Home' Greymouth Star : November 30th 2013 Contents Greymouth Star
Sir Ben Kingsley has talked about
sporting a full facial moko in the sci-
movie Ender's Game, saying it gave
his character a missing ingredient.
To get the look of space military
man Mazer Rackham that director
Gavin Hood wanted for his big-screen
adaptation of Orson Scott Card's
book, Kingsley spent hours in makeup.
He did not have any reservations
about having the "tattoos" done but
says the South African director skirted
around the issue.
"Gavin was quite ner vous about
mentioning them because he was
afraid I might say I wouldn't wear
them," he says.
"He nervously embarked on this
dissertation about whether I would
want a Maori expert and the meaning
of the tattoos, and I said, 'Hold it right
there. If it helps you tell your story, I
shall put them on in makeup'. It's that
simple with me."
Kingsley saw rst-hand the
impressions the tattoos made on his
fellow cast members, which included
his Hugo co-star Asa Butter eld, as
well as Hailee Steinfeld and Harrison
"Everyone was gathered together for
Gavin's birthday. I walked in, in my
Maori makeup for the rst time, and
it changed the way my fellow actors
looked at and listened to me," he says.
"It was the missing ingredient in my
character that I didn't need to act."
Kingsley says the moko suited the
"In the army, there are campaign
medals and ribbons. A Maori warrior
is allowed to wear these campaign
medals on his face."
Ender's Game screens in New
Zealand cinemas from December 5.
4 Saturday, November 30, 2013
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uLetters to the editor
1652 - Dutch defeat English eet o
1782 - Americans and British sign
preliminary peace articles in Paris, ending
American Revolutionary War.
1833 - Eight people die when brig Ann
Jamieson explodes while moored at
King's Wharf, Sydney.
1900 - Death of Irish-born author
1913 - Actor Charlie Chaplin
makes lm debut in Holywood's
Making a Living.
1939 - e Soviet Union invades
1964 - Soviet Union launches spacecraft
toward Mars in apparent race with US
1975 - Four Timorese parties proclaim
independence of the territory and its
integration with Indonesia.
1989 - Terrorists kill West German banker
1990 - US President George Bush announces
he will send Secretary of State Jim Baker to
Baghdad to invite the Iraqi foreign minister
to the White House in a last e ort to reach a
peaceful end to the Persian Gulf crisis
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Jonathan Swift, English satirist (1667-
1745); Mark Twain, US author (1835-1910);
Sir Winston Churchill, British
statesman (1874-1965); Virginia
Mayo, US actress (1920-2005); Dick
Clark, US pop music personality
(1929-2012); Ridley Scott, British
lm director (1937-); David Mamet,
US playwright (1947-); Mandy
Patinkin, US actor (1952-); June
Pointer, US singer (1954-2006);
Billy Idol, US singer (1955-); Ben Stiller, US
" e real problem is what to do with the
problem solvers after the problems are solved."
--- Gay Talese, American author and journalist.
"I am not worthy to have You come under my
roof." --- (Matthew 8:8).
A United States
Marine Corps captain
who 12 months ago
indicated that he
would come to New Zealand to live when he
retires, because life in America was "too hectic"
and who has chosen the West Coast as a
possible area in which to settle, John Dunn, has
written to a Greymouth friend concerning the
assassination of President Kennedy.
His letter, to Mr Bruce Woodley, written
some 12 hours after the rst news of the Dallas
(Texas) murder of the President last Friday,
says that "today has seemed like a horrible
dream". "When I rst heard of it it seemed
to me some sort of unspeakably cruel hoax
that had somehow reached the wire ser vices,"
captain Dunn writes.
It was about 12 months ago that an Evening
Star article recorded the fact that the Marine
captain and his wife had selected Westland as
the place in which they would like to retire.
A direct association with six Bevilacqua,
Seddon and Watkins medal winners, extending
over 40 years, can be claimed by a Cowper
Street woman, Mrs J A Kennedy. is week
when a niece, Lorraine Kennedy, won the
Bevilacqua Medal for 1963 and a nephew, John
Straker, won the Seddon Medal, Mrs Kennedy
found she had a unique link with the three
major primary school scholastic awards.
She is a sister-in-law of Mr A Kennedy, who
won the Bevilacqua Medal in 1920, and a rst
cousin by marriage to Miss E Ryan who won
the same award also in 1920. She is a sister to
the 1940 Watkins Medal winner D Gifkins
and a sister to the 1942 Watkins and Seddon
medals winner C Gifkins.
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
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Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
e tradition of the Christmas tree arose
from the r tree decorated with apples and
representations of communion wafers used in
the Paradise play. e Paradise play was one
of many religious dramas used to convey the
Christian message in town squares from the
11th to 15th centuries in Germany.
e tree was the only prop on the stage and
symbolised the tree from which Adam and
Eve ate in the garden of Eden. e apples
represented their fall from grace and the wafers
People in uenced by this play began to erect
a r tree decorated with apples and biscuits in
place of the wafers on Adam and Eve's Feast
Day, which is the December 24, in their homes.
e candles possibly came from the custom of
having a large Christ candle lit on Christmas
eve along with smaller candles on a nearby
Over time people dropped the pyramid and
added the candles to the tree. Similarly other
decorations like the star representing the star
of Bethlehem, gifts under the tree from the
wisemen and so on came to be incorporated
into the tradition. e coloured balls we place
on the tree today represent the apples, the lights
represent the candles and so on.
Moravians brought it to America 300 years
ago and Prince Albert of Germany brought it to
England when he married Queen Victoria 170
years ago, and so it has spread around the world
and into our homes today. It is full of Christian
Ven Tim Mora,
Holy Trinity Church, Greymouth.
Origin of the
Be careful what you wish for,
Prime Minister. If the New Zealand
electorate has shifted as far to the
left as the polls show the British
and American electorates shifting, a
Labour Party committed to
re-nationalising the partially-
privatised energy SOEs and Air New
Zealand may not be as unpopular as
you think. By the same token, Mr
Cunli e: "Pro igate Communist!" may
not be the insult you assume it to be.
Across the world, but especially
in the developed world, there is
a growing sense of enough being
enough. Enough inequality. Enough
unemployment. Enough insecurity.
Enough retrenchment. Enough
austerity. Enough of swallowing
the lie that all of these things
are as immutable as the seasons.
Unalterable. Just the way it is.
"Enough of that!" People are saying.
"What was made by man can be
changed by man."
Enough is enough.
It has been slow to arrive in New
Zealand. Nearly three decades of
bipartisan agreement on the essentials
of neoliberal economic policy have
seen to that. A whole generation
has grown up believing that this is
as good as it gets. at the Reserve
Bank Act, the Public Finance
Act, the State Sector Act and the
Act --- like the stone tablets Moses
brought down from Mt Sinai --- are
laws written by God.
But the problem with raising up a
massive, all-embracing, hegemonic
structure is that, eventually, it has to
deliver. People will tolerate a slow
start --- especially if the system being
replaced held sway for a long time
and embedded its values deep in
the national psyche. At some point,
however, the new system has got to
work. And by "work" the average
person means "work for everyone ---
not just a privileged few ".
irty years has been more than
enough time for the neo-liberal
system to have proved its worth.
at it has delivered the world we
live in today argues pretty decisively
against it being much more than a
mechanism for making the rich richer
and the rest of us wretched.
e newspapers and the electronic
media may tell us that things are not
as bad as they seem, and that, really,
our government's "common sense"
policies are working splendidly; but
their spin is counter-spun by our
lived experience. e content of
our day-to-day lives is constantly
constructing a powerful "counter-
hegemony". We "just know " that
things are not getting better.
And, knowing this, we are
constantly bemused, amazed and
(more recently) aggrieved that
the political parties purporting to
o er a challenge to the status-quo
do not seem to be aware of it. Or,
even if they are aware of it, remain
steadfastly unwilling to embrace
the sort of policies that might do
something about it.
Mr Cunli e's unwillingness to be
labelled a "Pro igate Communist"
reveals the power that neoliberalism
still wields over New Zealand's
political class. Every editor, every
political journalist and commentator
in the country would declare his
unequivocal pledge to renationalise
the energy SOEs utter folly --- and
the leader of the Labour Party has
baulked at the prospect.
But, in a world made miserable by
the wisdom of our neoliberal masters,
folly may be exactly what people
are looking for in a Labour leader.
e 'holy folly' that inspired the
Saints: that prompted Martin Luther
to nail his manifesto of protest to
the cathedral door; that kept Rosa
Parks in her seat, immovable, on a
We New Zealanders have a soft
spot for that sort of holy foolishness.
It is why we cheered when Norman
Kirk dispatched a frigate to
Mururoa. It is why we applauded
when hundreds of little boats sailed
out to blockade the nuclear warships
of the United States Navy. It is
why, deep down, and in spite of all
the sneers and jeers, we are willing
Greenpeace's little otilla to stay the
distance and succeed.
When we see the size of the drilling
vessel: the way it dwarfs the little
craft that have sailed into Anadarko's
forbidden zone to bear witness
against the reckless gamble that is
deep sea oil; something in us reaches
" is will not stand", whispers
the voice of holy folly. And then,
loud enough to disturb his whole
Government, that same voice makes
a second promise: one our Prime
Minister was certain he would never
hear --- and now recoils from: " ey
will not stand alone."
Chris Trotter is an independent
left-wing political commentator
Holy folly --- enough is enough
Moko gives space-soldier actor his 'missing ingredient'
Ben Kingsley plays space military man Mazer Rackham in Ender's Game.
Former West Coaster Mark Sadler, the
man who helped save the Roa coalmine,
died in Christchurch last month after a
Mr Sadler grew up at Nelson Creek, and
attended primary school at Camerons,
where his father taught. He worked at the
Nelson Creek Post O ce, was a porter at
the Fox Glacier Hotel and an orderly at
As a young university student, he got
a summer job at the Roa Mine, near
Blackball. e mine was in nancial trouble
and looked as though it was going to close.
He looked at the books, and the tonnage
sold, and realised the mine should have
made a pro t.
It was then discovered that thousands of
pounds was being stolen by a functionary,
in Wellington. e mine was saved.
In 1947, Mr Sadler began studying at
Canterbury College, aged just 16. He
completed a bachelor of science, majoring
A part-time job at the Christchurch
gasworks was traded for a job in Suva as a
chemist, in charge of mineral and mining
In 1957 he returned to New Zealand and
did a degree in psychology at Canterbury
College, prompted by concerns over human
He drafted a three-point plan to reform
mental hospitals, most of which was
Back in Fiji, arguing for better birth
control to reduce poverty, he was seen by
some as the leader of a plot to raise wages.
He wrote two books, e Science of
Making ings Interesting and e Secret
of Rapid Learning, always written on a
e Press reported that he helped the
mentally ill, alcoholics and ex-criminals,
and was a member of the Canterbury
He founded the Keynesian Progress Party.
Mark Sadler is survived by his
wife Barbara, two children and two
Mark Sadler 1930 --- 2013
Jane KirbyThe high salt content of
common drugs such as
soluble aspirin is putting
millions of Britons at risk
of heart attack, stroke
and death, according to a
Taking e ervescent and soluble drugs
such as paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen,
vitamin C, calcium or zinc, leads to a 22%
higher chance of su ering a stroke and a
28% increased risk of dying prematurely
from any cause.
People on the drugs are also seven
times more likely to develop high blood
pressure than those taking similar drugs
that contain no salt.
One of the drugs, metoclopramide, is
taken regularly by migraine su erers.
Lead researcher Dr Jacob George,
from the University of Dundee, says
the ndings are worrying and millions
of Britons who take the drugs on
prescription, or buy them over the
counter or in supermarkets, are at
Other medicines containing salt could
also pose a risk, he said.
His team is now calling for the salt
content of medicines to be clearly
labelled in the same way as for food.
" ese drugs are also available over the
counter. ey can be picked up in the
supermarket. We have no control over
how many millions of people are buying
these drugs," Dr George, a senior clinical
lecturer and honorary consultant in
clinical pharmacology said.
" e ones we looked at were prescribed
by GPs, but there's a potentially much
larger problem with these drugs
being bought over the counter and in
e main drugs in the British Medical
Journal (BMJ) study are painkillers
and analgesics, and vitamin C, zinc and
"We looked at drugs that are very
commonly used. Each drug had at least
1000 prescriptions on the database."
ere is a clear dose-response e ect,
with people taking higher doses of the
salt-containing drugs having a higher risk
of su ering a health problem, Dr George
Some people need soluble drugs because
they have di culty swallowing pills, or
because the drugs get into the system
But not all drugs contain salt and some
people may wish to move on to those
prepared without salt, he said.
Because there is no clear labelling
of the salt content of the drugs, Dr
George said the experts "struggled" to
get the information and often had to call
manufacturers "multiple times".
e researchers examined data from
almost 1.3 million people who were
given at least two prescriptions of salt-
containing drugs, or who were taking the
same drugs without salt.
e patients were typically followed for
e results show that, overall, people
on the salt-containing drugs were 16%
more likely to su er a heart attack, stroke
or death from a vascular condition than
those on the non-salt drugs.
e typical time it took to su er a
health problem was just under four years
from rst being prescribed the drugs.
Factors likely to a ect the results, such
as body mass index, smoking, alcohol
intake, history of various chronic illnesses
and use of certain other medications,
were taken into account.
e researchers concluded exposure
to sodium-containing formulations of
e ervescent, dispersible and soluble
medicines was associated with signi cantly
increased odds of adverse cardiovascular
events compared with standard
formulations of those same drugs.
should be prescribed with caution only
if the perceived bene ts outweigh these
risks," they said.
As an example, taking eight tablets
a day of dispersible and e ervescent
paracetamol could exceed the
recommended daily salt intake for adults,
without even counting the e ect of other
drugs or salt from a person's diet, the
"We believe that our ndings are
potentially of public health importance.
" e sodium content of medicines
seems to be an important topic that needs
to be dealt with by regulatory agencies.
"As a minimum, the public should be
warned about the potential hazards of
high sodium consumption in prescribed
medicines, and these should be clearly
labelled with the sodium content in the
same way as foods are labelled.
"Although we did not study non-
prescription or over-the-counter
medicines, we think that it is reasonable
to extrapolate our ndings to these
preparations that have more questionable
therapeutic bene t should have their
risk-bene t balance reassessed."
An estimated 26 million people in
the United Kingdom have high dietary
sodium intake, the researchers said.
"It has been estimated that a three
gram per day reduction in salt (1.2 g/
day reduction in sodium) could prevent
30,000 cardiovascular events and save the
NHS at least 40 million per year," they
A spokesman for the Medicines and
Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
said it would review the ndings. --- PA
High on salt
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