Home' Greymouth Star : January 9th 2018 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, January 9, 2018
We appreciate the value of the Letters to the Editor
column as a public forum for West Coasters and
welcome your opinion and suggestions.
Letters may be submitted by post, fax or e-mail and
must include your name, address, phone number
and — except for e-mails — your signature. Noms
de plume are not accepted.
Please keep your letters honest, respectful and
within 300 words. Letter writers will generally not
be published more often than weekly. The Editor
reserves the right to edit or not publish letters,
especially those that are offensive or too long.
Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
uLetters to the editor
1324 - Death of Italian explorer Marco Polo.
1793 - French aeronaut Jean-Pierre Blanchard
makes the first balloon flight over the North
1799 - British Prime Minister
William Pitt (the Younger)
introduces income tax at two
shillings in the pound to raise funds
for the Napoleonic Wars.
1806 - Lord Nelson, who was
mortally wounded in the Battle of
Trafalgar in October 1805, is buried
at St Paul’s Cathedral in L ondon.
1902 - Legislation is introduced in New York
to outlaw flirting in public.
1916 - The evacuation of the last 17,000
British troops from Cape Helles brings the
Gallipoli campaign to an end.
1960 - Construction work starts on the Aswan
High Dam in Egypt.
1972 - Fire destroys liner Queen Elizabeth.
2017 - Death of Michael Chamberlain,
NZ-born pastor who was falsely implicated with
his then-wife Lindy in the disappearance and
death of their baby daughter Azaria in 1980.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Pope Gregory XV (Allesandro Ludovisi)
(1554-1623); Thomas Warton, English poet
laureate (1728-1790); Simone de
Beauvoir, French novelist and critic
(1908-1986); Richard Nixon, US
president (1913-1994); Joan Baez,
US folk singer (1941-); Robert
Drewe, Australian author (1943-);
Jimmy Page, British rock musician
(1944-); Morris Gleitzman,
Australian children’s author (1953-); Bill Leak,
Australian cartoonist (1956-2017); Dave
Matthews, US musician (1967-); Catherine,
Duchess of Cambridge (1982-).
“Those who give have all things. They who
withhold have nothing.” — Hindu proverb.
“ You are the light of the world.”
— (Matthew 5:14).
There has been a
slight decrease in the
number of tourists
Hokitika during the present holiday season
compared with the previous season.This has
been the obser vation of Hokitika public
relations officer Mr John White, but the drop
was fortunately only very small.
The PRO stated that the greenstone factory
in Hokitika was fast becoming the single
biggest attraction for tourists in the town.
Some 400 people a day go thorugh it on
conducted tours of inspection. Second to the
factory is the road trip around Lake Kaniere,
said Mr White.
The Lake Mahinapua domain has also proved
very popular over the Christmas and New Year
holidays with both local people and visitors.
Many people walked over the new walking
track built by members of the Lake Mahinapua
Aquatic Club which provides good views over
A helicopter today recovered a Cessna aircraft
that struck a boulder while landing near the
junction of the Turnbull and Mueller rivers in
South Westland on Saturday. The plane was
flying in to pick up a party of shooters.
There were no injuries in the incident and the
helicopter had no difficulty in lifting the small
aircraft out today.
The first State school in the Greymouth
district, Cobden State Primary School will
celebrate its centenary this month. On January
26, 27 and 28, former pupils of the school
from all over New Zealand and even one from
Australia will gather to celebrate the school’s
100 years of existence.
There are 623 enrolled to attend the jubilee
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (office)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
n the picturesque Barcelona
district of El Born, residents can
get a better night ’s sleep nowadays
because rubbish trucks pass only
when bins in the street are full,
thanks to high-tech sensors that
detect when they need to be emptied.
Meanwhile, a few streets away, magnetic
sensors under the road surface allow
drivers to find out in advance if a parking
space is free — saving them time and
cutting back on vehicle emissions.
Other high-technology solutions for
street lamps, traffic lights and parking
meters have been deployed in Spain’s
second-largest city in recent years.
One theatre is even decked with a smart
vertical garden on its outer wall, which
collects its own rainwater via a solar-
powered system on the roof.
As one of Europe’s richest cities, most of
Barcelona’s inhabitants already have good
access to municipal ser vices and a high
quality of life.
But in poorer parts of the world, urban
experts say efforts to improve cities with
cutting-edge technology can run into
challenges, particularly when applied in
A 24-hour smart water meter can only
be possible if you are connected to the
water system in the first place, said Ayona
Datta, a reader in urban futures at King’s
In developing countries, technology
may be introduced across a city to make
transport or water ser vices more efficient,
but will likely only work in its richer areas,
The idea of giving the same thing
to everyone in both middle-class and
low-income neighbourhoods can be
problematic, she said.
IT companies will sell (smart
technology) as a package without any
kind of customisation at a grassroots level,
Smart technology installed like this is
giving the icing on the cake to people
who are already connected, Datta said.
In many cases, those who lack access to
electricity or the internet can not benefit
from high-tech infrastructure, she added.
You really need to engage with the
social context (and) social issues first, she
In India, dozens of smart cities are
planned as the South Asian nation seeks
ways of coping with rapid growth in its
By 2050, India will have an additional
300 million urban residents, according to
UN-Habitat, the U.N. agency that deals
But one high-profile ‘smart city’ strategy
for Dholera, in Gujarat State, has sparked
It involves a new 920km metropolis on
the edge of the ancient port city, set to
run mostly on solar power and intended
to become a global manufacturing hub.
Critics say it will displace subsistence
farmers, is at risk of inundation due to
being built on a floodplain, and will cost
more than planned.
A lot of smart city projects are real
estate projects, said Nancy Odendaal, an
associate professor of urban planning at
the University of Cape Town.
On the African continent this becomes
particularly poignant as it is seen as the
last frontier for property speculation and
development, she added.
In most of Africa, smart cities tend to
be ‘top-down’ projects to create satellite
cities, like Konza Technopolis in Kenya
and Eko Atlantic City in Nigeria,
Dubbed ‘Africa’s D ubai’ Eko Atlantic
is being built on Victoria Island next to
Lagos. Developers say it will become a
new financial headquarters for Nigeria as
well as solving chronic housing shortages
Detractors argue that shiny urban
centres like Eko Atlantic are designed
for a wealthy elite, and do nothing to
help poor communities living on their
Elsewhere, smart city strategies have
received a mixed reception.
Rwanda’s capital Kigali was praised for
becoming one of the first cities in Africa
to roll out free wireless internet in some
areas in 2013.
However, it has also been criticised for
building new housing ordinary Rwandans
can not afford.
In South Africa’s Cape Town, some
people see smart city projects as an excuse
for gentrification — just another way of
turning old neighbourhoods into swish,
consumer zones, said Odendaal.
Some of the most effective schemes are
those that harness technology but are
not marketed by governments as ‘smart’,
she said. They include Map Kibera,
which began as a free, open digital map
of Africa’s largest slum in the Kenyan
capital, Nairobi. It has grown into an
interactive project pinpointing local
ser vices and providing information about
security in Kibera.
Its developers, Map Kibera Trust, say the
initiative gives visibility to marginalised
communities, with two other Nairobi
slums replicating the idea.
Non-governmental groups like Slum
Dwellers International (SDI) are also
doing useful work at grassroots level, said
The network of community-based
organisations representing the urban poor
in 32 countries across Africa, Asia and
Latin America runs a ‘Know Your City’
Slum residents collect data and
information about where they live, which
is held in a central database and can be
used by governments and other decision-
SDI says the data is owned by the
community, and gives an ‘informed and
united ’ voice to the urban poor.
Smart technology has very utopian
intentions but it is really about how it is
implemented on the ground, said Datta.
It is very universal but has to be rooted
in the context of a place in order for it
to work. Community-led initiatives can
function especially well, as in India where
local people have started sharing photos
of suspected sex offenders on instant
messaging ser vice Whats App, she said.
“Smart technology has had all sorts of
unintended consequences,” she added.
What emerges can exist completely
outside of state regulation. — Reuters
A labourer pulls a cable in front of two office buildings in Gujarat International Finance Tec-City at Gandhinagar, in the western Indian State of Gujarat.
Wifi but no water
The La Nina-driven “marine heatwave’’ that
has engulfed the Tasman Sea this summer
has delighted beach-goers with warmer
water, but likely also had some serious effects
on sea life.
Now New Zealand scientists have begun
creating a state-of-the-art model, allowing
them to forecast, decades into the future,
how frequent such events might become as
the world warms.
At the core of the Niwa-led project,
supported by a $300,000 Marsden Fund
grant, is what is known as the sub-tropical
front, or STF.
The front forms the boundary of the warm,
salty and nutrient-poor tropical ocean to
New Zealand’s north, and the cold, fresh,
nutrient-rich sub-polar ocean to the south.
The position of the front is highly
influenced by currents deep beneath the
surface, especially along the Macquarie
Ridge off the bottom of the South Island,
where water has to pass through narrow
Future predictions suggest that the westerly
wind in the Southern Ocean will become
stronger and shift south, ultimately driving a
change to the STF.
“How and how much it is going to change
is unknown and can only be tried to be
answered by ocean models,’’ said Dr Erik
Behrens, a Niwa ocean modeller leading the
But those used now could not tell scientists
how the small channels of
the Macquarie Ridge might affect the
picture, and ultimately were not detailed
enough to show how the STF would
respond to future changes in wind and sea
Given oceans were a major natural
resource — the value of New Zealand’s
seafood industry has been placed at more
than $4 billion — better information was
“If the STF shifts further south, more
nutrient-depleted water will surround
New Zealand, and thus impact the
entire ecosystem by limiting chlorophyll
production,’’ Behrens said.
“Correct ocean predictions are necessary
to estimate how much this water mass
boundary will change in the future, and
thus influence the ecosystem.’’ Aided by
New Zealand ’s new NeSI high performance
computing facility and satellite data, the
team will build a cutting-edge ocean model
for the New Zealand region.
It would be used to compare simulated
present-day conditions and potential future
“The largest challenge of this project is to
simulate the ocean around New Zealand as
realistically as possible,’’ he said.
“ Various model parameters need to
be adjusted, especially around New
Zealand, where the ocean bathymetry is so
exceptionally complex.’’ But what he and
his team ultimately produced would hold
huge benefits, allowing us to answer colossal
questions over how much warmer our oceans
may become over the next few decades,
whether ocean heat waves will become more
frequent, and how marine ecosystems may
— New Zealand Herald
The sub-tropical front is shown here, running along the bottom of the
South Island. Others shown are the East Cape Current (ECC), Tropical
Front (TF), Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), Sub-Antarctic Front
(SAF), East and West Auckland Currents (EAUC and WAUC), D’Urville
Current (DC), Westland Current (WC) and Southland Current (SC).
Study aims to predict
the fate of our oceans
New Zealand parents appear to be
following the Royals’ lead, with Charlotte
topping the list of our most popular baby
Charlotte has bumped up a place from
second last year, while 2017 marks the
fifth year in a row that Oliver tops the
The figures, gathered from Government
website Smart Start, suggested some royal
influence was at play in the top picks for
boys’ names too.
William was the country’s fourth most
popular choice, while George also scraped
into the top 10.
Names that increased in popularity
include Arlo for boys, which jumped from
23rd place to 10th place last year.
On the girls’ list, Willow was steadily
increasing and now sat at number 21.
James was a solid favourite amongst baby
boys — it had drifted up and down in the
top 20 every year since 1963.
Jeff Montgomery, registrar-General
of Births, Deaths and Marriages, said
registering a baby was an important first
step in their life.
This ensured they had an official identity
and could access their legal rights.
“Smart Start is free and helps parents
and babies get off to the best start,
making it easy to register your baby and
get an IRD number for your child, as
well as adjusting a Ministry of Social
Development benefit or updating a
Working for Families application,” he said.
Montgomery said the Smart Start
process could be carried out on any device
at any time, removing the stress for new
Most popular girls’ names
1. Charlotte (last year’s ranking: 2)
2. Harper (4)
3. Isla (3)
4. Olivia (1)
5. Ava (10)
6. Amelia (6)
7. Mia (8)
8. Mila (15)
9. Sophie (9)
10. Emily (7)
Most popular boys’ names
1. Oliver (1)
2. Jack (2)
3. Noah (7)
4. William (3)
5. Hunter (6)
6. James (5)
7. George (12)
8. Mason (4)
9. Lucas (8)
10. Arlo (23).
— New Zealand Herald
Most popular NZ baby names 2017
Links Archive January 8th 2018 January 10th 2018 Navigation Previous Page Next Page