Home' Greymouth Star : May 6th 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Saturday, May 6, 2017
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Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
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uLetters to the editor
1840 - First adhesive postage stamps, the
Penny Black and the Twopenny Blue, go on
sale in Britain.
1910 - Death of King Edward VII
after nine-year reign.
1937 - German dirigible
Hindenburg explodes and burns on
landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey,
1954 - Englishman Roger
Bannister becomes the first person
to run a mile in less than four minutes, with a
time of 3:59:4 at Oxford, England.
1960 - The sister of Queen Elizabeth II,
Princess Margaret marries commoner Anthony
Armstrong-Jones. 1989 - Chinese students
in Tiananmen Square send new appeal to
government for dialogue on their demands for
1992 - Death at the age of 90 of German-
born screen siren Marlene Dietrich.
1999 - Scotland chooses its first Parliament
in three centuries, and Wales elects an
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Robert E Peary, US explorer
(1856-1920); Sigmund Freud,
Austrian psychologist (1856-1939);
Rudolph Valentino, Italian-born
movie star (1895-1926); Orson
Welles, US actor-director (1915-
1985); Rubin ‘Hurricane’ Carter, US
boxer (1937-2014); Bob Seger, US
singer (1945-); Alan Dale, New Zealand-born
actor (1947-); Tony Blair, former British prime
minister (1953-); George Clooney, US actor
(1961-); Roma Downey, US actress (1963-).
“The worst moment for the atheist is when he
is really thankful and has nobody to thank. ”
— Dante Rossetti, English poet (1828-1882).
“ For they drank from the spiritual rock that
followed them, and the rock was Christ.”
— (1 Corinthians 10:4).
meeting of the Joint
on Church Union for
Westland was held in the vicarage at Reefton
this week. Representatives from the Church of
England, the Methodist Church, the Church
of Christ and the Presbyterian Church were
present. The formation of the committee is in
line with the policy of the joint commission on
church union, and regional committees have
been formed throughout New Zealand.
The purpose of the committee is to act as
a consultative body to which all matters of
co-operation between the churches which are
negotiating for union may be referred. The Rev
S J Spindler of St Paul’s Methodist Church in
Greymouth was elected chairman of the new
committee, and the secretary is the Rev N G
Churcher of St John’s Presbyterian Church,
A well-known Greymouth man, especially in
local sporting circles, Mr Stan McDonnell died
suddenly in Greymouth this morning. He was
51. Born in Greymouth, Mr McDonnell was
educated at the Marist Brothers and later at St
Patrick’s College Silverstream, in Wellington.
He entered the business established by his
grandparents and parents, M McDonnell and
Son, wine and spirit merchants, at the age of
Mr McDonnell was a keen sportsman,
playing senior rugby for the Celtic Club,
and was also closely connected with the
Greymouth Amateur Athletic and Harrier
He is sur vived by his wife Jackie, sons Cliff
and Maurice, daughters Veronica, Neroli and
Clare; brothers Ted, Hugh, Jim and sisters
Margaret, Helen, Mary and Veronica.
uFood for thought
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Like other United
before him, Donald
Trump invited the
leader to the White
House and told him
that there was a “very
good chance” of a peace
Israel and a soon-to-
The current Palestinian leader, Mahmoud
Abbas, did not break with tradition either.
Like his predecessor Yasser Arafat (who
visited the White House 24 times during
Bill Clinton’s two terms as president),
Abbas concluded his visit on Wednesday
with an optimistic remark: “Now, Mr
President, with you we have hope.”
However, the “peace process” is still dead.
It has been dead for 22 years now, ever
since the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin,
the Israeli prime minister who signed the
Oslo Accords in 1993. That was the peace
deal that enshrined the “two-state solution”,
with Israeli and Palestinian states living
side-by-side in peace, as the agreed goal of
the peace talks. But the Jewish fanatic who
murdered Rabin in 1995 for promising the
Palestinians a state killed the Oslo Accords
During the election that followed
to replace Rabin, the radical Hamas
movement, which opposed any compromise
peace between the Palestinians and Israelis,
launched a massive terrorist campaign
inside Israel. Its purpose was to drive Israeli
voters into the arms of the right-wing
Likud Party, which also opposed the peace
deal. It succeeded.
The winner of the 1996 election was
Benjamin Netanyahu, and he has been
prime minister for more than half the time
since then. Only once, in a single speech at
Bar-Ilan University in 2009, has he publicly
accepted the principle of a demilitarised
but independent Palestinian state in at least
some of the territories conquered by Israel
in 1967. But that was just to please the
United States; he did not actually mean it.
During the last Israeli election campaign
in 2015, an interviewer from the Israeli
news site NRG asked Netanyahu if it was
true that a Palestinian nation would never
be formed while he is prime minister. “Bibi”
(as he is known in Israel) replied simply:
Bibi is generally more cautious than
that, communicating his true views on the
“two-state solution” to the Israeli public by
nods and winks. He needs to reassure the
Israelis who vote for him that it will never
happen, but too much frankness annoys
Washington, which prefers to pretend that
somehow, some time, a Palestinian state is
The ministers who populate Netanyahu’s
cabinet are not under the same pressure to
go along with the pretence, because most
of what they say stays in Hebrew. British
journalist Mehdi Hasan recently collected
some of their more revealing remarks, like
Interior Minister Silvan Shalom’s speech to
a meeting of Likud Party activists in 2012:
“ We are all against a Palestinian state, there
is no question about it.”
Or consider Naftali Bennett, the
education minister, who told the New
Yorker in 2013: “I will do everything in my
power to make sure they never get a state.”
Or Tzipi Hotovely, the deputy foreign
minister, who told Israel diplomats: “ This
. . the international community to recognise
Israel’s right to build homes for Jews in
their homeland, everywhere.”
Or Agriculture Minister Uri Ariel, who
said in 2013: “ We need to state clearly that
there won’t be a Palestinian state west of
the Jordan river.” Or frankest of all, Science
and Technology Minister Danny Danon:
“Enough with the two-state solution.
Land-for-peace is over. We don’t want a
So this umpteenth attempt to revive
the corpse of the late lamented peace
process is pure charade. It is something
that American presidents do, mostly for
domestic reasons, and Mahmoud Abbas
goes along with it because he is desperately
in need of some face-time with a leader
who really is important. (Abbas was elected
president of the Palestinian National
Authority for four years in 2005, but there
has been no election since).
There is plenty of blame to go around.
The main Palestinian Islamist organisation
Hamas withdrew its recognition of Abbas
in 2009, and has since ruled the Gaza Strip,
its stronghold, as a separate Palestinian
proto-state. This gives the Israelis the quite
reasonable excuse that there is no united
Palestinian authority they can negotiate
The brutal truth is that the two-state
solution’s time is past. Israel has become so
strong militarily that it is the region’s dwarf
superpower, so it no longer needs to trade
land for peace. Many of the neighbouring
Arab States, obsessed by their own much
bigger security threats and civil wars, have
been co-operating quietly with Israel for
Israeli rule over four and a half million
non-citizen Palestinians has already lasted
half a century. There is no convincing
reason why it can not last for another half-
century, although there is bound to be an
eruption of Palestinian resistance from time
Gwynne Dyer is an independent
journalist whose articles are published in 45
The ‘peace process’ is still dead
WORLD IN FOCUS
with Gwynne Dyer
United States President Donald Trump, right, welcomes Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in the Oval Office at
the White House.
It has just been for me another Anzac
day with my little brother serving
overseas. He may not be charging up the
bluffs of Gallipoli, as my great uncle did,
but he is in harm’s way. Not home.
Anzac Day seems to carry even more
meaning in Greymouth, with the
infamous gate story. I think I had only
been here for a few weeks when I was
told about the time the memorial gates
were taken in the dead of night for
the landowners business reasons. The
my family, and often catch sight of the
huge plaque that has the story set in
stone. The time a particular group of
people put their own interests ahead of
something sacred to locals. Concrete
gates, it seems, have a lot of weight.
Earlier in the year I went looking for
other memorials to our history; this town
is full of them. Large, vertical, and visible.
Well except one.
There was once a graveyard in the
cliffs beside our river. It carried huge
significance for the locals, as it was the
place their family was buried. But a
particular group of people destroyed it
for business reasons. Over the protests
of the landowners, these tenants literally
blew the cemetery away so they could get
stone for their shipping enterprise.
The monument to this story from our
past is not large, vertical, or visible. It
has no huge plaque with the story set in
stone. I doubt many know where it is. It
is a tiny plaque mostly covered in grass
and dirt beside the underpass near The
When some gates with no actual
connection to distant battlefields get
removed the story is told.
When the cemetery of locals is
destroyed beyond recall, nothing. If we
are going to be a community that knows
ourselves we need not only the stories of
our bravery, and wrongs done to us. We
need to tell the stories of our failure, and
the wrongs we have done.
Rev Shaun Hutson
Greymouth Baptist Church.
Our stories shape us
here does not seem to be a
day that passes without a
new cancer statistic being
published. One of the most
alarming from recent years
is that one in two of us will
go on to develop the disease.
It makes so many of us feel vulnerable,
and naturally we want to know what, if
anything, we can do to protect ourselves.
As a dietitian and nutritionist for the
past 25 years, I have treated hundreds of
people, young and old and often a key
question, even if I was seeing them for
a different issue entirely, was what we
should and should not eat to reduce the
likelihood of developing cancer, and how
can food help us fight the disease if we are
The incidence of different cancers varies
hugely but, worryingly, the numbers of
people affected are on the rise.
Bowel cancer is now the third most
common cause of cancer death in women
in the United Kingdom, according to
the charity Bowel Cancer UK. It is
increasingly affecting younger people, with
a 45% increase in those under 50 being
Breast cancer, the most common cancer
in women in the UK with around 54,000
new cases each year, is also on the rise.
Latest figures from the Office for
National Statistics show an 8% rise in the
number of people with pancreatic cancer
Better detection and our longer lives
play a part in rising cancer rates, but our
lifestyle and environment must also be
part of the picture; what we put into our
body has a profound affect, with many
cancers, from stomach to bowel, linked to
diet and weight gain.
A massive two-thirds of bowel cancer
cases could be prevented by eating,
drinking and living well according to the
Weight gain is strongly linked to an
increased risk of stomach and oesophageal
cancer, according to a new study from the
National Cancer Institute in the United
Meanwhile, the Mediterranean Diet, a
long-time staple of healthy eating lore,
has recently been found by the World
Cancer Research Fund to reduce the risk
of contracting one of the most dangerous
forms of breast cancer by 40%.
The same study also found a strong
relationship between weight gain around
the waist and incidence of womb cancer,
even a small increase in waist size can lead
to a 21% increase in risk of the disease.
The foods and nutrients we eat, and what
we avoid, can affect our well-being and
If someone already has a diagnosis of
cancer, what they eat is also incredibly
important, especially as cancer treatment
can make eating difficult, causing nausea
and vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite,
mouth ulcers and extreme exhaustion.
Unfortunately there are many
misconceptions about food and cancer.
So here, I will separate the wheat from
the chaff. I will also show you the tweaks
to your diet that could help reduce your
There are all sorts of “miracle’’ anti-
cancer diets out there but I strongly advise
anyone against embarking on a dramatic
“clean eating’’ or exclusion eating plan.
Not only do they add to the fear of
anyone worried about developing cancer,
they can also worsen the outcomes of
those living with the disease.
People end up malnourished and there
just is not the evidence to support such
extreme strategies. So let us look at the
biggest myths around food and cancer and
see what adds up...
Myth: Meat will give you cancer.
Fact: Several studies have suggested that
a high consumption of red or processed
meat, such as bacon, ham, is linked with
an increase in the risk of bowel cancer.
But the evidence for the risks is greater
for a diet heavy in processed meat than
having good-quality lean steak a couple of
times a week and the latter will provide all
the eight essential amino acids our bodies
need for growth, brain development,
healthy bones and endorphins (happy
Overall, studies suggest that eating about
50g of processed meat a day (around two
slices of ham or a slice of bacon) may
increase the risk of bowel cancer by around
20%. One theory is that nitrosamines,
compounds formed when we eat meat,
damage the DNA in our cells.
Current guidelines are to eat 500g or less
of red meat a week, which gives us real
scope for enjoying some delicious meat-
Bear in mind that a bolognese sauce
made with 500g of lean, good-quality beef
mince should ser ve a good, six hungry
Myth: Wine protects you.
Fact: Studies have shown the
antioxidants in wine may protect against
cancer and other serious illnesses but it is
only in a laboratory setting that red wine’s
antioxidants offer any real benefits. In
fact, studies find a convincing relationship
between drinking too much alcohol
and the development of mouth, throat,
oesophageal, liver and bowel cancers.
Alcohol is also a key factor in increasing
the risk of breast cancer in women. We
should aim to drink no more than two
units per day for men and one for women,
with a maximum of 14 units a week.
Myth: Dairy foods cause cancer.
Fact: Studies have not yet given
clear results. Recent research shows a
higher intake of calcium (found in dairy
products) can protect against bowel cancer,
but some early research also suggests there
could be a link between dairy intake and
the risk of developing prostate and ovarian
For breast cancer the evidence is
conflicting. A link between breast cancer
and dairy products has been suggested,
possibly because of the saturated fats they
contain, or contaminants such as pollutants
and other environmental toxins, but there is
no clear evidence to support this.
Another theory is that dairy products
might, in fact, help protect against breast
cancer due to increased calcium in the diet.
But again, more research is needed.
For the time being I believe we should
continue to include some dairy foods in
our diet, as they ’re such a good source of
calcium. The latest official advice is that
dairy should make up no more than 8% of
your daily diet.
Myth: Sugar “feeds’’ cancer.
Fact: Sugar does not make cancer grow
faster if you have it already. All cells,
including cancer cells, depend on blood
sugar (glucose) for energy, but giving more
sugar to cancer cells does not speed their
Likewise, depriving cancer cells of
sugar does not ”starve’’ them. This
misconception may be based in part on
a misunderstanding of PET (positron
emission tomography) scans, which are
used to analyse cancers.
Before a PET scan you will be injected
with a small amount of radioactive trace,
typically a form of glucose.
All tissues in your body absorb some
of this tracer, but tissues that are using
more energy, including cancer cells, absorb
greater amounts, which allows them to be
identified by the scan.
For this reason, some people have
concluded that cancer cells grow faster
when we eat more sugar.
There is some evidence that eating
large amounts of sugar is associated with
an increased risk of cancer, including
pancreatic cancer, developing in the first
place: This is linked to weight gain and
Lots of sugary foods will make you feel
lousy anyway. But sometimes you need a
little sweet stuff to give you energy.
Ideally, have something that has
nutritional benefits, too, such as a few sticky
medjool dates, a slice of date and walnut
cake, or a bowl of fruit compote.
You will still be getting sugar, but the date,
for instance, will provide fibre and vitamins.
Fruit and vegetables:
We have all heard it a thousand times
before, but it can not be stressed enough
that eating plenty of fresh foods is proven
to reduce the risk of certain cancers,
including mouth, throat, stomach and
lung. The antioxidants they contain help
reduce the impact of free radicals, the
damaging molecules linked to cancer.
Eating 10 portions of different fruit
and veg a day is associated with a 135
reduction in cancer risk, according to a
study from Imperial College London
published in February.
A particularly good choice is beetroot. Its
rich, purple colour comes from powerful
antioxidants called anthocyanins.
And include tomatoes; the deeper red
the tomato, the more lycopene it generally
contains. This antioxidant is thought to
help reduce the incidence of many cancers,
including prostate. Lycopene levels
intensify even more when the tomatoes
are cooked, and they can also become far
more appetising and easier to digest this
This is particularly important in
preventing cancer of the digestive system,
including bowel cancer.
Fibre bulks up your stools, making them
quicker and easier to pass, reducing the
number of toxins in the body, which can
cause cell changes. You need both soluble
fibre, which is broken down in the body
and found in fruits, vegetables, pulses and
grains, and insoluble fibre, which passes
through the body virtually unchanged, and
is found in whole grains.
We need around 18g of fibre a day.
To put that into perspective, a slice of
wholegrain bread provides around 2g, a
bowl of muesli around 4.5g, and a banana,
Recent studies have found lower cancer
rates in countries where people eat lots of
turmeric over long periods. It ’s thought
that the active ingredient, curcumin, may
reduce the cell changes that increase
cancer risk, and that may even kill cancer
Curcumin is fat soluble so is better
absorbed by the body when it is eaten as
part of a meal, rather than a supplement.
So it is the perfect excuse to enjoy a
delicious curry spiced with turmeric.
— New Zealand Herald
Decrease your cancer risk
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