Home' Greymouth Star : January 18 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
Saturday, January 18, 2014 - 3
A fully working steam train model is fired up at the London Model
Engineering Exhibition at Alexandra Palace. e exhibition features more
than a thousand models from over 50 national and regional clubs and societies.
A wide range of locomotives, boats and aircraft are also on show.
PICTURE: Getty Images
Full steam ahead
Obama clips NSA wings in snooping reform
President Barack Obama has
trimmed the powers of the secretive
US eavesdropping agency by calling
for new privacy safeguards, but has
allowed bulk phone data sweeps to
continue as an anti-terror tool.
In a long-awaited speech outlining
changes to programs exposed by
Edward Snowden, Obama also said
he had halted National Security
Agency (NSA) spy taps targeting
friendly world leaders.
He also proposed new protections
for foreigners caught in US data
collection programmes, which harvest
hundreds of millions of pages of data
on telephone calls, internet use and
text messages across the globe.
"Given the unique power of the
state, it is not enough for leaders to
say: trust us, we won t abuse the data
we collect," Obama said, in a speech at
the US Justice Department overnight.
Obama s proposals seemed to
represent a search for a compromise
between demands of civil liberties
advocates --- who see all bulk data
collection as unconstitutional ---
and resistance from US intelligence
At the heart of the changes is a
commitment from the president to
end the NSA s hoarding of telephone
"metadata" detailing the duration
and destination of calls but not their
"I believe critics are right to point
out that without proper safeguards,
this type of programme could be
used to yield more information about
our private lives, and open the door
to more intrusive, bulk collection
programmes," Obama said.
"I believe we need a new approach.
I am therefore ordering a transition
that will end the Section 215 bulk
metadata programme as it currently
exists, and establish a mechanism that
preserves the capabilities we need
without the government holding this
Obama called on Attorney-General
Eric Holder and the NSA to come up
with alternative ways to hold the data
within 60 days.
Possible alternatives include keeping
data with telecommunications firms
that are currently compelled to turn it
over to the NSA or to deposit it with
a third party. Phone companies have,
however, baulked at involvement.
Obama also said that from now on,
NSA agents would have to require
court permission before accessing
data on a specific target of interest, for
instance in an anti-terror investigation.
e NSA will also now only be
permitted to access call data from
people at two removes from a terror
suspect. Previously it could probe
three "hops" beyond a suspect call.
e president made clear that the
retention of phone data could provide
a vital tool for US spies to trace links
between terror suspects and must
"Being able to quickly review
telephone connections to assess
whether a network exists is critical to
that effort," Obama said.
e president also said that he had
already ordered a halt to dozens of
phone taps of friendly foreign leaders
and heads of state.
"I have made clear to the intelligence
community that --- unless there
is a compelling national security
purpose --- we will not monitor the
communications of heads of state and
government of our close friends and
e move followed a furor over
claims by Snowden, the fugitive US
contractor now exiled in Russia, that
US spies had eavesdropped on the
mobile phone of German Chancellor
Angela Merkel and other leaders.
Obama s efforts appeared to be an
attempt to restore public confidence
in secretive US espionage activity
and to clip the wings of intelligence
agencies, without crushing their
power to thwart terror attacks on US
soil. --- AFP
Bones found in a box stored in a
museum in southern England are
believed to be either that of King
Alfred the Great or his son, King
Edward the Elder.
King Alfred, who was best known
for defending his Wessex kingdom
against Viking invaders and laying the
foundations of a unified English state,
died in 899.
His bones were buried in a cathedral
in the southern city of Winchester,
but were later dug up and moved
In March, archaeologists excavated
the last known site but were
disappointed to find that the bones
were not old enough to be those of
ey were then told of the existence
of bones from an excavation carried
out at another site, Hyde Abbey, in the
1990s and then stored at Winchester
Tests on a pelvis bone found in one
box show that it was unlikely to come
from anyone other than King Alfred
or his son, scientists at the University
of Winchester concluded.
"Given the age at death of the
individual, and the probable male
identity, the plausible candidates
are King Alfred, King Edward
the Elder, or the brother of King
Edward, Aethelweard," Katie Tucker,
a researcher in human osteology, said
All were buried in the abbey.
However, historical evidence indicates
that only the coffins of Alfred and
Edward were at the site of the High
Altar," she added.
" e discovery of the bone in a pit
dug into the graves in front of the
High Altar makes it far more likely
that it comes from either Alfred or
Edward," she said.
Box of bones could be King Alfred the Great s
At least seven people were
reportedly injured when a restaurant
came under attack in a southern
Russian republic that is home to
insurgents who have threatened to
strike next month s Winter Games
" e first explosion came when a
grenade launcher fired at the second
floor of the restaurant.
e second came when a parked
car blew up," an interior ministry
source in the mostly Muslim North
Caucasus republic of Dagestan was
quoted as saying by ITAR-TASS.
e unidentified security source
had initially said that the incident in
the republic s capital Makhachkala
had led to several fatalities.
e republic s interior ministry
quickly issued an official statement
saying that no one had been killed.
e Interfax news agency quoted
its own local interior ministry source
as saying that five civilians and two
policeman had been injured in the
e violence was reported
moments after state television aired
an interview with Vladimir Putin in
which the Russian leader vowed to
ensure full security at next month s
Games despite fears of a resumption
of an Islamist-linked suicide
"Our goal --- the goal of the
organisers --- is to ensure the
security of Olympic Games
participants and guests," Putin said
in a fragment of a pre-recorded
interview with foreign reporters
aired on Russian state television
"If we betray weakness, betray fear
--- display our fear --- then we will
be helping terrorists achieve their
goals," Putin said.
"I think that the international
community must unite its efforts in
the fight with such manifestations as
acts of terror, the murder of innocent
End of December suicide
bombings at a railway station and on
a trolleybus in the southern Russian
city of Volgograd that investigators
linked to suspects from Dagestan
killed 34 and injured dozens.
Islamist insurgents based in
North Caucasus republics such as
Dagestan who are seeking their own
independent state have vowed to
disrupt the Sochi Games in order to
More than 1000 rhinos were poached
in South Africa last year, a 50% increase
from 2012, fuelled by the black-market
demand for their horns.
" e total number of rhino poached
in South Africa during 2013 increased
to 1004," the environment ministry
announced in a statement yesterday.
Asian demand for rhino horn ---
prized as a status symbol and wrongly
thought to possess medicinal properties
--- has fuelled an ever more intense
onslaught on the animals. South Africa
is home to around 80% of the world s
rhino population, estimated at more than
25,000. In 2007 only 13 rhinoceroses
were reported hunted illegally in South
Africa, but since then the numbers have
increased exponentially every year.
Despite drone and foot patrols, poachers
appear to stay ahead of the security forces.
Already a total of 37 rhino have been
poached in the first two-and-half weeks
of this year. e famous Kruger National
Park bordering Mozambique has taken
the brunt of the poaching scourge.
Sophisticated transnational criminal
organisations illegally hunt the animals
and hack off their horns which are then
smuggled out of the country to Asia.
e Queen s granddaughter, Zara
Phillips, has given birth to a baby girl, a
first child for the champion horse rider
and her rugby-player husband Mike
e unnamed girl arrives five months
after Britain s other royal baby --- Prince
George, born to Phillips s cousin Prince
William and his wife Kate.
"Mrs Michael Tindall today safely
delivered a baby girl," Buckingham
Palace said in a statement overnight.
"Mr Tindall was present at the birth.
e weight of the baby was 3.5kg," it
e baby is the Queen s fourth great-
grandchild and is 16th in line to the
British throne. Her name will be
announced in due course, the palace said.
e new mother, who is the youngest
child of Princess Anne and her ex-
husband Mark Phillips, gave birth
at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital in
Tindall, a former England centre and
2003 World Cup winner, currently plays
and coaches for English Premiership
e palace said the Queen and her
husband Prince Philip were "delighted
with the news", while Prime Minister
David Cameron tweeted: "Many
congratulations to Zara and Mike
Tindall on the birth of their baby girl."
Like her mother, the baby will not bear
a royal title and will be known as plain
Phillips, whose parents are both former
professional horse riders, followed in
their footsteps by becoming a world-
class three-day eventer, winning the
world championship in 2006.
She won a silver medal at the London
2012 Olympics and is planning to take
part in the Rio de Janeiro Games in
e Queen s granddaughter sparked
controversy by continuing to ride into
her pregnancy, though she stopped in
the later months.
Tindall has not played for England
since the team s woeful performance in
the 2011 World Cup in New Zealand.
When his wife s pregnancy was
announced in July, he joked on Twitter
that he hoped his child would not
inherit his nose, which has been broken
eight times during his career.
by Dave Green 1210 Di culty Level
QUICK QUIZ 416
1. Which brand of crockery dominated in New Zealand after World War 2, its Auckland
factory finally closing in 1989?
2. In 1935 L'Oreal released Ambre Solaire, the first of what type of product?
3. In the Shrek films, who provided the voice of Puss in Boots?
4. Which author wrote the nonsense poems The Hunting of the Snark and Jabberwocky?
5. What did Tim Berners-Lee invent in 1991 that changed how people communicate?
6. In the children's song, at what time do mummies and daddies take their tired little teddy
bears home to bed?
7. When US protesters chanted 'Hell, no, we won't go' in the 1960s, where wouldn't
8. All New Zealand dogs have had to be micro-chipped since 2006: which group is the
9. Tarragon and fennel share a similar flavour: what's the flavour?
10. Name the North Island and South Island towns which both hold an annual
ANSWERS: 1. Crown Lynn, 2. Skin protection/suntan oil, 3. Antonio Banderas, 4. Lewis
Carrol, 5. The World-Wide Web, 6. Six o'clock, 7. Vietnam, 8. Farm dogs which work
livestock, 9. Aniseed/anise, 10. Alexandra and Hastings.
1 Later on (5)
4 Demolish completely
14 Contest (5)
15 Light wood (5)
16 Causing trouble, confusion
17 Sculpt (5)
19 Ventilate (3)
20 Losing hair (7)
21 Hit back (9)
22 Merry (6)
25 Self-appointed law-keeper
27 Adorn (6)
28 Charted (6)
33 Stretchiness (10)
35 Pixie (3)
36 Reserved (6)
37 Relate (4)
39 Conifer (3)
41 Word puzzle (7)
42 Schedule (6)
43 Heralded (9)
44 Hungarian composer (5)
45 Passenger restrainer (8)
50 Social event (2)
51 Make stupid with alcohol
55 Baggy (5)
58 White rock (9)
59 Winding ski course (6)
60 Breakdown (7)
61 Mythical giant bird (3)
63 Tug (4)
64 Withstand (6)
65 Hearing organ (3)
66 Singer's accessory (10)
68 Think logically (6)
69 Clothes cupboard (6)
71 Hindering (9)
76 Squalid (6)
77 Target for throwing sport
79 Asked round (7)
81 Small child (3)
84 Sound (5)
85 Rules of thumb (10)
86 Confronted (5)
87 Object (5)
88 Upright community
89 Dough-riser (5)
2 Noisy quarrel (6)
3 Alleviated (5)
5 Continent (4)
6 Sincere (7)
7 Parentless child (6)
8 Caribbean country (5)
9 Welcomed (7)
10 Long ago (4)
11 Restricted (6)
12 Pilfer (5)
13 Indicted (7)
14 Claimed (anag) (7)
18 Wipe out (10)
23 Old language (5)
24 Circus tumbler (7)
26 Intuitiveness, awareness
27 Bison (7)
29 Punctured (7)
30 Dive (6)
31 Denim pants (5)
32 Small close-fitting hat
34 Hindu philosopher (4)
36 Copper alloy (5)
38 Serving spoon (5)
40 Ballerina's skirt (4)
45 Foolish (5)
46 Pungent gas (7)
47 Small tree (4)
48 Circled (6)
49 Playing area (5)
50 Line of ancestry (7)
52 Food additive (10)
53 Sea creature (7)
54 Voice box (6)
55 Able to be read (7)
56 Imaginary being (5)
57 Lather (4)
62 Remnant (5)
67 Berth (7)
68 Say again (7)
70 Walk unsteadily (7)
72 Cocktail (7)
73 Beach suit (6)
74 Regain consciousness
75 Nook (6)
76 Narrow band (5)
78 Robber (5)
80 Very angry (5)
82 Whip mark (4)
83 Chair (4)
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