Home' Greymouth Star : September 5th 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
10 - Tuesday, September 5, 2017
Cox’s Bazar (Bangladesh)
Two blasts rocked an area on the
Myanmar side of the border with
Bangladesh early today, accompanied
by the sound of gunfire and thick
black smoke, as violence that
has sent nearly 90,000 Muslim
Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh
showed no sign of easing.
Bangladeshi border guards said
a woman lost a leg from a blast
about 50m inside Myanmar and
was carried into Bangladesh to
get treatment. Witnesses heard
explosions and saw black smoke
rising near a Myanmar village.
The latest violence in Myanmar’s
north-western Rakhine state began
on August 25, when Rohingya
insurgents attacked dozens of
police posts and an army base.
The ensuing clashes and a military
counter-offensive have killed at
least 400 people and triggered the
exodus of villagers to Bangladesh.
A Rohingya refugee who went
footpath near where civilians
fleeing violence are huddled in no
man’s land on the border — filmed
what appeared to be a mine: a
metal disc about 10cm in diameter
partially buried in the mud. He said
he believed there were two more
such devices buried in the ground.
Bangladeshi border guards said
they believed the injured woman
stepped on an anti-personnel mine,
although that was not confirmed.
Two refugees also said they saw
members of the Myanmar army
around the site in the immediate
period preceeding the blasts which
occurred about 2.25pm.
The spokesman for Myanmar’s
national leader Aung San Suu Kyi,
Zaw Htay, said that a clarification
was needed to determine “where
did it explode, who can go there
and who laid those land mines.
Who can surely say those mines
were not laid by the terrorists?”
“There are so many questions. I
would like to say that it is not solid
news-writing if you write based on
someone talking nonsense on the
side of the road,” Zaw Htay said.
The treatment of Buddhist-
majority Myanmar’s roughly 1.1
million Muslim Rohingya is the
biggest challenge facing Suu Kyi.
The Nobel Peace Prize laureate has
come under increasing diplomatic
pressure from countries with large
Muslim populations such as Turkey
and Pakistan to protect Rohingya
The number of those crossing the
border into Bangladesh — 87,000
— s urpassed the number who
escaped Myanmar after a series
of much smaller insurgent attacks
last October that set off a military
operation. That operation has led to
accusations of serious human rights
The newest estimate, based on
calculations by U.N . workers in
the Bangladeshi border district of
Cox’s Bazar, takes to about 174,000
the total number of Rohingya who
have sought refuge in Bangladesh
The new arrivals have strained aid
agencies and communities already
helping hundreds of thousands of
refugees from previous spasms of
violence in Myanmar. — Reuters
Blasts rock Myanmar border as Rohingya flee
Rohingya refugees stretch their hands for food near Balukhali in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.
Prince William and his wife, the
Duchess of Cambridge, are expecting
their third child, Kensington Palace
Kate is less than 12 weeks pregnant,
with Kensington Palace making
the announcement early after the
Duchess had to pull out of a public
engagement due to severe morning
The Q ueen and the Prince of Wales
are said to be “delighted” with the news.
Kate, who is being cared for at
Kensington Palace, is suffering from
hyperemesis gravidarum, as she did in
her previous pregnancies.
Just weeks ago, the Duchess joked
about having a third child while on
a tour of Poland and Germany with
William, George and Charlotte.
After being given a present designed
for newborns while in Warsaw, she
laughed and turned to William,
saying: ‘’We will just have to have
Kensington Palace said in a
statement: “ Their Royal Highnesses
the D uke and D uchess of Cambridge
are very pleased to announce that the
Duchess of Cambridge is expecting
their third child.
“The Q ueen and members of both
families are delighted with the news.”
No details were available on when
the third baby was due, but betting
agencies were quick to start offering
odds on possible names for the child.
10-to-1 odds on Alice, Arthur, Henry
British Prime Minister Theresa May
tweeted her congratulations, calling it
Asked about the news, Prince Harry
said: “Fantastic. Great. Very, very
When asked how Kate was, he said:
“I haven’t seen her for a while but I
think she’s okay. ”
Kate had been due to visit the
Hornsey Road Children’s Centre in
London to hear about the mental
health impact of becoming a mother.
The announcement comes as
William and Kate are preparing to
send their eldest child off to school
for the first time.
Four-year-old future king George
starts at fee-paying independent
school Thomas’s Battersea in south
London on Thursday.
The past year has already been one
of big changes for the Cambridges.
Their main home is now their
Kensington Palace apartment rather
than their Norfolk mansion Anmer
Hall and William quit his job as
a pilot for the East Anglian Air
Ambulance in July to become a full-
The couple’s third child will be born
fifth in line to the throne, bumping
uncle Prince Harry out of the top five
for the first time and into sixth place.
The Prince of Wales is first in line,
followed by William, George and
two-year-old Charlotte. — PA
Prince William, Kate expecting third child
A 106-year-old Afghani woman who
made a perilous journey to Europe,
carried by her son and grandson, is
facing deportation from Sweden after
her asylum application was rejected.
Bibihal Uzbeki is severely disabled
and can barely speak. Her family has
appealed the rejection.
Their journey made headlines in 2015,
when they were part of a huge influx of
people who came to Europe from Syria,
Afghanistan, Iraq and other countries.
They travelled by foot and on trains
through the Balkans before finally
Two years later, she and her 11 family
members are living in the small village of
Hova, in central Sweden.
Her rejection letter came during
Ramadan. While the family avoided
telling her, the constant grief from her
granddaughters made her suspicious.
“My sisters were crying,” Mohammed
Uzbeki, 22, said. “My grandmother asked,
‘ Why are you crying?’.”
The family says that soon after she
understood her request was denied, her
health started deteriorating and she
suffered a debilitating stroke.
The Swedish Migration Agency
confirmed in a statement it had “taken
a decision regarding an expulsion in the
case,” adding “generally speaking, high
age does not in itself provide grounds for
People whose applications are rejected
are allowed up to three appeals, a
process that can take a long time. The
applications of other family members are
in various stages of appeal.
The family feels the plight of Afghanis
is being ignored by Swedish authorities.
Many countries in Europe deny asylum
to Afghanis from parts of the country
“The reasoning from the migration
agency is that it ’s not unsafe enough in
Afghanistan,” Sanna Vestin, the head
of the Swedish Network of Refugee
Support Groups, said. She said many of
the big cities cited as safe are not at the
Before their journey to Sweden, the
family had been living illegally in Iran
for eight years. They left Afghanistan
because of war and insecurity, but
Mohammed Uzbeki said it was difficult
to prove that the family faces a specific
enemy if they return. — AP
NORTH KOREAN CRISIS
accused North Korea’s
trading partners of aiding
and said Pyongyang was
“ begging for war” after
North Korea’s powerful
nuc lear test on Sunday
and signs further missile
launches were on the way.
South Korea said it was
talking to Washington
about deploying aircraft
bombers to the Korean
US President Donald
Trump held calls with
foreign leaders, including
South Korean President
Moon Jae-in and German
Chancellor Angela Merkel,
and the White House
declared that “all options to
address the North Korean
threat are on the table”.
Moon and Trump agreed
in a telephone call to scrap
a warhead weight limit on South Korea’s
missiles, South Korea’s presidential
office said, enabling it to strike North
Korea with greater force in the event
of a military conflict. The White House
said Trump gave “in-principle approval”
to the move.
US Ambassador to the United Nations
Nikki Haley said North Korea’s Kim
Jong Un was “ begging for war” and urged
the 15-member United Nations Security
Council to impose the “strongest
possible” sanctions to deter him.
“ War is never something the United
States wants. We don’t want it now. But
our country’s patience is not unlimited.
We will defend our allies and our
territory,” she said.
“The United States will look at every
country that does business with North
Korea as a country that is giving aid to
their reckless and dangerous nuclear
intentions,” she said.
Haley said the US would circulate
a new Security Council resolution on
North Korea this week and wants a vote
on it next Monday.
China, a top trading partner with
North Korea, and Russia called for a
peaceful resolution to the crisis.
“China will never allow chaos and war
on the (Korean) Peninsula,” Liu Jieyi,
the Chinese ambassador to the UN,
said, urging North Korea to stop taking
actions that were “wrong” and not in its
Russia said peace in the region was in
“Sanctions alone will not help solve the
issue,” Russia’s UN Ambassador Vassily
North Korea has been under UN
sanctions since 2006 over its ballistic
missile and nuclear programmes. China
and Russia view only a test of a long-
range missile or a nuclear weapon as a
trigger for further possible UN sanctions.
Officials said activity around missile
launch sites suggested North Korea
planned more missile tests.
“ We have continued to see signs of
possibly more ballistic missile launches.
We also forecast North Korea could fire
an intercontinental ballistic missile,”
Jang Kyoung-soo, acting deputy
minister of national defence policy, told
a parliament hearing today.
North Korea tested two ICBMs in July
that could fly about 10,000km, putting
many parts of the US mainland within
range and prompting a new round of
tough international sanctions.
South Korea’s air force and army
conducted exercises involving long-
range air-to-surface and ballistic missiles
following the latest nuclear test, its joint
chiefs of staff said in a statement.
In addition to the drill, South Korea
will co-operate with the US and seek
to deploy “strategic assets like aircraft
carriers and strategic bombers”, Jang said.
South Korea’s defence ministry also
said it would deploy the four remaining
launchers of a new US
missile defence system
after the completion of an
by the government.
Rollout of the Terminal
High Altitude Area
system south of the South
Korean capital, Seoul,
which neighbouring China
and Russia vehemently
oppose, had been delayed
At the Security Council,
neither Russia nor China
mentioned their long-held
opposition to THAAD or
the prospect of further UN
sanctions in the wake of
North Korea’s nuclear test.
it tested an advanced
hydrogen bomb for a long-
range missile on Sunday,
prompting a warning from
US Defence Secretary
Jim Mattis of a “massive”
military response if the US
or its allies were threatened.
Trump has previously vowed to
stop North Korea developing nuclear
weapons and said he would unleash “fire
and fury” if it threatened US territory.
Despite the tough talk, the immediate
focus of the international response was
on tougher economic sanctions.
Diplomats have said the Security
Council could now consider banning
North Korean textile exports and its
national airline, stop supplies of oil to the
government and military, prevent North
Koreans from working abroad and add
top officials to a blacklist to subject them
to an asset freeze and travel ban.
Asked about Trump’s threat to punish
countries that trade with North Korea,
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman
Geng Shuang said China has dedicated
itself to resolving the North Korean
issue through talks, and China’s efforts
had been recognised.
“ What we absolutely cannot accept is
that on the one hand (we are) making
arduous efforts to peacefully resolve
the North Korean nuclear issue, and on
the other hand (our) interests are being
sanctioned or harmed. This is both not
objective and not fair,” he said.
On possible new UN sanctions, and
whether China would support cutting
off oil, Geng said it would depend on the
outcome of Security Council discussions.
China’s State-run Xinhua news agency
said in an editorial that North Korea
was “playing a dangerous game of
brinkmanship” and it should wake up
to the fact that such a tactic “can never
bring security it pursues”.
While Moon and Japanese Prime
Minister Shinzo Abe agreed to work
with the US to pursue stronger sanctions,
Russia voiced scepticism.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister
Sergei Ryabkov said sanctions on North
Korea had reached the limit of their
impact. Any more would be aimed at
breaking its economy, so a decision
to impose further constraints would
become dramatically harder, he told a
BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and
South Africa) summit in China.
South Korea says the aim of stronger
sanctions is to draw North Korea into
dialogue. But, in a series of tweets on
Sunday, Trump also appeared to rebuke
South Korea for that approach.
“South Korea is finding, as I have told
them, that their talk of appeasement
with North Korea will not work, they
only understand one thing,” Trump said
Trump’s response was more orderly and
less haphazard than he had offered after
North Korea’s previous hostile actions.
His handling of its latest nuclear test
reflected a more traditional approach to
crisis management, which US officials
said illustrated the influence of Mattis
and the new White House chief of staff,
retired Marine Corps General John
Kelly. — Reuters
uUS points finger at trading par tners
Dar es Salaam
A Tanzanian court has sentenced six
men to 20 years in jail each for chopping
off the hand of an albino boy in the hope
of selling it as a witchcraft charm.
The men were charged with severing
the left hand of 12-year-old Mwigulu
Matonange in February 2013 and
running away with it, before some were
caught scouting for a prospective buyer,
the local Daily News reported.
The United Nations estimates that at
least 75 albinos were killed in Tanzania
between 2000 and 2015 but says that
could represent a fraction of the attacks
as most occur in secretive rituals in rural
Albinos are attacked for their body
parts, which are prized in witchcraft and
can fetch a high price.
The four men were convicted last week
of conspiring to murder and attempting
to kill the boy, charges that carried
separate jail terms.
However they were not sentenced
to the maximum term of life
imprisonment due to mitigations and
the fact none had previous criminal
records, Justice Adam Mambi told the
high court in the south-western Rukwa
“ Twenty years? Why not the maximum
sentence?” Vicky Ntetema, head of the
Under the Same Sun charity’s Tanzania
office, wrote on her Facebook page.
“So it is 30 years in prison for
impregnating a schoolgirl and only 20
years for hacking off a minor’s hand
for witchcraft purposes, conspiring to
murder, and for attempting to kill! These
laws have to be changed,” she wrote.
In 2015, four men were sentenced to
death by a Tanzanian court after they
were convicted of abducting, killing and
dismembering a 17 year-old albino boy.
Albinism is a congenital disorder that
causes lack of pigment in skin, hair and
eyes. It is more common in sub-Saharan
Africa, and in Tanzania affects an
estimated one in 1400. — Reuters
Six jailed for cutting
off albino boy’s hand
One of Italy’s most wanted mob bosses
has been arrested in Uruguay after
23 years on the run from convictions
for mafia association, drug trafficking
and other serious crimes, the interior
ministries of both countries said
Rocco Morabito was considered the
most wanted fugitive member of the
Calabrian ‘Ndrangheta, Italy’s most
powerful organised crime group and one
of Europe’s biggest importers of South
The 50-year-old was arrested in
Montevideo after Uruguayan police and
Italian authorities worked together to
determine his real identity, the Italian
ministry said. Dubbed the “cocaine king
of Milan,” he had been wanted since
1994 after he was caught paying 13
billion lire ($8 million) to import almost
a tonne of the drug, Corriere della Sera
Morabito entered Uruguay in 2001,
and took up residence with his wife in
the coastal resort city of Punta del Este,
the Uruguayan interior ministry said. He
was living there under the false identity
of Francisco Antonio Capeletto Souza,
of Rio de Janeiro, it added.
Morabito was jailed in Uruguay for
using false documents while Italy’s
request for extradition is processed, the
statement said, adding that $50,000 in
cash was found at his home along with
An international arrest warrant was
issued in 1995 with the aim of tracking
down Morabito and extraditing him to
Italy, where he has been sentenced to 30
years in jail.
The arrest ticks one member off the
Italian interior ministry’s five-strong list
of the country’s most-wanted organised
criminals, on which Morabito had
rubbed shoulders with feared Sicilian
boss Matteo Messina Denaro. —Reuters
Italian mob boss caught in Uruguay
Deadly school fire arson
Kenya’s education minister said
overnight that arson was to blame
for a weekend blaze that killed nine
pupils at a girls’ boarding school,
part of a rising trend of deliberate
“It was not an accident, it was
arson,” Minister Fred Matiang’i
said of the fire on Sunday at Moi
Girls School in Nairobi.
The Kenya Red Cross said on
its Twitter feed there had been
three other school fires reported in
different parts of the country.
Many of the fires were set by
students protesting harsh discipline,
poor teaching and corruption,
said Canadian Elizabeth Cooper,
assistant professor of International
Studies at Simon Fraser University,
who spent four years researching
she inter viewed
complained about poor food, scarce
teaching materials, harsh teachers,
and management that ignored
their concerns. Many compared
their schools to prison and said
they destroyed their schools so they
could go home.
In one case, boys had drained
water tanks and cut phone lines
before setting fire to their principal’s
car and pushing it into his home.
They were angry that he had been
collecting money from their parents
for three years for a school bus, but
had not bought it. If a pupil needed
hospital treatment, the principal
drove them himself and charged
the family, she said.
In another case, girls smeared
butter on their curtains and beds
before setting them alight, Cooper
said. Fires peak just before exams
and mock exams.
“The students always say, ‘no one
listens to our concerns’. ”
Around 350 Kenyan schools
caught fire from 2015 to 2016,
according to the government.
This compared, according to one
academic source, with 76 fires from
2011 to 2013. It was not clear how
many fires were deliberate. Numbers
for 2014 were not available.
Cooper said some schools set on
fire have dismissed their principals
after ward. There have been few
Kenya frequently sees deadly
protests, including after the
presidential elections held last
month. Cooper said students
sometimes cited violent protests
by slum residents or university
students that successfully publicised
their causes, and sought to emulate
“Students learn that authorities
don’t respond until they present a
threat,” she said. “It ’s one way for
voiceless citizens to be heard.”
But Matiang’i said some arson
attacks were also related to fights
over staff appointments in schools,
where senior positions can bring
“Some of the fires we have faced
before in the sector are related to
that kind of thing, politicisation
of school headship, politicisation
of responsibility in the education
sector. It is not right,” he said in a
televised press conference.
Kenya is East Africa’s largest
economy but unemployment is
high and corruption is rife, making
life difficult for many ordinary
Control of a school can mean not
just a government salary but an
opportunity to extort extra money
from students and parents in fees or
other charges. — Reuters
Storm toll 60
Officials are blaming at least 60 deaths
on Har vey after the storm dumped
metres rain on several Texas counties in a
matter of days.
Many of those deaths were people
drowning in flash floods or water-
logged roads. But county emergency
management departments across south-
east Texas says they are also including
people in their storm-related death totals
who died from indirect complications of
Har vey. — AP
States name Pakistani militants as concern
The leaders of the five emerging
market BRICS powers have for the
first time named militant groups
based in Pakistan as a regional
security concern and called for their
patrons to be held to account.
India welcomed the move —
which came at a summit in the
Chinese city of Xiamen — as an
important step for ward in the fight
against militant attacks, of which it
has been a target.
Brazil, Russia, India, China and
South Africa make up the BRICS
grouping. China has generally been
supportive of its ally Pakistan in the
The group called for an immediate
end to violence in Afghanistan.
“ We, in this regard, express
concern on the security situation
in the region and violence caused
by the Taliban, (Islamic State), al
Qaeda and its affiliates including
Movement, Islamic Movement
of Uzbekistan, the Haqqani
network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-
e-Mohammad, TTP and Hizb
ut-Tahrir,” the leaders said in the
Lashkar-e-Taiba is a militant
group based in Pakistan which
India blames for cross-border
attacks including the 2008 assault
in its financial capital Mumbai in
which 166 people were killed.
anti-India group based in Pakistan,
was blamed for a 2001 attack on
India has long demanded Pakistan
take action against these groups.
Islamabad denies any involvement
in attacks in India including in the
disputed region of Kashmir and
said it is itself a victim of attacks.
Indian foreign ministry official
Preeti Saran said to reporters on
the sidelines of the summit that the
wording in the communique was a
“very important development ” and
that there was recognition that
the world can not have double
standards when dealing with
There was no immediate comment
from Pakistan on the BRICs
resolution. — Reuters
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