Home' Greymouth Star : October 3rd 2017 Contents Greymouth Star
t least 58 people died
and more than 515
others were wounded
when a gunman opened
fire on a country music
festival on the Las Vegas
Strip overnight. The gunman, Stephen
Paddock, 64, later killed himself, police
If the death toll is not revised lower, it
would be the deadliest mass shooting in
modern United States history and among
a series of such incidents dating back to
at least the mid-1990s. Below are some
of the bloodiest episodes in recent years,
ranked by the number of dead:
Orlando, June 12, 2016 — A gunman
fatally shoots 49 people at gay nightclub
Pulse before he is shot dead by police. At
the time it was the worst mass shooting
in recent US history.
Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007 — A
gunman slaughters 32 people and kills
himself at Virginia Tech, a university in
Sandy Hook, December 14, 2012 — A
man shoots dead his mother, then kills 20
children, six adults and himself at Sandy
Hook Elementary School in Newtown,
San Bernardino, December 2, 2015
— A husband and wife kill 14 people
at a workplace holiday party in San
Bernardino in Southern California before
dying in a shootout with police.
Columbine, April 20, 1999 — Two
teenagers rampage through Columbine
High School in Littleton, Colorado,
shooting dead 12 students and a teacher
and wounding more than 20 others
before killing themselves.
Binghamton, April 3, 2009 — A
Vietnamese immigrant opens fire
at an immigrant ser vices centre in
Binghamton, New York, killing 13 people
and wounding four. He then kills himself.
Fort Hood, November 5, 2009 — An
army major and psychiatrist opens fire
at Fort Hood, a US Army base in Texas,
killing 13 people. He is sentenced to
Washington, DC, September 16, 2013
— A former Navy reser vist working as a
government contractor kills 12 people at
the Washington Navy Yard. He is shot
dead by police.
Colorado, July 20, 2012 — A masked
gunman kills 12 people and wounds
70 when he opens fire at a midnight
premiere of Batman film The Dark
Knight Rises in Aurora, Denver. He
receives a life sentence.
Washington, DC, October 2002 —
Two men ambush 13 people, killing 10
of them, in sniper-style shootings that
terrorise the Washington area for three
weeks. One sniper was executed and the
other was sentenced to life in prison.
Oregon, October 1, 2015 — A man
opens fire on the Umpqua Community
College campus in south-west Oregon,
killing nine people before he is shot dead
Charleston, June 17, 2015 — A white
supremacist kills nine black churchgoers at
a historic, predominantly black church in
Charleston, South Carolina.
Waco, May 17, 2015 — Rival
motorcycle gangs kill nine at a restaurant
in Waco, Texas. More than 170 people are
Wisconsin, August 5, 2012 — A white
supremacist kills six worshippers in a Sikh
temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin. The
gunman kills himself.
Tucson, January 8, 2011 — Then-US
Representative Gabrielle Giffords is the
target of an assassination attempt by a
gunman in Tucson, Arizona. Six people
are killed and 13, including Giffords, are
Isla Vista, May 23, 2014 — A college
student killed six people, three in his
apartment and others on the streets of this
small California town. The mentally ill
gunman committed suicide.
Amish school, October 2, 2006 — A
gunman kills five girls in a one-room
Amish schoolhouse in Nickel Mines,
Pennsylvania, before killing himself.
Dallas, July 7, 2016 — A US military
veteran killed five police officers and
wounded seven more in the deadliest
attack on police. The suspect was killed by
a police bomb. — Reuters
4 - Tuesday, October 3, 2017
We appreciate the value of the Letters to the Editor
column as a public forum for West Coasters and
welcome your opinion and suggestions.
Letters may be submitted by post, fax or e-mail and
must include your name, address, phone number
and — except for e-mails — your signature. Noms
de plume are not accepted.
Please keep your letters honest, respectful and
within 300 words. Letter writers will generally not
be published more often than weekly. The Editor
reserves the right to edit or not publish letters,
especially those that are offensive or too long.
Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
uLetters to the editor
1863 - US President Abraham Lincoln issues
a proclamation designating the last Thursday in
November as Thanksgiving Day.
1906 - SOS is established as an international
1918 - German-Austrian note is sent to
United States via Switzerland for
World War One armistice.
1929 - Name of Serbo-Croat-
Slovene Kingdom is changed to
1952 - First British atomic bomb
is detonated on the Monte Bello
Islands off north-western Australia.
1981 - Irish nationalists at the Maze Prison
Northern Ireland, end seven months of hunger
strikes that had claimed 10 lives.
1990 - East and West Germany are united.
1995 - The O J Simpson trial ends with the
former American football star being cleared of
murdering his wife and a male friend. .
2005 - British comedian Ronnie Barker,
the big half of the famous tv duo The Two
Ronnies, dies aged 76.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Sir Michael Hordern, British actor
(1911-1995); James Herriot, British author-
veterinarian (1916-1995); Gore Vidal, US
writer (1925-2012); Chubby
Checker, US rock star (1941-);
Al Sharpton, American Baptist
minister (1954-); Tommy Lee, US
drummer (Motley Crue) (1962-);
Clive O wen, English actor (1964-);
Gwen Stefani, US singer (1969-);
Neve Campbell, US actress (1973-
); Ashlee Simpson, American singer (1984-);
Alicia Vikander, Swedish actor (1988-).
“The mar vellous thing about a joke with a
double meaning is that it can only mean one
thing.” — British comedian Ronnie Barker.
“ Every Sabbath day Aaron shall set them
in order before the Lord regularly as a
commitment of the people of Israel, as a
covenant forever.” — (Leviticus 24:8).
Dallas has ordered a
new mayoral chain.
It will be an exact replica of the one lost last
year after his surgery was destroyed by fire. The
old chain, worn for the past 30-odd years by
mayors who governed the more recent affairs
of Greymouth, disappeared at the time of the
fire. Now, after waiting in hope that it would
be returned, the Mayor has decided to order a
The manufacturing jeweller Mr Graham
Sutherland had nothing to go on but a photo
of former mayor Mr F W Baillie wearing the
chain. It meant hours of copying from the
picture and trying to gauge the approximate
proportions of the old chain. “ We had to work
out the scale and what was gold and silver in
the old chain,” the jeweller said. “ The rim and
shield appeared to have been all in nine-carat
gold. The new one is of sterling silver plate
which has been plated in gold. The new chain
will be a bit lighter,” he added.
After four sons, it was a baby girl this week
for the wife of New Zealand champion axeman
Les Gilsenan, of Nelson Creek. And the
arrival of Kathleen Clare during Savings Week
produced a special gift, a piggy bank from
Greymouth’s chief postmaster Mr M R Terry.
The chief postmaster has quite a stock of the
banks and four others went out yesterday to
the mothers of four sons, Mesdames A Adams
(Inchbonnie), Y McKenzie, J Sturgeon and
Y T Daniel, all of Greymouth
Birth: Tibbles. — On October 2, 1967, at
McBrearty Ward, Grey Hospital, to Elinor
(nee McVicar) and Allan — a daughter; both
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
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03 755 8422
Gwladys Fouche and Alister Doyle
Aung San Suu Kyi
is the latest in a long
line of Nobel Peace
Prize laureates to
of those who once applauded her, and
probably will not be the last, a cautionary
tale for the 2017 laureate who will be
named next week.
Suu Kyi is facing international criticism,
including from fellow peace prize
winner Desmond Tutu, for not doing
more to stop what the united says are
mass killings, rapes and the burning of
villages taking place in Rakhine state. The
violence has forced 421,000 Rohingya
Muslims into neighbouring Bangladesh.
That is a turnaround from 1991, when
the Nor wegian Nobel Committee
awarded her the prize and praised “her
non-violent struggle for democracy and
human rights”. Once awarded, the prize
can not be withdrawn.
“This has happened many times before
that laureates have been criticised,” said
Professor Geir Lundestad, who was
the secretary of the Nor wegian Nobel
Committee from 1990 to 2014.
Lundestad said the prize remains a
force for good, even if some winners later
fall short of its ideals. Aung Sang Suu
Kyi was a very important spokeswoman
for human rights in Burma and much of
Asia. You can not take that away from
her. The Nobel prizes were established by
Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite,
whose fortune came in part from making
and selling arms. The peace prize, worth
9 million Swedish Krona ($1.1 million)
will be announced on Friday and
can go to one or more individuals or
A number of winners of the peace prize
have gone on to launch wars or escalate
Israeli leader Menachem Begin
ordered the invasion of Lebanon in
1982, four years after sharing the Nobel
with Egypt’s Anwar Sadat for their
Camp David peace accord. Sadat was
assassinated by an Islamist army officer
Palestinian leader Yassir Arafat shared
the 1994 prize with Israel’s Yitzhak
Rabin and Shimon Peres for the Oslo
accords, which have not brought a lasting
settlement to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Rabin was assassinated by a far-right
nationalist in 1995 and Peres was voted
out of office eight months later. Arafat
later presided over the Palestinians
during the second intifada, a violent
uprising against Israeli occupation.
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev,
awarded the prize in 1990 for his role
in bringing the Cold War to a peaceful
end, sent tanks in 1991 to try to stop the
independence of the Baltic countries,
though he later let them
United States Secretary of
State Henry Kissinger shared
the 1973 prize with North
Vietnam’s Le D uc Tho for what
turned out to be failed efforts
to end the Vietnam War. Tho
declined the award, the only
laureate ever to do so, accusing
Washington of violating the
truce. The war ended in 1975
with the fall of Saigon to the
When US President Barack
Obama won in 2009 just
months after taking office, even
he said he was surprised. By the
time he came to Oslo to collect
the prize at the end of the year,
he had ordered the tripling of
US troops in Afghanistan.
“I would be remiss if I did not
acknowledge the considerable
controversy that your generous
decision has generated,” he said
in his speech. “I’m responsible
for the deployment of
thousands of young Americans
to battle in a distant land.
Some will kill, and ome will be
killed. And so I come here with
an acute sense of the costs of
Among Suu Kyi’s critics is
Tutu who, in a September 7
letter to his “dearly beloved
younger sister” writes: “If
the political price of your
ascension to the highest office
in Myanmar is your silence,
the price is surely too steep.”
On Septembeer 19, Suu Kyi
condemned rights abuses
in Rakhine State and said
violators would be punished.
While western diplomats and aid officials
welcomed the tone of her message, some
doubted if she had done enough to
deflect global criticism.
Dan Smith, the director of the
Stockholm International Peace Research
Institute, said the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize
might even have harmed the Rohingya.
“S he has an aura,” he said of Suu
Kyi, adding that maybe her stellar
international reputation “masked the true
awfulness” of abuses over many years of
“ When she responded to questions
about the Rohingya by saying ‘why are
you focusing on them, not on other
issues?, people were inclined to give her
the benefit of the doubt.” Suu Kyi was the
rare winner, like Nelson Mandela, to rise
from political prisoner to national leader.
Mandela stepped down after five years as
South Africa’s first black president with
his reputation largely unblemished, but
some of his allies from the apartheid-era
liberation movement faced scandals in
“Maybe it’s this move from the image
of the bold, heroic defender of human
rights and ordinary people ... into what is
inevitably a more grubby world of politics
where compromises are made” that
tarnishes reputations, said Smith.
Even saints face criticism. Mother
Teresa, the 1979 Nobel winner canonised
by Pope Francis last year, was faulted
in 1994 by British medical journal The
Lancet for offering neither diagnoses nor
strong pain killers to dying patients in
her Calcutta hospice.
The decision to give the award in 2012
to the European Union was criticised
at the time. Brussels was then imposing
tough financial bailout conditions on
member Greece that many economists
said destroyed livelihoods. Tutu, among
others, also faulted the EU as an
organisation that uses military force.
The risk of disappointment arises
because Nobel committees pick laureates
for the hope they carry or a recent
achievement, rather than the sum of a
career, said Asle Sveen, a historian of the
Nobel Peace Prize.
“It is a always a risk when they promote
somebody, because they are getting
involved in politics,” he said. “And they
can not predict what is going to happen
in the future.” “ That is what makes
the Nobel Peace Prize different from
all the other peace prizes,” said Sveen.
“Other wise you would give the prize
to very old people just before they die.”
Among the favourites are parties to the
2015 Iran nuclear deal, such as Iranian
Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad
Zarif, EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica
Mogherini and John Kerry, the US
Secretary of State at the time.
The deal, which saw Iran agree to curbs
on its nuclear programme in return for
the lifting of international sanctions,
has been criticised by hardliners in both
Tehran and Washington. United States
President Donald Trump called it “an
embarrassment to the United States” in a
speech at the United Nations this month,
and has suggested Washington could
Experts on the prize say it is precisely
the sort of breakthrough among foes that
the committee tends to recognise.
“This is the first time that a country
subjected to Chapter VII (of the UN
charter) has seen its situation resolved
peacefully,” said Henrik Urdal, Director
of the Peace Research Institute
Oslo, referring to how Iran’s nuclear
programme is no longer labelled a threat
by the UN Security Council.
“Focusing on the EU and Iran would
also be a signal to the United States that
the Iran nuclear deal has a broad support
base,” Urdal told reporters.
Other possible contenders are Pope
Francis, Syria’s ‘ White Helmet ’ rescue
crews, the UN refugee agency UNHCR
and its high commissioner Filippo
Grandi. UNHCR has already won twice.
Last year’s prize went to Colombian
President Juan Manuel Santos for his
efforts to end half a century of war that
killed a quarter of million people.
Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech to the nation over the Rakhine and Rohingya situation.
Emergency ser vices personnel gather outside the Pulse nightclub after a gunman shot 49 people.
War and the Nobel Prize
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