Home' Greymouth Star : January 13th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
6 - Monday, January 13, 2014
Pope focuses on poor with new cardinals
Pope Francis put his rst stamp on
the group at the top of the Roman
Catholic hierarchy overnight, naming
19 new cardinals from around the
world and emphasising his concern
for poor countries.
Sixteen of them are "cardinal
electors" under 80 and thus eligible to
enter a conclave to elect a pope. ey
come from Italy, Germany, Britain,
Nicaragua, Canada, Ivory Coast,
Brazil, Argentina, South Korea,
Chile, Burkina Faso, the Philippines
Half of them are non-Europeans,
indicating the importance Francis
attaches to the developing world.
Francis is the rst Latin American
pope and the rst non-European
Ponti in some 1300 years.
Cardinals are the Pope's closest
advisers in the Vatican and around
the world. Apart from being church
leaders in their home countries, those
who are not based in the Vatican
are members of key committees in
Rome that decide policies that can
a ect the lives of 1.2 billion Roman
e new cardinal electors are aged
from 55 to 74. From Latin America
are Archbishop Aurelio Poli, 66,
Francis's successor in the Argentinian
capital, and the archbishops of
Managua in Nicaragua, Rio de
Janeiro in Brazil and Santiago in
Two are from Africa --- the
archbishops of Ouagadougou in
Burkina Faso and Abidjan in Ivory
Coast. From Asia are the archbishops
of Seoul in South Korea and Cotabato
in the Philippines.
Archbishop Chibly Langlois, 55,
is the rst cardinal from Haiti, the
poorest country in the Western
Hemisphere, where according to the
World Bank some 80% of the rural
population lives in abject poverty.
e Philippines, Nicaragua, Ivory
Coast and Brazil also have high rates
" e winner here is the south of the
world," said Andrea Tornielli, who
has written some 50 books on the
Catholic Church and interviewed
Pope Francis last month.
" e geography of the consistory
helps the churches of the world,
particularly in Latin America, Africa
and Asia. What is also noteworthy is
the Pope's attention to the Church in
Haiti, a country that is on its knees
because of the (2010) earthquake and
poverty," Tornielli said.
e Pope, who made the
announcement to tens of thousands
of people in St. Peter's Square for his
Sunday blessing, has often said since
his election on March 13 he wants
a church that "is poor and for the
" e disproportionate represen-
tation of wealthy nations in the
College of Cardinals is something
that Francis is trying to rectify,"
Candida Moss, professor of New
Testament and early Christianity at
Notre Dame University in the United
" e movement of cardinals to the
south was just as predictable as the
migration of birds in the winter."
Only four of the cardinal electors
are Vatican o cials, chief among
them Italian Archbishop Pietro
Parolin, 58, Francis's new secretary
of state, and Archbishop Gerhard
Mueller, 66, the German head of the
Vatican's doctrinal congregation.
e most prominent European
elector from outside Italy is
Archbishop Vincent Nichols, 68,
the Archbishop of Westminster in
London and the main link between
Catholicism and the Anglican
e three who are 80 or over will
assume the title cardinal emeritus as a
sign of gratitude for their work for the
Catholic Church and will not be able
to enter a conclave. ey come from
Spain, Italy and the Caribbean island
nation of Saint Lucia. --- Reuters
Cardinals sit in the hall of the Palace of the Tribunal in Vatican City.
A huge blaze that ripped through
the centre of an ancient Tibetan town
in the popular Chinese tourist area
of Shangri-La destroyed almost 300
e re in Gyalthang, in an area
believed to be the inspiration for James
Hilton's mythical Shangri-La, attened
two-thirds of the town's old centre on
Saturday, the Beijing Morning Post
e government-run Yunnan
Net news ser vice said 242 houses,
mostly wooden, were burned down
in the 1300-year-old town while 43
were demolished to prevent the re
" e damage is extremely heavy,"
the Yunnan report said, citing
o cials who added that a nal
estimate of the damage was still to
e town, known in Chinese as
Dukezong, has become a tourist
destination thanks to Hilton's 1933
novel Lost Horizon which describes a
mystical lost paradise called Shangri-
In 2001, o cials renamed the
surrounding county --- which sits in
south-west China's Yunnan province
--- Shangri-La as part of e orts
increase visitor numbers.
More than 1000 re ghters and
volunteers were deployed to tackle
Saturday's blaze and photos on local
news sites showed gigantic ames,
some more than 10m high.
"A single re destroyed goods I'd
saved over 12 years worth 40 or
50,000 yuan ($7300-$9100)," a vendor
surnamed Zhao told the State-run
China news service.
" e blow to me is too large."
e re in Gyalthang, which sits
high on the Tibetan plateau, followed
a blaze at another high-pro le site
of Tibetan culture --- the Buddhist
Serthar institute in the nearby province
e inferno last week destroyed at
least 10 structures at the institute
thought to be among the largest in the
e cause of both res is unknown.
300 homes destroyed in Shangri-La fire
A woman carrying a baby walks past debris in Gyalthang, also known as Dukezong, after a re gutted the 1300-year
old Tibetan town.
Perth has sweltered through its
hottest night on record, and total
re bans are in place across the
State in response to a continuing
Temperatures in Perth peaked
at more than 43degC on
Saturday, and dipped to a still-
steamy low of 29.7degC just
after 3am yesterday.
at beat the previous record of
29.3degC in 1962. e mercury
rose again to 39.7degC in the
city just after 9am.
More than 30 career and
volunteer Fire and Rescue
Service and Bush Fire Service
re ghters worked overnight
to put out a scrub re near a
University of Western Australia
research facility at Jolimont, in
the city's west.
One sta member had to be
evacuated but no buildings were
damaged, although some fences
Department of Fire and
Emergency Ser vices said about
30ha were burned, but the re
was contained and under control
Residents in Jolimont and
Shenton Park were told to stay
alert and take care when driving
through the area.
e cause of the re is being
Elsewhere, more than 100 Bush
Fire Service and Department of
Parks and Wildlife re ghters
from Boddington, south-east
of Perth, were ghting a re
near Pinjarra-Williams Road,
and 2ha were burned near
Caversham Wildlife Park, north
of the city.
e Bureau of Meteorology has
forecast an extreme re danger
for Perth, Mandurah, the Perth
Hills, and parts of the Great
Southern and the Upper Great
A total re ban is in place for
parts of the Midwest Gascoyne
and Great Southern.
Fines up to $25,000 or jail
sentences of up to 12 months
apply if a total re ban is ignored.
Las Vegas (Nevada)
Some of the oddest items on display
last week at the International CES
gadget show were edible, origami-
like sculptures made of sugar, their
shapes so convoluted as to ba e the
e treats are one of many signs
that we'll all be getting a taste of 3D
printing soon and the phenomenon
won't be relegated to the realm of
engineers and tech enthusiasts.
e sugar sculptures are the
output of the ChefJet Pro, the rst
commercial, kitchen-ready food
It looks like an oven, and deposits
sugar layer by layer in a tray, then
melts the parts intended for the
sculpture with water so that they
Ink can be selectively added to the
water so the sculptures come out in
full colour, a feature sure to set the
minds of wedding and party planners
spinning. Next to the geometric
sculptures was a wedding cake
supported by a delicate lattice-work
tower of sugar that would be nearly
impossible to make by conventional
Oh, and the printer can print in
3D Systems, a Rock Hill, South
Carolina, company, expects to sell
the full-colour printer for about
$US100,000 ($120,430) in the latter
half of this year, and a monochrome
version for half that price.
Last year, there were only a handful
of 3D printing companies at the
gadget show. is year, there were 30,
and the organisers had to turn others
away because they could not t them
in. e 3D printing area of the show
oor drew dense crowds that gawked
at the printers and their creations,
which ranged from toys to tea cups to
Melissa Spencer, a jewellery
designer from Los Angeles, was at the
show to look for a printer. 3D printers
have been used in jewellery-making
for a long time, but high prices and
poor resolution have limited their
use. With prices down and output
quality up, it's now possible for an
independent designer to buy her own
printer, Spencer said.
e printers focus bright ultraviolet
light into liquid resin, setting it. at
takes time. One printer maker cited
seven hours for a batch of ve rings.
e plastic pieces are then used to
create moulds for molten silver, gold
Spencer is now toying with the idea
of abandoning the reuse of moulds,
and using the power of a 3D printer
to make every piece a one-o design
customised to the buyer. She can
show the plastic prototypes to the
customer before casting.
With 3D printing, "we're moving to
a world of mass customisation," said
Shawn Dubravac, an analyst for the
Consumer Electronics Association,
which puts on the show. What
started with custom-printed t-shirts
a la Cafe Press can now happen in all
kinds of industries, he added. It is still
a small eld, though. He expects that
just under 100,000 3D printers will
be sold this year.
One jewellery company was at
CES to demonstrate how it has
taken the capabilities of the 3D
printer and made them the core of its
business. American Pearl, a family-
owned company founded in 1950,
in November revamped its website
to allow shoppers to order custom
jewellery. From about 1000 basic
designs, the buyers can change metals
and stones and order engravings and
they can see the results rendered in
3D on their computer screens.
e company prints the orders in
3D in its factory in New York.
e approach lets the company keep
prices low while satisfying customers'
demands for unique pieces, said
American Pearl president Eddie
Bakhash. "If you saw the backend of
our system, you'd see that every order
coming in is di erent."
e mass customisation capability
is useful in unexpected elds. Bre
Pettis, the chief executive of New
York-based printer manufacturer
Maker Bot, is proud that a customer,
a South African carpenter who
had lost four ngers in an accident,
gured out how to use a printer to
make a mechanical hand for himself.
He distributed the blueprints
to other Maker Bot users, who
can tweak them to t. "Normally,
prosthetics cost tens of thousands of
dollars, but with the Maker Bot, they
cost $5 in materials," Pettis said.
Maker Bot unveiled new models
at the show, including its biggest
one yet, which is the size of a mini-
fridge, costs $US6499 and can print
objects the size of a human head. It
also launched a smaller version, the
Replicator Mini, which can create
cupcake-sized objects. It will cost
$US1375 when it launches this
Maker Bot will be undersold,
however, by XYZ Printing of Taiwan,
which plans to sell its Da Vinci
printer starting in March in the US
for $499. at is a price that is bound
to attract a lot of people who would
never have imagined, a year ago, that
they would have a 3D printer in the
house. --- AP
3D printing industry takes shape
A new report says personal computer
sales slipped even further during the
holiday shopping season, capping
the worst annual decline in the PC
e research rm Gartner Inc.
estimates worldwide PC shipments for
the three months ending in December
dropped 7% from the same time in 2012.
It marks the seventh consecutive quarter
of decreasing PC sales.
For all of last year, PC sales plunged
10%. Shipments of desktop and laptop
computers have never tumbled so
dramatically. e numbers released last
week show annual PC shipments have
now backtracked to where they stood in
e PC slump is driven by the growing
popularity of less expensive and more
convenient mobile devices controlled
by touch-screen technology instead of
keyboards and computer mice. --- AP
PCs cap worst sales on record
A cat that spent at least three winter
days in a United States drainpipe has
been rescued after initially refusing
attempts to lure it out with tuna, the
classic call of "here, kitty, kitty," and even
a cellphone app that meowed.
e Courier newspaper reported a
resident in Findlay, north-west Ohio,
heard the cat's cries on Wednesday.
Groundskeepers at a school cut
through the pipe on Friday to free the
orange cat, which was muddy, emaciated
e male cat has been named Piper.
It has a broken leg and other injuries
signalling that it has had a rough time
But things are looking up, with a
number of people volunteering to adopt
it if it goes unclaimed.
One veterinarian assessed the cat this
way: "If they truly have nine lives, he
probably has three left." --- AP
Cat rescued after three days in drainpipe
Pope Francis baptised 32 babies in the
Sistine Chapel and told their mothers
to have no qualms about feeding them
Unlike his predecessors, who usually
delivered long and theology-laden
homilies at the yearly event, the Pope
o ered a brief, improvised homily of
some 300 words centred on the children.
"Today the choir will sing but the most
beautiful choir of all is the choir of the
infants who will make a noise. Some will
cry because they are not comfortable or
because they are hungry," he said in a
familiar, relaxed tone to the parents.
Michelangelo's frescoes in the Sistine
Chapel are some of the world's most
celebrated works of art. e ceiling
depicts the creation of man and the altar
wall shows a severe God at the Last
But the Pope told the mothers not to
feel intimidated by the surroundings.
"If they are hungry, mothers, feed them,
without thinking twice. Because they
are the most important people here," he
said, speaking in the same room where
he was elected on March 13 as the rst
non-European pope in 1600 years.
Pope Francis said in an interview last
month that mothers should not feel
uncomfortable breastfeeding during his
e overnight service was the latest
example of the more simple style Pope
Francis has introduced in the Vatican.
He has renounced the spacious papal
apartments in the Apostolic Palace used
by his predecessors and lives is a small
apartment in a Vatican guest house. Pope
Francis uses the palace only to receive
heads of state and to address crowds
from one of its windows overlooking
St Peter's Square.
He has also given up the papal
limousine and is driven around Rome in
a Ford Focus, sometimes sitting in the
front seat next to the driver.
Baptism is the sacrament at which
infants or converts are initiated into the
Christian faith. Pope Francis poured
water on the foreheads of the infants as
part of the ritual.
He told the parents that the most
important thing they can do is to
transmit the faith of their forefathers to
their children. --- Reuters
Feed your babies
if you want,
Pope tells mums
Protesters have launched
a blockade at Whitehaven's
controversial Maules Creek coal
mine project to stop construction
at the site.
Anti-mining alliance Lock the
Gate said the blockade began
today at the site near Boggabri,
in north-west New South
Wales, and aimed to turn back
"vehicles seeking to clear the
forest for construction of rail
"Protesters have established a
blockade at the edge of the forest,
and are preventing bulldozers
from felling trees for an access
road," Lock the Gate said in a
"Construction work has been
halted and the protesters are
vowing to remain in place."
e group claims the project
will clear-fell a large area of
the Leard State Forest that
comprises endangered woodland
and wildlife habitat.
"It's opposed by members of the
local farming community," Lock
the Gate added.
In December, protesters
blockading at the mine site were
arrested by police.
at action came after the
Federal Court dismissed an
application by the Northern
Inland Council for the
Environment (NICE), which
had called for the approval
granted by former environment
minister Tony Burke of the $767
million Maules Creek mine to be
Whitehaven has previously said
the project will create 800-plus
jobs and had support from most
Mine construction is due to
begin early this year. --- AAP
An Irishman has been knifed to death
in a frenzied attack over a late night
chess game, detectives believe.
Police were called to the scene of the
bloody killing in a suburb of north
Dublin about 1.50am local time.
A 39-year-old researcher, who owned
the house at Beech Park Avenue,
Castleknock, was found with stab
ey believe a violent row erupted over
a chess move and spiralled out of control.
Another man, aged 34 and understood
to be from Palermo in Italy, was arrested
at the scene.
Investigating gardai are not looking
for anyone else in connection with the
death, which will be treated as murder as
soon as post mortem examination results
are con rmed.
A police source said: "It was a very
unpleasant scene for our people to walk
into. is was a bizarre killing and the
dead man sustained substantial injuries
to his body."
It is understood the dead man was a
former journalist with e Voice Today,
a Roman Catholic newspaper.
A graduate of University College
Dublin, he was more recently a researcher
with the Dublin-based Catholic lobby
group the Iona Institute.
He is believed to have taken in a lodger
in recent months to help supplement his
It is not thought there were any drink
or drugs involved in the incident.
A knife has been recovered at the
scene. --- PA
Man stabbed to death
in chess dispute
e New Year has revived old problems
for Hong Kong as a murky smog
blankets the usually glittering skyline,
fuelling complaints from locals and
visitors alike, and raising pressure on the
government to act.
Tourists expecting to take holiday
snaps from the famous Victoria
Harbour waterfront have found it hard
to distinguish Hong Kong's trademark
skyscrapers and mountainous backdrop,
while residents are becoming increasingly
worried for their own health.
"It's scary," Julie Crossley, a 39-year-
old sales manager from South Africa,
visiting the city for the rst time with
her young daughter, said.
"I'm scared of what she's breathing in."
For German tourist Harald Gummlich,
60, the pea-souper was not what he was
"We're still waiting for blue skies," he
e government's new, more stringent,
pollution index has revealed the
frightening extent of the problem, with
high or very high levels of pollution
recorded almost every day since it was
implemented at the end of 2013.
e Air Quality Health Index (AQHI)
came into e ect on December 30 and
links pollutants to health risks.
Pollution levels have reached the
index's top "serious" category on four
days so far, under which people are
advised not to stay outdoors for a
Campaign groups hope the results
of the new AQHI system will nally
galvanise the government into action.
"It certainly should kick the
government into doing something,"
Clean Air Network chief executive
o cer Kwong Sum-yin told AFP.
Senior environmental a airs o cer at
Friends of the Earth, Melonie Chau,
said the data "can help the public . . .
exert more pressure on the government".
e index monitors the concentration
levels of pollutants and measures
their health e ects through tracking
hospital admissions for respiratory and
Its introduction comes after city leader
Leung Chun-ying pledged to make
pollution one of his top priorities during
his ve-year term, with an o cial report
saying it was the "greatest daily health
risk" to the city's residents.
Government proposals to reduce
emissions include a plan to replace more
than 80,000 older commercial diesel
vehicles between 2014 and 2019, and a
requirement for container ships berthing
in the city to use cleaner fuels. --- AFP
vanish in HK smog
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