Home' Greymouth Star : February 13th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Thursday, February 13, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1945 - Allied forces capture Budapest, Hungary,
in World War Two; US warplanes firebomb
Dresden, Germany, wiping out the city and
killing more than 35,000 civilians.
1968 - Ten thousand US troops are in process of
being transported to South Vietnam on speedup
basis as fighting increases in that
1989 - Soviet Red Army leaves
Afghan capital of Kabul.
1990 - Roaring crowds give Nelson
Mandela a hero s welcome when
he returns to the black township of
Soweto after being released from
1991 - US planes destroy bunker in Baghdad that
allies identified as military site, but apparently
contained civilians, with reported death toll
ranging from 40 to 500.
1992 - Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat claims
tape in which he purportedly made slanderous
comments of Jews was doctored.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Kim Novak, US actress (1933-); George
Segal, US actor (1934-); Oliver Reed, British
actor (1938-1999); Andrew
Peacock, Australian politician
(1939-); Carol Linley, US actress
(1942-); Peter Tork, US musician-
e Monkees (1942-); Stockard
Channing, US actress (1944-);
Jerry Springer, US talkshow host
(1944-); Len Pascoe, Australian
cricketer (1950-); Peter Gabriel,
British singer (1950-); Matt Salinger, US
actor (1960-); Robbie Williams, British singer
(1974-); Mena Suvari, US actress (1979-).
"An explanation of cause is not a justification
by reason." --- C S Lewis, English author
"Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life,
but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for
God s wrath remains on him." --- John 3:36
Mr H C (Peter)
Hooper BA , head
of the Grey High
School s English
department for a good many years, will
terminate his association with the school on
May 23, the end of the first term. e school s
board of managers received with "most sincere
regret" Mr Hooper s resignation.
In a letter to the board Mr Hooper said he
had given the matter much consideration and
finally decided to give up teaching "for a few
years at least" in favour of devoting all his time
He said that it was a severance of a long and
happy association with the school and it was
with "very real regret" that he was leaving. He
would not, however, be leaving the district and
would continue to take an active interest in the
school s activities.
Mr Arthur John Wickes, a former
Greymouth man, will celebrate his 21st
birthday when he is 88 at the end of this
Before a large gathering he will cut a
21-candle birthday cake and receive the
key of the door. is 21st birthday will be
distinguished from most others because Mr
Wickes will celebrate his diamond wedding
later in the year.
He was born on February 29, 1876 --- a leap-
year baby --- and besides having a birthday
only once every four years did not have one for
four years at the turn of the century.
e extra day was not added to February
in 1900 because the figure at the turn of the
century must be divisible by 400.
Born in Greymouth, Mr Wickes lived in
Christchurch until 1887. On his family s return
to Greymouth he became first a probationer
and then a pupil teacher.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Healy s view
On July 11, 2012, the Japanese Prime
Minister ordered an undisclosed number
of naval vessels belonging to Japan s Self-
Defence Force to the Senkaku Islands.
ey were responding to the "violation" of
Japan s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
by three naval vessels flying the flag of the
People s Republic of China. In short order,
the Chinese vessels were met, followed
and escorted out of Japan s EEZ by SDF
e sovereignty of the Senkaku
Islands is hotly disputed by at least three
jurisdictions: Japan, Taiwan and China.
A glance at both the map and the history
books, however, makes it clear that the
nation with the best claim to the islands
(situated in the midst of vast proven oil
reserves) is the People s Republic of China.
References to these tiny specks of land
(which the Chinese call the Diaoyu
Islands) appear in Imperial Chinese
documents dating back to the Sixteenth
Century. It was only in the late Nineteenth
Century that, like so many other chunks
of East Asian real estate, they became the
spoils of the Japanese war machine. All
that now prevents the islands long-delayed
repatriation to their rightful owner, is the
United States determination to retain the
strategic co-operation of its Japanese ally.
at the presence of three Chinese naval
vessels in its EEZ was sufficient to activate
such an aggressive naval response from the
Japanese Government is something Kiwis
should keep in the back of the minds as
they attempt to make sense of Japan s own
wilful violation of New Zealand s EEZ.
at violation came in spite of
Wellington informing Tokyo that all
vessels belonging to the Japanese "scientific
whaling" fleet should remain outside the
New Zealand EEZ. In other words, Tokyo
expressly authorised theShonan Maru 2 to
transform itself into a strong diplomatic
message to the New Zealand Government.
In transmitting that message, the
Shonan Maru 2 has been greatly assisted
by a New Zealander. Glen Inwood is the
official spokesman for the NZ Institute
for Cetacean Research --- a Japanese front
organisation established to defend not
only the Japanese Government s "scientific
whaling" programme, but also, at need, to
serve as Tokyo s unofficial mouthpiece.
Interviewed by Radio NZ s Morning
Report on Monday, Inwood made it
very clear that, so long as New Zealand
remained content for her harbours
to be turned into safe havens for the
re-provisioning and repair of the Sea
Shepherds anti-whaling fleet (in this
particular case, the Steve Irwin) then the
Japanese would continue to exercise their
right to pre-emptive self-defence in New
Zealand s EEZ.
e same chauvinist pride that prevents
Japan from acknowledging that it took
the Diaoyu Islands by force (along with
Taiwan and Manchuria!) from its Chinese
neighbours, has hardened its attitude
towards the Sea Shepherd organisation.
e Japanese Fisheries Agency s new
policy of pre-emptive self-defence reflects
the anti-whaling fleet s unprecedented
success in protecting the pods of the Great
Southern Ocean during the killing season
But Japan s aggressive tactics have had
only limited success in the present season,
and so long as the Sea Shepherds vessels
can find safe haven in Australian and New
Zealand waters, the Fishery Agency s
ability to meet its "research" targets will
continue to be compromised.
If the Australian and New Zealand effort
to have Japan s "scientific" programme
ruled illegal at the International Court of
Justice succeed, then the possibility for a
significant escalation of hostilities in the
Great Southern Ocean will only increase.
In those circumstances the best option
for Australian-New Zealand diplomacy
might be to offer to facilitate one more
year of Japanese cetacean "research" by
closing our ports to the Sea Shepherd
fleet. In return the Japanese Government
would undertake to suspend its "scientific
whaling" programme indefinitely.
Japanese pride demands nothing less
than a "victory" over its Sea Shepherd
foes. If that is not supplied to her, then she
will take one anyway. And thanks to the
debilitating defence policies of successive
New Zealand governments, there s nothing
we can do to stop her.
Chris Trotter is an independent left-
wing political commentator
Japanese pride on the line over disputed islands
Shivering in the chill room
could be the next big thing for
After 15 minutes of cold
your body will be pumping out
two hormones that could turn
unhealthy white fat into energy-
burning brown fat.
at is the theory behind
Australian scientist Dr Paul Lee s
research published in the journal
Lee has just returned from the
United States where he conducted
human trials that show shivering
and moderate exercise produce
the same energy-burning
He has also conducted
laboratory experiments that show
the hormones are able to turn
human white fat cells into healthy
brown fat cells.
Until a few years ago it was
thought brown fat was found only
in newborn babies to keep them
warm, he says.
But research has shown adults
retain brown fat. In babies it is
mostly around the upper back
and shoulders and in adults it is
around the neck.
" e more brown fat an adult
has, the leaner they are and the
lower their blood sugar is," Lee,
from Sydney s Garvan Institute of
Medical Research, said.
"If we can increase the amount
of brown fat in the body, it may
protect people from gaining
weight and developing diabetes."
Dr Lee s study has shown that
shivering for 10 minutes to 15
minutes at 14degC to 16degC
has similar hormone-producing
results to an hour of moderate
ere were also benefits at
a less chilly 19degC, he said,
emphasising more research was
needed to determine safe and
effective levels of exposure.
"Our results showed that
moderate exposure to cold may be
helpful, but the importance of a
healthy diet and regular exercise
should not be neglected."
Dr Lee was optimistic his work
could add a new dimension to the
battle against diabetes and other
Endocrinology professor Don
Chisholm of Garvan and
St Vincent s Hospital in Sydney
says the cold is a strong activator
of brown fat, but modern humans
might have lost its effect because
we no longer get cold.
"Brown fat is very healthy. It
helps burn up calories and sugar.
"A question is whether we can
find pharmacological or lifestyle
methods to activate brown fat."
Chilling out could
be new fat burner
Apollo of the deep
Lost for centuries, a
rare bronze statue of
the Greek god Apollo
resurfaced in the Gaza
Strip, only to be seized
by police and vanish
Word of the remarkable find has
caught the imagination of the world
of archaeology, but the police cannot
say when the life-sized bronze might
re-emerge or where it might be put on
A local fisherman says he scooped
the 500kg god from the seabed last
August, and carried it home on a donkey
cart, unaware of the significance of his
Others soon guessed at its importance,
and the statue briefly appeared on eBay
with a $500,000 price tag --- well below
its true value. Police from the Islamist
group Hamas, who rule the isolated
Palestinian territory, swiftly seized it and
say they are investigating the affair.
To their great frustration, archaeologists
have not been able to get their hands on
the Apollo, and instead must pore over
a few blurred photographs of the intact
deity, who is laid out incongruously on a
blanket emblazoned with Smurfs.
From what they can tell it was cast
sometime between the 5th and the 1st
century BC, making it at least 2000 years
"It s unique. In some ways I would
say it is priceless. It s like people asking
what is the (value) of the painting La
Gioconda (the Mona Lisa) in the Louvre
museum," said Jean-Michel de Tarragon,
a historian with the French Biblical and
Archaeological School of Jerusalem.
"It s very, very rare to find a statue
which is not in marble or in stone, but in
metal," he told Reuters television.
e apparently pristine condition of the
god suggested it was uncovered on land
and not in the sea, he said, speculating
that the true location of where it was
unearthed was not revealed to avoid
arguments over ownership.
" is wasn t found on the seashore or
in the sea ... it is very clean. No, it was
(found) inland and dry," he said, adding
that there were no tell-tale signs of
metal disfigurement or barnacles that
one normally sees on items plucked from
Palestinian fisherman Joudat Ghrab
tells a different tale. e 26-year-old
father of two said he saw a human-like
shape lying in shallow
waters some 100m offshore,
just north of the Egyptian-
At first he thought it
was a badly burned body,
but when he dived down
to take a closer look he
realised it was a statue. He
says it took him and his
relatives four hours to drag
the treasure ashore.
"I felt it was something
gifted to me by God,"
the bearded Ghrab told
Reuters. "My financial
situation is very difficult
and I am waiting for my
His mother was less
happy when she saw the
naked Apollo carried into
the house, demanding that
his private parts be covered.
"My mother said what a
disaster you have brought
with you as she looked at
the huge statue," said the
e discoloured green-
brown figure shows the
youthful, athletic god
standing upright on two,
muscular legs; he has one
arm outstretched, with the
palm of his hand held up.
He has compact, curly
hair, and gazes out seriously
at the world, one of his
eyes apparently inlaid with
a blue stone iris, the other
just a vacant black slit.
Ghrab says he cut off one
of the fingers to take to a
metals expert, thinking it
might have been made of
Unbeknownst to him, one of his
brothers severed another finger for his
own checks. is was melted down by a
Family members belonging to a Hamas
militia soon took charge of the statue,
and at some stage the Apollo appeared on
eBay, with the seller telling the buyer to
come and collect the item from Gaza.
at would have been easier said than
done, however, as Gaza is virtually sealed
off from the outside world, with both
Israel and Egypt imposing rigid controls
on access to the impoverished enclave
and its 1.8 million inhabitants.
Whether any potential buyers stepped
for ward is not clear, but when Hamas s
civilian authorities found out about the
artefact, they ordered that the police seize
it.Officials at Gaza s tourism ministry told
Reuters the statue will not be shown to
the public until a criminal investigation is
completed into who tried to sell it.
However, Ahmed Al-Bursh, the
ministry s director of archaeology, said
he had seen it and promised that Ghrab
would receive a reward once the issue was
"It is a precious treasure, an important
archaeological discovery," said Bursh.
Once the statue was released by police,
his ministry plans to repair it and put it
on show in Gaza.
"International institutions have also
contacted us and have offered to help
with the repair process," he said, adding
that a museum in Geneva and the Louvre
in Paris wanted to rent it.
Like Ghrab, Bursh said the statue had
been found at sea.
e historian Tarragon said it was vital
to know the true location of its discovery.
Some 5000 years of history lie
beneath the sands of the Gaza Strip,
which was ruled at various times by
ancient Egyptians, Philistines, Romans,
Byzantines and Crusaders.
Alexander the Great besieged the city
and Emperor Hadrian visited. However,
local archaeologists have little experience
to carry out any scientific digs and many
sites remain buried.
Statues such as the Apollo cast would
not have been held in isolation, meaning
it might prove the tip of an historical
iceberg, Tarragon said.
"A statue at that time was (put) in a
complex, in a temple or a palace. If it was
in a temple, you should have all the other
artefacts of the cult (at the site)," he said,
adding that he hoped Hamas appreciated
its potential importance.
" ere is a feeling that they could find
more and more (items) linked to the
statue, more and more artefacts, so this is
very sensitive," he said. --- Reuters
e statue of the Greek god Apollo lies on a Smurfs blanket.
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