Home' Greymouth Star : January 3rd 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
Healy s view
4 - Friday, January 3, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1911 - In London, three anarchists who
killed policemen are besieged at 100 Sidney
Street by the authorities under Home Secretary
Winston Churchill and killed in the early
1941 - Italian forces surrender at
Bardia, Libya, in World War Two.
1946 - William Joyce, the Lord
Haw Haw who broadcast Nazi
propaganda is hanged for treason.
1958 - New Zealand adventurer
Sir Edmund Hillary and his team
reach the South Pole.
1961 - United States severs relations with
1963 - Death of Dick Powell, US lm actor
1967 - Jack Ruby, the man who shot accused
presidential assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies
in a Dallas hospital.
1980 - Joy Adamson, naturalist and writer
famous for the book Born Free, is found
murdered in Kenya.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Clement Attlee, British statesman (1883-
1967); J R R Tolkien, British fantasy writer
(1892-1973); Dabney Coleman, US actor
(1932-); Stephen Stills, US pop singer (1945-
); Blanche d'Apulget, Australian
author (1944-); John Paul Jones,
English bassist for rock group
Led Zeppelin (1946-); Victoria
Principal, US actress (1950-); Mel
Gibson, Australian-American actor
(1956-); Michael Schumacher,
German racing driver (1969-);
Kimberly Locke, US singer (1978-).
"Very few men are wise by their own counsel;
or learned by their own teaching. For he that
was only taught by himself, had a fool for his
master." --- Ben Jonson, English dramatist and
"Keep yourselves in the love of God; look
forward to the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ
that leads to eternal life." --- ( Jude 1:21)
the distinction of
providing the West
Coast's rst baby
for 1964. A 7lb 12oz boy was born to Mrs
Maureen Crosswell, of Hokitika, at Westland
Hospital at 1.15am yesterday. He arrived eight
hours and 10 minutes before the district's next
birth --- also a boy --- at Greymouth Hospital
at 9.10am. e 9lb 3oz Greymouth baby was
born to Mrs Anne Marie Cross, of Dobson.
At Westport a girl was born to Mrs Helen
Mary Devine, of Westport at 8.50pm on New
e death of Mrs Bertha Booth occurred at
Greymouth last night. She was in her 88th
year. Born at Hyde, Cheshire, England, Mrs
Booth came to New Zealand in 1906 and
settled in Preston Road two years later.
Mrs Booth took a keen and active interest
in the a airs of St Paul's Methodist Church
and was a member of the Guild Fellowship.
She was also a foundation member of the
Greymouth Country Women's Institute.
Predeceased by her husband, the late John
Booth, 11 years ago, she is survived by three
daughters, Jane (Mrs L Leith, Pahiatuha), Lily
(Mrs C S Smith, Preston Road) and Clara
(Mrs P Wilkins, Greymouth).
e Greymouth Hospital Board's new trades
block is now in operation although work on the
building is not quite completed. Demolition
of the old trades block is now in progress. is
will make it possible to realign the approach
at the hospital end of the overhead bridge. At
present the approach winds around the end of
A large proportion of the board's £358,000
building programme has now been completed.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
They were the men who
played for their country
before dying for it.
Now the lives --- and
deaths --- of every rugby
union international killed
in World War One have been pieced
together for a project marking the
centenary of its outbreak next year.
e players fought in every major theatre
of the con ict; among them was an
international who won the Victoria Cross
for one of the war's most daring raids, and
an England captain considered one of the
greatest players the world has seen.
e research was undertaken by Nigel
McCrery, amateur historian, rugby fan
and screenwriter who created the BBC
television series Silent Witness and New
" ese men tell the story of the war.
ey fought and died in every service and
in every country. We can use their stories
to remember the sacri ces that were
made," he said.
"It's about not forgetting them. As time
goes on it's easy to forget the sacri ce they
made on our behalf. You do not have to
believe in war to appreciate sacri ce."
Sporting and military archives were
consulted in a two-year bid to identify
every player involved in the con ict and
bring to light lost details of their lives.
Research for the project revealed a
total of 140 players were killed, from the
national teams of nine Allied countries.
Most were from England, Wales, Scotland,
Ireland, Australia, New Zealand or South
Africa. Two played for a British Isles side,
a forerunner to today's British and Irish
ere were also 21 from France, where
the sport was a relatively recent import, as
well as one from the United States.
American lieutenant Frank Gard, a
anker, captained his country in two
games, against Australia and New
Zealand, and was killed just two months
before the war ended.
e project also illustrates the varied
social backgrounds of those involved in
the sport --- which can still be seen today.
In England, where the game was played
in public schools, most international
players became o cers. e same was also
true of Scottish and Irish players. In Wales
--- as in Australia, South Africa and New
Zealand --- a larger proportion of players
joined the ranks.
e national sides had a relatively swift
turnover of players in the years before the
war. Even still, larger numbers of players
from some teams were lost in the ghting.
From the last Scotland and England
match --- in March 1914, which England
won, 15-16 --- only half who played
survived the war. Among these, was the
brilliant Lieutenant Ronald Poulton-
Palmer who had captained the England
side throughout their unbeaten 1913-14
In the last test match before the outbreak
of war --- a 39-13 victory over France in
April 1914 to clinch the Five Nations
Championship "grand slam" --- the centre
had scored four tries and been hailed the
world's greatest player. He was killed by a
sniper in 1915, ve weeks after arriving on
the Western Front.
It was reported that his poignant
last words were: "I shall never play at
Twickenham again." Another gure from
that grand slam-clinching triumph over
France was captain Robert Pillman, a
anker, who won his rst and only cap in
He was killed in July 1916, during the
Battle of the Somme, on the parapet of a
German trench, while trying to bring his
men back from a night raid.
Harrison, a forward, also played in the
game against France. He was a serving
naval o cer at the time and just weeks
after the match took part in the battle of
Heligoland Bight, in August 1914.
He also fought in the battle of Dogger
Bank, in 1915, and of Jutland, the
following year. In 1918, he took part in the
Zeebrugge Raid, an attempt by the Royal
Navy to block the German-held port.
He was killed while leading his landing
party against strongly held positions,
an action for which he was awarded a
Not all of the players were killed in
action. e research discovered some died
of disease, while others, traumatised by
the con ict, committed suicide, including
second lieutenant Jasper omas Brett.
e Irish winger fought at Gallipoli, now
in modern-day Turkey, and was diagnosed
with shell shock in June 1916. A month
after his release from hospital, he killed
himself by lying down in front of a train.
An unfortunate French soldier,
lieutenant Julien Dufau --- a French
centre and winger who scored a try against
Ireland on his debut in 1912 --- was
captured and beheaded by local rebels
in Niger, where he was in command of a
e French contingent also included
lieutenant Maurice Jean-Paul Boyau, a
anker-turned- ying ace credited with 35
victories (21 of them enemy observation
balloons), making him his country's fth
most successful ghter pilot of the war.
Legendary captain Dave Gallaher was
one of 13 All Blacks to fall in war
Dave Gallaher is considered the father of
New Zealand rugby as the captain of the
legendary "Originals" 1905 tour of Britain
which was the rst team known as the All
He was one of 13 All Blacks killed in
World War One and their sacri ces, and
those of other New Zealanders, are often
honoured by All Black teams touring
Widely considered one of the greatest
leaders in the game, Gallaher was already
a decorated soldier in the Boer War before
rst wearing the famous black jersey at the
age of 30.
He had long retired before World
War One started and although exempt
from conscription because of his age, 42,
Gallaher enlisted in July 1916.
He lied on the enrolment form to make
himself three years younger and was quickly
promoted from corporal to sergeant. His
unit went into action in the ird Battle
for Ypres, better known as Passchendaele,
where more than 800 New Zealand soldiers
were killed, including Gallaher.
e club rugby competition in Auckland
is named in his honour, as is the Dave
Gallaher Trophy contested between the All
Blacks and France.
Former captain Anton Oliver was reduced
to tears visiting the Nine Elms British
cemetery in Belgium, where wreathes were
laid at a monument bearing the words
"Lest we forget".
"It was a time for re ection, not only
for Dave Gallaher, but for all the other .
. . New Zealanders who are buried there
and all the other soldiers gone but not
forgotten," Oliver said at the time in 2000.
Other All Black captains, such as Tana
Umaga, have visited Gallaher's birthplace
in County Donegal, Ireland.
e research is featured in a new book
Into Touch: Rugby Internationals Killed
in the Great War by Nigel McCrery,
which will be released in New Zealand on
February 1. --- New Zealand Herald
Rugby greats lost in war
David Gallaher, captain of the 1905 All Black Originals.
If we are lucky 2014 will be
a year of non-stop argument.
If we are especially lucky,
that argument will be about
whether the top-down economic
modernisation of New Zealand,
which began in 1984, should
be considered a success and,
therefore, continue, or, whether
it is a failure --- making 2014
the year for a new programme
of economic and social change
--- undertaken by the people
irty years have elapsed
since the heady days of 1984,
when an incoming Labour
government, guided by a tight-
knit cadre of Treasury and
Reserve Bank o cials, took a
wrecking ball to the economic
and social settlement which had
underpinned New Zealand's
development since 1935.
In its initial stages, very few
New Zealanders disputed the
necessity for Finance Minister
Roger Douglas's demolition derby.
Since 1981 the country's economy
had come to resemble one of
Heath Robinson's outlandish
contraptions: an ad hoc and
increasingly complex machine
which, ultimately, even its
designer and operator could
no longer coax into purposive
It was only after the
machine had been reduced to a
pile of junk that the real trouble
began. e social and economic
regime favoured by the coterie
of radical bureaucrats and
businessmen driving the "quiet
revolution" simply could not be
sold to anything like a convincing
majority of New Zealanders.
In these circumstances the
mouthpieces (now located in both
major parties) had little option
but to lie and lie and lie.
e British historian, Steve
Pincus, argues that it is precisely
at these perilous political
junctures that the modernising
e orts of elites are most
susceptible to challenges from
"It is precisely the modernising
State's actions to extend its
authority more deeply into
society that politicise and
mobilise people on the periphery.
State modernisation, not State
breakdown --- increasing State
strength, not impending State
weakness --- is a presage to
Viewed through Pincus'
analytical lens, the last quarter
century in New Zealand has
been marked by the repeated
e orts of those on the periphery
of political power to challenge
(and if possible roll back) the
bureaucratic, business and
political elites' "modernisation
from above". New Labour, the
Greens, the Alliance, NZ First:
all of these insurgent parties are
examples of Pincus' politicisation
and mobilisation --- in this case of
those New Zealanders determined
to resist the elites' neo-liberal
What has so far prevented
these electoral insurgencies
from developing into Pincus'
revolutionary crisis is the de facto
bi-partisan consensus binding
the two major parties to the
imposed neo-liberal settlement.
Neither the attachment of NZ
First to National in 1996, nor
that of the Alliance to Labour
in 1999 was su cient to do
anything more than retard the
pace of neo-liberalism's top-down
modernisation. So long as that
consensus endured, so too would
the post-1984 reforms.
But what if events were to
follow the pattern of the so-called
"glorious revolution" of 1688?
In his 2009 book, 1688: e
First Modern Revolution, Pincus
argues that it was the linking-
up of grassroots protests against
James II's attempt to modernise
the British state along Catholic
absolutist lines, with key political
and military defectors (including
Winston Churchill's illustrious
ancestor, John Churchill) from
the Jacobean regime, that brought
about James's downfall. Britain
would indeed be modernised, but
according to a very di erent set of
political, economic and religio-
social principles to those of the
hapless Stuarts. e glorious
revolution ensured that, in Britain,
capitalism and democracy evolved
side-by-side and without the
bloody upheavals that typically
accompanied revolutionary change
in the rest of Europe.
So, what would be the 2014
equivalent of John Churchill's
ride to Axminister? In the New
Zealand context it could only be
David Cunli e and his colleagues
publicly forswearing their
allegiance to the 30-year neo-
liberal modernisation programme
unleashed by their predecessors
e radical-populist argument
such an announcement would
inevitably inspire would very
rapidly "politicise and mobilise"
the electorate; transforming the
2014 general election from a mere
test of the public's readiness to
change political managers, into "a
presage to revolution".
Chris Trotter is an
independent left-wing political
2014: A year for
A wall-crawling robot inspired
by the gecko has taken a small but
important step towards a future in
space, scientists say.
e tiny legged prototype could
be the forerunner of automatons
which crawl along the hulls
of spacecraft, cleaning and
maintaining them, the European
Space Agency (ESA) says.
Its footpads are covered with
dry micro bres modelled on the
toe hair of the gecko, which is
celebrated for its ability to scuttle
up windows and along walls yet not
leave a trace.
e lizard does the trick through
millions of ultra- ne hairs called
setae, which interact with the
climbing surface to create a
molecular attraction known as the
van der Waals force.
Researchers at Canada's Simon
Fraser University rst built a 240g
tank-like gecko-bot, using tracks
with micro bre treads.
ey then developed this into
a six-legged climbing robot,
" is approach is an example of
biomimicry, taking engineering
solutions from the natural world,"
said team leader Mike Henrey.
e "dry adhesive" that helps
Abigaille climb walls has now been
put through its paces at a materials-
testing lab at ESA's European
Space and Technology Centre in
Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Replicating the vacuum and
temperatures of space, but not the
zero gravity, the tests found that the
adhesive worked like a charm, the
"A depth-sensing indentation
instrument was used inside a
vacuum chamber to precisely
assess the dry adhesive's sticking
performance," ESA specialist
Laurent Pambaguian said.
"Experimental success means
deployment in space might one day
Abigaille's six legs each have four
degrees of freedom, which enables
the "gecko-bot" to shift from
horizontal to vertical environments.
Dry adhesives in space are
compelling because other options
have to be ruled out for safety
Sticky tape is a no-no because it
collects dust, becomes less sticky
over time and in a vacuum gives o
Magnets, too, are out as they
cannot stick to composite surfaces
and their magnetic eld could a ect
Velcro is also excluded, as it needs
a mating surface of hooks
--- and these can break o and
become a hazard.
Gecko setae are microscopic: their
ends are just 100-200 nanometres,
or 100-200 billionths of a metre,
across. By comparison, the human
hair is gigantic, being around
100,000 nanometres in diameter.
Geckos in space --- Tiny robot eyes cosmos
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