Home' Greymouth Star : March 4th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, March 4, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1789 - e US Constitution goes into e ect
as the rst Federal Congress meets in New
1801 - omas Je erson takes o ce as third
1804 - ree hundred Irish convicts riot at
Castle Hill, near Sydney, and march
1861 - Abraham Lincoln is
inaugurated president of the United
1877 - Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan
Lake is rst performed, at the
Bolshoi eatre in Moscow.
1952 - US actors Ronald Reagan and Nancy
1968 - British tennis o cials at Wimbledon
agree to admit professional players.
1975 - Actor Charlie Chaplin is knighted at
1994 - US actor-comedian John Candy dies
in Mexico, aged 43.
2001 - Singer Glenn Hughes, the biker
character in the disco band the Village People,
dies in New York at age 50.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Prince Henry the Navigator, patron of
explorers (1394-1460); Antonio Vivaldi,
Italian composer (1678-1741); Sir Henry
Raeburn, Scottish artist (1756-1823); Lindy
Chris Rea, British singer (1951-);
Patricia Heaton, US actress
1958-); Jason Newsted, US musician
of Metallica fame (1963-); Stacy
Edwards, US actress (1965-); Evan
Dando, US singer of Lemonheads
fame (1967-); Patsy Kensit, UK
actress (1968-); Chaz Bono (1969-); Fergal
Lawler, Irish rock musician of e Cranberries
"Don't forget to love yourself." --- Soren
Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (1813-1855).
"In that renewal there is no longer Greek and
Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian,
Scythian, slave and free; but Christ is all and in
all!" --- (Colossians 3.11).
Many people in
musical ability owe
the development of
their talents to Sr Mary Gertrude Joyce, who
died in Christchurch on Sunday. For almost 40
years from 1910 Sr Mary Gertrude taught the
piano and violin to many hundreds of aspiring
musicians from in and around Greymouth,
nally leaving in 1949 for Christchurch where
she continued her work at Loreto College.
Sr Mary Gertrude was the eldest sister of
famous Irish author James Joyce, who died
in 1941. At the age of 26 she left for New
Zealand to continue her life's work of teaching
music which ended only on the day she went
into hospital three weeks ago.
e death of Mr David Scott, of Buller Road,
Reefton, occurred at his residence last evening.
Born at Lyttelton 85 years ago, Mr Scott came
to the West Coast as a young man. He lived
rst at Wainihinihi and later moved to Nelson
Creek and Cronadun and then to Reefton
where he had resided for the past 49 years.
As a young man Mr Scott was employed as
a teamster and of more recent years he was a
gardener at the Inangahua Hospital. Mr and
Mrs Scott celebrated their golden wedding
three years ago.
Mr Scott is survived by his wife Hannah,
a member of the Coll family, and two sons,
Patrick (Reefton) and David (Australia).
No signs were evident today of a possible
settlement to the dispute which has now idled
Liverpool and Strongman State mines for a
second full day. e district mine manager said
management would not discuss the dispute
until the men had returned to work.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Parenting experts are alarmed
at a new study that shows
two thirds of New Zealand
infants are watching up to
three hours of television a
e ndings of the Growing up in
New Zealand survey of 7000 New
Zealand families are in stark contrast
to recommendations from child health
experts such as the American Academy of
Pediatrics, which recommends no screen
time for babies under two.
Data from the Growing up in New
Zealand project found:
Almost 64% watched television,
DVDs or videos at home for one to three
hours a day.
Nearly 9% tuned in daily for more
than three hours.
81% were exposed to tv in the home,
including adult programmes, for extended
e American Academy of Pediatrics
says a child's brain develops rapidly in
the rst years, and children learn best by
interacting with people, not screens.
It says studies have shown excessive
media use can lead to developmental
problems, sleep disorders and obesity.
Plunket chief executive Jenny Prince
believes parents allowing children as
young as two to spend long periods in
front of tv and computer screens is a
"At that age, having proper exercise is
critical to a child's overall development,"
she said. "It would be a worry if children
are getting into a habit of sitting watching
hours worth of television in place of
playing or being generally active. Kids
Dr Polly Atatoa-Carr, from Growing
Up in New Zealand, believes the results
will be an eye opener for parents. " e
data is comparable to similar studies in
the United States and elsewhere, so this
would appear to be a worldwide issue ---
but it should sound a note of caution to
our parents," she added.
e tv viewing habits were a concern
to John Cowan, creative producer
at Auckland-based family advice
organisation e Parenting Place, because
of possible links to obesity. Currently 11%
of New Zealand children are considered
"Obesity is a big danger to our kids and
sitting watching tv for hours on end won't
help," Cowan said. "Children also tend to
snack when they are doing this and they
will be seeing adverts for food in between
Almost one in ve of the two-year-olds
in the study were also regularly active on
home computers, tablets and other mobile
ree quarters of those children spent
up to an hour per day on a computer or
laptop, with almost a quarter using them
for between one and three hours. Almost
half of the kids surveyed also listened to
music on iPods, CDs and MP3 players for
between one and three hours daily.
Debate has raged worldwide on
the bene ts of children using smart
technology versus the damage it can cause
to their cognitive abilities, social skills,
physical skills and learning achievements.
A recent survey by internet security
company AVG found 58% of New
Zealand children aged three to ve could
operate a smartphone or tablet, but only
8% could tie their shoelaces.
Elaine Reese, professor of psychology
at the University of Otago, believed
two-year-olds could learn from computer-
based gadgets but was concerned about
youngsters becoming overly reliant on
them or being contacted by on-line
" ese devices are not inherently evil
for kids," Reese said. "But parents need
to be very careful how much they are
being used and what they being used
for, including who their children are
communicating with at such an early age."
Age of the high-tech babysitter
Mum of three Kelly Parker let her kids
watch as much television as they liked ---
within reason --- when they were toddlers.
Parker and her family are participants
in the Growing Up in New Zealand
project. As part of the ongoing study,
she answered questions about the tv and
computer habits of her son Kaea when he
He is now four and Parker says he is a
normal wee boy. "I'm one of the parents
who let their kids watch about an hour
and a half of tv or more a day," she says.
"I am pretty relaxed about it and the kids
even have their own television set."
As well as watching kids' programmes
like e Wiggles when he was two, Kaea
also learned to use an iPhone, iPad and
a home computer. "I didn't see anything
wrong with letting him watch his
favourite programmes while I was making
dinner as it gave me a heap of peace,"
Parker says. "Kaea is very social and
interacts well with his peers and adults, so
I don't believe it has done him any harm."
Parker, from Hamilton, insists she has
parental controls active on the family tv
sets and computers at all times. "iPads and
iPhones can be great portable babysitters
at times ... ey save a few tantrums and
meltdowns. It is incredible how capable
and comfortable young children are on
these devices and in this technological
age it is important they know how to use
them." --- APNZ-Herald On Sunday
Children's tv habits
A future where our elderly have
faithful robot servants to look after them
might be closer than we think, with the
Government o ering researchers new
cash to push the concept for ward.
e Ministry of Business, Innovation
and Employment has o ered researchers
a grant to link up with Japan on smart
projects for robotics and "human assistive
devices" for elderly care.
Japan might lead the world in such
advances, but New Zealand has already
taken the rst steps toward a future of
Disney-like Health Bots able to take
patients' heart rates and remind them
to take their medication were last year
deployed to help the elderly in Gore.
MBIE's international relationships
manager Karla Falloon said that
the call for proposals was an
opportunity for boosting research and
development between New Zealand and
New Zealand researchers applying for
the funding would have to link up with
research organisations in Japan, and show
their projects had commercial potential.
Japan, famous for its pioneering in
robotics, has trialled a range of robots and
technology to help the elderly and in rm,
from home robots to a wearable health
monitor that constantly checks heart
rates and temperature.
Ms Falloon said Japan, like New
Zealand, was faced with an ageing
society, and the country had put increased
emphasis and funding toward robots in
addressing the issue.
While New Zealand had a niche
expertise in software and mechanical
engineering in the human robotics area,
Japan was strong on capability with
hardware, she said.
e HealthBots project, which MBIE
also funded, combined hardware
created in South Korea with software
developed by Auckland University's
commercialisation arm UniServices
and other New Zealand companies.
Gore Health chief executive Karl
Metzler said he had received great
feedback from patients and their families
since introducing ve small cute-looking
iRobi robots and a larger robot named
"Some of our older people absolutely
bonded with them, and I think they've
been a real source of company for them."
New Zealand Aged Care Association
chief executive Martin Taylor said robots
would certainly have a place in the sector
"But nothing will ever replace the
need for caring, empathetic person-to-
person contact when the elderly are in a
physically and emotionally complex time
in their life," Mr Taylor said.
Healthcare robots have been trialled
in Auckland and are already being used in
Gore, serving as faithful companions to
elderly patients, especially those needing
long-term chronic care.
Among other tasks, the health
bots check blood pressure and heart
rate, automatically transfer test data
to clinicians and caregivers, monitor
for falls, trundle around the room and
provide some companionship.
A new request for research proposals
by the Government aims to push the
concept further, teaming up with Japan,
which has already trialled a range of
robots to assist the elderly.
--- New Zealand Herald
PICTURE: New Zealand Herald
Auckland's Selwyn Village residents trialled the Health Bots.
Robots to help with elderly care
A team of archaeologists says they
have discovered the almost complete
remains of a Roman school of gladiators
on the banks of the Danube in Austria
and virtually recreated the site using
e so-called ludus "is on a scale to rival
the famous ludus magnus, the gladiatorial
school behind the Coliseum in Rome,"
the archaeologists said overnight in a
e team, announcing their ndings
in the journal Antiquity, said the
"spectacular" nd at Carnuntum was
mapped and virtually reconstructed
using non-invasive techniques such
as aerial surveys, electromagnetic
induction and ground-penetrating
" e resulting archaeological maps and
plans of individual buildings, streets and
Roman infrastructure allow the virtual
reconstruction of the city layout and
the development of ancient land and
townscapes in two and three dimensions,"
"Although some 100 ludi are thought
to have existed in the Roman Empire,
almost all have been destroyed or built
over," said the team, from Austria,
Belgium and Germany.
Excavations in the late 19th and early
20th centuries revealed many elements
of the Carnuntum complex including a
legionary fortress and town but the ludus
was only discovered in 2011.
Carnuntum was the capital of Upper
Pannonia in Roman times and a major
trading centre for amber.
Its archeological park contains the ruins
of amphiteatres, Roman baths and the
remains of a monumental arch known as
Roman gladiator school recreated
e child actors who rose from poverty
in India to star in Oscar-winning movie
Slumdog Millionaire are thriving eight
years on from the lm's release, according
to British director Danny Boyle.
e heartwarming drama won eight
Oscars including Best Picture and Best
Director for Boyle, and propelled the
young cast into the spotlight, including
Rubina Ali and Azharuddin Ismail, who
both started life in the slums of Mumbai.
e lm-makers later came under
re amid accusations they had given
the children a glimpse of a better life,
including taking them to the Oscars,
before cutting contact, prompting Boyle
to insist the youngsters were being looked
after with the help of a trust.
Boyle has now given an update on their
progress six years on, revealing they are
enrolled in a good school and he goes
back to visit regularly.
"We sent them to a wonderful school.
ey're called the Aseema Schools,
which are run by these women who take
over abandoned State schools and o er
a wonderful education, really. ey're
bene ting hugely... (Producer Christian
Colson and I) go to Mumbai at least once
a year . . ." Boyle told e Hollywood
" ey're bright kids . . . ey've learned
to speak English, which they couldn't
do when we were shooting and that
will bene t them in terms of (future)
opportunities. And we have provisions
made for them to help them (when they
leave school) as well, which we can't
tell them, because her (Ali's) father will
mortgage it o to some gangster..."
Boyle goes on to reveal one of the
older child actors, Tanay Chheda, is now
pursuing a career as a lm-maker.
"Tanay, who played the teen version
of Dev Patel's character, is going to be a
lm-maker, I think. He's a very bright
kid. He's o making movies. I see him
occasionally in New York. And the weird
thing is he's six-foot-tall now. You have
an image of them and then they shoot up
Boyle is planning his next trip out to
Mumbai this month.
Slumdog Millionaire children thriving --- Boyle
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