Home' Greymouth Star : February 4th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, February 4, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1783 - Hostilities end between United States
1789 - Electors unanimously choose George
Washington to be the rst US president.
1861 - Delegates from six Southern states meet
in Montgomery, Alabama, to form the
Confederate States of America.
1904 - e Russo-Japanese war
begins when Japan lays siege to Port
1927 - British driver Malcolm
Campbell breaks the world land speed
record, driving at 280kph.
1971 - British carmaker Rolls-Royce
declares itself bankrupt.
1974 - Patricia Hearst, granddaughter of the late
William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped by the
Symbionese Liberation Army.
1983 - US singer Karen Carpenter dies of
anorexia nervosa, aged 32.
1987 - San Diego Yacht Club celebrates the
victory of skipper Dennis Conner and the Stars
and Stripes over Australia's Kookaburra III; Death
of Wladziu Valentino, better known as US pianist
1997 - Sixteen months after being cleared
of murder charges, a civil trial jury blames OJ
Simpson for the killings of his ex-wife and her
2013 - British scientists announce they have
rescued the remains of King Richard III.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Fernand Leger, French painter (1881-1955);
Charles A Lindbergh, US aviation pioneer
(1902-1974); Betty Friedan, US
feminist author (1921-1985); Dan
Quayle, former US Vice-President
(1947-); Alice Cooper, US rock
singer (1948-); Michael Beck, US
actor (1949-); Lisa Eichorn, US
actress (1952-); Gabrielle Anwar,
British-US actress (1970-); Oscar
De La Hoya, US boxer (1973-);
Natalie Imbruglia, Australian singer (1975-).
"No human creature can give orders to love."
--- George Sand, French author (1804-1876).
"We have found the Messiah." --- ( John 1:41).
e death of Mrs
Margaret Ann Beban,
a senior citizen of
Greymouth and wife
of the late Arthur Beban, has occurred at the
home of her daughter, Papanui, Christchurch.
Mrs Beban was born at Kumara, a member
of the Slattery family, and went to Capleston,
Reefton, at an early age. She was married at
Reefton and came to Greymouth where she
had lived since.
In her younger days with her late husband she
conducted the Trafalgar Hotel (now Railway),
the Club and Gilmer hotels at Greymouth.
Predeceased by her husband, she is survived
by one daughter, Maureen (Mrs Ron
McQuinn, Papanui), four sons, Jack, Arthur
and Leo (Greymouth) and Jim (Rev Father
J J Beban, Futuna, Wellington). Another son,
Patrick, was killed in the Paci c campaign
during World War Two.
e New Zealand Forest Service was still
looking at the question of long-term cutting
rights for the Karoro Timber and Hardware
Company-Henderson and Pollard combine
and there was still a good deal of spadework to
be completed, a senior Forest Service o cial at
Hokitika said today.
"All I can say at this stage is that we are
looking into the matter"' he said.
e managing director of the Karoro
company, Mr Duncan Hardie, said he had no
comment to make on the delay in the granting
of timber rights. His only remark was that the
combine had been ready to go into operation
since last May --- the merger was completed
last April ---and the only hold-up had been
caused by the wait for the Forest Service to
grant long-term cutting rights.
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
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3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
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Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
The judge who reinstated
murder convictions against
Amanda Knox and Ra aele
Sollecito has spoken for
the rst time about his
anguish at coming to the
controversial verdicts, and hinted at a
series of "coincidences" that led to the
death of the British student Meredith
Alessandro Nencini, the president of
the Florence appeals court, said a chance
decision on the part of Knox to change
her plans on the night of November 1,
2007 initiated a series of events that
culminated in the brutal killing of Ms
Kercher, an exchange student from
Coulsdon, south London.
Crucially, Judge Nencini said the court
had arrived at a motivation for the
crime, adding that it would emerge fully
when a detailed reasoning for last week's
judgment is published in the coming
However, the interview was criticised in
the Italian press, with Sollecito's lawyers,
Giulia Bongiorno and Luca Maori,
reportedly accusing the judge of "very
serious, indeed unacceptable" behaviour by
commenting on the case.
Last week, the Florence court sentenced
Sollecito to 25 years in prison and Miss
Knox to 28 years and six months in jail,
handing her a heavier sentence after
nding her guilty of libelling a Congolese
bar owner, Patrick Lumumba, by falsely
accusing him of being the killer.
e court has 90 days in which to
release its reasoning for upholding the
guilty convictions. Judge Nencici did,
however, shed some light on the jury's
"At the moment all I can say is that at
20.15 that night, they had di erent plans;
then these were ditched and the occasion
(to commit the crime) was created," he
said. "If Amanda had gone to work she
probably wouldn't be here now. ere
were coincidences and on this we have
developed our reasoning. We realise this
will be the most controversial part."
Last week's developments were the
culmination of a series of appeals since
Knox and Sollecito were rst found guilty
of murdering Ms Kercher in 2009. In the
latest appeal, the prosecution's original
and widely ridiculed theory of a drug-
fuelled and black-magic tinged orgy gone
wrong was ditched in favour of a domestic
dispute arising from a dirty toilet in the
Perugia house shared by Knox and Ms
In his inter view with Corriere della
Sera, Mr Nencini, 58, spoke of his
anguish as a father at in icting such
heavy sentences on two young people,
but he was con dent the right decision
had been reached. "I have children, and
in icting sentences of 25 and 28 years on
two young people is a very di cult thing.
I feel relief because the moment of the
decision is the most di cult part," he said.
However, his decision to speak to the
media so soon after the verdict sparked
"A judge should never comment to the
public on its decisions," wrote one reader
on the newspaper's website. "By now the
mania involves everyone."
Knox, 26, remains in the United States
and has said she will ght any attempts
to extradite her, should the sentence
be upheld by the Supreme Court of
Cassation. Angela Antonietti, a guard of
Knox's at Capanne prison, near Perugia,
reportedly said her charge never cried or
showed remorse, and became known by
her jailors as the "ice maiden".
Her former boyfriend Sollecito, 29,
had his passport con scated last week
after driving some 402km to the border
of Austria and Slovenia. He has denied
reports that he was planning to ee,
and both insist they are innocent of the
Asked if the 12 hours needed to arrive
at the decision indicated disunity among
the two judges and six lay members of
the jury, Judge Nencini said all eight
were united in reaching their guilty
verdicts. He noted that on the day of the
deliberations, the jury had to go over 30
separate pieces of evidence.
"We took all the time necessary bearing
in mind also that the victim was a young
girl," he said. "I can tell you that in all
these months, and in particular when we
were considering our verdict, we noted
the gravity of a conviction that involved
young people and entire families."
e judge denied having been
in uenced, or limited, by the Supreme
Court of Cassation --- Italy's major
court of last resort, housed in the Palace
of Justice, Rome. It was this court that
had annulled the rst appeal in the case,
allowing Knox and Sollecito to go free
three years ago.
e Kercher family said the six years
of legal wrangling since Meredith was
killed had compounded their loss. ey
urged the US to extradite Knox. e State
Department and the White House have
declined to comment, saying the matter
remains "private and con dential". e US
has had an extradition treaty with Italy
since 1984. --- New Zealand Herald
When justice Knox
e Leatherman multi-tool has been
around for 30 years and spawned a host of
But tool inventor Tim Leatherman --- yes
that really is his name --- says his biggest
competitor today is the smartphone.
Leatherman multi-tools have found
millions of users and are to the physical
world what the smartphone is to the
web: a hand-held device with multiple
As more people opt for screen time over
tool time, the hands-on world is a little
But Leatherman is con dent his creation,
with its built-in pliers, knives, screwdrivers
and other useful things, will be around for
years to come.
"I agree, I think more than Gerber or
SOG or Victorinox (competing multi-
tool makers) our biggest competitor is the
smartphone," the quietly spoken engineer
"But we're doing ne --- there are still a
lot of people need to use the tool on the
job, a lot of people that enjoy outdoor
Many of those people are in Australia,
which is Leatherman's second largest
export market after Germany, with an
estimated 100,000 sold here each year.
e Leatherman story is one of
inventiveness and extraordinary
Leatherman was 27 when he asked his
wife, Chau, for a month to develop a multi-
tool idea that had come to him during their
travels through Europe in the 1970s.
eir second hand Fiat had needed
constant repairs and Leatherman, armed
only with a pocket knife, had found himself
wishing for a knife that included a pair of
at rst month stretched into three
years' labouring in the garage while Chau
Leatherman produced a prototype ---
called "Mr Crunch" --- but found no
interest from manufacturers; it would be
another ve years before the rst sale.
"Let's say my faith wavered a few times
--- I don't think I ever totally lost it,"
"I can remember on the night of my 30th
birthday, going to bed and starting to cry
because I was thinking about what I've
done with my life these last three years ---
I've been working on this tool every day, my
wife's been supporting me and still I have
nothing to show for it."
Leatherman went back to work while
re ning and trying to raise interest in his
tool, and four years later partnered with
university friend Steve Berliner to drive the
e pair soon secured an order from a
sports equipment catalogue.
Leatherman, now 65, is semi-retired but
remains chairman of Leatherman Tool
Group and owns 93% of the company, with
Berliner holding the remainder.
Takeover o ers arrive "practically weekly"
but he plans to keep control of Leatherman
and keep production in Portland, Oregon,
where the company employs more than 500
"I have no interest at all in being a public
company and having all those shareholders
trying to be my boss," he says.
" ere are lots of people who said I'm
crazy to keep producing in the US but for
me, the thing I'm most proud about of the
whole Leatherman odyssey is the creation
of the jobs, and for as long as possible I
want to keep those jobs in Portland."
Leatherman thinks manufacturing has a
future in developed economies.
" ere's always going to be a third world
country where wages are one-twentieth of
what they are in the US but the quality is
also one twentieth or even one- ftieth," he
says. --- AAP
Leatherman still hands on in a digital age
Tim Leatherman holds one of the multi-tools he invented.
Genes could determine what diet suits your body best
Your friend swears by the Atkins diet,
your colleague loves Paleo and your
neighbour is raving about gluten-free.
So which diet works? Perhaps all of
them, according to new research which
claims dieting is all in your genes.
In a recent study, scientists claim to
have identi ed a collection of genes that
allow humans to adapt to di erent diets.
ey showed that without the genes,
even minor tweaks to diets can cause
premature ageing and death.
Finding a genetic basis for an
organism's dietary needs suggests that
di erent individuals may be genetically
predisposed to thrive on di erent diets.
e research was published this month
in Cell Metabolism and conducted
by University of Southern California
scientists Sean Curran and Shanshan
e scientists believe that now, in the
age of commercial gene sequencing,
people might be able to identify
which diet would work best for them
through a simple blood test.
" ese studies have revealed that
single gene mutations can alter the
ability of an organism to utilise a
speci c diet," said professor Curran.
"In humans, small di erences in a
person's genetic makeup that change
how well these genes function could
explain why certain diets work for
some but not others."
e researchers studied
Caenorhabditis elegans (C elegans),
a one-millimetre-long worm that
scientists have used as a model
organism since the 1970s.
Decades of tests have shown that
genes in C elegans are likely to be
mirrored in humans while its short
life span allows scientists to do ageing
studies on it.
In this study, scientists identi ed a
gene called alh-6, which delayed the
e ects of ageing depending on what
type of diet the worm was fed.
" is gene is remarkably well-
conserved from single-celled yeast
all the way up to mammals, which
suggests that what we have learned
in the worm could translate to a better
understanding of the factors that alter
diet success in humans, " he said .
Future work will focus on identifying
what contributes to dietary success
or failure and whether these factors
explain why speci c diets don't work for
He added that this could be the start
of personalised dieting based on an
individual's genetic makeup.
"We hope to uncover ways to enhance
the use of any dietary programme
and perhaps even gure out ways of
overriding the systems that prevent
the use of one diet in certain individuals,"
--- New Zealand Herald
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