Home' Greymouth Star : November 21st 2013 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Thursday, November 21, 2013
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uLetters to the editor
1620 - Near Cape Cod, the heads of all 41
households aboard the May ower sign the
May ower Compact which establishes a plan
for pilgrims to govern in the new American
1877 - omas A Edison announces
invention of the phonograph in United States.
1916 - Death of ruler of the
Austro-Hungarian Empire since
1848, Emperor Franz Josef.
1920 - e Irish Republican
Army shoots dead 14 British agents
in what becomes known as the
country's rst Bloody Sunday.
1953 - e British Museum
publishes a scienti c report proving the
Piltdown Man discovery in 1912 was a hoax.
1974 - 21 people are killed and 162 injured in
Birmingham, England, when bombs explode in
two pubs. e IRA claims responsibility.
1995 - Former Nazi SS Captain Erich
Priebke is extradited from Argentina to face
charges in the massacre of 335 Italian civilians.
2006 - Swimmer Ian orpe announces his
retirement from competitive swimming.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Voltaire, French poet-philosopher (1694-
1778); Sir Samuel Cunard, Canada-born
shipowner (1787-1865); Adolph (Harpo)
Marx, second oldest of the US Marx
brothers comedy team (1888-1964);
Vivian Blaine, US actress (1921-
1995); Natalia Makarova, Russian
ballerina (1940-); Goldie Hawn, US
(1945-); Nicollette Sheridan, US
actress (1963-); Bjork, Icelandic
pop singer (1965-); Alex James, British rock
musician (Blur) (1968-).
"Modesty is the only sure bait when you
angle for praise." --- e fourth Earl of
Chester eld, English author (1694-1773).
" is is the victory that conquers the world,
our faith." --- (1 John 5:4).
His Honour, Mr
Justice I H Macarthur,
this morning reser ved
his decision in an
appeal brought by the police against the
dismissal of a charge of consuming liquor in
the bar of the Greymouth Workingmen's Club
on the morning of Sunday June 9, by Mr E A
Lee, SM, in the Greymouth Supreme Court.
Constable Linsay John Hunter was named
appellant, and William Keith John Glover
respondent in the action. Mr D J Tucker, the
Crown Prosecutor, appeared for the police, and
Mr J W Hannan for Glover.
e appeal was by way of case stated, and
centered around submissions made by counsel
for both sides. e hearing lasted two hours,
after which the Judge said he would need
time to consider his attitude, and reserved
his decision. It was likely the decision would
be released late this afternoon, but, failing
that, he would issue a reser ved decision from
Christchurch later, he said.
Mr Lee's grounds for dismissal of the
information was that the Licensing Control
Commission had not directed that proceedings
against Glover be taken, Mr Tucker said.
Rough conditions in the area between Nelson
and Westport forced the National Air ways
Corporation DC3 service from Wellington to
Hokitika to return to Nelson yesterday.
As a result of the delay passengers for
Greymouth and Hokitika did not arrive in
Greymouth until 9.15 last night. When the
service was unable to proceed to Westport the
14 passengers for Westport, Greymouth and
Hokitika were brought south by bus. A taxi
met the bus at Inangahua Juncton and took
passengers for Greymouth and Hokitika.
Passengers due to y from Hokitika were
mostly sent via Chrictchurch, and others were
accommodated on the Golden Coast ight.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
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Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
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03 755 8422
It is noted in history as one of
the bloodiest battles of the New
Zealand land wars that preceded
the British invasion of the Waikato
But for the people of Ngati Naho
and other iwi, yesterday was a chance to
remember the bravery of their ancestors
who de ed colonial rule at Rangiriri.
Hundreds were at the historic Rangiriri
battle site yesterday to commemorate 150
years since Lieutenant-General Duncan
Cameron led his forces against the second
Maori King Tawhiao.
e ghting lasted two days and there
were 74 casualties --- 38 colonial troops
and 36 Maori were killed and dozens more
were wounded, making it the bloodiest
ght of the land wars.
A further 183 Maori were taken prisoner
and several more drowned in Lake Waikare
as they tried to ee the defensive line they
had built along the ridge at Rangiriri.
Ngati Naho spokesman Brad Totorewa
said the day was not only a chance to
remember a signi cant milestone in New
Zealand history but to commemorate his
"It's a combined commemoration for all
of those that were involved in the war but,
in particular, from an iwi point of view
what we want to commemorate is the
bravery of our tupuna and other iwi and
Part of yesterday's ceremony involved
a haka performed by at least 200 men,
composed by Mr Totorewa.
"It's a collation of sayings of the (Maori)
kings, and interactions between Governor
Grey and King Potatau and King Tawhiao
... it's a combination of things that were
said by our ancestors about things that
were going on at the time."
New Zealand Defence Force and
government representatives were also
on hand to witness the unveiling
of two carved pou --- of Te Oriori
and Te Wharepu, who designed the
"It wasn't a traditional forti cation
and that's how they took trench warfare
overseas, it came from this incident at
Rangiriri," said Mr Totorewa.
Hone Tarawhiti of Ngati Whawhakia
said his ancestors who also fought at
Rangiriri were conned after raising the
white ag, which they believed was to
discuss terms of peace.
"Once they got them into peace
negotiations they switched the terms to
surrender," he said.
Nga Pae o Maumahara chairman
Tom Roa said the day was important to
promote themes of reconciliation and
transformation which he believed would
resonate with all New Zealanders.
e defeat at Rangiriri preceded King
Tawhiao's eeing to the King Country and
the con scation of thousands of hectares of
On that day in 1863
British forces led by Lieutenant-
General Duncan Cameron attack the
Rangiriri defensive line built by
Maori across the thin strip of land between
the Waikato River and Lake Waikare.
e main line, which ran for almost
1km from east to west, comprised a front
trench with a high parapet of banked-up
earth and another trench behind.
e defences consisted of an
entrenched parapet with ditches on both
sides. Concealed ri e pits were protected
by wooden stakes in the ground. It was
manned by 500 defenders.
e British failed in at least eight
attempts to take the redoubt.
--- New Zealand Herald
PICTURE: New Zealand Herald
Brad Totorewa composed the haka to be performed by about 200 men at yesterday's 150th commemorations.
Maori battle recalled
Healy s view
With Labour's poll numbers faltering,
there will undoubtedly be much agitated
discussion in the o ce of the leader of
"What's wrong with everybody?!" David
Cunli e's advisers will wail. "Why didn't
anyone like Kiwi Assure? What was not
to like about a State-owned insurance
company? What on earth do people
Well, if the news from abroad is
anything to go by, they want a good
deal more than the cautious gestures
they have seen so far. Indeed, if the
research published recently in both the
United Kingdom and the United States
is correct, a substantial chunk of the
electorate is willing to embrace economic
and social policies that are genuinely and
A You Gov survey for the Centre for
Labour and Social Studies (Class) think
tank, carried out at the end of last month,
showed that United Kingdom voters
"strongly supported support State-
imposed price controls on the utilities,
re-nationalisation of the railways and
Royal Mail, an end to private cash in the
public sector and even State power to
Putting it bluntly: a solid majority of
the UK electorate is well to the left of
Ed Miliband's Labour Party.
Nick Assinder, the political editor of
the IBTimes, summed up the poll results
rather incredulously with the observation:
"If the ndings continue to be borne
out as the general election campaign
moves into top gear, and if Labour takes
them to heart, it could spark the sort of
ideological debate which Britain has not
seen since the late 1970s and 1980s ---
for good or ill."
Something similar would appear
to happening on the other side of
the Atlantic. New polling from Hart
Research Associates, undertaken on
behalf of Americans For Tax Fairness,
indicates a strong, pundit-confounding,
public appetite for imposing higher taxes
on the rich.
On the liberal website, Campaign For
America's Future, blogger Richard Eskow
writes: "As that covert recording of Mitt
Romney showed last year, some of the
'1%' think other Americans aren't pulling
their own weight in this economy. As
this new polling con rms, the feeling's
mutual. By a 17 point margin (56% to
39%), the American people want the
next budget agreement to include new
tax revenues from corporations and the
One of the reasons David Cunli e
won the leadership of the Labour Party
was the widely held view among the
party's rank-and- le that he --- alone
of all his rivals --- "got" this. On the day
he announced his candidacy, his "You
betcha!" response to a question about
raising taxes on the rich had thrilled not
just his Labour Party followers, but a
large portion of the wider electorate.
At Labour's annual conference, held
in Christchurch at the beginning of this
month, considerable behind-the-scenes
diplomacy went on to smooth the rough
edges o policy proposals from branch
members and union a liates who had
taken Mr Cunli e's radicalism at face
value. For the most part, the radicals were
happy to oblige --- not wanting their man
to be embarrassed in front of a sceptical
But, if the trends from abroad are any
guide, smoothing o the radical edges of
Labour's policy platform was exactly the
wrong thing to do. If Mr Cunli e's would
improve his political fortunes, he should
think about sharpening --- not blunting
--- his party's attack on the status-quo.
e Labour caucus, too, needs to
summon up the courage to abandon what
may turn out to have been its entirely
unnecessary caution. It is one thing to
protect the party leader from stepping
beyond the limits of the electorate's
tolerance; quite another to stand between
the voters and the radical policies they
are hungering for. Neo-liberalism has
been weighed in the balance and found
wanting --- Labour MPs should not
attempt to second-guess the zeitgeist.
Bill Clinton's campaign-team's note-
to-self: "It's the economy, stupid!" has
become the stu of US political folklore
--- and a potent reminder to stay focused
on voter priorities.
Perhaps Mr Cunli e's note-to-self
should be: "Radical policies for a radical
Chris Trotter is an independent
left-wing political commentator
Outflanked on the left by the voters!
Matt Rourke and Mark Scolforo
On the Civil War battle eld where
President Abraham Lincoln gave a
speech that symbolised his presidency
and the sacri ces made by Union and
Confederate forces, historians and
everyday Americans are gathering to
ponder what the Gettysburg Address has
meant to the United States.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address --- rst
delivered nearly ve months after the
major 1863 battle that left tens of
thousands of men wounded, dead or
missing --- was read by a re-enactor to
mark the anniversary.
Civil War historian James McPherson
and United States Interior Secretary
Sally Jewell were scheduled to speak to
mark the 150th anniversary of the speech.
Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett also
e short oration, which begins, "Four
score and seven years ago", is remembered
as a momentous re ection on what the
Civil War meant for the survival of
United States and the viability of liberty.
Countless American school children have
memorised the speech over the decades,
even though no de nitive edition of the
It was not immediately recognised as a
towering literary achievement.
Just last week e Patriot-News in
nearby Harrisburg retracted a dismissive
editorial about the speech published
by its Civil War-era predecessor, e
Harrisburg Patriot and Union. e paper
now says it regrets the error of not seeing
its "momentous importance, timeless
eloquence and lasting signi cance".
e ideals expressed in the speech also
were not necessarily a re ection of reality.
Only a few years after the war, a separate
cemetery for black Civil War veterans
was created in Gettysburg because they
were "denied burial in the National
Cemetery because of segregation
policies", according to a historical marker
placed in 2003.
e anniversary ceremony began in
the morning with a wreath-laying event
at the Soldiers' National Cemetery.
ere also was a graveside salute to US
Coloured Troops at noon, and a tree-
planting ceremony in the afternoon.
Some visitors are honouring the speech
as well as the men who fought in the
battle. Tom Stack, 54, of Delaware, has
an ancestor who fought and died at
"It was an incredible time, with
incredible individuals, on both sides,
really," Stack said.
e annual Remembrance Day Parade
in Gettysburg will be held on Saturday,
featuring Union and Confederate re-
enactors who will lay wreaths at the
portions of the battle eld their units
Gettysburg address marks 150th anniversary
United States Civil War re-enactor Union o cers listen to speeches at the
Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania.
Worsening behaviour by MPs
in Parliament is increasing
demands for a comprehensive code
of conduct by members in the
debating chamber of the House.
Formal adoption of such a
code has been urged for years
by Labour MP Ross Robertson,
--- consistently without success
although minor parties signed-up
to a voluntary code in 2007.
ese included the Greens, Maori
Party, United Future and Act, all if
which were concerned at:
e strategy of organised
barracking by parties;
Constant points of order
which were repeatedly silly and
frivolous and intended to hector,
bully and destabilise those asking or
responding to questions;
Ministers indulging in ippant
comments and put-downs rather
than addressing a question, and
shouting that made it di cult to
hear what was being said.
Of the four parties, 15 members
signed up to a voluntary code of
behaviour, even though this fell
short of the code of ethical conduct
promoted unsuccessfully by Mr
e issue has now been revisited
by Maori Party co-leader Te Ururoa
Flavell, as guest speaker at United
Future's recent annual general
Mr Flavell said the code
represented a common
commitment to politics of principle
rather than politics of personal
"Signing up to that declaration
was a recognition that it is in our
individual and collective interest to
foster public con dence and trust in
our integrity as individuals and in
Parliament as an institution.
"As we re ect on public
perceptions of politicians in 2013,
I think there is room for regret that
there is still far too much behaviour
in the chamber which diminishes
the mana of the House, and it
might well be timely to revisit the
code we created six years ago."
Mr Flavell recalled the advice of
Sir Winston Churchill that "by
swallowing evil words unsaid, no
one has ever harmed his stomach",
suggesting this should be heeded by
colleagues on both the Government
and Opposition benches.
As an original signatory to the
voluntary code, United Future leader
Peter Dunne takes a similar view,
pointing out the inconsistencies of
recent Speakers of the House in
their approach to the code.
Mr Dunne told the Greymouth
Star the code had been e ective
initially, but had lost some of its
en signatories had told
former Speaker Margaret Wilson
in 2007 that they would always
support anything she did to boost
parliamentary behaviour standards.
"She was pretty enthused at
rst but, over time, started to lose
interest. With that, the question of
credibility of the code lost interest.
"Jonathan Hunt (also a former
Speaker) was never a fan, and by the
time Lockwood Smith and David
Carter assumed o ce, things had
" e important point to take from
Te Ururoa Flavell's comments is that
it is probably time to revitalise it."
South Paci c News Service
MPs' code of conduct revisited
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