Home' Greymouth Star : February 24th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
6 - Monday, February 24, 2014
People surround a makeshift memorial as they gather to commemorate the victims of the recent clashes in central Kiev.
Ukraine ushers in new era Seoul
A second group of South Koreans has
met North Korean relatives at a reunion
for families divided for decades, a day
before South Korean-United States
military exercises that threaten to sour
e reunion --- held at the North's
Mount Kumgang resort from last
ursday until tomorrow --- is the rst
in more than three years for families torn
apart by the 1950-53 Korean War.
In the second and last round of the
event, 357 southerners met 88 North
Korean relatives yesterday afternoon.
e rst batch of about 80 southerners
returned home on Saturday after a tearful
reunion with their 174 northern relatives
Ryoo Jung-Hee, 69, called it a "miracle"
that her 81-year-old brother --- dragged
to the army at the age of 17 and long
believed dead --- was alive in the North
and looking for her.
"We even had his death certi cate
issued a long time ago. It was like a
miracle when we heard he was alive and
was looking for us," Ryoo said before
departing Seoul overnight.
"I still can't believe this is real," she said.
Bang Rye-Sun, 89, also believed for
decades that her brother ve years her
junior had died during the war --- until
she got a call that Sang-Mok was looking
for his big sister.
"I really want to tell him, ' ank you so
much for staying alive'," she said before
departing for the North.
e much-anticipated event went
ahead despite growing tension about the
joint military drill, which has come in for
erce criticism from Pyongyang. --- AFP
A new era dawned in
Ukraine overnight as
parliament appointed a
pro-western interim leader
after ousted president
Viktor Yanukovich ed
Kiev to escape retribution
for a week of deadly
But Russia said it had
recalled to Moscow its
ambassador in Ukraine
for consultations on the
"deteriorating situation" in
Kiev, a day after the ouster of Yanukovich.
"Due to the deteriorating situation
in Ukraine and the need for a
comprehensive analysis of the situation,
the decision was made to recall the
Russian ambassador to Ukraine for
consultations in Moscow," the ministry
said in a statement.
e ex-Soviet State's tumultuous
three-month crisis culminated in a
dizzying urry of historic changes
over the weekend that saw parliament
sideline the pro-Russian head of State
and call a new presidential poll for May
Lawmakers then went a step further
by approving the release from her
seven-year jail sentence of former prime
minister Yulia Tymoshenko --- a star of
the 2004 Orange Revolution who was
thrown behind bars less than a year after
Yanukovich came to power in 2010.
e constitutional legitimacy of
parliament's actions remains an open
question and Yanukovich vowed in a
taped inter view to ght the "bandits"
who now claimed to rule Ukraine.
But Yanukovich's authority was
nowhere in evidence in Kiev overnight.
e city's police presence had vanished
and protesters were in control of
everything from tra c management to
protection of government buildings after
a week of bloodshed that claimed nearly
Yanukovich was dealt another blow
when his own Regions Party condemned
him for issuing "criminal orders" that led
to so many deaths.
Parliament also voted to dismiss
Ukraine's Foreign Minister Leonid
Kozhara after sacking the federal police
chief and prosecutor general earlier
Western countries gave cautious but
vital backing to the sweeping changes
in Ukraine, while Russia once again
warned that payment of its huge bailout
package was on hold.
US Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew
told a G20 meeting in Sydney that
Washington "stands ready to assist
Ukraine as it implements reforms".
German Chancellor Angela Merkel
and Russian President Vladimir Putin
also tried to calm some of the Cold War-
style jousting that had erupted between
the west and Moscow over Ukraine's
future in the past weeks.
A Merkel spokesman
said the two leaders agreed
on the need to preserve
Ukraine territorial integrity
--- a reference to the deep
cultural ssure that runs
between the pro-European
west of the country and its
far more Russian-leaning
EU foreign policy chief
Catherine Ashton will y
to Kiev tonight to ensure
Kiev 's new leaders uphold
that, and do not reconsider their tilt
towards the west. Her o ce said the
two-day visit would work out "measures
to stabilise the economic situation" in
e whereabouts of Yanukovich
himself meanwhile remained a mystery
amid speculation that he was hiding out
in the pro-Russian east.
Oleksandr Turchynov, the former
Speaker named interim president,
and Ukraine's border ser vice both
said Yanukovich had been prevented
from eeing the country out of the
eastern city of Donetsk because his
charter plane did not have the required
Yanukovich claimed in his taped
video message yesterday that he would
never leave Ukraine or relinquish the
presidency to opponents he compared to
But attention of world leaders was
quickly shifting to Tymoshenko amid
mounting speculation that the former
premier had the best chance of uniting
the opposition for a presidential bid.
Tymoshenko --- who had appeared
before the crowd in a wheelchair on
Saturday because of back problems ---
held telephone talks with Merkel and
also met western ambassadors in Kiev.
Her spokeswoman stressed that the
53-year-old --- charismatic but also
dogged by allegations of corruption and
self-interest from when she was twice
prime minister --- had made no decision
about running in May.
" is is not the right time for this,"
spokeswoman Natalia Lysova told AFP.
Tymoshenko has rejected consideration
for the post of prime minister in the
new interim cabinet --- a comment that
reignited speculation she was intent on
nothing less than head of state.
e opposition's main presidential
challenge had until this weekend been
primarily expected to come from boxer-
turned-lawmaker Vitali Klitschko.
e popular UDAR (Punch) party
leader had initially announced his
presidential ambitions in October. But
he backtracked from those comments
overnight in an apparent concession to
Tymoshenko's continued public appeal.
"My main goal is not to take the chair
of president," Klitschko told the BBC.
Ousted president flees
Pope Francis, who has made
simplicity and serving the poor the
distinguishing characteristics of his
papacy, has told 19 newly-appointed
cardinals to shun intrigue, gossip and
"A cardinal . . . enters the Church of
Rome, my brothers, not a royal court,"
the Pope said during a Mass attended
by the cardinals named on Saturday.
"May all of us avoid, and help others
to avoid, habits and ways of acting
typical of a court: intrigue, gossip,
cliques, favouritism and partiality."
e admonition came as Francis is
seeking to refashion the image of the
Roman Catholic Church, plagued by
nancial scandals and accusations of
covering up child abuse by priests.
A council of cardinals, set up by
Francis to advise him on Vatican
reforms, on Tuesday heard a report
to reform the Vatican bank and on
Wednesday it discussed organisational
and economic programmes.
"We love . . . those who are hostile
to us; we bless those who speak ill of
us; we greet with a smile those who
may not deserve it," the Ponti told
the newest members of the College of
"We do not aim to assert ourselves;
we oppose arrogance with meekness;
we forget the humiliations that we
Pope Francis chose not to move
into the o cial Vatican apartments
reser ved for the head of the Catholic
Church after he took over almost a
year ago in a sign of his emphasis on
During his traditional general
audience on February 12 he had
also asked the faithful to stop
"twaddling" after Mass, and to stop
disrespectfully commenting on the
way people dress.
"Sometimes this is done, and it
shouldn't be done," he had said.
"My brother Cardinals, Jesus did not
come to teach us good manners, how
to behave well at the table!
"To do that, he would not have had
to come down from heaven and die on
the Cross," Pope Francis said.
e Mass was held after a meeting
of cardinals from around the world ---
known as a consistory --- to discuss
family issues on ursday and Friday.
On Saturday, Francis formally
appointed the 19 new cardinals --- the
rst of his ponti cate.
Nine of the 19 cardinals came from
South America, Africa and Asia, a
decision that Vatican observers say
should help correct a perceived bias
towards European cardinals. --- AFP
Pope warns cardinals against gossip
PICTURE: Getty Images
Pope Francis attends Mass with newly-appointed cardinals at St Peter's
Mexico's most wanted man, drug
cartel kingpin Joaquin "Shorty"
Guzman, was captured on Saturday
with help from United States agencies
in a major victory for the government
in a long, grisly war.
Guzman, known as "El Chapo"
(Shorty) in Spanish, has long run
Mexico's infamous Sinaloa Cartel
and over the past decade he emerged
as one of the world's most powerful
organised crime bosses, even making
it on to Forbes' list of billionaires.
He was caught in his native north-
western State of Sinaloa in an early
morning operation without a shot
being red, Attorney-General Jesus
Murillo Karam said, adding that
Guzman's identity had been "100%
It is a political triumph for President
Enrique Pena Nieto, who took o ce
in late 2012. Pena Nieto con rmed
the capture via Twitter earlier and
congratulated his security forces. e
US government also applauded the
Guzman's cartel has smuggled
billions of dollars worth of cocaine,
marijuana and methamphetamines
into the US, and fought vicious turf
wars with other Mexican gangs. He
pioneered the use of sophisticated
underground tunnels to smuggle drug
shipments across the border and also
became a major narcotics exporter to
Europe and Asia in recent years.
Nearly 80,000 people have been
killed in the past seven years with
much of the violence in western and
northern regions that have long been
key smuggling routes. Many of the
victims are tortured and beheaded
and their bodies dumped in a public
place or in mass graves. e violence
has ravaged border cities and even
beach resorts such as Acapulco.
Guzman, 56, was captured in a pre-
dawn raid on a seaside condominium
in the north-western tourist resort
and shing and shrimp-processing
centre of Mazatlan, about 220km
from Guzman's suspected base in
Culiacan. He was then own to
Mexico City. Wearing a cream shirt
and dark jeans and with a black
moustache, he was frog-marched in
front of reporters on live television,
bound for prison.
It was the rst public glimpse of the
elusive kingpin since he escaped from
prison in 2001. e 1.7m Guzman
looked brie y toward tv cameras
waiting on the tarmac outside the
Marines' hangar at Mexico City's
airport. His head was shoved back
down by a soldier wearing a face
Murillo Karam said security forces
had nearly caught Guzman days
earlier, but he gave them the slip. " e
doors of the house . . . were reinforced
with steel and so in the minutes it
took us to open them, it allowed for
an escape through tunnels," Murillo
Karam said. ey then tracked him
down again and waited for the right
moment to strike, he said, adding
that some US agencies had helped in
He gave no more details but a
US Homeland Security source said
Mexican forces worked jointly with
agents from the Drug Enforcement
Administration (DEA), Immigration
and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
and the US Marshals Service.
Murillo Karam did not say whether
Guzman would face trial in Mexico
or be extradited to the US.
Alberto Islas, a security expert
with Risk Evaluation, said Pena
Nieto ordered his cabinet to capture
Guzman immediately after taking
o ce in December 2012, and handed
the job to the Marines, widely seen
as less corrupt than other security
Citing people involved in the
operation, he said 25 Marines entered
the condominium where Guzman
was staying and evaded two security
teams there to protect the drug lord.
Guzman and three other people,
including a woman, were asleep at
the time. e whole operation took
around seven and a half minutes and
neighbours realised it had taken place
only when they heard the helicopter
whisking Guzman away, Islas said.
Mexican tv channel Foro TV
broadcast footage of the inside of
the relatively modest condominium,
where the door to the apartment
where Guzman was sleeping had
been kicked in.
A swimming pool was visible in
the yard below, and just across the
road, a beach. e apartments have
panoramic views over the sea. After
the raid, clothes and bed sheets were
left strewn over the tiled oor of the
Short-term lets for a two bedroom
apartment in the complex coast about
$US1200 ($1448) a month, according
to rental websites.
Guzman's exploits have made
him a legend in many impoverished
communities of northern Mexico,
where he has been immortalised in
dozens of ballads and low-budget
movies. e US had placed a
$5 million ($6.03 million) bounty
on Guzman's head and authorities
in Chicago last year dubbed him the
city's rst Public Enemy No 1 since
gangster Al Capone.
US Attorney-General Eric Holder
described the arrest as "a landmark
achievement, and a victory for the
citizens of both Mexico and the
" e criminal activity Guzman
allegedly directed contributed to the
death and destruction of millions of
lives across the globe through drug
addiction, violence and corruption,"
Holder said in a statement.
e Homeland Security source said
US agents assisted on the ground near
the arrest site, and that the operation
was the result of connecting many
dots, not a single tip. --- Reuters
Notorious drug lord may face US justice
Joaquin "Shorty" Guzman, centre, is escorted by soldiers during a
presentation at a navy's air eld in Mexico City.
A murderer has died in a Darwin jail.
Peter Fittock, 61, was found in the
Darwin Correctional Centre's low
security wing yesterday morning.
"Prison o cers and nursing sta
attempts but were unable to revive him",
the Northern Territory Department of
Correctional Services said.
e death is not being treated as
suspicious, a spokesman told AAP.
Fittock was serving a life sentence after
being found guilty by a jury of one count
of murder and one count of attempted
murder in November 1999.
An appeal was launched following
his conviction, but it was denied by the
Northern Territory Supreme Court in
Fittock would have been eligible for
parole in November 2018.
A report is being prepared for the
coroner. --- AAP
Murderer dies in Darwin prison
United States intelligence has stepped
up eavesdropping on hundreds of
key gures in Germany, including a
government minister, after Chancellor
Angela Merkel was dropped as a direct
target, a German report said overnight.
Bild am Sonntag newspaper said that
320 political and business leaders in
Germany were being monitored by the
US National Security Agency (NSA),
including Interior Minister omas de
"We have the order not to allow any
loss of information whatsoever after
the communication of the chancellor
no longer being able to be directly
monitored," Bild quoted an unnamed
high-ranking US intelligence employee
in Germany as saying.
US-German ties soured amid
revelations leaked by former CIA
contractor Edward Snowden that US
intelligence agencies had allegedly
eavesdropped on Merkel and collected
vast amounts of on-line data and
telephone records from average citizens.
Last month, US President Barack
Obama said the US intelligence ser vice
would continue to spy on foreign
governments but assured Merkel that he
would not let intrusive surveillance harm
Bild also quoted US National Security
Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden
as saying that the administration had
made clear the US gathers the same kind
of intelligence as all advanced nations.
US intelligence gathering is not
aimed at helping US companies gain
a competitive advantage, she was also
quoted as saying.
e report sat awkwardly alongside an
interview with German Foreign Minister
Frank-Walter Steinmeier, published in
Spiegel magazine overnight, in which
he expressed his belief that the US had
learned its lesson about spying on allied
Steinmeier told the magazine that he
was sure US surveillance of political
leaders in friendly nations was at an end.
"Washington has hopefully understood
that the type of contact with its partners
can also have a political price," Spiegel
quoted Steinmeier as saying. --- AFP
US 'eavesdropping on
hundreds of Germans'
Sharjah (United Arab Emirates)
Former Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev says the crisis in Ukraine
stems from the government's failure
to act democratically.
He spoke a day after
demonstrators took over the
capital of Kiev and seized the
president's o ce as parliament
voted to remove him and hold new
Protesters rst took to the streets
of Kiev late last year after President
Viktor Yanukovich abandoned
an agreement that would have
strengthen his country's ties with
the European Union in favour of
seeking closer co-operation with
"Ultimately this is the result of
the failure of the government to
act democratically" and to engage
in dialogue and ght corruption,
Gorbachev said during an address
to a forum on government
communications in the city of
Sharjah in the United Arab
He added that the root cause
of the unrest in Ukraine was an
"interruption of perestroika,"
referring to his reform policies, and
of the democratic process there.
e 82-year-old Gorbachev
was the last leader of the Soviet
Union, and the reforms he put
in place helped lead to the fall of
After becoming the Soviet
leader in March 1985, he pursued
the policies of using "glasnost"
or openness, and "perestroika" or
While his intent had been only
reform, the policies brought about
democratic changes that eventually
led to the collapse of the Soviet
Union in 1991.
Gorbachev won the 1990 Nobel
Peace Prize for his role in ending
the Cold War, but he has little
in uence in today's Russia.
Recently he has become
increasingly critical of Russian
President Vladimir Putin.
In December 2011, Gorbachev
urged then-Prime Minister Putin
to step down as tens of thousands
of protesters demanded free
elections and an end to Putin's
rule in the largest show of public
outrage since protests 20 years
ago that brought down the Soviet
Moscow has backed Yanukovich.
He is widely despised in western
Ukraine, but has a strong support
base in the Russian-speaking east.
Gorbachev: Govt failed democracy
A microscopic grain of Earth's
oldest known mineral has been
dated to 4.4 billion years ago,
shedding light on our planet's
infancy and how it came to harbour
life, researchers said overnight.
e nding proves that Earth
remained a ery ball covered in a
magma ocean for a shorter period
of time after its creation than
e Earth is thought to have
formed about 4.5 billion years ago,
but little is known about its early
years, particularly when it became
cool enough for the crust to congeal
from a sea of molten rock and for
liquid water to form.
Some had postulated the cooling
would have required as much as 600
But the discovery in recent
decades of zircon crystals, some
estimated to be as old as 4.4 billion
years, threw that theory into doubt,
even though the minerals' age was
not conclusively proven. Until now.
e new study con rms that
zircon grains harvested from
western Australia's Jack Hills
region crystallised with the
formation of the Earth's crust
some 4.374 billion years ago, its
is was about 160 million years
after the creation of the Earth and
other planets in our solar system
--- "much earlier than previously
believed", according to a press
e ndings strengthen the
theory of a "cool early Earth", with
temperatures low enough for liquid
water, oceans and a hydrosphere ---
the combined mass of water on a
planet --- to form not long after the
crust during a period known as the
" e study reinforces our
conclusion that Earth had a
hydrosphere before 4.3 billion
years ago", and possibly life not
long after, study co-author John
Valley, a geochemist from the
University of Wisconsin Madison,
said. --- AFP
Earth's crust 4.4 billion years old
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