Home' Greymouth Star : December 20th 2013 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, December 20, 2013
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uLetters to the editor
1192 - Richard I, the Lion-heart, king of
England, is captured in Vienna.
1820 - State of Missouri imposes a bachelor
tax of $1 a year on unmarried men
between the ages of 21 and 50.
1879 - omas Edison privately
demonstrates his incandescent light
at Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1928 - Britain recognises Nanking
government (Kuomintang) of China.
1948 - Death of C Aubrey Smith, a
British character actor of stage and screen who
once played cricket for England.
1954 - James Hilton, British novelist, dies.
1957 - Elvis Presley receives army draft
1963 - Berlin Wall is opened for the rst
time to West Berliners, who are allowed one-
day visits to relatives in the Eastern sector for
1968 - Death of US author John Steinbeck,
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, Australian
statesman (1894-1978); Bill O'Reilly,
Australian cricketer (1905-1992); Mahathir
Mohamad, former Malaysian prime
minister (1925-); Peter Criss, US
rock musician (Kiss) (1945-); Uri
Geller, Israeli psychic (1946-); Jenny
Agutter, US actress (1952-); Billy
Bragg, British rock singer (1957-);
Chris Robinson, US rock singer
( e Black Crowes) (1966-); JoJo,
American singer (1990-).
"You can keep the things of bronze and stone
and give me one man to remember me just
once a year." --- Damon Runyan, American
"For a Child has been born for us, a Son given
to us; authority rests upon His shoulders; and
He is named Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty
God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace."
--- (Isaiah 9:6).
e behaviour of
West Coast children
in general on their
visits to Parliament
buildings was far better than that of parties
from many other districts, Mr P Blanch eld
MP said at the annual prizegiving ceremony
of the Blackball School yesterday afternoon.
e headmaster Mr M J Smith commended
the children on their good behaviour during
educational and sporting trips outside the
Mr J Turner, manager of the Blackball State
Mine, presented the prizes and dux medal.
e dux medal is part of the tradition of the
school. First presented by the privately owned
Blackball Mining Pty, this gold medal is now
given each year by the New Zealand State
Mines Deopartment. is year's winner is
e death occurred suddenly last night of
Mrs Eunice Eileen Hinton, Plough Hotel,
Rangiora. She was 67. Born at Kumara,
Mrs Hinton had spent most of her life on
the West Coast. She was a member of the
McDonald family. Her late parents conducted
the Dundalk Hotel for many years. With her
husband she conducted Kells Hotel, Cobden,
for several years.
Besides her husband, John Daniel Hinton,
VC, Mrs Hinton is survived by two sisters,
Mesdames Little (Wellington) and Busch
Serious injuries were su ered by a young
Kowhitirangi man, Les Duncan, 23, when the
front-end loader he was driving rolled over
him as it left the road and dropped 200ft into a
gully at Rotherham, 30 miles from Culverden.
He was taken by ambulance to Christchurch
Hospital, where there has since been a slight
improvement in his condition.
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Feeling like all you want for
Christmas is a decent night's
If that gift does not come
at home, hotels across the
United States are looking to
pro t from the sleep de cit this holiday
season by o ering sleep packages to a
growing population of "wired and tired"
"We've become a nation of walking
zombies. We don't value sleep. We treat
it as a luxury," said Dr James Maas, a
psychologist and sleep expert who coined
the phrase power nap.
About two-thirds of Americans say they
do not get enough sleep during the week,
with most saying they need 7.5 hours to
feel their best, according to a National
Sleep Foundation poll, which found
blinking lights from per vasive use of
electronics are exacerbating this problem.
Hotels in big cities and quiet deserts
alike have woken up to the trend and are
dimming lights, removing digital clocks
in rooms, hiring sleep concierges, o ering
meditation, pillow menus and relaxation
massages. Guests might even nd
themselves hooked up to an intravenous
In a crowded hotel market such as
Manhattan, e Benjamin wants to be
known for guaranteeing a good night 's
sleep. It recently hired sleep consultant
Rebecca Robbins, who co-authored Sleep
for Success!, with Maas to oversee the
sleep programme, train sta in sleep care
and consult guests.
e hotel has removed digital clocks
from rooms, o ers guests pillows with
names like Swedish Memory and helps
jet-lagged guests power nap.
at level of dedication keeps California
fundraiser Armando Zumaya coming
back to e Benjamin even if there is a
bit of noise in the Midtown location.
"When I've gone to other New York
hotels, I didn't sleep as well," Zumaya
At the Montelucia Resort and Spa in
Scottsdale, Arizona, the Joya Spa o ers
guests an aromatherapy and massage-
based "restorative sleep ritual" and the
"sacred sleep/healing dreams" meditation.
"Many of our guests are stressed and
not getting enough sleep. We help them
relax on a deeper level,"Erin Stewart,
director of the Joya Spa, said.
It goes one step further with an
intravenous therapy of vitamins and
antioxidants, including vitamin B, which
it claims is particularly helpful for better
"IVs are wonderful for sleep for a
multitude of reasons," said Lauren
Beardsley, a licensed naturopathic doctor
who administers the treatment.
"By providing the body with adequate
nutrients to support the body's normal
physiological function, we can restore
balance and restore quality sleep," she
Medical professionals do sound a
note of caution about alternative sleep
remedies o ered by hotels and others.
"Sleep has become a commercial issue
and this isn't always to the bene t of the
consumer," said Said Mostafavi, a Los
Angeles-based sleep physician.
Sleep medicine as an accredited specialty
is fairly new, having grown with advances
in research since the discovery of rapid eye
movement (REM) sleep in 1953.
Stuart Menn, another California-based
sleep physician, believes some may be
exploiting the sleep business but said the
increased awareness it brings is helpful.
"I'm happy the word is getting out
that sleep is important. But there will be
those who purposely abuse the system
or who passionately believe in what they
do but can't a ord to rigorously test their
methods," he said.
"Frankly, a lot of it is a state of the mind.
convinced that aromatherapy is e ective,
you might sleep better that night," he
Many hotels upgraded bedding during
the so-called "bed wars" in the late 1990s
as Star wood's Westin Hotels rolled
out its heavenly beds. But now they
are focusing on factors such as lighting
and air quality to create a better sleep
"Our goal is to continue providing
innovative o erings to ensure a good
night's sleep," said Rob Palleschi, global
head of Hilton Hotels and Resorts, which
is part of Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc.
ere may be a lot of room for growth in
sleep amenities in a world that shows no
signs of resisting digital temptation.
" ere's a lot of work to be done to help
guests wind down in this 'uber-connected'
era," Maas said. "Any society that is
technologically pro cient is running into
this issue." --- Reuters
Hotels selling a good night's sleep
Controlling bovine Tb in
New Zealand relies on the
ability to test cattle and
deer for the disease using
the most e ective, cost-
e cient method presently
available. e tuberculin skin test meets
this requirement and its use is emulated by
other nations that look upon our country's
disease control programme as world
Tb-Free New Zealand is often asked
to advise countries, including the United
Kingdom, Ireland, Chile and the United
States, on Tb control and the e ective
use of tuberculin to detect the disease in
farmed cattle and deer.
Without the economical and highly-
e ective tuberculin skin test, the
progressive eradication of Tb across some
200,000ha of the West Coast would be
unattainable, as would have been the
eradication of Tb from about 500,000ha
of New Zealand since 2011. is places
us on the road to achieving the national
Tb control plan's aim of eradicating the
disease from at least 2.5 million hectares
of the 10 million hectares known to
contain infected wild animals.
Routine skin testing forms a part of
New Zealand's three-pronged approach in
managing the disease, along with livestock
movement restrictions and ground-based
wild animal control, supporting aerial
operations, in Tb risk areas such as the
West Coast. Eradicating bovine Tb from a
country's livestock population is extremely
challenging, but is an even greater task
when the main source of infection stems
from the far less visible problem of Tb in
introduced wild animals, mainly possums.
e national Tb control plan lays out a
number of objectives and priorities that
aim to eradicate the disease. Breaking the
disease cycle within possum populations
will lead to Tb dying out in the wild,
releasing cattle and deer herds from the
risk of contracting the disease.
Achieving this aim requires the most
e ective method to test livestock for
Tb infection. Tuberculin has been vastly
researched as a means of detecting
the disease in cattle and deer. e
tuberculin used in New Zealand has
been heat-sterilised at 100degC, which
is scienti cally proven to kill all M. bovis
bacteria. e process is undertaken at
a modern processing plant that meets
stringent European Union requirements
for producing tuberculin. It also has to
be tested and registered for use in New
Zealand before it can be applied to any
A good Tb diagnostic test needs to
be inexpensive enough to be used on a
large population of animals. e test also
needs to identify a high proportion of
Tb-infected cattle and deer and accurately
clear un-infected animals. Tuberculin
exceeds this benchmark.
e Tb-Free New Zealand programme
does blood test whole herds that have
ongoing, historic cases of Tb. However,
the cost of blood testing every animal
in New Zealand would be prohibitively
expensive. e di erence in the price of
each individual test speaks for itself. e
skin test comes in at less than $2.50 per
animal while the cost of a blood test is
around $45 to $55 per animal.
e blood test has a marginally higher
rate in detecting the occasional "anergic"
(or sleeper) animal, which may show no
outward signs of infection following the
skin test. Anergic animals are uncommon,
so there is no need, when the tuberculin
skin test has a particularly high detection
rate, to unnecessarily blood test every
individual animal, including those with no
history of the disease.
Dr Paul Livingstone explains New Zealand's Tb testing procedures to Prof Ian Boyd, centre, and United Kingdom Rural A airs Secretary of State Owen Paterson.
Tb-Free New Zealand eradication and research manager DR PAUL LIVINGSTONE QSO outlines
the importance of the cattle and deer bovine tuberculosis (Tb) test and its contribution to the success of
the national Tb control programme.
Tb testing importance
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