Scott Watson is
arrested and charged with murder.
September 1999: Watson is found
guilty of the pair’s murder by a jury at the
High Court in Wellington.
November 1999: He is sentenced to
life imprisonment with a minimum non-
parole period of 17 years.
2000: Watson’s appeal
to the Court of Appeal is
2003: Privy Council
declines application for leave
May 2004: Watson marries
Coral Branch in a ser vice at
Paremoremo Prison. They
separate three years later.
2008: Watson applies to
the Governor-General for a
Government appoints Kristy
McDonald QC to re-inter view
key witnesses as part of
Watson’s application for a royal
December 2012: Watson’s
mother dies and he is allowed
to attend the funeral in
Christchurch under guard.
July 2013: The Governor-
General declines Watson’s
application for the royal
prerogative of mercy.
May 2015: High Court
in Christchurch hears judicial
review sought by Watson
to overturn a Corrections
decision to block a behind-bars
meeting with North and South
journalist Mike White.
June 2015: Justice Rachel
August 2015: Watson
granted approval to speak on
the record with Mr White,
subject to conditions related
to security and interests of victims. —
Case that gripped NZ
Ben Smart and Olivia Hope.
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