Home' Greymouth Star : June 19th 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Monday, June 19, 2017
We appreciate the value of the Letters to the Editor
column as a public forum for West Coasters and
welcome your opinion and suggestions.
Letters may be submitted by post, fax or e-mail and
must include your name, address, phone number
and — except for e-mails — your signature. Noms
de plume are not accepted.
Please keep your letters honest, respectful and
within 300 words. Letter writers will generally not
be published more often than weekly. The Editor
reserves the right to edit or not publish letters,
especially those that are offensive or too long.
Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
e-mail to email@example.com
uLetters to the editor
1829 - Sir Robert Peel introduces an act
of Parliament which establishes the London
1897 - Death of Charles Cunningham
Boycott, an estate manager in Ireland
who refused to reduce rents during a
severe economic crisis. In protest, the
tenants stopped paying their rents
and the term “boycott ” was born.
1917 - D uring World War One,
King George V orders the British
royal family to dispense with
German titles and surnames and the family
takes the name Windsor.
1937 - Sir James Matthew Barrie, Scottish
dramatist and novelist and the creator of Peter
1961 - The first evidence proving the existence
of Pontius Pilate is found when a slab with his
name on it is discovered at Caesarea in Israel.
1993 - Nobel prize-winning author Sir
William Golding, who wrote L ord of the Flies,
dies in the UK aged 81.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
James I, monarch of England and
Scotland (1566-1625); Blaise Pascal, French
mathematician and philosopher (1623-1662);
Wallis, Duchess of Windsor (1896-1986);
Guy Lombardo, US band leader
(1902-1977); Aung San Suu Kyi,
Burmese Nobel Peace Laureate
(1945-); Salman Rushdie, Anglo-
Indian writer (1947-); Ann Wilson,
American singer of Heart fame
(1950-); Kathleen Turner, US actress
(1954-); Paula Abdul, US singer
(1962-); Boris Johnson, Mayor of London
(1964-); Sadie Frost, English actress (1965-);
Aidan Turner, Irish actor (1983-).
“One has two duties — to be worried and not
to be worried.” — E M Forster, British author
“For where your treasure is, there your heart
will be also..” — (Matthew 6:21).
A house in the
centre of Dobson
has been thrown
out of line through
earth movement believed to be caused by
mine workings in the Dobson State colliery
hundreds of feet below it. The doors and
windows are jammed shut or will not close.
The earth movement is visible to the naked eye
underneath the house.
Other properties nearby have been less
severely affected and the fault apparently
follows a line which crosses Manawatu
Street. Mine ‘bumps’ are common in Dobson
and residents spoken to last week all related
the subsidence to sudden small but sharp
They cause little concern among local
housewives as they occur so often and cause no
apparent damage, but they have caused some
annoyance where lawns have developed a valley
or concrete walls have fallen over.
The pilot of a South Canterbury Aero Club
Cessna had a fortunate escape from injury
when he chose the only clear space in the
vicinity of Hokitika on which to land his
aircraft, as darkness fell last evening. The pilot
Robert Reid-Jackson was flying from Timaru
with three other aircraft to a landing strip
at Kokatahi, where a Forest Ser vice aerial
poisoning campaign is to be carried out.
The other planes landed safely but Mr Reid-
Jackson was unable to find the strip. He flew
on to Hokitika but could not locate the airport
in the approaching darkness. He decided to
land on the sea coast, three milles north of
The landing was made without damage to the
aircraft and Mr Reid-Jackson intends to fly the
Cessna out today.
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (office)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
hen Isis seized
control of Mosul,
Ellise Campbell had
more reason than
most in the Iraqi city
to fear for her life.
The 64-year-old British-born
grandmother from Dunoon, Scotland, was
sure she would be killed as soon as she was
discovered. Instead, she found herself being
courted by the jihadists, who wanted her to
teach them English.
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (Isis)
asked her many times to pledge allegiance
to the terror group’s leader, Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi, but on each occasion she
“ You wouldn’t think it, but being British,
and my age, gained me some respect
with Isis,” she says. “ Maybe they treated
me differently because they thought I
was a muhajir — one of those women
who moved to Mosul to live under their
caliphate — which was not the case, but it
allowed me a bit more freedom than other
Now safely settled in the northern
Kurdistan city of Duhok after her
neighbourhood was liberated by Iraqi
forces last month, the mother-of-three told
The Sunday Telegraph how she outwitted
Isis commanders during three years living
under the Islamist group’s capricious and
Before Isis’s arrival in Iraq’s second city
in June 2014, she helped run an English
language institute called the Oxford
Centre. Isis insisted she change its name to
an Arabic one but, surprisingly, allowed her
to carry on teaching.
She says every day Isis emirs, or leaders,
would visit the centre to make sure her
male and female students were being
taught separately. But other than that, they
They even tried to recruit her to help
teach English to their fighters.
“They approached me one day and said
they would bring 20-30 high-ranking
commanders for night lessons at the
centre,” she says. “ I had to be careful what
old to be working late at night, and they
“The Arab leaders treated me well, but
the Chechen ones would tell me I was
speaking the language of infidels, so I
would say back, “Isn’t Russian also the
language of the kuffar (non-believers)?”, to
which they didn’t have an answer. They just
said, ‘Don’t you know who you’re speaking
Residents of Mosul have been killed for
much less during Isis’s brutal three-year
rule over the city but, in the first year at
least, she managed to reach an unusual
understanding with the group.
“I think with age comes power,” she says.
“I probably wouldn’t have had the courage
have no fear.”
She has called the city home for more
than a decade. She met her husband Kamil,
an Iraqi-Kurdish mechanical engineering
professor, in 1980 in Glasgow. She was
studying for a PhD in English language
at one of the city’s universities. Three years
after they married, she converted to Islam.
“There wasn’t any pressure — it just felt
right as I had studied the religion and it
spoke to me,” she says.
She has since taken her husband’s
surname and chosen a Muslim first name.
To protect her new identity, however, she
asked that we use the pseudonym Nour
The couple moved to Mosul in 2003,
although things grew more conser vative
after 2006 when Isis’s predecessor, al-
Qaeda in Iraq, established a foothold in
But everything changed in 2014 with
the arrival of Isis. “On June 9, I remember
it well, the militants arrived in our city.
It was a hazy day — all clouds and no
sun, almost as if the sky was crying,” she
says. “By 5am the next day, the black flag
of Isis, Daesh, Isis, IS, or whatever you
want to call it, was flying over the city.
The army had withdrawn; we were alone,
under the control of a hard line terrorist
group. We had been betrayed by the
She says she researched Isis on-line in an
effort to understand the city’s new rulers.
“They had a very alluring propaganda
machine,” she says. “Honestly, it was very
The first year under Isis was not so bad,
she says. But Mrs Abdullah, who describes
herself as a conser vative Muslim, would
be shocked by the jihadists’ use of extreme
violence and per verted interpretation of
Islam. “ The things that went on in the city
shocked me to my core. Isis were masters
in the art of death, always thinking of new
ways to kill. They beheaded people, buried
them alive, put them in acid tanks, ran
them over with bulldozers. The Islam I
studied was not the Islam of Isis.
“ You can never truly understand how
barbaric these people were unless you lived
under them. They were devils.”
Her eldest sons left in mid-2015, paying
$600 each to a smuggler to escape. Mrs
Abdullah, who has pain in her hips and
can not walk far, had little option but
to stay. After that, Isis erected more
checkpoints and her life became one of
crippling repression. She could only leave
the house to go to the market or to work,
and only if accompanied by a male relative.
She commuted to the institute across a
bridge over the Tigris river, which she says
was the most terrifying part of her day.
“ Each Monday and Thursday there were
female hisba (morality) police checking
cars. My heart would pound in my chest,
terrified they would find some reason to
arrest me. They would touch your hand to
see if you had a ring on your finger, if you
didn’t they would try to marry you off to
Mrs Abdullah lived in a relatively wealthy
area of west Mosul, which attracted many
senior foreign fighters. They took over
the houses of Christians, most of whom
had fled. There was a car bomb factory at
the end of her road. In a house across the
street, the militants kept child brides and
the young widows of fighters.
She worked next door to one of the
Charlie Hebdo attackers and walked
among some of the most notorious western
jihadists. She says the foreigners were
treated “like Gods”, but were the cruellest
to civilians. “ There are more British fighters
than they (the security ser vices) know
about,” she adds. “ I often heard British
speakers of English.”
On two occasions she even saw John
Cantlie, the British journalist who has
been held by Isis for more than four years
and who appears every few months in its
She says the last eight months, when
the Iraqi army’s offensive to liberate
Mosul started, were an indescribable
hell. She spent eight days hiding in a
neighbour’s basement. She knitted to pass
the time. Now, with her home in Mosul
uninhabitable, she has moved in with one
of her sons in Duhok.
“ When you accept Allah, he guides you
through the good times and the bad. But
there have been mostly bad times,” she
laughs. “ But I’m a sur vivor.”
— New Zealand Herald
Living under Isis
Displaced civilians walk towards the Iraqi Army positions after fleeing their homes due to clashes in their neighbourhood in Mosul.
Volcanic eruptions could now be
predicted decades in advance thanks to
a New Zealand study of ancient magma
A study of crystals from an eruption in
New Zealand about 700 years ago found
a pattern in the thermal history of magma
that reveals when the next one is due.
According to the Daily Mail, the crystals
are “ like a black-box flight recorder” for
studying volcanic eruptions, one researcher
The analysis found the magma went
through a comparatively “cool” period for
thousands of years before heating up.
Once temperatures reached 750degC,
it was decades or less until an eruption
Geologist Professor Adam Kent, of
Oregon State University, said: “Mobility
in magma is a function of temperature and
most of the time when it is sitting there
in the Earth’s crust under the volcano it is
“Of course, cool is a relative description
since it is still some 650deg+++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++C — I
would not put my finger on it.
“But to erupt onto the Earth’s surface,
magma needs to heat up so it can be runny
enough to be squeezed along cracks in the
Earth and pushed up to the surface.
“At lower temperatures, the magma is
too crystal rich and viscous to move.
“It’s like trying to spread cold peanut
butter onto a piece of bread.
“It takes higher temperatures to get
things moving — and then our data show
it’s only a period of years or decades before
The further a volcano is from erupting,
the harder it is to predict. Working out if a
volcano will erupt within centuries is still
Although they can not be prevented,
knowing when eruptions are going to
happen would make them less hazardous.
But scientists have struggled for decades
to pinpoint the exact geological processes
leading up to them.
One important limitation has been a
lack of knowledge about the temperature
history of the magma.
Kent and colleagues based their new
technique on crystals of the zirconium
silicate mineral in magma from the Mount
Tarawera eruption about 1315.
The ash thrown from Tarawera may have
affected temperatures around the globe
and caused the Great Famine of 1315-17
The pattern of long-term crystal storage
in almost solid magma, punctuated by
rapid heating, was found to be applicable
to many other volcanoes around the world,
said the researchers.
It may help volcanologists recognise
when a volcano is about to blow, according
to the study, published in Science.
The key to honing in on these long-
term geologic processes is understanding
the volcanoes’ temperature history, the
The crystals are like a “black box” flight
recorder for studying volcanic eruptions,
according to co-author Dr Kari Cooper, of
the University of California.
She said: “Instead of trying to piece
together what happened from the
wreckage, the crystals can tell us what
was going on while they were below
Predicting volcanic eruptions
A depiction of the Mount Tarawera eruption in 1886.
Links Archive June 17th 2017 June 20th 2017 Navigation Previous Page Next Page