Home' Greymouth Star : January 8th 2016 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, January 8, 2016
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uLetters to the editor
1642 - Astronomer Galileo Galilei dies in
1654 - Ukraine joins Russia.
1915 - Heavy fighting breaks out in areas of
Assee Canal in Belgium and Soissons, France,
in World War One.
1918 - US President Woodrow Wilson
outlines his 14 points for peace after World
1923 - France begins military occupation of
Ruhr valley in Germany.
1926 - Ibn Saud becomes king of Hejaz on
King Hussein’s expulsion and changes
the name of the kingdom to Saudi
1959 - Charles de Gaulle
assumes the presidency in France,
inaugurating the Fifth Republic.
1972 - Bangladesh leader Sheik
Mujibur Rahman arrives in London
after being released by Pakistan and
appeals for recognition of his new nation.
1973 - Secret peace talks between the United
States and North Vietnam resume near Paris.
1974 - Khmer Rouge in Cambodia intensify
pressure on Phnom Penh with strikes north
and south of the capital.
1987 - The Dow Jones industrial average
closes above 2000 for the first time, ending the
day at 2002.25.
1989 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev
says the Kremlin is besieged by financial
problems that are sapping his reforms.
1990 - East German official discloses 60,000
members of secret police are still on government
payroll, despite the previous month’s pledge that
the organisation would be dismantled.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
William Hartnell, first actor to play Doctor
Who (1908-1975); Jose Ferrer, Puerto Rican-
born actor-director (1912-1992); Elvis Presley
(1935-1977); Shirley Bassey, Welsh-born
singer (1937-); Stephen Hawking,
English physicist and author (1942);
Yvette Mimieux, French actress
(1942-); Robby Krieger, The Doors
guitarist and songwriter (1946-);
David Bowie, English singer-actor
(1947-); Paul Hester, Australian
musician (1959-2005); Michelle
Forbes, US actress (1965-); Gaby
Hoffman, US actress (1982-); Kim Jong-un,
supreme leader of North Korea (1983-).
“Curses are like processions. They return to
the place from which they came. ” — Giovanni
Ruffini, Italian writer (1807-1881)
“ Ten bridesmaids took their lamps and went
to meet the bridegroom.” — Matthew 25:1
Bone has been
associated with sport
for nearly 20 years. As
an athletic looking type, one could well expect
him to be a ‘natural’. And he is. This 25-year-
old assistant machinist has represented the
West Coast in five sports and has represented
combined provinces and the South Island. The
ingredients of his success? Physical fitness.
He has worn Coast colours at five sports, but
he is undecided at calling one his favourite.
Hockey however, is his most successful sport,
and the highlight of a 10-year career for
Graham was his inclusion as centre-half in the
South Island Minor Associations’ side in 1964.
Last season, too, was a memorable one for him,
for it was the first time he had captained the
Maadi Cup side which is drawn from players
in the Seddon Shield district.
Badminton is another sport at which Graham
Bone has excelled. In this game, which requires
individual talent, he is currently ranked as
second top man on the West Coast.
The abandonment of the Greymouth Trotting
Club’s second-night meeting at Victoria Park
Raceway halfway through yesterday afternoon
due to track conditions did not meet with
a warm reception from many horse owners,
trainers or enthusiasts.
“Had we run the meeting we would probably
have lost heavily,” commented club secretary
Mr A De Goldi this morning. The club will
also lose because of the decision, but to what
extent Mr De Goldi is not yet aware.
A number of disgruntled owners left town
with their horses this morning, vowing they
would never return with their charges.
uFood for thought
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Migrants making money
Syrian refugees show economic potential
itting in the bare office above
his factory in Gaziantep,
Turkey, where thousands of
baby rattles and plastic bottles
are cranked out every hour,
Saad Chouihna believes that if
you can make it in Turkey, you can make it
“The Turkish market is the hardest,”
said the 28-year-old Syrian from the
city of Aleppo, bemoaning the tangled
bureaucracy, cut-throat competition and a
business culture that depends on long-
But armed with a knowledge of Turkish
and the local culture, Chouihna is finding
He has opened a branch of his family’s
plastics business in the south-eastern city
of Gaziantep, where the many Syrian
restaurants and Arabic signs in some
districts bear witness to the proximity
of the border and the growing Syrian
His firm is one of nearly 2000 set up by
Syrians in Turkey in the almost five years
since their homeland descended into civil
war. A quarter of a million people have
been killed since then and millions more
displaced, with Turkey now home to
2.2 million Syrians, the world’s largest
“O ur business is plastic — that ’s what
we know,” Chouihna said. “But the
established companies here have the
contacts and experience locally so as a
new company here it is really hard to get
contacts or get contracts from big medical
companies, for example.
“A lot of them don’t even come to the
But Chouihna, who has a wife and
baby daughter, said he saw “no difference
between me and a Turkish company”
because he employs Turks as well as
Syrians and pays his taxes.
In November Ankara promised to
help stem the flow of refugees trying to
reach Europe in return for $3.2 billion
in aid and renewed talks on joining the
Ankara has spent more than $8.5b on
feeding and housing Syrian refugees
since the start of the war, but has yet to
introduce a policy to allow them to work
Echoing concerns voiced in other
countries about the flow of refugees,
lower-income Turks fear that Syrians,
including the estimated 250,000 now
working illegally in Turkey, will undercut
them and take their jobs. But data suggests
Syrians such as Chouihna are a boost for
the Turkish economy.
According to TOBB, an umbrella body
for local chambers of commerce, more
than 1000 companies were established in
Turkey with at least one Syrian partner in
the first seven months of 2015, compared
with 30 in 2010, before the start of the
Although there is no estimate yet of
the increase in output from these firms,
economists say they have boosted trade
with Syria in parts of Turkey where
instability and violence in border areas
have dented trade with neighbours.
“There has been a big jump in the
numbers of businesses founded by Syrians
probably because they are finally realising
they are likely to remain in Turkey for
many more years,” said Esra Ozpinar,
a researcher from economic think tank
In Gaziantep, new buildings have
sprung up beside the city’s medieval
fortress and old market thanks to modern
investments and economic incentives
offered by the government which have
helped it become an economic hub and
the most industrialised city in Turkey ’s
Chouihna exports to Egypt, Lebanon,
Romania, Tunisia and Yemen and does
some trade in Turkey. He also sells his
products in Syria, helping Turkey ’s exports
to its neighbour get back close to their
Turkish exports to Syria dipped in 2011
and 2012, but have recovered significantly.
In the first 10 months of 2015, Turkey
exported $1.3b in goods and ser vices
there, according to the Turkish Statistical
Institute, compared to less than $500m in
TEPAV research suggests the rising
number of Syrian firms in border
provinces such as Kilis, Mardin and Hatay
has helped the recovery in exports. But
their composition has changed, reflecting
the needs of a war economy, with food,
generators and pick-up trucks eclipsing
building materials and cars.
Economist Harun Ozturkler of the
Centre For Middle Eastern Strategic
Studies in Ankara says these businesses
could in the long term be crucial to the
“The most important contribution
will be their network in the Arab world
because the owners of these firms were
merchants in Syria,” he said. “ Finding new
markets for Turkey is going to be the most
But there is animosity in Gaziantep
among some businessmen who see firms
like Chouihna’s as a threat.
“ We know there are many unregistered
firms and they cause unfair competition,”
said the Chamber’s communications chief,
“The advantage is they (Syrian firms) are
ser ving generally their own citizens and
create employment opportunities,” she
said, adding that efforts were under way to
bring such companies into the tax system.
Chouihna said the authorities turn a
blind eye to his Syrian staff since he also
employs some Turks, but he would rather
they were officially documented.
Another Syrian living in Gaziantep,
Abu Tareq, said he had found investors
for his plan to start a company producing
$1m worth a year of refrigerators for
restaurants, food stores and factories.
He plans to base his firm in the same
industrial district as Chouihna’s and
intends to hire 14 people, the majority of
whom will be Syrian, he said.
After working in the same business
in Syria, he saw an opportunity in the
“There are business options here for
Syrians and I realised I will be here for a
long time,” he said. — Reuters
Hassan, a 13-year-old boy from southern Syrian town of Deraa, works at a photography studio in Kilis on the Turkish-Syrian
The great bathroom debate — paper towel or hand drier?
It is the age-old question that continues
to baffle many of us in the bathroom:
When you come to drying your hands,
should you reach for the paper towel or
the electric drier?
For some, this decision might be
related to hygiene, and for others, drying
performance. For many, environmental
concerns are also an important
consideration, no doubt motivated by the
fact that our daily activities contribute to
the complex web of growing sustainability
pressures facing the planet. So how might
we decide which of the two most common
methods of drying our hands — paper
towel or an electric drier — is the most
effective, and environmentally friendly,
without resorting to the convenient wipe
on the trousers?
Life cycle analysis is a method long used
to identify life cycle environmentalimpacts
of products and ser vices, including
materials, manufacturing, transport, use,
and end of life (for example, disposal).
Using this analysis, we can search out
“ hot spots” — those parts of the life cycle
which have higher impacts — to identify
the most important aspects for our
So let us cut to the chase: what are the
hot spots for the most common hand
Life cycle research consistently shows
that the environmental impacts of the
electricity and towels used at the point
when we dry our hands dwarf the impacts
throughout the rest of the life cycle. These
include the materials, manufacturing,
and disposal of hand-driers and towel
This is because we use driers and
dispensers many times before they are
replaced. But every time we dry our hands
we consume resources, either paper or
The environmental impact of hand
drying is therefore most significantly
affected by how much and what type of
paper towel we use, or how much energy is
consumed by the electric hand drier.
Research comparing these two methods
of drying concluded that both the
conventional hand drier and the paper
towel performed roughly the same,
Each method, however, gained a small
advantage over the other depending
onchanges to critical factors such as. —
Weight and number of paper towels
used per dry (the average is two)
Proportion of recycled paper
Power rating and length of time for
drying using an electric drier
Other regional electricity impacts
So in some contexts a paper towel is the
slightly better option, and in others, the
conventional electrical hand drier. This
depends largely on how the electricity
is generated, and how the towels are
produced and disposed of.
You might have noticed a proliferation
of fancy new driers in bathrooms in recent
years. While conventional driers use a
combination of warmth and air flow to
evaporate and blow water off your hands,
these newer driers use a non-heated rapid
air stream to simply strip the water off. Do
they make the grade?
Several recent studies independently
peer reviewed by experts, such as this
one,this one from Massachusetts Institute
of Technology (MIT), and this one I
conducted in 2011, have compared several
high speed driers to paper towels and
conventional electrical hand driers.
At first glance, the two high speed driers
investigated — namely, the Xlerator
and Dyson Airblade — already have an
advantage over conventional electric driers.
They have a much shorter drying time
(between 12 and 20 seconds, compared
with 20-40 seconds for conventional
driers) and a lower power rating (around
1.5KW, compared with 2.4KW ). The
studies mentioned above have confirmed
this advantage, even when potentially
lower energy consumption by the
conventional drier is considered.
The researchers also compared the
impacts associated with generating and
using electricity for the drier with the
impacts and emissions related to paper
production, manufacturing, and disposal.
Again, the high speed driers came out
on top. This result held even when fewer
than two towels per dry were used, and
when the paper was 100% recycled, both
in manufacturing and disposal.
Overall, these life cycle studies found
that using a high speed drier reduced
environmental impacts markedly. This
included global warming potential, land
use, water use, solid waste, ecosystem
quality, and embodied energy, when
compared with conventional driers and
It seems a compelling argument can be
made that, when faced with the choice, we
should reach for the high speed electrical
drier over the conventional drier, and even
the humble paper towel.
As electrical grids become less
greenhouse intensive the environmental
benefits of high speed electrical driers over
paper towels may even increase.
However, this trend could change in the
future: towels may become lighter and
smaller; social marketing campaigns may
highlight how towels can be better used
and reused; new technologies may surpass
the benefits of high speed drying.
Regardless, the key point here is that
products, such as those for hand drying,
should be considered within the broader
context in which they occur; that is, across
the entire life cycle from cradle to grave.
Only once we take into account the
whole system can we make informed
decisions that can secure better
environmental outcomes now and into the
At least we can now feel a little less
anxious the next time we are faced with
this drying dilemma.
Simon Lockrey is a research fellow
at RMIT University, Australia. This
article was originally published on The
Conversation. — New Zealand Herald
Clipping the bus
Firstly, congratulations to the Sampan
owner. This incident must have brought
back memories of previous events and I
applaud him for his calmness.
I see from your report that 15 people
were treated at the DHB’s GP practice
and that they were charged $120 each. I
see also that they were being checked out
as they had just been in a traumatic bus
accident. I see ACC might pay $54.85 per
claimant. Perhaps the GP spent maybe
two hours with the group.
One wonders whether we see $2622.75
revenue for this group. One also wonders
what two hours of after-hours GP care
was an overhead. Given that the GP and
practice nurse may be on $200 per hour
it perhaps suggested the DHB overhead
is $900 per hour to run the practice. All I
can say is, wow, if this is true, and if it is
not then why wasn’t common sense and
marginal costing applied?
I also see that that golden four hours on
the Coast is still there, as a friend of mine
suggested if we travel a lot we should all
invest in an EPIRB. One wonders what
the RCC would make of all those beacons
I was disgusted to hear that the victims
of the Arthur’s Pass bus crash were held
to ransom until their $1800 treatment
bill was paid. I believe that Sampan
Restaurant owner Yu O uyang not only
translated but also covered the bill so the
injured could leave the hospital.
I believe the main issue was all their
belongings were left on the bus so it was
not a matter of they would not but rather
could not pay at the time, even if they
wanted to. So I hope Yu Ouyang gets a
civic award for all he did to help.
I have no doubt the bus crash sur vivors
got the very best of medical care and I
have nothing but praise for our medical
staff. I also realise you do not get
something for nothing and everything
costs, so someone somewhere down the
line has to cover that.
My disgust as a West Coaster is more
about how the situation was handled.
Being in a bus crash is traumatic enough
let alone the language barrier, without
adding to their stress by holding them as
hostage until someone paid their bill.
However the hard-nosed, number-
crunching, heartless bureaucrat who
came up with this idea needs a reality
check, in my view. In circumstances as
they unfolded as with the bus crash it
clearly does not work and only adds to
the victims’ stress. Losing patience with
the patients about paying is never a good
thing for them.
I have made a formal complaint to the
DHB about this as it could damage our
international reputation as it just sounds
Bus crash treatment
Re: ‘ West Coaster pays victims’ bills’
(Greymouth Star, January 6).
ACC pays an annual lump sump to
DHBs for acute care of accidents. Using
the GP practice is a way of getting
additional funds for something that
already gets paid for. This scheme can be
used to get additional funds using ACC
even if the victims were New Zealanders.
In the past, the hospital specialists used
to come in and help out. General surgeons
and orthopaedic surgeons are needed
for secondary care hospital level trauma
care and they can easily manage minor
trauma in an emergency. Senior medical
staff are on a salary and it does not cost
the hospital extra. Any nurses called in
who are not on an annual salary get paid
overtime and penal rates.
There must be another story in the
reported numbers that do not add up.
Eight patients were sent directly to
Christchurch and eight were sent directly
to Greymouth. Greymouth admitted and
discharged five patients. Christchurch still
has nine patients left in the hospital.
One news article mentions that four
patients were transferred from Greymouth
to Christchurch the next day. Paramedics
thought these patients could be managed
in Greymouth, so why did they need to be
transferred the next day? Was Greymouth
Hospital not staffed with appropriate level
of staff for a secondary care hospital?
Jobs for Coasters
You stated in last week’s paper that
unemployment has risen on the Coast
due to mine closures and other factors,
which is nothing new. Neither is the fact
that just 100km down the road is a so-
called tourist hotspot in the glacier region
which supposedly are part of the West
Coast but employ mainly foreigners on
I am sure that when our mayors speak
about employment creation that what they
had in mind was work for West Coasters
who actually live here and not to find
work for those foreigners on work visas
who only stay for a season and then are off
Any work creation initiative has to
include the majority of Coasters, and most
live within the Grey district, home of the
real West Coaster.
R A Stewart
In the headline article in the Greymouth
Star of January 6, MP Damien O’Connor
slams the local DHB over their demands
for payment totalling $1800 for 15
passengers from the very serious bus
He is reported using the terms ‘small-
minded, nit picking’ then later ‘absolutely
abhorrent ’, suggesting that the DHB is
not mindful of the importance of tourism
to the West Coast.
Yet another example of his political
From his almost $200,000 per annum
salary paid by taxpayers perhaps he could
recompense the Greymouth restaurant
owner for his generosity, instead of from
afar criticising the DHB for doing exactly
what they are required. New Zealanders
travelling overseas and needing medical
treatment, plus here in New Zealand and
away from home, have to pay as they are
Get real, Damien, and concentrate on
doing something positive for a change.
Top rest home care
Thanks a million to Granger House. It
is a joy to take our children somewhere
where right from the start, reception and
beyond, they are made to feel welcome by
the very friendly people.
We are so grateful for the care and
support of our much-loved mother. It is a
huge relief for us as a family knowing she
is in the best of care in Granger House.
We cannot fault the owner, Anne Hook,
the manager and staff because they go out
of their way to be the very best, focused,
helpful people they can be. They help us in
any way possible.
The carers make you feel as if they are
looking after their own loved ones. They
have a lot of structure with activities to
keep the residents there very active. We
feel that we can go away on holiday and
not have to worry. We have got peace
of mind knowing our loved one will be
well looked after. They always phone us
even if something very minor happens, as
As well, the meals are a good variety of
food, very tasty and satisfying for all. The
atmosphere is very calming and warm and
peaceful, as it should be.
We could not be happier and are 100%
happy about our mother living there.
As a statement, ‘the standard of care is
excellent ’. We cannot thank them all
Che and Michelle Norris and Family
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