Home' Greymouth Star : December 4th 2013 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Wednesday, December 4, 2013
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uLetters to the editor
1259 Treaty of Paris: English king Henry III
and French king Louis IX .
1745 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby.
1783 - George Washington delivered his
farewell address to his o cers at Fraunces
Tavern in New York City.
1791 Britain's Observer, oldest
Sunday newspaper in world, 1st
1816 - James Monroe of Virginia
was elected (by electors) the fth
president of the United States.
1875 - William Marcy "Boss"
Tweed of New York's Tammany
Hall escaped from jail and ed the country.
1941 Nazi ordinances places Jews of Poland
outside protection of courts .
1945 - e Senate approved US participation
in the United Nations.
1978 - Dianne Feinstein became San
Francisco's rst female mayor.
1991 - Associated Press correspondent Terry
Anderson is released after seven years as a
hostage in Lebanon.
1993 - Rock musician and composer Frank
Zappa died at age 52.
2003 - Interpol put the former president of
Liberia, Charles Taylor, on its most-wanted list.
2012 In Egypt, one hundred thousand
people gather around the Presidential palace
to protest proposed constitutional changes by
Mohamed Morsi, the President of Egypt.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
John Cotton clergyman (1584); omas
Carlyle, essayist, historian (1795);
Lillian Russell, soprano (1861);
Edith Cavell, nurse (1865); Rainer
Maria Rilke, poet (1875); Max
Baer Jr (1937); Dennis Wilson, pop
musician (1944); Je Bridges, actor
(1949); Jay-Z, rapper, producer
(1969); Tyra Banks, model (1973).
"A ship in the harbour is safe. But that's not
what ships are built for." - Anonymous.
"I will say of the Lord, He is my refuge and my
fortress, my God; on Him I lean and rely, and
in Him I trust!" --- (Psalm 91:2).
e death of Mr
in Christchurch on
Sunday. He was 51. Mr Dellaca was a native
of Globe Hill, near Reefton. On leaving
the Reefton District High School he joined
his father in conducting a retail business in
Reefton. e association continued until his
transfer to Christchurch in 1955.
Mr Dellaca was a keen rugby footballer in his
youth and was a life member of the Reefton
Jockey Club. He was also associated with the
He is survived by his wife Norma, a member
of the well-known Kear family of Greymouth
and Reefton; two daughters, Pauline and
Cherlyn; his father Mr T A Dellaca, and two
brothers, John and Percy (Westport).
With his total of 8102, Westland's
representative in Parliament, Mr P Blanch eld,
gained 61% of the 13,282 votes registered
throughout the province on Saturday in
the general election. is gure represents
a healthy increase in the vote percentage
accorded the same Labour member for his rst
stand in 1960.
Mr Blanch eld's gain was chie y at the
expense of National candidate, Mr W A
Reynolds. On the nal count, the Westland
vote for National is almost certain to be the
smallest on record.
An 11-year-old boy whose hand was
mangled in a turnip sowing machine at
Taramakau Settlement over the weekend, is
in a satisfactory condition in the Greymouth
Hospital, where an operation has been
performed on the limb, but no ngers
e lad is John Patrick Stewart who was
injured while the machine was working on a
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
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3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
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Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Its owner calls it "a little piece of rag
. . .abitofroughblueclothyou
wouldn't want anywhere near your
But yesterday that little piece of
blue wool and cotton cloth was
being unveiled at Ballarat's Museum of
Australian Democracy at Eureka (MADE)
and was the subject of considerable
Why? Because it is a piece of the Eureka
ag that has come home.
When miners on the Victorian gold elds
rose up in protest in 1854, a home made
ag uttered above their crude stockade
to symbolise their de ance, their hatred
of the authorities and, especially, of the 30
shillings a month mining licence fee.
e Eureka Stockade began on November
30 with a solemn oath by the miners to
stand by each other. It ended on December
3 with a battle that resulted in the deaths
of 38 people. e ag was trampled, hacked
and carried o as a trophy by Trooper John
ese days the huge ag, with its white
cross on a blue background, is in MADE
--- but 40% of it is missing.
But now an extra little fragment will
go on display at the museum, courtesy of
Adrian Millane of Nambour, Queensland.
e story of the rectangle, which measures
just 5cm by 2cm, is almost as interesting as
the failed uprising.
Millane was given the scrap by his great
aunt Dot Millane in 1992 when, as he
says, "she was in sight of the goalposts of
life". Dot had been given it in 1956 by her
mother, Gertrude Millane, who in turn had
received it in 1891 from her father, Francis
William Joseph Breen Hanlon.
Hanlon had been a cousin and great
friend of the miners' Irish leader, Peter
Lalor --- and was even at the bedside
when Lalor (who post-Eureka became a
parliamentarian) died in 1889.
Millane says his family folklore was
adamant the cloth was a Eureka relic:
"Lalor at one point made a gift of a small
snippet of the ag to Francis Hanlon."
But how did Lalor, whose arm was badly
injured in the battle, get the souvenir?
Millane has a theory: "I think some
character who had obtained some pieces of
the ag gave them to Lalor out of respect."
For 21 years, Millane kept the blue
cloth in a box in his wardrobe, viewing its
preser vation as "a sacred trust".
"I grew up with the story of the Eureka
Stockade as one of great Irish courage
against adversity and the horrible tyrant of
the Crown," he says.
But Millane became increasingly
convinced that "this just can't stay in my
So when MADE put out a call a couple
of months ago for anyone with pieces of the
ag to come for ward, he got in touch.
MADE's director, Jane Smith, says she
had "a level of healthy scepticism", but also
a gut feeling the Millane family legend
might be right --- not least because the
fabric was pinned to a 1910 postcard
featuring Eureka Park's cannons. On the
back someone had written: " is is the
So o the scrap went to Adelaide experts
Artlab, which had carried out signi cant
conservation work on the ag a couple of
years earlier, for testing.
"I spent 300 hours stitching it then, so
we're quite intimately acquainted," Artlab
fabrics conser vator Mary-Anne Gooden
She took samples of the Millane fragment
and did a painstaking comparison with the
ag: "We looked at the weave, the type of
bres and the dye that was used."
e scrap matched the ag in every
respect, right down to its Prussian blue
dye. Gooden phoned the news through to
Smith, who in turn phoned its owner.
"When Jane rang me back and told me
I just about dropped the packet of nails I
was holding in the hardware shop," Millane
All three hope more fragments of the ag
will come out of cupboards.
"We know there are a lot of pieces out
there," Gooden says.
Smith is also convinced more fragments
remain in private hands: "It was an era
where souveniring was kind of what you
She adds that a school student recently
came through the museum and said, "Dad's
got a piece of the ag but he doesn't tell
Millane had made loan of his fragment
for MADE to put on display. He will
o cially unveiled it there yesterday.
e ceremony just happens to fall on
Eureka Day, the 159th anniversary of the
bloody end of the miners' stand.
Millane sees the happy outcome as a
vindication of family folklore, and is proud
that successive hands took such good care
of a scrap of cloth. --- AAP
e Eureka Flag is made from wool and
cotton. It was made in 1854. It consists
of a dark blue eld with a central white
symmetric cross consisting ve eight-
pointed stars, representing the Crux
constellation. e white cross behind
the stars is Celtic. e design was rst
used in the Eureka Rebellion of 1854 at
Ballarat in Victoria, Australia.
Rebels swore an oath to the ag as a
symbol of de ance at its rst ying at
Bakery Hill and 22 were killed at the
Eureka Stockade defending the original
ag now held at the Ballarat Fine Art
e ag's dimensions are 2600mm wide
by 3240mm high.
e ag design has gained wider
notability due to its adoption in
Australian culture as a symbol of
democracy, protest and a wide variety
of other causes. It is listed as an object
of State heritage signi cance on the
Victorian Heritage Register and was
named as a Victorian Icon by the
National Trust in 2006.
e ag was designed by Canadian
miner "Captain" Henry Ross, a member
of the Ballarat Reform League. With
the central feature being the Southern
Cross. Ross was inspired by the design
of the Australian Federation Flagand
incorporated the eight star cross which
was a symbol of the Reform League. e
ag was made by Anastasia Withers,
Anne Duke and Anastasia Hayes, for a
large rally at Bakery Hill on November
It was hoisted for the rst time on
Bakery Hill as a symbol of the resistance
of the gold miners during the Eureka
Stockade rebellion in 1854.
It was long suspected that the ag was
a replica until the ag was compared
with an authenticated fragment that
been cut o on December 3, 1854 --- the
day the rebellion was suppressed. A
comparison of the bres of the fragment
and matrix put the authenticity of the
ag beyond doubt as they were found to
Eureka flag home
After attending many of the meetings
last year whose focus was a new vision
for Greymouth-Mawhera, and where the
need to make the town more attractive was
seen as an imperative, it is disappointing
indeed to see yet another lost opportunity.
e structure to mark the beginning
of the new cycle trail has all the grace of
the average bus shelter. Why not make
something beautiful and charming?
Why not have some reference to tangata
whenua? Why not engage local artists?
Why not make something memorable?
It would seem that to build boring is
almost a genetic disposition.
Finally, what process took place in order
to achieve this mediocrity?
Fighting bovine Tb
Seems like the West Coast is not the
only part of the world ghting the spread
of Tb among livestock. I recently read
in a British newspaper that the south of
England has a problem with Tb in cattle.
e cause of the spread of the disease
are badgers, which are the target of an
organised cull; there are protests as a
As with New Zealand's ongoing problem
with Tb in livestock, the opposing sides
in the England's problem have di ering
views on how to deal with it. Ironically,
it was the foot and mouth problem more
than a decade ago in the United Kingdom
that caused the current outbreak in Tb
over there as farmers had to purchase
replacement stock from outside their
country and, as it turned out, many of the
replacement stock were infected with Tb.
R A Stewart
Hospital ser vices
e David Meates article (Greymouth
Star, November 13) was informative
and constructive. However, it did not
say the community would be rigorously
consulted, only that the community
should 'get behind' the new integrated
health service and hospital.
David Meates did not write this article,
on his own, or at all. It is a classic media,
agency or PR conceived style of writing
that is prepared in stages and in a
deliberate and staged process.
Our integrated health service and
hospital have already been designed. All
that is left is this process involving the
convoluted and secretive bureaucratic
planning; 80% will be dictated by
government and DHB, with the 20%
local input being scrutineered by the
e concept has been well presented,
deliberately, the detail has not. e
$60 million for a new Greymouth
hospital is simply not enough and will
be lost to 'other' costs, excessive planning
changes, architectural, research and
development, consultations etc. e
community is being controlled and kept
very much out of the process.
e past 13 years of proposals and
negative statements have clearly de ned
the West Coast DHB --- closures,
cutbacks, downgrades and the grandiose.
e most recent appalling piece of
management was the relocation of
community ser vices out of the hospital
grounds --- cardiac, respiratory, cancer
co-ordinator, oncology, diabetes, palliative
care, smoking and urology.
Who would relocate these essential
services 850m away from the hospital,
put it on a busy corner, with a busy State
highway dividing them from the hospital?
At least 60% of the specialist nurses work
with patients in the hospital.
It is a 20-minute walk to the hospital
to see patients, rain, hail or shine. ese
services must be put back where they
It has long been an apparent belief of
politicians, bureaucrats and others that
if they repeat a statement often enough
it will achieve some sort of credibility,
despite all evidence to the contrary. is
is particularly obvious among DHB
Despite the cases reported in the media
of patients being frustrated in nding
out about their own surgery mishaps ---
plus others whose stories never reach the
media --- DHB management continue
to issue statements claiming e ective
investigation of errors.
For example, the West Coast DHB's
Carol Atmore (Greymouth Star,
November 21) states, regarding patient
harm while being treated, . . . the incident
reporting and investigation process
that follows any incident is the key to
reducing the likelihood of it recurring".
However, the reality is that when
serious incidents brought to my attention
by patients are 'investigated' the process is
one of evasion, endless delays, repeatedly
missed deadlines regarding information
promised, and confusion even about
which agency should be investigating
these matters on behalf of patients. Given
the obvious agenda of fudging cases
where treatment has not only failed but
done serious lasting harm, "reducing the
likelihood of it (i.e. mistakes) recurring"
seems very low on the DHB's priorities.
In the same article DHB spokesman
Michael Frampton states, "the board
was being as transparent as it could in
disclosing the problems while protecting
While "transparent" is a common DHB
expression perhaps Mr Frampton should
consider the Concise Oxford Dictionary
de nition of "transparent" as, "easily seen
through attempted disguise" --- which
seems to me an excellent description of
much DHB propaganda.
NZ Democrats for Social Credit
Firstly, while not forgetting the other
councillors, one must congratulate Mike
Havill and Pauline Cox on being our
district council leaders. I only hope the
$16 million debt will be sorted along the
track. Miss Winter will, no doubt, try to
get things under control. "Forge ahead,"
Secondly, 'good on you' to Durham
Havill for pushing ahead with the
Hollyford road plans and forming a
private company. It is the only way to go
and in everyone's best interests.
Durham is the man to lead such a
project, as he was with the Kaniere
sewerage scheme. I recall at the time that
he said: 'Leave it be and there there will
be no growth, or forge ahead and there
will be growth and bene ts for the whole
In the long run, the Haast-Hollyford
link will prove a bonanza providing
opportunities throughout the West Coast
and spreading to the rest of the country.
As they say, 'when the going gets tough,
the tough get going'.
Keep up the good work, Durham. Jolly
e Dutch Health Ministry has sounded
an early warning about the possible health
risks of electronic cigarettes, announcing
plans to clamp down on labelling ahead of
e move followed an analysis of existing
scienti c research by the National Institute
for Public Health, the leading Dutch
government health advisory body.
e institute said it was concerned about
a lack of evidence on the possible health
e ects of e-cigarettes, and said that as a
precaution, they should not be used by
pregnant women or in the vicinity of
Some health experts say e-cigarettes ---
battery-powered metal tubes that turn
nicotine-laced liquid into vapour --- may be
the answer to helping millions of smokers
to quit cigarettes and thereby avoid the
damaging health e ects of smoke.
Smoking tobacco causes lung cancer and
other chronic respiratory diseases and is a
major contributor to cardiovascular disease,
the world's No 1 killer.
Tobacco has an annual death toll of 6
million people, and the World Health
Organisation says that could exceed eight
million by 2030 unless something urgent is
done to stop people smoking.
All the top tobacco companies are
investing in e-cigarettes, which some
analysts have predicted may outsell
conventional cigarettes in 10 years.
But they are far from universally accepted
as a public health tool --- with some
critics worried they will not break nicotine
addiction and may be a "gateway" to regular
cigarettes --- and the fast-growing market is
e Dutch institute also recommended
banning avour and scent enhancers in
e-cigarettes that contain nicotine because
of concerns they may attract children to
Citing the institute's ndings, Dutch
deputy health minister Martin Van Rijn
argued that e-cigarettes are as addictive
as tobacco cigarettes because they contain
nicotine, and he said there was no proof
of claims by manufacturers that they help
" ere is insu cient scienti c evidence
to be able to say whether the quantities of
toxins in the exhaled air are dangerous for
bystanders," Van Rijn wrote in a letter to
parliament last week.
"In advance of European regulations, I
will take measures in national legislation
in regard to advertising, safety, quality and
labelling of e-cigarettes," the letter said.
Additional research will be conducted
by the institute to learn more about
e-cigarettes, the ministry said.
e warning came as Britain signalled
it would force tobacco companies to scrap
branded cigarette packaging on ursday
in an attempt to reduce the number of
children who may be drawn to smoking by
striking and brightly coloured packs.
e Dutch institute raised concerns on
its website last week that e-cigarettes are
attractive to young people because of bright
colours, ashing lights and jewellery-like
Market consultant Euromonitor estimates
the world market for electronic cigarettes
was more than $2 billion last year, with the
United States accounting for a quarter of
A few countries have banned them
outright --- such as Brazil, Norway and
Singapore --- while others are opting for
varying degrees of regulation, in some cases
including limits on advertising and curbs
on their use in public places.
Philip Morris International Inc, the
maker of Marlboro cigarettes, said this
month it plans to enter the e-cigarette
market next year, saying it is the "greatest
Imperial Tobacco Group plans to launch
two electronic cigarettes in its new scal
year. --- Reuters
Dutch sound alarm over e-cigarettes
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