Home' Greymouth Star : January 17th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Friday, January 17, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1773 - Resolution, under Captain James
Cook, becomes the rst ship to cross the
1874 - Death of the original
Siamese Twins, Chang and Eng,
born in ailand of Chinese parents
and joined at the chest.
1912 - Captain Robert Scott and
his expedition reach the South Pole,
one month after Norway's Roald
1929 - Popeye makes his rst appearance as a
character in a comic strip.
1945 - Soviet troops and Polish forces
liberate Warsaw, more than ve years after it
fell to Nazi Germany.
1966 - US B52 bomber collides in mid-air
with a refuelling tanker over Spain; eight
killed and the bomber's H-bomb falls into the
1997 - In Dublin, a court grants the rst
divorce in Ireland's history.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Benjamin Franklin, US statesman (1706-
1790); David Lloyd George, British politician
(1863-1945); Al Capone, US gangster (1899-
1947); Betty White, US actress (1922-); Moira
Shearer, British ballerina (1925-
2006); Eartha Kitt, singer-actress
(1927-2008); James Earl Jones,
US actor (1931-); Sheree North,
US actress (1933-2005); Shari
Lewis, US puppeteer (1934-1998);
Muhammad Ali, US boxer (1942-
); Steve Earle, American musician
(1955-); David Caruso, US actor (1956-);
Susanna Ho s, US singer of e Bangles
(1957-); Jim Carrey, Canadian actor (1962-).
"I am always ready to learn, but I do
not always like to be taught." --- Winston
Churchill, British statesman (1874-1965).
"And there will be no more night; they need
no light of lamp or sun, for the Lord God will
be their light, and they will reign forever and
ever." --- (Revelation 22:5).
ri e- ring rebels
in dramatic fashion
Zanzibar earlier this week, the New Zealand-
born Zanzibar Attorney-General, Mr Jack
Rumbold, has a link with the West Coast.
He was born in Reefton where his father was
headmaster of the Reefton District High
School. He can also claim a link with the early
West Coast, being a grand nephew of Kumara
man Richard John Seddon, who left the
gold-diggings to become New Zealand prime
Relatives of the family are still living in the
ere has been no noticeable drop in cigarette
sales or any trend to indicate that erstwhile
cigarette smokers are switching to pipes or
cigars as a result of the American physicians'
report earlier this week which links cigarette
smoking with lung cancer, Greymouth
tobacconists said today.
"Personally, I have the impression that
most smokers considered the report a little
vague and lacking in concrete evidence," one
Regular coal production is now under way
at the new Liverpool State Mine. e district
manager of mines Mr J W Glendenning said
this today commenting on the progress of
operations in opening up the new area. He
pointed out that general production did not
commence until the resumption of work at all
district collieries on Monday of this week.
"Two pairs of miners are working each
shift in two places, as well as truckers etc," he
added. "But there is still a lot of work to be
done below ground and full production will be
gradual," he pointed out.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
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Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
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03 755 8422
The police o cer
investigating the theft of
the world's smallest water
lily from Kew Gardens
admits she has her work
cut out nding the culprit
for what seems, on the surface, to be a
rather esoteric crime. e tiny nymphaea
thermarum lily, which is extinct in the
wild, has shot to prominence since it was
stolen between 8.30am and 2.55pm last
ursday from the Princess of Wales
Despite the public interest, Sam
Johnson, the Richmond-branch CID
detective constable leading the inquiry,
says the lily's small size, unremarkable
appearance --- at least to the novice ---
and the tight-knit nature of the
plant-collecting community will be a
" is is one of the most interesting jobs
I've ever worked on and it's going to be
really di cult to solve. It's quite a small
community and not that open --- our best
chance of catching them is if someone
starts boasting about cultivating it," the
o cer says.
" e plant itself is so tiny and isn't in
ower, and if you and I walked past it we
wouldn't notice it. I would suggest it has
been stolen to order for somebody with
a real interest in water lilies rather than
someone trying their luck."
e thief is thought to have dug or
pulled the precious lily from the damp,
temperature-controlled mud it needs to
sur vive and experts say it may have been
easier to sneak out of the botanic garden,
which has its own security, because of its
diminutive size. e plant's bright green
lily pads can measure as little as 1cm
across and its white ower with yellow
stamen is barely bigger than a ngernail.
e theft is likely to have earned the
perpetrator thousands of pounds, given
that the lily's rarity makes it "priceless" to
It's not the only plant that appeals
to the light- ngered. Other popular
items on the black (green?) market
are cycads, palm-like plants that are
generally tropical or sub-tropical and can
command $12,000, while certain orchids
can fetch more than $6000. Snowdrops
are also popular, although they are a
little cheaper at up to $1200. Given the
appetite in some quarters for rare plants,
Britain's last remaining Lady Slipper
orchid --- the country's rarest ower --- is
held in a closely guarded secret location
somewhere in the north.
While the very rarest owers may be
in danger, plant crime is a far smaller
business than trade in illegal timber,
such as some rosewood species, and
animal products, such as elephant tusks
and rhino horn. However, the Kew
Gardens theft suggests that this could be
changing. " e Kew Gardens lily theft
has shone the spotlight back on plants,
which have been largely overlooked
because it is much smaller than animal
or timber trade," says John Scanlon,
secretary-general at the Convention
of International Trade for Endangered
Species. "But it is nonetheless important
and it doesn't take a lot of pressure to
make rare plants extinct in the wild.
We need to do a lot more work in this
Nevin Hunter, the head of the National
Wildlife Crime Unit, has also taken note
of the Kew theft. "We will be looking
very hard to see if the attack on Kew is
the start of a trend. It is so specialised
that it suggests an organised criminal
element," he says.
According to Grant Miller, border
force senior o ce of the National team
of Cites, the theft of plants is a relatively
small but growing part of the illegal
wildlife market. "We've seen organised
criminals stealing ivory and rhino horns
and we are worried that plants are the
next step," Miller says.
ree months ago, his team intercepted
four tonnes of Dendrobium nobile, an
orchid that forms a key ingredient in a
body-building supplement. "Criminals
are increasingly realising that these
products have a value and that makes it
attractive to them --- it's rich rewards
with low penalties." Alas for him and for
Kew 's gardeners, this is one black market
where there is plenty of green stu to be
--- New Zealand Herald
Snowdrops are a popular ower to pinch.
e tiny lilly was stolen from London's Royal Botanic Gardens.
The green market
It has been 26 years since the skinny girl
from south London was spotted at
JFK airport but Kate Moss, who
celebrated her 40th birthday this week, is
still on top of her game.
e British supermodel greeted the
landmark birthday in typically rocking
style by posing as a bunny girl for
Playboy magazine in black stilettos and
She riled a few feminists but it was
hard to deny that while the years may be
rushing by, she has still got it.
Moss has recently fronted campaigns
by Versace and Rimmel and although
catwalk appearances are now rare, barely
a month goes by where her image is not
on the front pages.
e Londoner is the fourth highest-
paid model in the world, according to
Forbes, earning $6.79 million between
June 2012 and June 2013.
Behind the cameras, Moss has a busy
few months coming up as she makes her
debut as contributing fashion editor at
British Vogue, and in April launches an
eagerly anticipated new collaboration
with high-street fashion powerhouse
Moss is everywhere, but her reticence
to speak to the media means she remains
something of a mystery --- the result of
a strategy recommended by ex-boyfriend
"He told me 'never complain, never
explain','' she wrote in her 2012 book,
Kate: e Kate Moss Book.
" at's why I don't use Twitter and
things like that. I don't want people to
know what is true all the time and that's
what keeps the mystery.''
is unknown element has only fuelled
the curiosity, along with the rock 'n' roll
lifestyle --- Moss used to date tortured
Libertines frontman Pete Doherty, and
is currently married to Jamie Hince,
guitarist for e Kills.
She is rumoured to be planning an epic
birthday party on Necker Island, tycoon
Richard Branson's private retreat in the
Caribbean --- possibly with a Playboy
"Kate has always represented a rock
'n' roll attitude. From the movie star
boyfriends to the wardrobe lled with
vintage nds, Kate is simply cool,''
Katherine Ormerod, senior fashion news
and features editor at Grazia magazine,
e glossy has dedicated 17 pages to
Moss' 40th birthday, and Ormerod says
her readers have always identi ed with
her fun-loving side.
"Her legendary parties and glamorous
costumes make her more than just
another model," she told AFP.
"Plus Kate's style --- which has
remained constant with a host of
signatures, rather than following every
single trend --- is inimitable."
--- New Zealand Herald
Kate Moss turns 40, but still top of her game
India recently marked three years since its
last reported case of polio, paving the way
for it to be declared free of the crippling
virus and boosting e orts to wipe out
the disease globally, the World Health
e country's last case of the wild polio
virus was detected on January 13, 2011, in
a two-year-old girl in the State of West
Bengal. ree years without any new cases
means India can be declared polio-free.
Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria are
the only countries in the world where the
disease remains endemic.
"We give huge credit to the government
... It makes us extremely proud and
highly responsible for having helped
the government to reach this incredible
achievement," India's WHO representative,
Nata Menabde, told the omson Reuters
Menabde said the WHO would o cially
declare India as polio-free by the end
of March, when the legal process for
certi cation was completed.
Until the 1950s, polio crippled thousands
every year in rich countries. It attacks the
nervous system and can cause irreversible
paralysis within hours of infection.
e highly infectious disease often
spreads in areas with poor sanitation --- a
factor that helped it keep a grip on India
for many decades --- and children under
ve are the most vulnerable. But it can be
prevented by population-wide vaccination.
India had been considered one of the
toughest places in the world to eradicate
polio. Many families in poor, high-risk
States such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
migrate for work, while other communities
live in remote or inaccessible areas.
Menabde said millions were involved in
the drive to immunise children by giving
them polio drops.
ey targeted migrant families at bus
stations, on trains, at construction sites, and
at local festivals. Some used motorcycles or
trekked by foot to reach remote villages.
As a consequence, over 170 million
children are immunised every year, with
millions more targeted on house-to-house
visits. e drive has cost the government
$2.5 billion since 1995.
In 2009, 741 Indians fell sick with polio,
nearly half the world's cases that year. e
number dropped to 42 in 2010 and only
one in 2011.
"While the whole global eradication
was stagnating, India has been the rescuer
of this belief that it is possible," she said.
"Polio eradication is a very costly operation
and so donors and partners were losing
hope and patience. Now they are all very
actively mobilised into channelling their
ere were 148 cases of polio in
Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan in 2013,
while 224 new cases were detected in non-
endemic countries such as Somalia, Syria
ese countries face a range of challenges
such as violent con icts, weak health
systems and poor sanitation. In Pakistan,
gunmen frequently attack polio vaccination
workers, accusing them of being western
spies and part of a plot to sterilise Muslims.
India well on way to being polio free
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