Home' Greymouth Star : February 11th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, February 11, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
America's sweetheart Jennifer Aniston
(1969); Actor Taylor Lautner (1992); Actress
Q'orianka Kilcher (1990); Danity Kane
singer Aubrey O'Day (1984); Destiny's
Child singer Kelly Rowland (1981); R and
B singer Brandy (1979); Linkin Park singer
Mike Shinoda (1977); Soul singer/pianist
D'Angelo (1974); Actor Damian
Lewis (1971); Politician Sarah
Palin (1964); Singer/songwriter
Sheryl Crow (1962); Actor Burt
Reynolds (1936); Gilligan's Island
movie star Tina Louise (1934);
Funnyman Leslie Nielsen (1926;
d. 2010); Hungarian-born actress Eva Gabor
(1919; d. 1995).
"A child educated only at school is an
uneducated child." --- George Santayana.
"Do not judge, or you too will be judged."
--- Matthew 7:1
No alarm that he
was in di culties was
radioed to Hokitika
by the pilot of a West
Coast Airways Cessna, Geo rey Meldrum
Houston, 28, married, with two young children,
before his aircraft crashed into the sea at
Green's Beach, 30 miles south of Hokitika, on
Friday afternoon, it was learned today.
e aircraft was overdue on a return ight
from Haast to Hokitika when the accident
Flying conditions here on Friday were
described as poor but no immediate concerns
for Mr Houston's safety were held when
he failed to reach Hokitika. Bad weather
prevented an air search until late on Saturday
Wreckage of the plane was found scattered
over a distance half a mile from Opuku blu ,
seven and a half miles south of the Waitaha
River. e pilot's body was found about 200
yards from the main wreckage.
Queenstown-born Mr Houston had been on
the Coast for the past 12 years.
He had worked in the shing industry at
Haast and was also engaged in deerhunting
operations for a time.
Manager of radio station 3YZ Greymouth
from 1947 until 1962, and commanding
o cer of No 36 Air Training Corps Squadron
in Greymouth for a number of years, Mr
Harvey C O'Loughlin MBE died suddenly in
Palmerston North on Sunday. Shortly before
his transfer to the North lsland he had spent
time in hospital here with a heart condition.
Mr O'Loughlin came to the West Coast from
Dunedin in 1947 to take up his broadcasting
He served as an o cer in the RNZAF in the
Paci c during World War Two.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by
Block Island, 322 die
1908 - Australia regain the Ashes with a 308
run cricket victory vs England
1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected
president of Germany
1922 - US intervention army leaves Honduras
1926 - Tokelau (Union) Islands in South
Paci c transfers to NZ
1928 - 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in
St Moritz, Switzerland
1929 - Vatican City (world's smallest country)
made an enclave of Rome
1935 - First US aeroplane ight with car slung
beneath fuselage, NY
1936 - Pumping begins to build
Treasure Island in SF Bay
1941 - 1st Gold record presented
(Glenn Miller-Chattanooga Choo
1941 - Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel
arrives in Tripoli
e creator of the mini-skirt, British
designer Mary Quant, turns 80 today still
brimming with enthusiasm for fashion
and women's rights.
She admits a certain nostalgia for the
"high excitement and innovation" of
1960s "Swinging London", but said it was
"wonderful to be a woman and alive right
"Women are enjoying their lives more
than ever before," she said in an emailed
statement, and gave an approving nod
to current trends: "It is all legs and
Quant scandalised British society with
her frank views on sex and her thigh-
skimming skirts and shift dresses worn
with coloured tights.
Known for her bob haircut almost as
much as for her designs, she revolutionised
women's fashion --- and with it, how many
of her customers saw themselves.
In her 2012 autobiography, Quant
described with admiration the
"superwomen" now who "move like
athletes and sit like men with their knees
well apart. eir children take their
mother's surname. ey are in control".
Quant herself is widowed with one son,
Orlando, and three grandchildren. Her
husband and business partner, Alexander
Plunket Greene, died in 1990 at 57.
She currently lives in Surrey, south-west
of London, and remains a consultant on
make-up company that she sold in 2000,
and which still bears her ower logo.
Quant met APG, as she called her
husband, while they were studying at
Goldsmiths art college in London, drawn
by his eccentric style --- he used to wear
his mother's pyjama tops as shirts.
Together they opened their rst
boutique, Bazaar, in 1955 in Chelsea, a
district to the west of the capital that
would soon become the beating heart of
Bazaar sold clothes and accessories,
the restaurant in the basement became a
meeting point for young people and artists
and soon the whole district was attracting
celebrities such as Brigitte Bardot, Audrey
Hepburn, the Beatles and the Rolling
Quant designed short dresses and
skirts with simple lines and vibrant
colours, which she enjoyed showcasing
in extravagant and provocative window
displays overlooking the King's Road.
"City gents in bowler hats beat on
our shop window with their umbrellas
shouting 'Immoral!' and 'Disgusting!' at
the sight of our mini-skirts over the tights,
but customers poured in to buy," she
recalled in her book.
e King's Road became a constant
catwalk show for girls in mini-skirts,
drawing American photographers keen
for a view of Swinging London with a
party atmosphere rivalled only by Carnaby
Business was good, and during the 1960s
Quant opened a second shop in London,
collaborated with the US department
store J C Penney and launched a more
mass-market line of clothes, e Ginger
She used geometric designs, polka dots
and contrasting colours and played around
with new fabrics, including PVC and
stretch fabrics, for a modern and playful
" e clothes I made happened to t in
exactly with the teenage trend, with pop
records and espresso bars and jazz clubs,"
Quant recalled in her rst book, Quant by
"She was in the right place at the right
time and that was part of her success,"
con rms Jenny Lister, a fashion curator at
the V and A Museum in London which
has many Quant items in its permanent
Quant's personality and style ---
including her iconic fringe cut by Vidal
Sassoon --- made her "probably the most
famous fashion designer that has come out
of this country", Lister said.
"She had an audacious approach and
she went out to get headlines and would
make very provocative statements about
sexuality and her private life as well, which
perhaps went along with her clothes,
which were seen as quite outrageous at the
time," she added.
Quant was honoured by the British
establishment with an OBE in 1966, and
her legacy can still be seen on the high-
street today, including fashion stores like
Topshop. --- AAP
Mary Quant: mini-skirt to 80
It has been 10 years since a
Harvard sophomore named
Mark Zuckerberg created a
website called efacebook.com
to let his classmates nd their
ey did. And in the decade
since, so have more than a
billion people, not just American college
students but also farmers in India, activists
in Egypt and pop stars in South Korea.
Facebook has transformed how much
of the world communicates. Zuckerberg's
insistence that people use real identities,
not quirky screen names, helped blur,
if not erase entirely, the divide between
our online and o ine worlds. Long-lost
friends are no longer lost. ey are on
From its roots as a website with no
ads, no business plan and a hacker ethic,
Facebook has grown into a company worth
$150 billion, with 6337 employees and
sprawling headquarters in the heart of
Silicon Valley. Born in the age of desktop
computers, three years before the iPhone's
debut, Facebook is now mainly accessed
on mobile devices. Many of these mobile
users never had a PC.
"People often ask if I always knew that
Facebook would become what it is today.
No way," Zuckerberg wrote where else on
his Facebook page last week. "I remember
getting pizza with my friends one night
in college shortly after opening Facebook.
I told them I was excited to help connect
our school community, but one day
someone needed to connect the whole
Facebook has had plenty of stumbles
along the way, from privacy concerns to
user protests when Facebook introduced
new features, not to mention a rocky
public stock debut in 2012. Even its
origin was the subject of a lawsuit and a
So far, though, Facebook has trudged on.
As Facebook enters its second decade,
the company faces a new set of challenges
in reaching the next billion users, the
billion after that, and the one after that,
including the majority of the world
without internet access. It must also keep
the existing set interested even as younger,
hipper rivals emerge and try to lure them
ere are 1.23 billion Facebook users
today, or roughly 17% of the world's
population. Although that's far from
connecting the whole world, Facebook is
here to stay. It has reached critical mass.
"One of the things Facebook has been
good at is that it's very easy to use and
understand," said Paul Levinson, professor
of communications and media studies at
Fordham University. "It's a much friendlier
system than any e-mail system."
Javier Olivan joined Facebook Inc. as
vice president of growth and analytics in
2007. It was a di erent time. Myspace
was the dominant on-line hangout with
200 million members. Facebook had 30
Facebook's user base had been
accelerating steadily, Olivan said, as it
expanded from Har vard's campus to other
colleges, then high schools, and in 2006,
anyone over 13. Users in the UK and other
English-speaking countries then began
But around 2007, growth hit a plateau.
" e thinking at the time was (that)
we'll never have 100 million users," Olivan
said. " at's when the growth team was
If Facebook was going to connect the
world, as its mission states, it couldn't be
an English-only service. So Facebook
turned to its users to help translate the site.
A Spanish version came in 2008, followed
by dozens of others. Growth accelerated
again, and volunteer translators are still
adding new tongues, whether that's native
African languages or pirate slang.
Facebook got its 100 million users by
August 2008 and half a billion two years
later. By 2012, a billion people were
logging in to Facebook at least once a
While sharing photos and updates with
friends is a universal experience, Facebook
is customised depending on where you
live. In Japan, for example, users can list
their blood type on their pro les, as it's
something that would typically come up in
conversation when you meet someone kind
of like horoscopes in the US.
Beyond language, another hurdle was
mobile. e iPhone came along in 2007,
and Facebook's iPhone app soon followed.
But the app was slow and buggy, fuelling
concerns that it wouldn't be able to
transform into a "mobile- rst" company,
as it wanted to be. About the time of its
initial public o ering of stock, potential
investors fretted about its ability to make
money from mobile ads.
at's no longer an issue. Facebook's
stock is trading near record highs. e
majority of the company's advertising
revenue now comes from mobile, rather
than web ads.
No doubt other challenges will come.
"At some point there will be barriers such
as illiteracy, (creating) hardware for people
who can't read and write," Olivan said.
Content on the internet will have to be
translated into languages that are barely
represented on-line today.
" at's why this is a 10-year
undertaking," he said. " e entire industry
has to tackle the problem."
On any given day, 81% of Facebook's
users are outside the US and Canada.
"My day is not complete without
checking my Facebook account," said
Syaiful Anwar, a 47-year-old restaurant
owner in Pekanbaru on Indonesia's
Sumatra island. "To nd out what is
happening in this world, to bring together
my friends and relatives (is) now just a
click (of a) mouse away."
Indonesia has 65 million users who log
in at least once a month. at's about a
quarter of the country's population. India
boasts 93 million, also roughly a quarter of
As Facebook's user base started growing
in emerging markets, another hurdle
emerged: the high cost of smartphones
and internet access. So, in 2011, Facebook
launched an app called Facebook for
Every Phone. It lets people without fancy
smartphones access the most popular
features, such as reading status updates and
More than 100 million people use it each
Facebook is the rst internet experience
for many people in India and other
emerging markets, said Kevin D'Souza,
Facebook's growth manager in India.
at means people who have never used
e-mail are signing up for Facebook, using
their phone numbers instead of an e-mail
address to log in.
"Facebook addresses a universal need,"
D'Souza said. "Everybody around the
world wants to connect with people they
Last summer, Facebook launched
internet.org, aimed at getting everyone in
the world on-line.
"When I re ect on the last 10 years,
one question I ask myself is: why were
we the ones to build this? We were just
students. We had way fewer resources
than big companies. If they had focused
on this problem, they could have done it,"
Zuckerberg wrote last week. " e only
answer I can think of is: we just cared
As far as birthdays go, Facebook's
brought out re ection, nostalgia and lots of
Connie Zong, who signed up for
Facebook during her sophomore year at
Harvard 10 years ago, remembers when
she heard that Zuckerberg was dropping
out of Harvard to work on Facebook.
"I remember thinking that guy is making
such a big mistake," she said. "He's
giving up a really great degree at a great
university, and we're never going to hear
from him again." --- AP
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
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