Home' Greymouth Star : September 29th 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, September 29, 2017
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uLetters to the editor
1399 - King Richard II becomes the first
English monarch to abdicate.
1938 - The Munich agreement is signed
between France, Germany, Britain
and Italy in which the German-
speaking part of Czechoslovakia, the
Sudetenland, is surrendered to Nazi
1941 - O ver two days, the
Germans kill 33,771 Jewish men,
women and children in the Babi Yar
massacre at a ravine near Kiev in
World War Two.
1950 - General Douglas MacArthur hands
over Seoul to President Syngman Rhee of
1960 - Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev
heckles and thumps his desk during a speech
by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
to the UN General Assembly.
1994 - Prodded by the US, Nato allies agree
to intensify retaliatory air strikes in Bosnia.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Robert Clive, English soldier-statesman
(1725-1774); Horatio Nelson, English admiral
(1758-1805); Gene Autry, US actor-singer-
businessman (1907-1998); Trevor Howard,
British actor (1916-1988); Anita
Ekberg, Swedish actress (1931-
2015); Jerry Lee Lewis, US singer
(1935-); Silvio Berlusconi, former
Prime Minister of Italy (1936-);
Lech Walesa, Polish leader and
1983 Nobel Peace Prize winner
(1943-); Sebastian Coe, British
athlete-politician (1956-); Julia Gillard, former
Australian prime minister (1961-); Kevin
Durant, US basketballer (1988-).
“ Most of the shadows of this life are caused
by standing in our own sunshine. ” — Ralph
Waldo Emerson, American essayist and poet
“ You are My Son, the beloved; with You I am
well pleased.” — (Mark 1:11).
A special eucharist
morning at 7.30am, just as Mr Ted Schroder of
Hokitika is being made a deacon in London.
Mr Schroder is to be ordained in St Paul’s
Cathedral and the time will be similar to that
of tomorrow ’s ser vice in his hometown. The
ordination will be attended by his parents Mr
and Mrs C F W Schroder who are at present
in the United Kingdom.
Mr Schroder will continue to work on the
staff of All Souls, Langham Place, London,
where his particular field of responsibilty will
be with overseas students in the parish.
The organisation of the New Zealand
Amateur Boxing Championships, which were
held in Greymouth this week, was described
as the best for many years by delegates and
coaches alike. The newly-elected president of
the New Zealand association Mr Jack Beban
said this morning that quality not quantity had
been strived for in this championship.
During their five day stay in Greymouth,
many of the boxers visited the greenstone
factory in Hokitika and went down the
Rewanui coalmine. The boxers were unanimous
in their opinion that coalmining was not for
Mr Ces Mountford disclosed at the annual
conference of the New Zealand Rugby League
in Auckland last week that he had been offered
a full-time job with the Rothmans Sports
Foundation, travelling throughout the country
doing whatever he considered best for the
Currently national director of coaching for
the league, Mr Mountford said the sooner they
appoint a new director the better.
uFood for thought
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n Christchurch the damage caused
by a 2011 earthquake remains
evident with metal girders and
scaffolding on every street and a
near constant beep of construction
The earthquake was devastating for the
city: nearly 200 people were killed and up
to 100,000 buildings were damaged and
10,000 needed to be demolished.
But Mayor Lianne Dalziel said the
disaster had given rise to a new sense of
community in New Zealand’s third largest
city which on Wednesday began hosting
the Social Enterprise World Forum
(SEWF), an annual gathering of social
entrepreneurs using businesses to do good,
with the theme “creating our tomorrow.”
One sector boosting the community and
helping drive the city’s regeneration is the
coffee industry with coffee shops found on
almost every corner of the city of 370,000
For New Zealand boasts more coffee
roasters per capita than anywhere else
globally with its coffee shops offering
innovations like activated charcoal lattes or
A business at the heart of regeneration is
C1 Espresso which was set up in 1996 but
was knocked out of business in 2011.
It reopened in 2015 in a former post
office in part of central Christchurch,
proving to be a catalyst for the re-
emergence of business in that area as well
as supporting communities vulnerable to
natural disasters in other nations.
The venture supports farming in the
Pacific island of Samoa, which was
hit hard by the 2009 tsunami and
subsequently battered by successive
cyclones in the years that followed.
“ When the earthquake happened we
realised how vulnerable we are when we’d
previously thought we were the great
White Knight,” C1 owner Sam Crofskey
He initially went to Samoa hoping
to convince people to grow coffee but
soon realised it would create a culture
of dependency. Instead he looked at the
ingredients that were being grown and
thought he could use them in a new line
Ultimately, he said he was trying to
keep families together, describing the dire
living conditions faced by some Samoans
who leave for jobs in Australia and New
Zealand but end up in menial work with
every spare bit of money sent home.
Crofskey said the idea provided his staff
with a sense of purpose, with some even
going to Samoa to meet the families and
work on the farms.
“The ability of our staff to hold their
heads up high because they work here
is equally important to what we do in
Samoa,” Crofskey said.
C1, which sells salads in old jam jars and
bottles its own juices, has helped revitalise
one part of the city which was dead at
night when the coffee shop re-opened but
other businesses are now operating there
and the area is on the up.
A 30 minute walk away in the suburb
of Addington, another coffee shop is
working to help Christchurch residents
and slum dwellers and former sex slaves
in India after its destiny was also changed
by the earthquake.
The Addington Coffee Co-op, based
in a former mechanics workshop since
2008, was one of the lucky few to retain
access to power in 2011, meaning the cafe
became a community hub.
It also proved a lifesaver to those for
whom power was essential, such as people
needing electric oxygen pumps.
“For us to play a small part offering a
helping hand on a city scale is really just
in the DNA of our business,” said sales
manager Jared Gardiner.
Gardiner used to work in banking but,
following a trip to Kolkata where he
encountered the slum dwellers of Khal
Par, he returned to New Zealand resolved
to try to improve lives there.
Now 70% of the Addington Coffee
Co-op’s profits go back to community
initiatives such as the local school and to
water, toilet and other projects in Khal
The Co-op has also set up an interest
free loan ser vice and expanded to include
a shop selling fair trade products from
India and a clothing line importing
products made by Freeset, a Kolkata-
based company that employs women
freed from sex slavery.
Welcoming 1600 delegates from 45
countries to Christchurch for the ninth
edition of the three-day SEWF, Dalziel
said the earthquake helped her see what
was important in life.
“Sense of purpose creates meaning
for individuals, for cities and for whole
communities. Christchurch this week is
proud to be the global capital of social
enterprise,” she said. — Reuters
NZ rebuilding cof fee
The Addington Coffee Co-op, in Christchurch.
slogan in her campaign
for a fourth term
as chancellor was
and smug — “For a
Germany in which
we live well and love
living” — but it did
the job, sort of. Her
Union (CDU) is back as the largest party,
so Merkel gets to form the next coalition
government. But the neo-fascists are now
in the Bundestag (parliament) too, for
the first time since the collapse of Nazi
It is not Merkel’s fault, exactly, but the
numbers tell the tale. The CDU had its
worst result ever, down from 40% of the
vote at the last election to only 33% this
time. It looks like the 7% of the vote
that the CDU lost went straight to the
Alternative for Germany (AfD), the neo-
fascist party, whose support was up from
just under 5% last time to 12.6% this time.
That makes the AfD the third biggest
party in the Bundestag. All the other
parties have sworn to have nothing to do
with it, so Merkel’s party will have to seek
its coalition partners elsewhere. It will
take at least a month to make the coalition
deal, which will probably link the CDU
with the business-friendly Free Democrats
and the Greens, but that is not the big
story. The rise of the hard right is.
“Rise” is a relative term, of course: Only
one German in eight actually voted for the
AfD. That is still shocking in a country
that thought it had permanently excised
all that old Nazi stuff from its politics. If
you look more closely, the AfD’s support
was strongest in the same parts of the
country that voted strongly for the Nazis
in the 1933 election that brought Hitler
The AfD was founded by an economics
professor who just wanted Germany to
leave the euro currency, but in the past
four years it has been taken over anti-
Muslim, anti-immigrant ultra-nationalists,
and they do sound a little bit like you-
know-who at times.
Alice Weidel, the AfD’s co-leader, has
described Merkel’s government as “pigs”
who merely ser ve as “marionettes of the
victorious powers of World War Two,
whose task it is to keep down the German
people.” The party’s other co-leader,
Alexander Gauland, said in an election
speech last week: “ We have the right to be
proud of the achievements of the German
soldiers in two World Wars.”
That sort of comment might be
interesting to debate in a university
seminar on German history, but 72 years
after Hitler’s death it is still too soon to
say out loud in a Europe that was ravaged
by German armies in World War Two.
Gauland, Weidel and their AfD colleagues
are playing with fire and they are well
aware of it.
The truly alarming thing, however, is
not the occasional echo of the Nazis in
AfD rhetoric. It is the fact that Germany
is conforming to a general trend towards
the authoritarian, ultra-nationalist right in
Each country does it in its own
historical style. The pro-Brexit campaign
in the United Kingdom last year was
actually led by isolationist “Little
Englanders”. Their implausible promise
of a glorious free-trading future for the
UK outside the European Union was
just a necessary nod in the direction
of economic rationality — but the
Brexiteers won because enough people
wanted to believe them.
Similarly, Donald Trump fits
comfortably into the American tradition:
He is channelling American demagogues
of the 1930 like Huey Long and Father
Coughlin. The economic situation of
American workers and the lower middle
class today is close enough to that of the
1930s that they responded to his mixture
of nationalism, dog-whistle racism and
anti-big-business rhetoric by voting him
into the presidency.
In France, Marine Le Pen appealed to
nationalism, anti-immigrant sentiment
and the resentment of the long-term
unemployed to win almost 34% of the
vote in last May ’s presidential election.
She lost, but the more important fact is
that one-third of French voters backed
the neo-fascist candidate. Now, in
German, the AfD.
The common thread that runs through
all these events, beyond the racism,
nationalism and xenophobia, is economic
distress. The economies may be doing
well, but a large proportion of the people
are not. The gap between the rich and
the rest was tolerated when everybody’s
income was rising, but that has not
been true for 30 years now, and patience
among the “losers” has run out.
This is still early days, but the direction
of the drift in western politics is clear,
and it is deeply undesirable. The only
thing that will stop it is decisive action
to narrow the income gap again, but
that is very hard to do in the face of the
currently dominant economic doctrine.
Houston, we have a problem.
Gwynne Dyer is an independent
journalist whose articles are published in
Germany: The rise of the right
WORLD IN FOCUS
with Gwynne Dyer
Demonstrators protest against the anti-immigration party Alternative fuer Deutschland (AfD) after the German general
election in Berlin.
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