Home' Greymouth Star : December 31st 2013 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, December 31, 2013
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uLetters to the editor
1775 - e British repel an attack by
Continental Army generals Richard
Montgomery and Benedict Arnold at Quebec.
Montgomery is killed.
1857 - Britain's Queen Victoria decides to
make Ottawa the capital of Canada.
1879 - US inventor omas Edison gives
rst demonstration of his electric
incandescent light at Menlo Park,
1956 - President Sukarno
proclaims a state of siege in
1964 - Indonesia's President
Sukarno threatens to quit the
United Nations if Malaysia is given
a seat on the UN Security Council.
1968 - UN Security Council censures Israel
unanimously for helicopter commando raid on
airport at Beirut, Lebanon.
1986 - A re at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in
San Juan, Puerto Rico, kills 97 and injures 140
1991 - Representatives of North Korea and
South Korea agree not to use nuclear weapons.
1993 - e teenage granddaughter of Cuban
leader Fidel Castro arrives in the United States
for a reunion with her mother, who defected
from Cuba the previous week.
1999 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin
announces his resignation.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Jacques Cartier, French explorer (1491-1557);
Gottfried August Burger, German
poet (1748-1794); Henri Matisse,
French artist-sculptor (1869-1954);
Nathan Milstein, Russian-born
violinist (1903-1992); Anthony
Hopkins, English actor (1937-);
Sarah Miles, British actress (1941-);
Ben Kingsley, British actor (1943-);
Donna Summer, US singer (1948-2012).
" e past at least is secure." --- Daniel
Webster, American statesman (1782-1862).
"No one after lighting a lamp puts it under
the bushel basket, but on the lampstand, and it
gives light to all in the house."
--- (Matthew 5:15).
today tapped out
their last line of
news type on the No 6 linotype machine at
the Greymouth Evening Star. Just how many
million times before those nimble light ngers
had performed this essential newspaper act is
very hard to estimate.
For the ngers and hands belong to Mr
Aubrey (Aub) Weaver, oldest ser ving-member
on the Star sta and a man who retired this
afternoon after just over 51 years in the
game --- all with the Star. And with that last
line a hundred memories owed back for the
66-year-old Marsden Road resident.
" ings were a lot harder then," he re ected
when speaking about the years at the start of
his career. ey certainly were because that was
before the start of World War One. Pay, recalls
Mr Weaver, was certainly not what it is today.
He received a wage of 12s 6d a week and such
things as provision for annual holidays just did
not exist --- even without pay.
"A fairly straightforward trip but an energetic
one," was how Mr Bruce Bertram described a
tramping trip which he undertook as the leader
of a party of Venturer Scouts last week. e
party of four scouts from Greymouth tramped
from Canterbury to the West Coast by way of
Browning Pass, a commonly used route in the
early days of the West Coast goldrushes. Mr
Bertram said that the remains of tracks which
had been constructed over the route almost 100
years ago were still visible.
e party of four cosisted of Mr Bertram,
Warren Inkster, John Stewart and Boyd Ashby.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Kurt BayerIt is one of the world's most
spectacular sights --- the Earth
passing between the moon and
the sun, casting a red glow on the
e infrequent lunar light
extravaganza will be experienced twice
next year, with two total eclipses set to
grace our skies.
e last lunar eclipse visible from New
Zealand was in 2011, so large crowds are
expected to gather and gaze skywards
"I've seen many total lunar eclipses over
the years, and I still very much enjoy
them," Dr Grant Christie, honorary
astronomer at Stardome Observatory at
Auckland's One Tree Hill, said.
"It can be quite a social experience to
share with a large group of people."
In a lunar eclipse, the moon is obscured
as it passes through the Earth's shadow.
Two shadows will cross the moon during
the event --- the large penumbra (or
'almost-shadow'), which dims the moon,
and the umbra, a smaller opaque shadow
caused by the Earth blocking out the light
from the sun to the moon.
e rst total lunar eclipse will be in the
late afternoon and early evening of April
Astronomers say it will be a particularly
special event because it will start soon
after the sun sets.
Partial eclipse will begin about 6pm, and
the moon will be completely within the
Earth's shadow by just after 7pm --- about
15 degrees above the horizon.
e best vantage point to view it will be
on any eastern beach.
" e eclipse will already be under way
when the sun is setting," Dr Christie said.
e full eclipse will last for one hour and
"It will be quite low down when it's
in totality, so observers will need a clear
eastern horizon. e ideal place would
be an east coast beach, on either island,
looking across the sea."
e second eclipse will start late on
October 8, and the full eclipse will span
While it comes at a later, more
unsociable hour, it will be higher in the
sky than the April event and more visible
for more areas, Dr Christie said.
e best way to view it, other than
simply with the naked eye, is through a
telescope or binoculars, he said.
Clear skies are hoped for, but as the
event lasts for several hours, from partial
eclipse beginning, to its ending, passing
cloud cover will not hinder the experience.
And the further away from arti cial
light --- cities and their street lights --- the
clearer the view will be.
"But you'll see it from anywhere, even
downtown where the moon would
look like a dim red disc, quite eerie and
unusual. Di erent places will get di erent
experiences from it," said Dr Christie.
e University of Canterbury's Mt John
Observatory resident superintendent, Alan
Gilmore, said the April 15 event would be
a "signi cant eclipse" for New Zealand.
" e full moon will rise at sunset already
in the outer part of Earth's shadow, the
penumbra. So it will look a little darker
on its lower edge. It will move into Earth's
central shadow, the umbra, over the next
hour. By 7.06pm the moon will be fully in
Mr Gilmore said New Zealanders would
be able to see the whole of the October 8
eclipse with the moon roughly due north
when it was most eclipsed.
" e moon begins to enter the penumbra
at 9.14pm. It begins to enter the umbra
at 10.15 and is fully eclipsed by 11.25. It
starts to leave the umbra at 12:25am and is
fully out of the central shadow by 1.35."
e president of the Royal Astronomical
Society of New Zealand, Gordon Hudson,
said his organisation would not be
holding any events, but local astronomical
societies would be doing their own thing
throughout the country.
Two solar eclipses will occur next year,
but neither will be visible from New
Zealand. When, where to watch
Total lunar eclipse --- April 15, 2014
Penumbral eclipse begins: 4.55pm
Partial eclipse begins: 5.59pm
Full eclipse begins: 7.08pm
Maximum eclipse: 7.46pm
Full eclipse ends: 8.23pm
Partial eclipse ends: 9.32pm
Penumbral eclipse ends: 10.36pm
Total lunar eclipse - October 8/9, 2014
Penumbral eclipse begins: 9.17pm
Partial eclipse begins: 10.18pm
Full eclipse begins: 11.27pm
Maximum eclipse: 11.55pm
Full eclipse ends: 12.22am
Partial eclipse ends: 1.32am
Penumbral eclipse ends: 2.32am
e rst eclipse will be best seen from
e second eclipse will be visible all
over New Zealand.
ey can be seen with the naked eye,
but binoculars or telescopes will improve
Contact your local astronomical
society or club for viewing details.
In Auckland, the Stardome
Observatory will be open for both events.
Other astronomical highlights in 2014
April 14: Close encounter with Mars.
e red planet will be the closest it has
been to Earth for two years --- 93 million
e University of Canterbury's Mt John
Observatory resident superintendent,
Alan Gilmore, said Mars would be a
bright red "star" low in the eastern sky at
"It is due north, midway up the sky,
at midnight and sets due west at dawn.
Mars will still be small in a telescope ---
only one-third the size of Jupiter (the
bright 'star' in the western evening sky in
May 5: Peak viewing night for the
eta-Aquarid meteors, which are dust from
the Comet Halley.
Mr Gilmore said this would be most
visible just before dawn when one might
see 30 meteors in an hour.
" ere is no moon in the morning sky
on May 5-6, so viewing conditions are
July 3-August 15: Alpha-
Capricornids meteor shower.
ese meteors are so bright they are
sometimes called reballs.
Mr Gilmore said these were bright
meteors but not numerous; ve an hour
"Best looked for in the late night and
November 14-21: e often
spectacular Leonids meteor shower.
Leonids meteor shower can produce
high numbers of streaking "shooting
Mr Gilmore said that this shower peaks
at 33-year intervals when the comet that
produces the dust passes near the sun. It
last peaked around 1999 but was "pretty
tame" now, he said. Meteors would appear
to radiate from the north-east and cross
much of the sky.
December 15: e Geminid meteor
Mr Gilmore said meteors would begin
radiating from the north-east about
midnight and one might see 20 meteors
an hour from New Zealand.
ere would be a last-quarter moon in
the morning sky which would hide the
Source: Stardome's New Zealand
Astronomical Yearbook 2014.
--- APNZ-New Zealand Herald
e lunar eclipse will be quite eerie with the moon looking like a dim red disc, says an expert.
Double lunar eclipse
A study of how older teenagers use social
media has found that Facebook is "not just
on the slide, it is basically dead and buried",
an expert says.
He claims it is being replaced by simpler
social networks such as Twitter and
Young people now see the site as 'uncool'
and keep their pro les live purely to stay in
touch with older relatives, among whom it
University College London professor
Daniel Miller, an anthropologist who
worked on the European Union-funded
research, wrote an article for the academic
news website e Conversation.
"Mostly they feel embarrassed even to be
associated with it," he said.
" is year marked the start of what looks
likely to be a sustained decline of what
had been the most pervasive of social
"Young people are turning away in their
droves and adopting other social networks
instead, while the worst people of all, their
parents, continue to use the service.
"Where once parents worried about their
children joining Facebook, the children
now say it is their family that insists they
stay there to post about their lives.
"Parents have worked out how to use the
site and see it as a way for the family to
"In response, the young are moving on to
"What appears to be the most seminal
moment in a young person's decision to
leave Facebook was surely that dreaded
day your mum sends you a friend request."
e study observed people aged 16 to
18 in eight countries for 15 months and
found that Facebook use was in sharp
Young people were turning to simpler
services such as Twitter, Instagram,
Snapchat and Whats App, which Miller
conceded were 'no match' for Facebook in
"Most of the schoolchildren in our
survey recognised that in many ways,
Facebook is technically better than Twitter
or Instagram," he said.
But "slick is not always best" in attracting
Whats App has overtaken Facebook as
the number one way to send messages,
said the researchers.
Snapchat has gained in popularity in
recent months by allowing users to send
images which "self-destruct" after a
short period on the recipient's phone to
Snapchat claims it handles 350 million
images every day, and it reportedly turned
down a $3.7 billion acquisition o er from
Researchers found close friends used
Snapchat to communicate, Whats App
was used with acquaintances and Twitter
broadcast to anyone who chose to follow
e study found teenagers now used
Facebook as a way to stay in touch with
older members of their family and siblings
who have left for university and had
"evolved into a very di erent animal" from
its early days as a social network focusing
on young users at university.
Facebook, which will be 10-years-old
next year, is o ering 70 million shares for
sale at $67.55 a share.
Forty-one million belong to founder
Mark Zuckerberg and are being sold to
cover a tax bill. --- New Zealand Herald
Facebook oldies drive teens away
First, he stu ed Spanish dictator
Francisco Franco into a fridge. Now, he
has transformed Franco's head into a
Not surprisingly, 36-year-old Spanish
artist Eugenio Merino's headline-grabbing
works have won few fans among the late
Indeed, the National Francisco Franco
Foundation, which sued unsuccessfully
over Merino's earlier Franco-in-a-fridge
sculpture, is taking him back to a court in
Madrid in outrage over his latest work,
titled Punching Franco.
e punching ball is a silicone
representation of Franco's head, complete
with dark sunglasses missing a lens. e
head sits on top of a tall stand with a
heavy base and a spring.
e work is now owned by a
photographer but has returned to the
artist's studio for repairs after its new
owner's parrot nibbled away at the
general's ears and nose.
"For people who were repressed
or never won justice, it is a way to
unburden themselves, a kind of
catharsis," Merino told AFP.
But the Franco Foundation, created
in 1976, a year after Franco's death,
to defend his legacy, does not see it in
the same way.
Led by Franco's only child, the
87-year-old Maria del Carmen
Francoy Polo, the foundation led
suit last month seeking 12,000 euros
in damages, plus legal costs, and a
declaration that its honour has been
hurt by the "grotesque and o ensive"
"It is in bad taste because that could
be his father or mine, placed in such a
way as to say: 'Break his nose, punch
his head'," complained the foundation's
deputy president, Jaime Alonso.
"It is low, and vulgar, and unworthy
of civilisation and a supposed sculptor,"
e artist's lawyers say he is being
harassed by the Franco Foundation's
e Madrid court rejected in July
an earlier Franco Foundation lawsuit
against Merino's Always Franco
sculpture, which depicted Franco in
green uniform and dark sunglasses
with his knees bent inside a Coca-
Cola-style fridge with a glass door.
In that case, the judge said "Always
Franco", which was the star attraction
at a Madrid art fair in February 2012,
did not injure Franco's reputation
and was the product of Merino's
constitutionally protected right to
is time, Merino's lawyers say, the
Franco Foundation is acting in bad faith,
repeating the same arguments that have
already been rejected by the court.
In any case, like Merino's earlier work,
Punching Franco makes no reference to
the foundation and cannot therefore injure
its reputation, they say.
e punching ball was put on public
show this summer in an anti-fascist art
Among the exhibiting artists was
Fernando Sanchez Castillo, who in
2011 bought Franco's former yacht, the
Azor, and chopped it into pieces as a raw
material for sculptures.
Merino said the Franco period remained
something of a taboo in Spain, which
in 1977 passed an amnesty for political
crimes committed in the 1936-39 Civil
War and ensuing dictatorship.
Artist turns Franco into a punching bag
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