Home' Greymouth Star : May 19th 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, May 19, 2017
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uLetters to the editor
1535 - Jacques Cartier sails from St Malo on
his second voyage to Canada, to explore the St
Lawrence River and discover the future site of
1536 - Anne Boleyn, second wife of
England’s King Henry VIII, is beheaded.
1588 - The Spanish Armada sets sail.
1849 - Irishman William Hamilton is
arrested after firing blank shots at Queen
Victoria in London.
1898 - William Gladstone, four-time British
prime minister, dies.
1900 - Britain annexes Tongan
Islands in South Pacific.
1906 - Simplon Tunnel through the
Alps between Italy and Switzerland
is officially opened by the King of
Italy and the president of the Swiss
1915 - John Simpson Kirkpatrick,
the stretcher bearer who with donkey Duffy
saved many Australian lives at Gallipoli, is
killed by a sniper’s bullet; Turkish counter-
attack on Gallipoli fails with 10,000 killed or
wounded in the biggest disaster of the Turks’
1935 - T E Lawrence, also known as
Lawrence of Arabia, dies in England from
injuries after a motorcycle crash.
1945 - More than 40 US Superfortress
bombers attack Tokyo in World War Two.
986 - South African soldiers attack alleged
African National Congress targets in capitals
of three neighbouring black-ruled countries:
Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher
(1762-1814); Dame Nellie Melba, Australian
opera singer (1861-1931); Mustafa Kemal
Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey (1881-
1938); King Faisal I, first king of independent
Iraq (1883-1933); Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese
communist leader, (1890-1969); Pol
Pot, Cambodian dictator (1925-
1998); James Fox, British actor
(1939-); Nora Ephron, US director
and screenwriter (1941-2012); Carla
Zampatti, Australian fashion designer
(1942-); Pete Townshend, British
rock singer-composer (The Who)
(1945-); David Helfgott, Australian concert
pianist (1947-); Grace Jones, Jamaican-born
singer-actress (1952-); Phil Rudd, Australian
drummer for band AC/DC (1954-); James
Reyne, Australian musician (1957-); Jodi
Picoult, American writer (1966-).
“ Forgiveness is the fragrance the violet sheds
on the heel that has crushed it.”
— Mark Twain (1835-1910).
“And forgive us our debts, as we also have
forgiven our debtors.” — Matthew 6:12
A young fishing
boat skipper received
surprise this morning
when, through the half light of the dawn,
he discovered his new craft had sunk at its
moorings. The Pegasus Wake, formerly of
the Lyttelton fishing fleet, was resting on the
bottom of the Grey River. All that remained
above the water was the top of a solitary mast.
The owner Mr Kevin Stewart of Hokitika
said he could not think of any reason for the
boat sinking. Mr Stewart and his crewman
John Singer returned to port after fishing off
the coast all day yesterday. “S he was all right
then; she was just as seaworthy as the day we
bought her.” Mr Stewart does not suspect any
foul play. “S he has not even got a plug in her,”
Preparations for her salvage were under way
today. A large mobile crane will be used to lift her
off the bottom and the Greymouth Fire Brigade
will use a pump to empty the hull of water.
A brood mare in foal, and described as
“priceless” by a racehorse trainer, was shot and
killed at the Seven Mile near Runanga, in the
early hours of Wednesday. Gay Defender, a
Knight ’s Romance mare and dam of Khush
Mahal, a three-year-old showing decided
promise, was shot twice in a paddock at 1am.
Runanga police constable E Gilmour said
the horse was shot by spotlighters. He said the
horse was worth about £1000, but her trainer
Mr B N Mundy said that in two or three years
it could have been worth twice that much.
A man has been inter viewed in connection
with the shooting.
uFood for thought
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With great power comes great scandal
The FBI’s history of scandals: From Bielaski to Hoover, Sessions and Comey
rama at the Federal
Bureau of Investigation
is nothing new. Given its
109-year history, the FBI
has seen many scandals
and numerous directors
come and go.
Its directors have always been the face
and driving force of the FBI. Most have
retired or moved to other work, four were
forced to offer resignations, but only two,
including most recently James Comey,
have been fired outright.
While FBI directors always ser ved at
the pleasure of presidents, they differed in
their closeness to the chief executive. Most
notably, FBI director J Edgar Hoover
(1924-1972) worked to satisfy the political
interests of some presidents and secretly
undermine others. Since his death in
1972 and revelations of abuses, the federal
government has treated the FBI director
as independent from the White House.
As a historian who has long studied the
FBI and its work, I believe knowing the
agency’s past is crucial to understanding
the firing of FBI director James Comey
and what may come of it.
When the FBI was founded in 1908
during the Progressive Era, federal law
enforcement was in its infancy. The
Justice Department was only 38 years
old. It was established in 1870 during
Reconstruction in an effort to protect
the constitutional rights of African-
Americans, significantly by crippling the
Ku Klux Klan.
As the US experienced rapid and
massive industrialisation, a realisation
emerged: Only the federal government
was powerful enough to reign in rampant
corporate corruption and abuses.
President Theodore Roosevelt established
the Bureau of Investigation (“Federal”
was added in 1935) by executive mandate.
Chief examiner Stanley Finch became
the first leader of the bureau. The title
of “director” would not be adopted until
When the FBI was established, its
purpose was to help enforce federal anti-
monopoly and interstate commerce laws
by scouring corporate financial records for
wrongdoing, while Justice Department
attorneys prosecuted. This mission was at
the behest of President Roosevelt, whose
interests involved regulating abusive
aspects of corporate capitalism. O ver
time, however, the FBI and its directors
assumed increased responsibilities and
became more independent. But balancing
this authority and independence was
sometimes a struggle, resulting in
Finch was obsessed with prostitution,
calling it “evil” and writing widely about
its threat. He avidly pursued it as head of
His efforts were based on passage in
1910 of the White Slave Traffic Act, a
law banning the transportation of women
across state lines for “immoral purposes”.
The bureau’s investigative responsibilities
quickly expanded to include targeting
prostitution rings. The law ’s wording,
however, was vague — resulting in FBI
agents enforcing their ideas about morality
and the proper roles of women and men.
With passage of the Motor Vehicle
Theft Act in 1919, FBI agents also began
to target criminals driving stolen cars
across state lines, like John Dillinger in
the 1930s. The investigative realities of
both laws made it necessary for agents to
investigate crimes in the field, rather than
examining financial records from behind a
desk in Washington. The FBI established
field offices across the country.
During World War One, the FBI’s
responsibilities expanded again. This time
it entered the field of domestic security.
Fears of external influences abounded
— immigrants, so-called “hyphenated
Americans” like Italian-Americans and
concerns over German espionage and
sabotage. The FBI independently enforced
new laws covering espionage, sedition, the
draft and immigration.
A Bruce Bielaski was head of the
bureau at the time. He was a former
subordinate of Finch, a lawyer, son of
a minister and member of the Justice
Department baseball team. During his
tenure, Congress investigated mass federal
enforcement of the Selective Ser vice Act.
The FBI rounded up and illegally detained
Americans until those who were detained
could prove they had registered for the
draft. Ultimately, Bielaski was forced to
resign in February 1919 for his handling
of the raids.
FBI improprieties did not end as the US
entered the 1920s. Under the leadership
of William J Burns, the first FBI head
to use the title “director”, the country
experienced what until Watergate was
the granddaddy of American political
scandals: the Teapot Dome scandal.
President Warren Harding’s financially
strapped interior secretary, Albert Fall,
had allowed oil companies to tap United
States Navy emergency oil reser ves in
Teapot Dome, Wyoming, in return for
kickbacks. Eventually Senator Burton K
Wheeler and others discovered and began
investigating the improprieties.
FBI director Burns, at the request of
Attorney-General Harry Daugherty, tried
to end the Senate probe. Burns was the
owner of a private detective agency, and
a man apt to believe investigative ends
justified the means. He was not afraid
to target powerful men. He dispatched
agents to dig up dirt on Senator Wheeler.
Not finding any, he and Daugherty
concocted baseless corruption charges
against Wheeler that only backfired. The
attorney-general was fired and replaced
with a reformer, who promptly forced
the resignation of the corrupted bureau
director Burns in 1924. The FBI was
placed under the tutelage of J Edgar
Under Hoover, the FBI evolved from
a relatively small investigative agency to
a large, professional and influential law
enforcement and national security body.
It assumed arrest powers and focused on
process and scientific detection techniques
to target celebrated gangsters of the 1930s.
Then, under President Franklin Roosevelt,
it shifted to prioritise national security and
Over time, Hoover’s FBI also became
notorious for its political intelligence
gathering, obscenity investigations, secret
files and targeting of African-Americans,
gays, war protesters and leftists.
When the public became aware of these
activities after Hoover’s death in 1972,
the FBI worked to repair its damaged
reputation. Congress further mandated
that directors would ser ve a statutory
10-year term to avoid the abuses of an
entrenched Hoover, who was director for
48 years. It would also help avoid FBI
directors being subser vient to partisan
Weeks before Watergate, Nixon
sycophant L Patrick Gray stepped in to
replace Hoover as acting director, and
was nominated by Nixon to ser ve as
permanent director. He soon withdrew
his nomination, however, and resigned
as acting director in April 1973, after
admitting to destroying Watergate-related
Later came William Sessions, a former
federal judge who took the job under
President Ronald Reagan in 1987 and
focused on white-collar crimes. Sessions,
however, violated bureau procedures and
federal law by using FBI resources for
personal trips and home improvements.
After an in-depth internal ethics
investigation, he sternly resisted six
months of White House demands for
his resignation. President Bill Clinton
personally telephoned Sessions and
fired him in July 1993. This was the first
outright firing of a director.
This brings us to James Comey, famous
for his Boy Scout ’s reputation and
independence streak, and now only the
second FBI director to be fired outright.
There are shifting accounts over why he
was fired, focusing either on his handling
of Hillary Clinton’s e-mails or the Trump-
Russia investigation. Unlike the case of
Sessions, where an internal probe was
first concluded, the inspector-general’s
examination of Comey ’s actions in the
2016 election has not yet ended and its
status is unclear.
Also unlike Sessions, where he was
pressured for six months to quit, Comey’s
firing was sudden and indirect — he heard
about it from news reports while visiting
an FBI field office — and a paper trail
of recommendations about it dated only
to the actual day of the firing. How this
all will unfold remains unclear, but it is
a dramatic moment in a long history of
FBI directors and their exits fitted to their
times. — ABC
Douglas M Charles is associate
professor of history at Pennsylvania State
Knowing the agency’s past is crucial to understanding the firing of FBI director James
Comey, writes DOUGLAS M CHARLES.
J Edgar Hoover, the FBI’s most famous director. Hoover ran the bureau from 1935
until his death in 1972 at 77.
Barr ytown Hall
Really? If one was to rent, own or
occupy a dwelling straight across the road
from an iconic and infamous hall such
as Barrytown, which has hosted bands
from all over the world for decades, then
you would think one would embrace the
culture and the music, not complain about
Some of the people here must be
professional whingers as they also
complained about the All Nations Tavern
to a pub? Not sure what they expected.
Maybe these people should have done a
little more research before moving there, if
silence is what they require.
Such a shame a few people intolerant of
their surroundings can dictate what goes
on, and has gone on, for years. An absolute
crying shame. Good luck to the hall
committee because I am sure they all have
much more positive projects to pursue
regarding the hall than to have to fight
this. Gobsmacked and gutted.
The recent article headlined Battle over
internet hook-up (Greymouth Star, May
17) needs some clarification.
Mr Beaumont of Chorus states that
there had been no previous connection at
my property. This is correct. If there had
been a previous connection there would
have been no need for me to contact
Chorus at all. The connection pillar I had
asked to be installed would have been
there. Game over.
Mr Beaumont goes on to say, ‘ We
first need to extend our network to his
premises, and this involves a fair amount
of work’. I ask again, why? The photo
clearly shows the Chorus copper network
cable in my property. Chorus also sent
a man to inspect the site. The only work
Chorus had been asked to quote for was
the installation of a connection pillar in
that cable, at that point, nothing else.
The Chorus fixation with the
underground lead is little more than a
smokescreen. In that regard, I make the
Chorus makes it clear in all cases, that
it is the responsibility of the customer
to provide underground leads in their
property. Chorus made the judgment that
the lead I had installed was substandard.
They made this call by viewing a photo
which showed the terminal end of this
lead beside the excavation that exposed
What they failed to mention was that
this lead was laid inside protective pipe.
Had they made a basic inquiry they would
have learned that this lead had been laid
long before I exposed their network,
and to ensure against any threat to their
network, it was brought to the surface
short of the network. A couple of scratches
with a shovel would address any issue.
Mr Beaumont claims my excavation
poses a threat to their network. Prior to
excavating, I asked Chorus to come and
locate their network. They placed a plastic
marker on the site, and instructed me that
I should expose the network to confirm
its location. That is what I did. I followed
All of this focus on leads and networks
just deflects from the real issue, so I
removed the underground lead, and along
with it, the smokescreen. No skin off my
nose. The broadband provider will lay this
lead as part of their contract. Chorus can
have this silly argument with them.
That brings us back to the real issue.
Perhaps Chorus can explain to the readers
why I am being charged for council
consents when none are needed? Why I
am being charged for thrusting when none
is needed? Why I am being charged for
cable laying when none is needed? Why
I am being charged for restoration work
when none is needed? And why I am
being charged for traffic management in
the middle of my back lawn?
Finally, these misleading inclusions in
my quote are part of a Chorus pricing
policy, and the question arises, does this
practice break the Fair Trading Act?
The reader can be their own judge, but
to help them, I note the following extract
from a Commerce Commission fact sheet
on the Act.
“ You have the right to expect a fair price
when making your purchasing decision.
The Fair Trading Act makes it illegal for
businesses to mislead consumers, give
false information, or use unfair trading
practices. It applies to anyone in trade. It
includes anything said about a product or
ser vice, either verbally, or in writing”.
It was interesting to see that Gloriavale’s
costumes have inspired the costumes on a
tv show (Greymouth Star, May 16).
Do you want to know where Gloriavale’s
costumes originated from? Watch the
movie Les Miserables, the one with Hugh
Jackman and Russell Crowe in it. There is
a factory-girls scene set in 1823. Obser ve
the costumes (need I say more . . . ?).
World leading forest
The article ‘ Wind-throw logging reneges
on $120m package’ is great as an opinion
piece, but that is all it is.
The West Coast Development Trust
adjustment package is commonly
viewed as a ‘compensation package’ for
the cessation of indigenous forestry on
Crown land. In fact, the Forests (West
Coast Accord) Act 2000 is incredibly
specific that no compensation was payable
to anyone. The package was, in fact, an
adjustment to aid a regional economy
which was going through tough times,
struggling with many hits and facing and
an uncertain future.
Schedule 1 of the same Act is also very
specific about legal titles of West Coast
indigenous production forest land which
transferred to the conser vation estate.
At no point in any of the accompanying
legislation or deeds governing the
establishment of the West Coast
Development Trust is it mentioned that
the fund was contingent on the total and
ongoing destruction of an industry.
Forest and Bird’s Ms Sage is publicly
accusing our company of ‘trashing our
ancient rainforests for short-term gain’.
Even in an election year, for a single-issue
list candidate this lie cannot be allowed to
In a world desperate for examples of
sustainable, renewable, resource it is
ironic the Green Party are endorsing such
a closed view. NZSFP operates under
very stringent but necessary legislation.
Legislation included in a United Nations
report highlighting examples of exemplary
forest management in Asia and the Pacific.
The Conser vation Act, the Forest Act,
the Resource Management Act and the
Health and Safety in Employment Act.
Whether people believe sustainable
forestry is fact or fiction, the reality is we
are legally allowed to produce a sustainable
yield from an area of forest, and this yield
is regulated and audited by a government
We believe in a definition of sustainable
management and conser vation that
enables communities to manage and utilise
resources for their social and economic
development while safeguarding the life-
supporting capacity of the air, water and
soil and maintaining the organisational
integrity of the ecosystem.
New Zealand Sustainable Forests Products
Mrs Douglas from Te Runanga o
Makaawhio is absolutely correct in
pointing out to DOC’s Mark Davies
that anti-1080 feeling still runs very
high in South Westland. We despise the
poisoners who continue to experiment in
Recently the director-general of DOC,
Lou Sanson, made similar statements
about how DOC staff had worked so hard
that now the people of South Westland
‘ welcome 1080’.
They are dreaming and offensive to think
people in our area accept this cr—p.
The 1080 is slaughtering our wild
creatures with DOC’s ‘Battle to kill our
Birds’, and Tb Free drops have failed
to deliver any result except poison and
death. It is even obvious that Tb is in a
small number of herds (the cattle and
deer) and moved around the countryside
still on the backs of trucks, not by
The Ban 1080 Party are having their
annual general meeting on May 20 at
1pm at the Bushmans Centre in Pukekura
in recognition of the opposition to this
poison in South Westland.
We have had enough. Poison 1080
has been used for most of my lifetime
(67 years) and it has only destroyed, not
DOC’s recent action of shutting the
public out of a West Coast Conser vation
Board meeting which was to discuss yet
another slather of poison, double-dosed
for the next experiment, the monitoring
is to be done after the event and no doubt
the wonderful success story is already
written and waiting to go to the press.
Poisoners and their associates, in
this case a ‘new ’ private company in
partnership with DOC, are largely bullies
and strangers to the truth. They should not
be allowed to continue to destroy our very
Farmers Against Ten Eighty
Bright Street rejoices! The wheels turn,
faster than elsewhere? I do not know, but
they are turning. Some of Range Creek
has been cleared.
Granny ’s tumbling-down spot has been
prepared for concrete, and as every Coaster
knows, if you have a problem throw
concrete at it, the more the merrier.
Michael J Millar
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