Home' Greymouth Star : November 25th 2015 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Wednesday, November 25, 2015
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uLetters to the editor
1542 - Scots under King James V are routed
by Britain at Battle of Solway Moss.
1783 - The British evacuate New York, their
last military position in the United States
during the War of Independence.
1910 - Royal Australian Navy created with
the passing by parliament in Melbourne of the
Australian Naval Defence Act.
1911 - Chinese revolutionaries bomb
1935 - King George II returns to Greece
after 12 years of exile and is restored to his
throne by a referendum.
1941 - British battleship Barham is sunk by
a German U-boat off Sollum with the loss of
1952 - Agatha Christie’s play The Mousetrap
opens in London.
1957 - Sir Ernest Oppenheimer, German-
born industrialist and one of the leading
players in the mining industry of
southern Africa, dies.
1963 - The body of US President
John F Kennedy is laid to rest at
Arlington National Cemetery.
1965 - General Joseph Mobutu,
later known as Mobutu Sese Seko,
deposes President Joseph Kasavubu in
1972 - New Zealand Labour Party unexpectedly
sweeps into power in general elections.
1993 - Anthony Burgess, British author
of the grim futuristic fantasy A Clockwork
Orange, dies at age 76.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Lope Felix de Vega, Spanish dramatist (1562-
1635); Karl Benz, German car manufacturer
(1844-1929); Dr John Flynn, founder of
Australia’s Royal Flying Doctor Ser vice
(1880-1951); Joe DiMaggio, US baseball
player (1914-1999); Augusto Pinochet,
former Chilean president (1915-2006); Paul
Desmond, American jazz musician (1924-
1977); John Larroquette, US actor
(1947-); Imran Khan, Pakistani
cricketer (1952-); Graham Eadie,
Australian rugby league player
(1953-); John F Kennedy Jr (1960-
1999); Christina Applegate, US
actress (1971-); Barbara and Jenna
Bush, twin daughters of George
W and Laura Bush (1981-); Peter
Siddle, Australian cricketer (1984-) .
“ To be free is to have achieved your life.”
— Tennessee Williams, American playwright
“ I press on toward the goal for the prize of
the heavenly call of God in Christ Jesus.”
— P hilippians 3:14
(Canterbury) does not
consider the Haast
Pass a 100% caravan road, it was decided at
the meeting of the association council this
week. Mr E R Casbolt said that with a large
number of inexperienced drivers and under-
powered cars travelling through the Haast over
Christmas there would be chaos.
The chairman, Mr T W Milligan said that
in some places the road is very narrow and
in others very soft. He said he would like
to see caravaners wait until next year before
attempting the trip. Mr Casbolt said that some
sections were also very steep and an under-
powered car on a hot day would have trouble.
Over 100 competitors from all parts of
the South Island will compete in next year’s
go-kart racing organised by the Greymouth
Jaycees. Eight local go-karts will participate
in the annual event which will run on the
Boundary Street circuit, described as one of the
best in the country for this racing.
Some 24 racers are carded and the feature
event is the Greymouth Grand Prix over 15
laps, and it is restricted to the 20 fastest karts.
Mr Cliff Markland, superintendent of the
AMP Society, with headquarets at Greymouth,
is to transfer next month to Christchurch
where he will take a position on promotion.
Mr Markland has been 28 years with the
society in Greymouth.
A 13-yeqr-old schoolgirl, Jill Burrell, a pupil
of St Mary’s Convent, was admitted to the
Greymouth Hospital this afternoon after a
playground accident in which she suffered a
uFood for thought
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Five years into austerity, Britain braces for more cuts
fter laying off nearly half
its staff over the last five
years, scaling back street
cleaning and relying on
volunteers to work at some
of its libraries, the London
borough of Lewisham is getting ready
for what could be much more painful
Officials in Lewisham’s town hall, like
those across the country, know they will
have to shoulder much of finance minister
George Osborne’s renewed push to fix
Osborne is due to announce tonight the
details of a new spending squeeze which,
according to International Monetary Fund
data, ranks as the most aggressive austerity
plan among the world’s rich economies
between now and 2020.
It is also a gamble by Osborne, a
leading contender to be the next prime
minister, that voters can stomach more
He rejects accusations that his insistence
on a budget surplus by the end of the
decade is a choice, saying Britain needs
fiscal strength to fight off future shocks to
As in the first five years of his austerity
push — which Osborne originally hoped
would wipe out the budget deficit — he
plans to spare Britain’s health ser vice,
schools and foreign aid budget from
his new cuts and will increase defence
That means that cuts for unprotected
areas of government, such as local councils,
will be all the deeper.
Kevin Bonavia, a councillor who oversees
Lewisham’s budget, said the borough had
just agreed to merge computing teams
with another one on the other side of
London as it seeks to make more savings
in its back-office operations and protect
But voters are likely to notice the cuts
more in the years ahead than they have
done so far. Rubbish bins may no longer
be emptied weekly. Delivery of cooked
meals could be replaced with help for
people in need to do their own on-line
Lewisham will also have to find savings
in the way it provides social care for the e
lderly and children, which accounts for the
lion’s share of its spending.
“ We are always trying to rationalise. But
we have to do it at pace now, and when
you do it at pace, you can make mistakes,”
Bonavia, a member of the opposition
Labour Party, said.
It ’s not just Labour politicians who are
worried about the latest spending squeeze.
The Conser vative leader of a council in
Oxfordshire recently wrote a blunt letter
to Prime Minister David Cameron to
spell out the challenge of funding care for
the elderly and children after Cameron
had complained about cuts to front-line
ser vices in the area, where he has a family
Britain’s police departments and the
justice system, which runs courts, are also
likely to bear the brunt of further cuts.
Ben Priestley, an official with public
sector workers’ union Unison, said the
number of police community support
officers (PCSOs) — who typically work
most closely with local people but cannot
make arrests — had been cut by 27% since
2010 and some regional forces might have
to lay them all off.
“The penny will gradually drop for the
public,” Priestly said. “ We might only
see police officers when they speed by at
60 miles per hour with their blue lights
Osborne acknowledges that his spending
cuts will be painful. But he also says that
Britain is learning to do more with less.
He points to statistics which show crime
has fallen by more than a quarter since
2010, despite a 23% cut in the interior
ministry’s budget since then, and sur veys
which show stable or rising satisfaction
with local ser vices.
As well as the departmental spending
cuts he is due to announce tonight,
Osborne has to tweak his plan for big
savings in Britain’s welfare budget after an
original proposal to scale back tax credits
for lower-earning households was rejected
in a rare rebellion by the upper house of
Some economists say the scale of the
austerity plan is too ambitious to achieve
in its entirety.
“ We are pretty confident that the
government manages to get the deficit
down but it will be at a somewhat slower
pace than the government plans,” Kathrin
Muehlbronner, senior vice-president of
sovereign risk at ratings agency Moody’s,
A bigger risk for Osborne is that voters
start to feel the spending cuts more acutely
and reject his case for them.
Katharine Peacock, managing director of
polling firm Com Res, said Cameron and
Osborne won the 2010 election because
voters trusted them to fix an economic
crisis with austerity.
“It ’s more complex now,” Peacock said.
“ Do the public understand when George
Osborne is saying on one hand, there are
green shoots in the economy and things
are improving — but we still have to cut?
It’s more challenging to argue that now.”
Britain’s Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne is set to wield the axe again.
Former South Korean president dies
Former South Korean President Kim
Young-Sam, whose election pulled down
the final curtain on more than 30 years of
military rule, has died aged 87.
The pro-democracy activist who ser ved
as president from 1993-98, was suffering
from a serious blood infection and died
shortly after midnight on Sunday, several
days after being admitted to hospital with
a high-fever, Seoul National University
Hospital president Oh Byung-Hee said.
Kim’s term was book-ended by two major
events, the first nuclear crisis with North
Korea in 1994 and the Asian financial
crisis of 1997-98, when he accepted a
$58 billion ($88.43 billion) bailout from
the International Monetary Fund.
He also had the two generals who ser ved
as presidents before him indicted and
convicted on treason charges, although
he pardoned both men at the end of his
A leading figure in the pro-democracy
movement, Kim was twice placed under
house arrest for a total of two years in the
He stood in South Korea’s first free direct
presidential election in 1987, but split the
opposition vote with fellow activist Kim
Dae-Jung, allowing the former general
Roh Tae-Woo to take office.
He defeated Kim Dae-Jung in the 1992
election and was inaugurated the following
year - becoming only the third civilian to
hold the office and first since 1962.
In office, Kim launched a popular
anti-corruption campaign and had his
two predecessors, Chun Doo-Hwan and
Roh, arrested on bribery charges that later
morphed into trial for mutiny and treason.
Both men received lengthy prison
sentences but ser ved only two years before
being released under a presidential pardon.
Kim’s anti-graft drive was later tarnished
after his son was arrested on charges of
bribery and tax evasion.
The start of Kim’s presidency was
marked by the first crisis over North
Korea’s nuclear programme, triggered
by Pyongyang’s announcement in 1993
that it would withdraw from the non-
proliferation treaty (NPT).
The crisis ended with a deal brokered by
former US president Jimmy Carter in June
1994, which led to the “agreed framework”
under which North Korea agreed to freeze
and eliminate its nuclear facilities in
exchange for two US light-water reactors.
That deal was to collapse in 2002.
The end of Kim’s presidency was clouded
by the Asian financial crisis — still known
in South Korea as the IMF crisis, because
of the massive bailout negotiated with the
The terms of the deal were widely
seen by South Koreans as a national
humiliation and an infringement of the
country’s economic sovereignty.
In his farewell address to the nation as
president, Kim apologised for a five-year
term that had failed to fulfil its initial
“ I cannot but frankly admit that my
efforts fell short of your expectations,” he
“ My heart aches because of the heavy
responsibility that weighs on my mind
whenever I think of your suffering because
of the current foreign exchange and
financial crisis,” he added. — AFP
Man who made television popular in UK dies
Peter Dimmock, who played a seminal
role in the spread of television in Britain
by televising the Q ueen’s coronation in
1953, has died aged 94.
Dimmock persuaded the necessary
powers that, for the first time, television
cameras should be allowed into
Westminster Abbey for the coronation
ser vice — and thereby ensured an
explosion in the popularity of television in
He also organised the British
Broadcasting Corporation’s coverage
of wartime Prime Minister Winston
Churchill’s funeral in 1965, and was the
inaugural presenter of many of the BBC’s
key sports programmes.
“Peter Dimmock was a true pioneer of
broadcasting,” BBC director-general Tony
“As the man who oversaw coverage
of the Q ueen’s coronation he was also
responsible for a seminal moment in
British broadcasting history.”
Paul Fox, the former controller of the
main BBC One channel, said: “It was
Peter Dimmock who introduced the
British public to television.
“He persuaded the people who
mattered that the coronation ser vice of
the Q ueen should be televised, thereby
ensuring the arrival of television in this
“ More than 20 million watched the
coronation, the majority outside their
homes. Within 12 months, television
licences had doubled.”
Many 60-somethings from the post-
World War Two baby boom generation
recount how their first experience of
television was crowding into the home of a
rare neighbour who had purchased a set to
watch the coronation.
“ Winston Churchill was against it,
several of his government were against it
— a nd I don’t think the Queen had
even been asked at that stage,” Dimmock
“There was a rule that no camera could
be closer than 9.15m from the Queen,” he
A demonstration with a 5cm lens
satisfied the authorities that the Queen
would look “a mile away ” on the screens,
“ What they didn’t know was that I was
going to use a 12-inch (30cm) lens that
would give the best close-up of the Q ueen
that there had ever been.”
A former Royal Air Force flight
lieutenant, Dimmock worked for the BBC
for 31 years.
He joined as head of outside broadcasts
in 1946. — AFP
15,000 species endangered by Amazon logging
About half the 15,000 tree species in
the Amazon — the world’s most diverse
forest — are threatened by deforestation,
an international study says.
The report lays bare the destruction of an
ecosystem often referred to as the lungs of
“At least 36% and up to 57% of all
Amazonian tree species are likely to
qualify as globally threatened,” the study in
the journal Science Advances, which used
criteria from the respected International
Union for Conser vation of Nature
Under a business-as-usual scenario,
about 40% of the original Amazon
forest would be destroyed by 2050, the
researchers found. But with stricter
conser vation measures, they said, that
number could be halved.
The good news is that significant
populations of endangered trees sur vive
in protected areas of the Amazon, the
Still, they added, only constant vigilance
over valuable trees like the Brazil nut —
63% of which could other wise be lost by
2050 — will help preser ve the Amazon’s
status as a major carbon sink.
The cacao tree could decline by 50%
within 35 years under a business-as-usual
scenario and the acai palm could decline
72%. Already, the prized mahogany tree is
considered commercially extinct.
The report was based on forest sur veys
across the Amazon and maps of current
and projected deforestation. Researchers
from 21 countries contributed.
“ Either we stand up and protect these
critical parks and indigenous reser ves, or
deforestation will erode them until we see
large-scale extinctions,” lead author Hans
ter Steege of Naturalis Biodiversity Centre
in the Netherlands, said. — AAP
President Kim Young-Sam in 1997.
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