Home' Greymouth Star : January 14th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, January 14, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1742 - Death of English astronomer
Edmond Halley, discoverer of the comet
named after him.
1784 - United states rati es peace treaty with
England, formally ending American War of
1830 - Explorer Charles Sturt discovers
river joining Murrumbidgee system which
he calls the Murray (unaware same river had
already been found by Hamilton and William
Hume in 1824 and called the Hume.) 1852 -
Melbourne fails in its bid to become Australia's
1939 - Sydney swelters on one of its
hottest days: a high of 45.3degC.
1953 - Josip Broz Tito elected
president of Yugoslavia by parliament.
1957 - Death from cancer of
Humphrey Bogart, whose lms
included e Maltese Falcon,
Casablanca and e African Queen
for which he won an Oscar.
1979 - Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen achieves a
record 10 years, ve months and six days as
1995 - e British Army ends 25 years of
daylight patrols in Belfast in a wind-down of a
guerrilla con ict which engulfed Ulster.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Valdemar I, the Great, Danish king
(1131-1182); Benedict Arnold, US general
(1741-1801); Zacharias Topelius, Finnish
writer (1818-1898); Albert Schweitzer, French
Peace Prize laureate (1875-1965); Sir
Cecil Beaton, English photographer
and stage designer (1904-1980);
Yukio Mishima, Japanese novelist
(1925-1970); Clarence Carter, US
blues singer (1936-); Faye Dunaway,
US actress (1941-); Graham Marsh,
Australian golfer (1944-); Lawrence
Kasdan, US lm writer-director (1949-);
Steven Soderbergh, US lm writer-director
(1963-); Emily Watson, British actress (1967-).
"Dignity is like a perfume; those who use
it are scarcely conscious of it." --- Queen
Christina of Sweden (1626-1689)
"And God is able to provide you with every
blessing in abundance, so that by always
having enough of everything, you may share
abundantly in every good work."
--- 2 Corinthians 9:8
A Karamea carting
Glenny Johnson, 22,
had a miraculous
escape from death on Saturday when the
truck he was driving and the bulldozer it was
carrying hurtled 40ft into the swollen Karamea
River. e road is reported to have given away
seconds before the truck and its load plunged
into the river.
Mr Johnson escaped through the o side
door of the vehicle of which only the roof was
visible. e truck and bulldozer were salvaged
Two contributions, one of two guineas and
the other of ve guineas, have been the only
donations received for the John Fitzgerald
Kennedy Memorial Fund appeal requested by
the prime minister and opened by the mayor
a fortnight ago. Today Mr Baillie expressed
disappointment at the poor response so far
accorded the appeal by Grey district residents.
Mr and Mrs E A Lemon, of Ikamatua,
recently celebrated their golden wedding.
Mrs Lemon was Miss Mary Deans before
the couple wed at Lee Stream, Outram, on
December 31, 1913.
COLLINS - FAULKNER. --- Mr and Mrs J
W Faulkner, 14 O'Donnell Street, Greymouth,
have much pleasure in announcing the
engagement of their fourth daughter Dympna
Margaret, to Graeme Edward, eldest son of Mr
and Mrs E Collins, Main Road, Dobson.
FENSOM - CARTER. --- Mr and Mrs
J W Carter, 7 Kerr Avenue, Cobden, have
much pleasure in announcing the engagement
of their twin daughter Janis, to John, younger
son of Mr and Mrs C E Fensom, Stillwater.
BIRTH. --- WATERS. --- On January, 1964,
to Beverley (nee Kennedy) and George --- a
daughter; both well.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
and even the US State
Department have bought
bogus Facebook likes,
Twitter followers or
You Tube viewers from
o shore "click farms" where workers tap,
tap, tap the thumbs up button, view videos
or retweet comments to in ate social media
Since Facebook began almost 10 years
ago, users have sought to expand their
social networks for nancial gain, winning
friends, bragging rights and professional
clout. Social media companies cite the
levels of engagement to tout their value.
An Associated Press examination has
found a growing global marketplace for
fake clicks, which tech companies struggle
to police. On-line records, industry studies
and interviews show rms are capitalising
on the opportunity to make millions of
dollars by duping social media.
For as little as a half cent per click,
websites hawk everything from LinkedIn
connections to make members appear
more employable to Soundcloud plays to
in uence record label interest.
"Anytime there's a monetary value added
to clicks, there's going to be people going
to the dark side," Mitul Gandhi, chief
executive of seoClarity, said, an Illinois
social-media marketing rm that weeds out
phony on-line engagements.
Italian security researchers and bloggers
Andrea Stroppa and Carla De Micheli
estimated last year that sales of fake Twitter
followers have the potential to bring in
between $US40 million ($48.27 million)
and $US360 million to date, and that
fake Facebook activities bring in $US200
million a year.
As a result, many rms, whose values
are based on credibility, have entire teams
pursuing the buyers and brokers of fake
clicks. Each time they crack down on one,
another, more creative scheme emerges.
When engineers wrote computer
programs, for example, to generate lucrative
fake clicks, tech giants fought back with
software screening out "bot-generated"
clicks and began regularly sweeping user
You Tube wiped out billions of music
industry video views last December after
auditors found some videos apparently had
exaggerated numbers of views. Its parent
company, Google, is also constantly battling
people who generate fake clicks on their
Facebook, whose most recent quarterly
report estimated as many as 14.1 million of
its 1.18 billion active users are fraudulent
accounts, does frequent purges. at's
particularly important for such a company
that was built on the principle that users are
Twitter's Jim Prosser said there's no
upside. "In the end, their accounts are
suspended, they're out the money and they
lose the followers," he said.
LinkedIn spokesman Doug Madey said
buying connections "dilutes the member
experience", violates their user agreement
and can also prompt account closures.
Google and You Tube "take action against
bad actors that seek to game our systems",
said spokeswoman Andrea Faville.
Dhaka, Bangladesh, a city of 7 million in
South Asia, is an international hub for click
Shaiful Islam, who heads Dhaka-based
social media promotion rm Unique
IT World, says he has paid workers to
manually click on clients' social media
pages, making it harder for Facebook,
Google and others to catch them. " ose
accounts are not fake, they were genuine,"
A recent Facebook check showed Dhaka
was the most popular city for many,
including soccer star Leo Messi, who has
51 million likes; Facebook's own security
page, which has 7.7 million likes; and
Google's Facebook page, 15.2 million likes.
In 2013, the State Department, which has
more than 400,000 likes and was recently
most popular in Cairo, said it would stop
buying Facebook fans after its inspector
general criticised the agency for spending
$US630,000 to boost the numbers. In one
case, its fan tally rose from about 10,000 to
more than 2.5 million.
Sometimes there are plausible
explanations for click increases. For
example, Burger King's most popular city
was, for a few weeks last year, Karachi,
Pakistan, after the chain opened several
While the Federal Trade Commission
and several state attorney generals have
cracked down on fake endorsements or
reviews, they have not weighed in on clicks.
Meanwhile, hundreds of online businesses
sell clicks and social media accounts from
around the world.
BuyPlusFollowers sells 250 Google+
shares for $US12.95. InstagramEngine sells
1000 followers for $US12. AuthenticHits
sells 1000 SoundCloud plays for $9.
It is a lucrative business, said the president
and chief executive of WeSellLikes.com.
" e businesses buy the Facebook likes
because they're afraid that when people go
to their Facebook page and they only see 12
or 15 likes, they're going to lose potential
customers," he said. e o cial spoke on
condition of anonymity, saying he recently
moved his company o shore to avoid
litigation or cease-and-desist notices.
In Indonesia, a social media-obsessed
country with one of the world's largest
number of Facebook pages and Twitter
users, click farms are proliferating.
Ali Hana ah, 40, o ers 1000 Twitter
followers for US$10 and 1 million for
US$600. He owns his own ser ver, and
pays US$1 a month per internet protocol
address, which he uses to generate
thousands of social media accounts. ose
accounts "enable us to create many fake
Hana ah said large social networks could
boost a rm's public pro le. "Today, we are
living in a tight competition world that
is forcing people to compete with many
Tony Harris, who does social media
marketing for major Hollywood movie
rms, said he would love to be able to
give his clients huge numbers of Twitter
followers and Facebook fans, but buying
them from random strangers is not e ective
or ethical. " e illusion of a massive
following is often just that," he said.
e fake click market has generated
another business --- auditors.
Robert Waller, founder of London-based
Status People, helps clients to block fakes.
"We have had a lot of people who have
bought fake accounts, realised it's a stupid
idea and they're looking for ways to get rid
of them," he said. --- AP
Lying on the oor of a research boat o
the coast of South Africa in treacherous
waters, New Zealand photographer Chris
McLennan knew he had to stay focused.
He knew that if it happened, and only if,
he had a 10th of a second to get his shot.
Seconds later, it was all over --- and he had
e photographer had nailed, as he calls
it, the 'holy grail' of shark photos. Great
whites thrusting out of the water to savage
their prey are rarely captured on camera.
" e odds are against you," he said.
"I was running a photographic workshop
in South Africa. We'd had about 10 days
on safari shooting great white sharks and
whales near Seal Island o the Cape Town
coast," McLennan said.
"It's a unique spot. It's the only place in
the world where great white sharks breach
like this. It's also one of the roughest
stretches of water in the world."
e day McLennan took the shots of the
4-5m great white, he was on
a boat with researchers who
nd out why the sharks leap
out of the water in that area.
"It was a crystal-clear,
blue-sky day. In the rst
hour after sunrise, we got 27
natural breaches, which was
phenomenal," he said.
e crew then used a decoy seal,
towing it behind the boat to force
further breaches, and recorded the sharks'
"I was lying down on the oor of the
boat, at on the oor, just staying focused
on the water waiting for something to
happen. en it happened so fast ... It was
like being in a sci- movie."
McLennan, who was thrilled with the
shot, is based in north-west Auckland, and
specialises in travel, wildlife, tourism and
adventure photography. He runs photo
tours allowing aspiring snappers to join
him on "photographic adventures".
--- New Zealand Herald
A man whose female partner balances
the nape of her neck on the nape of his
neck with her body sticking straight into
the air sums up the amazing human feats
Cirque du Soleil presents in a London
show kicking o the troupe's 30th year.
Also on display during a month-long
run of Cirque's evergreen 1996 production
Quidam is a woman who drops herself
from the heights of the Royal Albert Hall
tangled up in a weave of scarlet silk that
stops her just short of hitting the stage
A bit later, rope artists spin around at
dizzying speeds and a juggler shows up
who does not seem to know that keeping
a half dozen or more medium-sized red
balls in the air at the same time must be
Millions of people have seen Quidam
globally, but even some younger members
of the o cial opening night audience
were back for a second or third viewing of
the acts staged by 46 performers from 19
"It's incredible what they're doing up
there, how they ght their fears," said
Hugo Max, 11, of London, one of the
many Quidam repeaters.
"I was totally shocked by all of them
... ey're really good," said Maud
Rutherford, eight, also of London.
Founded by street performers in the
French Canadian province of Quebec in
1984, Cirque has become one of Canada's
most famous exports. Touring shows play
all over the world, and stage versions
perform nightly in Las Vegas and other
"I think it is a wonderful card to give to
everybody around the world. Cirque du
Soleil for Quebec is a huge success," Luc
Ouellette, the artistic director
for Quidam, told Reuters in an
Here's what else he had to say about why
he thinks the Cirque formula has been
so successful, what his background as a
dancer brings to the show and why, despite
a few performers on stage apping their
arms in a jokey way to mimic seals, there
are no animal acts:
Q: ere are many circuses, but only one
Cirque du Soleil. What makes it tick?
A: I think Cirque arrived with a di erent
approach, without animals, but also
we went through looking at makeup,
costumes, lighting. e entire shows are
crafted with attention to those details.
I think Cirque is a detailed circus show
and very di erent from one (show) to the
other so each time it's a real surprise when
people see a di erent show of Cirque. It's
all about details. What makes Cirque so
big is that we put all the attention into
Q: Speaking of not having animals,
one young spectator said he would have
liked to have seen at least "an" animal.
Why absolutely none (except the humans
A: Well, I think it is easier to travel and a
di erent lifestyle, not having animals. I do
not come from a circus background so I do
not know a lot about traditional circuses
with animals and those caravans, but I
think Cirque wanted to really concentrate
on the show and not on having stars. e
show is the star.
Q: Your background is in contemporary
dance. How does that t with circus
A: I danced for 15 years but I also
roller-skated for 15 years at a very high
professional level so there's knowledge
that I can bring...Most of these artists
are coming from sports so in a way I am
nding a vocabulary for some of them.
Also, I'm not young anymore (53) and I've
lived through a few things and those kids
often need a father gure because we're on
tour and it's not easy. ey are away from
their families and sometimes they need a
con dant, someone they can talk to. So
I help them to grow as artists and also as
Cirque du Soleil in its 30th year
power of great white
PICTURE: Chris McLennan
e great white shark suddenly breaches and is pictured in ight as it snatches the decoy seal trailed
behind the research boat near Seal Island o the Cape Town coast.
Buying on-line friends
'Click farms' for Facebook 'likes'
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