Home' Greymouth Star : January 12th 2018 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, January 12, 2018
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uLetters to the editor
1519 - Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
1799 - Matthew Flinders and George
Bass return to Sydney in sloop Norfolk after
circumnavigating Van Diemen’s
1879 - British-Zulu War begins in
1896 - Start of 13-day heat wave
in Bourke, NSW, with daily average
temperature of 47degC; a total of 47
1897 - Death of Sir Isaac Pitman, British
educator and inventor of the shorthand system.
1915 - The US House of Representatives
rejects a proposal to give women the vote.
1945 - German forces retreat in disorder in
Battle of the Bulge during World War Two.
1950 - A Swedish tanker strikes the British
submarine Truculent during its trials in the
River Thames. Only 15 of 70 men on the
submarine sur vive.
1970 - A Boeing 747 arrives at London’s
Heathrow airport after its first proving flight
from New York.
1976 - Death of British crime writer Dame
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Edmund Burke, Irish-born
statesman (1729-1797); Hermann
Goering, German Nazi leader
(1893-1946); Joe Frazier, US boxer
(1944-2011); Kirstie Alley, US
actress (1951-); Howard Stern,
US radio/tv personality (1954-);
Melanie Chisholm (Mel C), English
pop singer (1974-); Andrew Chan, Australian
drug smuggler of the Bali Nine (1984-2015);
Georgia May Jagger, English model (1992-);
Zayn Malik, English pop singer (1993-).
“ Being young is a fault which improves daily.”
— Swedish proverb.
“ Beware, keep alert; for you do not know
when the time will come.” — (Mark 13:33).
easy to talk to and
obsessed with the
idea of promoting the
West Coast at home and overseas is Somerset-
born David Lydford, a photo-journalist who
has become the new West Coast Public
Relations Officer. And what a start he made
this morning. Though not officially taking
over the job until next Monday, he arrived at
the Mackay Street public relations centre this
morning unable to gain entry.
With considerable aplomb, he handled
several tourist inquiries as best he could on the
footpath outside the office. The first customer
wanted material on goldmining and dredging
on the West Coast. Others followed in quick
succession wanting tours of coalmines and
Later he was able to spare time for an
inter view. “In some ways this job is like a
minister’s. You must meet all types of people
and present an image of reliability to the
general public,” he said. “ Many people are
going to ask just what we need a PRO for. All
I can say is give me 18 months and then I will
be able to answer it. ”
Greymouth mayor Dr B M Dallas had a
narrow escape from serious injury in the early
hours of this morning. The car he was driving
plunged over a 50ft drop at Whites Hill on the
Greymouth side of Arthur’s Pass. Dr Dallas
was driving to Diamond Harbour to join Mrs
Dallas for a holiday there.
He managed to walk the one and a half miles
to Arthur’s Pass township where he arrived
at 2am today. Dr Dallas was alone in the car
which is described as being “severely wrecked”.
He is believed to be suffering broken ribs and
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (office)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
The real Histor y
The original History House is owned by
the Grey District Council. It paid no rent
or ground lease. It received minimal positive
promotional assistance from the council.
The ‘pop-up’ History House has been
freely advertised in the media, has free
admission, and a $7000 sign which looks
to be permanent in nature. It gets positive
propaganda and promotion.
Who owns the Dick Smith building?
What is the rent? What is the cost of the
Mawhera lease? Ratepayers are entitled
to know these costs. The council should
not hide behind ‘commercial sensitivity’.
The move to the new site has already cost
ratepayers a ‘minimum’ of $40,000.
The original History House museum
should not be lined up for sale using false
negative propaganda — e.g. number of
visitors to it — for that to happen.
‘Dick Smith’ is not our heritage. The
ex-Grey County Council building — now
a museum — certainly is and must be kept
Fresh eyes on
In December I took my visiting sister
for a stroll around Greymouth, starting
at the town square on a sunny afternoon.
Children were running around playing
in the square, while Ali’s Eating was very
busy, with patrons sitting outside enjoying
their meals, the jade shop had five
customers crowding it. The whole area was
colourful and lively.
We then moved on past the boulder
outside Just Jeans that was being caressed
by a visitor and down to History House,
which had a wonderful presentation of
local history. Years ago we visited History
House and found it to be such a muddle
we never sent visitors there. Instead we
sent them to Hokitika’s museum; now we
can proudly send them to our museum. I
hope the museum continues to stay there,
as it is so easy just to walk in from the
I also so look forward to the day that
the cranes are moved and refurbished
as they add quite a visual aspect to the
Greymouth skyline, our own industrial
We must appreciate the effort made to
make our town an interesting place, not
only for visitors but for ourselves also, as
it lifts the spirits even on a grey day. A
heartfelt ‘thank you’ to those who have
the vision and to those who have made it
Once again the Westland District
Council did not inform their ratepayers
immediately that there was e-coli in
their drinking-water. Surely a delivery
into letterboxes as soon as possible after
discovery is quite simple enough. Not
everyone does Facebook or buys the paper.
Fortunately (or not) for us, we have had
to boil our drinking water for over six
months, since the last outbreak, to try to
get rid of the offensive smell and taste of
May I inquire of the Westland District
Council as to why we have had to drink
chlorinated water for so long if that is not
Town square traffic
I want to say ‘well done’ on the new town
square — a great place for townspeople
and visitors to rest and enjoy the town.
But on Monday I drove past, and slap in
the middle was a dirty old 4WD — what
I hope these lazy people whose legs
apparently do not work get a parking
fine so my rates do not have to buy new
cobblestones in six months when they are
broken by cars and 4WDs driving across
M A Glenie
The Lions Club of Ashburton is
organising the South Island Motorhome
and Caravan Extravaganza at the
Ashburton A and P Showgrounds during
the weekend of February 17-18 . This event
was created by Bev and the late Murray
Meadows and 2018 will be its 15th year of
operation. All profits made are distributed
to worthy community groups.
The event hosts a number of businesses
and traders that specialise in motorhomes
and caravans ranging from accessories,
ser vices as well as new and good
conditioned mobile homes.
Sites are available right up to the end
of January — please refer to the contact
details below. It is also a wonderful
opportunity to buy, sell or trade your own
private mobile home for a small fee.
Above all, it is also a great social
occasion for self-contained motorhomes
and caravans to park up for the weekend
at a very reasonable cost. For members
of the NZMHCA, renewal of self-
containment certificates and electrical
WOFs are available during the weekend.
No power sites are available as the limited
number of outlets at the showgrounds are
reser ved for use by our businesses and site
Further information can be found
via our website www.motorhomes.
ashburtononline.co.nz by e-mailing
co.nz or contacting Michael on
027 531 9634.
Lions Club of Ashburton
t is called “the cocktail party
effect ’’ — the point where a din
becomes so loud that it is difficult
to hear what is going on around
you, or even hold a conversation
with someone near you.
Thanks to large, noisy ships, a similar
effect has been obser ved beneath the
surface of the Hauraki Gulf — and
scientists say it could be making it harder
for at least two resident marine species to
The largest study of its kind in the gulf
— a nd just published in international
journal Global Change Biology — found
that noise from cargo, container and
tanker vessels overlapped the species
vocalisations up to 20% of the time.
But its authors add that efforts to slow
down ships to reduce the risk to whales
had also been having benefits for noise.
University of Auckland researchers
Rosalyn Putland and Associate Professor
Craig Radford from the Institute
of Marine Science combined sound
recordings from four hydrophone
“ listening stations’’ over a nine month
period with automatic ship tracking data
to track under water noise contributed by
Suspended 1m to 2m above the seafloor,
the hydrophones recorded two minutes of
data every 20 minutes.
The study focused on two species which
use sound to communicate, Bryde’s
whales and the common reef fish, bigeye.
Every time a vessel passed within
10km of a listening station, it reduced
communication space for bigeye by up
to 61.5% and by up to 87.4% for Bryde’s
Research has shown bigeye can
communicate over distances of up to 31m
— s uggesting that passing ship could
reduce this to less than 12m.
Bryde’s whales, meanwhile, were capable
of communicating from as far away as
8km from one another.
Radford said the cocktail party effect
could be likened to this “communication
space’’ between species.
“Communication space is the range at
which two species can hear each other
and this study has found the range at
which bigeyes and Bryde’s whales can
communicate is significantly reduced
when a ship comes past.’’
The reduction of communication
space for marine species was becoming
an increasing concern for scientists
worldwide as more was learned about
how the use of sound is used among
groups of species to ensure survival
including finding a mate, defending
territory and warning of predators.
The biggest impact from ship noise
was at Jellicoe Channel, the most
regularly used shipping lane into Ports
of Auckland where vessel passages were
recorded 18.9% of the time.
This latest study provides further
evidence that compliance with the 10-
knot speed restriction within the Hauraki
Gulf Marine Park area could benefit
marine species, Putland said, as vessels
travelling at lower speeds produce quieter
levels of noise.
“The voluntary speed limit of 10 knots
was is fairly recent but we believe is
having a significant effect on helping
reduce noise in the gulf to allow species
to hear each other,’’ she said.
“Even so, when a ship is directly
above marine animals, it reduces
communication for those animals almost
completely, or by 99%.’’
Ports of Auckland head of
communications Matt Ball said it was
pleasing to see the work to reduce whale
deaths caused by shipping was also
having on ship noise.
“As the report’s authors note, the
voluntary speed limit of 10 knots is
having a significant effect on helping
reduce noise in the Gulf to allow species
to hear each other,’’ Ball said.
“The shipping industry is right behind
the voluntary speed restriction and as a
result there have been no whale deaths
from ship strike for over three years.’’
While this study focused on large
commercial vessels, more than 130,000
recreational boats regularly use the Gulf
and this number is expected to rise 40%
in the next 20 years.
Recreational boats produced sound that
also overlapped fish and marine mammal
Further research at the Leigh Marine
Laboratory will focus on how recreational
boat noise in the Gulf affects the
communication space of fish and marine
The new findings came after United
States scientists Dr Leigh Torres, of
Oregon State University, and Dr Holger
Klinck, of Cornell University, aired
their concerns over the noise created by
seismic air guns, which are used by the
oil and gas industry to search for new
Klinck and Torres shared underwater
recordings made in the South Taranaki
Bight capturing an oil sur vey ship letting
off seismic blasts every eight seconds.
When sped up, the recordings showed
how the sound was enough to drown
out the call of a blue whale — a species
known to feed in the area.
The researchers said whales used sound
to communicate, find food, and navigate,
and seismic blasting meant their lives
were “disturbed and dramatically altered ’’.
A consistent, repetitive boom was what
whales living in a region of oil and gas
exploration heard, as seismic sur veys
often lasted several months.
Industrial seismic airgun arrays were
among the loudest man-made sources
and the noise emitted by these arrays
could travel thousands of kilometres, they
Noise from a single seismic airgun
survey could blanket an area of more than
300,000 square kilometres, raising local
background noise levels 100-fold.
— N Z M E-New Zealand Herald
PICTURES: New Zealand Herald
University of Auckland researcher Rosalyn Putland listens to sounds collected by seafloor hydrophones in the Hauraki Gulf.
Ship noise affects marine life
Big Eye fish swarm together during ship noise.
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