Home' Greymouth Star : January 21st 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
8 - Tuesday, January 21, 2014
Air pollution from China blows across
the Paci c Ocean and ends up over
the United States west coast --- and
American consumerism is to blame for
a portion of it, a study says.
On some days, nearly a quarter of the
pollutants in the air over California,
Oregon, Washington and Portland
were initially spewed into the air in
China, during the making of televisions,
toys, cellphones and other products for
"We've outsourced our manufacturing
and much of our pollution, but some
of it is blowing back across the Paci c
to haunt us," co-author Steve Davis, a
scientist at the University of California,
"Given the complaints about how
Chinese pollution is corrupting other
countries' air, this paper shows that there
may be plenty of blame to go around,"
e research was led by Jintai Lin of
Beijing's Peking University, along with
co-authors from the United States and
e study found that 22% of carbon
monoxide and 17% of black carbon
emitted in China were associated with
the production of goods for export.
Black carbon is a concern because
it lingers in the atmosphere, does not
wash away with rain and can travel long
distances. Exposure can raise the risk
of cancer, heart and lung disease and
e study also examined sulfur dioxide
and nitrogen oxide.
"For each of these pollutants, about
21% of export-related Chinese emissions
were attributed to China-to-US
export," the study, which appears in the
Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences, said. --- AFP
US to blame for some
A pro-European integration protester catches re during clashes with police in Kiev. Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich named a top aide to
organise peace talks with the opposition after violent clashes between police and protesters in Kiev, but the opposition warned him not to play for
A Cambodian man was decapitated in
a frenzied attack by villagers after he was
accused of being a sorcerer in a nation
where belief in black magic remains
strong, police say.
e victim, 55-year-old Khieu Porn,
was hacked to death with axes by
unknown attackers on Saturday night
when villagers were celebrating a rice
harvest ceremony, according to Som
Chantha, a district police chief in the
southern province of Kampong Speu.
e man was killed by at least six
suspects a short distance from the
ceremony site, he said, adding he was
a traditional healer who fell under
suspicion after a number of people died
in his home area.
"He had some magic powers and some
people accused him of practising black
magic," Chantha said.
"His wife divorced him and remarried
another man who died just a week
after their marriage. en some people
in the commune also fell ill and
died, so people accused him of using
Chantha said police were investigating
the case although no suspects had yet
been identi ed.
e killing and harassment of people
accused of witchcraft is not uncommon
in rural Cambodia, where professional
medical care is often lacking and
traditional "Kru Khmer" healers o er a
Some 80% of Cambodia's people live
in rural areas, often in villages with no
doctors, let alone a hospital.
e most obscure power of the healers
pertains to the spirits. Many Cambodians
believe Kru Khmer have the capacity
literally to blow bad spirits out of the
body. --- AFP
Violence wracks Ukraine
President calls for calm
Yanukovich, reeling from
the worst violence for
decades in the Ukrainian
capital, appealed for
compromise overnight as
police and demonstrators
clashed again in the streets.
Yanukovich is battling
to reassert his authority
after scores of people were
injured in Kiev yesterday
in pitched battles between
protesters and police that could seriously
hurt his chances of re-election next year.
With tension still high, about
1000 protesters confronted police
overnight near Kiev 's main government
headquarters. Scores of mainly young
people hurled projectiles at police
throughout the day and ignored appeals
After weeks of mass protests over
Yanukovich's decision to shun a trade
pact with the European Union and turn
instead towards Russia, demonstrators
have been further enraged by sweeping
laws rammed through parliament to
curb public protest,
"I ask you not to join those who seek
violence, who are trying to create a
division between the state and society
and who want to hurl the Ukrainian
people into a pit of mass disorder,"
Yanukovich said in an appeal on his
He called for "dialogue and
compromise" to end the unrest. But
he made no mention of possible
concessions, nor did he refer to peace
talks with the opposition which were to
have got under way overnight.
e opposition warned him not to
use these as an e ort to buy time, while
boxer-turned politician Vitaly Klitschko,
one of its leaders, insisted he wanted
Yanukovich to take part personally in
the talks. As early today it was unclear if
and when talks would take place.
e violence, the worst civil unrest
anyone could remember in post-war
Kiev, stemmed from a rally yesterday
attended by more than 100,000 people
in de ance of a court ban.
Despite opposition calls
for only peaceful action,
the rally descended into
violence when masked
youths broke away and tried
to march on parliament
before being stopped by
In the ensuing clashes,
more than 60 police were
injured, with 40 being
taken to hospital, police
said. Kiev's medical services
said about 100 civilians had sought
Streets were littered with bricks and
debris, including burned-out buses
and trucks from the mayhem in which
protesters bombarded police with
reworks, ares and later petrol bombs.
Police replied with rubber bullets, stun
grenades and water cannon.
Seeking to keep the advantage
established on the streets, the opposition
warned Yanukovich that he should not
try to buy time in the hope protesters
would lose heart.
"It's important that these talks have
a real result," Klitschko, who met
Yanukovich at his country residence as
the clashes raged, said.
"If the authorities again break their
word, the situation will inevitably
escalate," he said, adding that the
president must be part of any dialogue.
Klitschko, seen as a strong potential
contender for the presidency, later urged
people outside Kiev to come to the
capital to swell the ranks of protesters.
e protests convulsing the ex-
Soviet republic stem from Yanukovich's
decision to spurn the EU's free trade
deal in favour of closer economic ties
with Russia, Ukraine's former Soviet
overlord. He has been rewarded by a
$15 billion aid package from Moscow
including credits and much cheaper gas.
Apart from the violence near the
government building, hundreds of
protesters remain camped on Kiev's
main Independence Square, which
has become a platform of resistance to
Yanukovich's rule. --- Reuters
chosen Spanish cardinal,
84-year-old Fernando Sebastian
Aguilar, has described homosexuality
as a "defect" that can be corrected with
treatment, sparking condemnation
from gay rights groups.
"A lot of people complain and don't
tolerate it but with all respect I say
that homosexuality is a defective
way of manifesting sexuality, because
that has a structure and a purpose,
which is procreation," Sebastian told
Malaga newspaper Sur.
e inter view was published
yesterday, a week after the Spaniard
was named as one of 19 new cardinals
chosen by the Pope, to be o cially
appointed on February 22.
"We have a lot of defects in our
bodies. I have high blood pressure.
Am I going to get angry because
they tell me that? It is a defect I have
that I have to correct as far as I can,"
Sebastian, the archbishop emeritus of
the northern city of Pamplona, said.
"Pointing out a defect to a
homosexual is not an o ence, it
is a help because many cases of
homosexuality can be recovered
and normalised with adequate
treatment. It is not an o ence, it is
esteem. When someone has a defect,
the good friend is the one who tells
e archbishop was asked in the
interview if he shared the view of
Pope Francis, who said in July last
year: "If someone is gay and seeks
the Lord with good will, who am I
e Spanish archbishop, who,
because of his age, will not hold
a vote in the conclave that elects
ponti s, said the Pope shows respect
to all people but is not changing the
teaching of the Church.
"It is one thing to show welcome
and a ection to a homosexual person
and another to morally justify the
exercise of homosexuality," he said.
Gay and lesbian rights group
Colegas called on the archbishop to
retract his comment.
"We hope that Fernando Sebastian
will correct his words and we note
that homosexuality is not a curable
disease, but homophobia is," it said in
Nicolas Fernandez, head of the
Malaga-based gay and lesbian
rights group Entiende, added his
"It is not the rst time the cardinals
have said that we are defective," he
said, calling for non-discrimination
legislation that would condemn
such "repugnant" statements.
Homosexuality a defect, says new cardinal
A scene from Coronation Street featuring Ken Barlow, left, Len Fairclough and Albert Tatlock.
Soap star called 'cockroach'
Coronation Street star William
Roache was called a "cockroach"
by a fellow cast member, an
English court has heard.
One of his alleged sex assault
victims was warned by Peter
Adamson, who played Len
Fairclough in the soap, that he
would "lead you astray", the jury
e witness claims Roache
indecently assaulted her when she
was about 14 after he arranged
passes for herself and her younger
sister on a visit to Granada
Studios in Manchester.
She told the jury at Preston
Crown Court last week that
Roache groped her in a room
after leading her past the Rovers
Return pub on the set.
Overnight, she was cross-
examined by the defendant's
lawyer, Louise Blackwell, QC,
and claimed that Adamson made
the "cockroach" remark about the
actor while she was at the studios.
"It was Len Fairclough that
made the comment," she said.
"Because when he said it he
looked directly at him and he
looked at us and said 'You want
to keep your eye on him, he will
lead you astray' and he called him
"Len Fairclough said that he
would lead us astray. He called
him a cockroach with a capital
Roache, 81, of Wilmslow,
Cheshire, denies two counts
of rapes and ve counts of
indecent assault involving ve
complainants 16 and under on
dates between 1965 and 1971.
e court heard that the alleged
victim and her sister would sit on
the steps outside the studio in the
summer holidays in the mid to
late 1960s, along with other girls
and boys who were autograph-
But on one occasion after being
invited inside the studios, Roache,
who has played Ken Barlow in
the ITV soap for more than 50
years, took her to his dressing
room and indecently assaulted
her by putting his hands on her
breasts and up her skirt.
She told police: "He was like an
octopus --- hands everywhere."
Challenged about her account
of what happened by Blackwell,
the witness told the court: "It
happened, no matter what you
are saying or what your job is, it
"I have no reason to lie, no
reason in the world."
Later Blackwell put it to the
witness: "Are you even trying to
tell the truth here?"
"I'm telling the truth," she
"Why the hell would I put
myself through all of this?"
Roache was charged last May
with two counts of rape on one
alleged victim, with the publicity
that following leading to the
four other complainants coming
e witness said she felt the
incident had been her fault "for
being there in the rst place".
Her sister claims she was abused
by Roache on a separate occasion.
Tigerbond. . .
PICTURE: Getty Images
Mulan Jamilah, a six-year-old Bengal tiger and Abdullah Sholeh, 33, play
in the garden beside their home in Malang, Indonesia. Abdullah Sholeh of
Malang, Indonesia is an Islamic student who has become best friend and
a full-time nanny to the tiger. Mulan's owner, Noer Muhammad Sholeh,
51, asked Abdullah to take care of the tiger when it was a three-month-
old cub at Dilem village, Kepanjen district, Malang, East Java. Abdullah
Sholeh regularly sleeps, plays and ghts with the huge tiger. e pair are so
inseparable he often shuns his own bed to sleep alongside the big cat in its
enclosure. Mulan now weighs 178kg, is 3m long including the tail and 1m
high. For security reasons, metal bars have been installed to separate them
when they are together in the enclosure. Mulan is fed 6kg of chicken or goat
meat twice a day.
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe
has made his rst public appearance
this year, quashing speculation about
his health as he mourns his sister's
State television overnight showed
images of Mugabe greeting government
o cials and members of his ZANU-
PF party at his o cial residence in the
e veteran leader, who turns 90 next
month, did not show signs of declining
health as he greeted those paying their
condolences at State House yesterday,
after his younger sister Bridget passed
away in a Harare hospital.
His appearance quashed recent
speculation about his health, with some
media even claiming he died while on
holiday in Singapore.
Presidential George Charamba last
week dismissed the reports, saying the
long-time president, in power for 33
years, was on his annual leave and in
Mugabe takes a month-long-holiday
each January, and has made several stays
in south-east Asian countries.
Government sources said he cut this
year's vacation short due to his sister's
He was reportedly seen visiting her in
hospital early last week.
e 78-year-old Bridget died after a
three-year coma. She collapsed at the
burial of another sister in 2010.
e eldest of his siblings, Mugabe now
has only one living younger sister.
Mugabe's health has been the subject
of speculation in recent years, with some
media suggesting he sought medical
treatment in countries including
Malaysia and Singapore.
A US diplomatic cable from 2008,
leaked two years ago by anti-secrecy
website Wikileaks, quoted Mugabe's
close ally and former central bank
chief Gideon Gono as telling former
US ambassador Christopher Dell that
Mugabe had been diagnosed with
prostate cancer. --- AFP
Mugabe appears in
public to mourn sister
International tourist numbers surged
to nearly 1.1 billion in 2013 with growth
in the Asia-Paci c region leading the
industry to a strong year despite global
economic troubles, the World Tourism
e number of international tourist
arrivals grew by 5% from the previous
year to 1.09 billion in 2013, the Madrid-
based United Nations body said.
at gure is expected to grow again
by 4-4.5% in 2014, the organisation said
in a report.
Tourist arrivals rose at the fastest rate
in the Asia-Paci c, where numbers were
up by 6% to 248 million, it said.
Europe, however, remained the biggest
destination, with international tourist
arrivals up 5% to 563 million.
Among countries of origin, Chinese
tourists --- already leading the way
with expenditure of $US102 billion
($123.46 billion) in 2012 --- pushed up
total spending by 28% in the rst nine
months of 2013, the UN body said.
Tourists from Russia, the fth largest
country of origin of international
tourists, drove up spending by 26% in
the same period, it said. --- AFP
surge to 1.1 billion
A bottle of malt whisky has gone
under the hammer in Hong Kong
for the record-breaking sum of
$HK4.9 million ($765,079).
e Macallan 'M' Decanter six-
litre Imperiale attracted global
interest at a Sotheby's auction, the
rm said, identifying the buyer only
as an Asian private collector.
e former British colony has
become a hub for auctions of
collectibles and rare items ranging
from diamonds to stamps, thanks
to growing wealth in China and
other parts of Asia. An Asian buyer
purchased a rare Leica camera, one of
only four in the world, for $750,566 at
a Hong Kong auction in November.
Sotheby's said the bottle sold on
Saturday broke the record for any
single malt whisky bottle sold at
auction, surpassing the $556,871
paid in New York in 2010. --- AFP
Malt whisky fetches $765,000
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