Home' Greymouth Star : March 22nd 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
6 - Saturday, March 22, 2014
Seems like only
yesterday Blair Johnson, seven and Janna Sullivan, ve, at Cass Square, Hokitika.
March 20, 1989
Bronze coins will start
One and two cent coins will disappear
from circulation in 10 days.
From March 31, all bronze coins
returned to the Reserve Bank from trading
banks will be retained. e phasing out
is the rst part of a two-year process to
modify the country's notes and coins ---
eventually $1 and $2 coins will replace
notes, and ve cent pieces will be the
One and two cent coins will continue
to circulate as legal tender --- the speed
of their demise depending on how long it
takes people to get them out of their piggy
banks and jars and get them to the banks.
March 21, 1989
Coast secondary teachers
out on strike
Striking Greymouth High School
teachers will set up shop in downtown
Greymouth this morning to eld inquiries
from the public about their day-long
national strike. But by late this morning
there was little response to the teachers'
information drive based at the Regent
"If no one comes to see us we can assume
that we have total community support for
our strike action," president of the West
Coast branch of the Post Primary School
Teachers' Association, Pam Henson said.
e strike is over a nil wage o er and
major restructuring issues such as plans
to put senior teachers on contract and let
parent-dominated boards of trustees place
teachers on a pay scale within a $20,000
e State Services Commission also
wanted to remove about 60 conditions
from the secondary school teachers' award,
according to the PPTA's Wellington
regional spokesperson, Suzanne Jungerson.
March 22, 1989
Ten Mile explosion leaves
A Rapahoe coal miner, Mr Des (Bimbo)
O'Connell, is in Grey Hospital with burns
after an explosion in the Kiwi Mine at Ten
Mr O'Connell, 37, the mine's manager,
was described by a hospital spokesperson
as being in a stable condition with burns to
an arm and a thigh. Because of the nature
of his injuries Mr O'Connell is being kept
in isolation in the meantime.
Details of the accident were sketchy, with
mine shareholders declining to comment.
e Ministry of Energy's mines inspector
in Greymouth, Mr Ron Clayworth, was at
the mine today to investigate the cause.
March 22, 1989
Rugby club centenary
Kumara Rugby Club will become the
rst on the West Coast to celebrate its
centenary with activities this weekend.
e celebrations have attracted people
from all over New Zealand and some
from Australia. A spokesperson for the
organising committee said that Kumara is
being specially decorated for the weekend
and it is hoped the weather is ne.
A second rugby club on the West Coast,
Cobden, will celebrate its centenary at
Labour Weekend this year.
March 23, 1989
Bonus payment for West
Coast possum trappers
A team of West Coast possum trappers
had reason to celebrate after receiving
a bonus scheme cheque from the
Department of Conser vation last week.
e bonus payout followed DOC's
assessment of possum populations in the
Deception Valley in Arthur's Pass National
Park where the four trappers operated
during the autumn and spring of 1988 as
part of a trial control scheme developed
as an alternative to large scale aerial
application of 1080 poison.
Arahura district conservator Shane Hall,
said that DOC surveys in the valley since
the operation put the kill rate at 93%.
" is is well beyond our expectations.
We thought a control rate of 70% would
be good. It's also far higher than we would
have expected from an aerial 1080 drop
alone. e total kill was estimated at more
than 600 possums."
March 25, 1989
Kowhiterangi celebrates a
century of schooling
Kowhitirangi is celebrating a century
of schooling with a big reunion for
Regrettably Koiterangi holds a place of
infamy in New Zealand history books.
ose tense days in 1941 when local
farmer, Stanley Graham, went on his
shooting spree killing nearly all of the local
constabulary would sooner be forgotten
by the residents of the otherwise restful
Barely 10 years ago the whole drama
was re-enacted for the feature lm, Bad
Blood, but this weekend the spotlight will
be on the whole community as Koiterangi
(Kowhitirangi today) celebrates a century
More than 425 people are attending
the celebration as old schoolmates return
Education rst arrived in Koiterangi
in the form of a private school on
Whitcombe Road, but it was in 1889 that
the rst o cial Lower Koiterangi School
e roll was just ve but as the
settlement and population grew so too did
the distance to school.
e Growcott family, for instance, had
to walk over four miles and, on ne days,
were able to take shortcuts through the
Others had to board near the school
during the week because it was too
far to walk. Relief came in 1924 when
the Education Board shifted the old
Callaghan's School house from the
Waimea up to the foot of the Doughboy to
become the Upper Koiterangi, or Borough
Among the rst pupils at the school
were members of the Amberger, Dimmick,
Growcott, Havill, Little and Spence
Twenty- ve years ago this week, in March 1989, miner Des (Bimbo)
O'Connell was badly burned in an explosion in the Kiwi Party mine, and
the Kumara Rugby Club was celebrating its centenary.
Astudy released by
Nasa has revealed
collapse due to economic
instability and pressure on the
We look at seven civilisations
that have disappeared and the
reasons behind their demise.
1. Nabta Playa
(7000 - 6500 BC)
is advanced community was
situated close to modern-day
Cairo. Archaeological discoveries
show that they had designed
villages, domesticated cattle,
and made ceramics. Remnants
of animal sacri ces suggest
that they played a part in the
formation of Ancient Egypt's
Hathor Cult. ey left behind a
circular stone structure, perhaps
a prehistoric calendar, making it
one of the world's earliest known
Cause: Nobody knows what
happened to the people who
lived in Nabta Playa. However,
some researchers suggest they
were responsible for the rise of
the Ancient Egyptian civilisation
due to their advanced knowledge
of agriculture, astronomy and
2. Indus Valley Civilisation
(3300 - 1900 BC)
Regarded as one of the greatest
civilisations of the ancient world, the Indus
Valley or Harappan Civilisation covered
over one million kilometres of land in what
is now Afghanistan, Pakistan and part of
India. It contained many cities and villages
made of baked mud bricks, including the
famous Mohenjo Daro.
e people had a well-developed writing
system and were skilled in engineering,
mathematics, agriculture, and even had their
own drainage and plumbing systems that
included indoor toilets. ey were also the
rst civilisation to produce cotton cloth.
It is estimated that at its peak there were
around ve million people. By 1700 BCE
most of the cities were abandoned.
Cause: Forgotten until the 1920s, when
it was rediscovered by archeologists,
possible reasons for its demise include
Indo-European invasions and a collapse in
agriculture due to climate change.
3. Minoan Civilisation
(2700 - 1500 BC)
Named after the mythic King Minos, the
Minoan civilisation lived on the island of
Crete and is the rst known civilisation in
Europe. ey had a hieroglyphic and later a
more advanced form of writing, pottery, art
and craftsmanship. ey enjoyed fruit, honey
and wine and worshiped female deities and
animal gods. riving on overseas trade,
they were a wealthy civilisation that built
complex and extravagant palaces.
Cause:: While it is unclear exactly what
happened, scholars suggest that around 1450
BCE a large natural disaster - probably
a volcano - caused extensive damage.
However, the Mycenaeans' may have
conquered the island.
4. e Mayan Empire
(2000 BC - 90 AD)
e Mayan Empire was a dominant and
advanced civilisation which covered a vast
landmass in Mexico and Central America.
While the rst settlement dates to around
1800BCE, the discovery of the Tomb of
King Pacal showed the level of complexity
and thought that the Mayan Empire was
capable of - architecture, written language
and art. ey invented chocolate and herbal
medicine and by 600 AD they had schools,
libraries and hospitals. ey were a highly
religious population, who had developed
their own astronomical systems. ey built
hundreds of cities and at its peak the Mayan
population may have been up to two million.
By 1000AD Mayans lived in small villages
and their great cities were in ruins, buried
beneath the rainforest.
Cause: Nobody really knows what
happened but theories include over
population, warfare, overuse of land and
5. e Nabataeans
(37 - 100 AD)
Literally carving their cities into desert
cli s, the Nabataeans were a literate and
diverse group of people who occupied
southern Jordan, Canaan and northern
Arabia. ey are best known for the capital
city of Petra, which still exists today and
can only be accessed via a 1200m long crack
in rock. ey were skilled engineers who
built a complex system of dams and canals
that enabled them to thrive in the desert
region. Despite evidence that they were
able to read and write, no written literature
survives. eir population was estimated to
Cause: By 106 CE, the Nabataeans were
conquered by the Roman Empire and they
were reduced to small groups who were
eventually absorbed into the Greco-Roman
6. e Khmer Empire
Situated in modern-day Cambodia,
the Khmer Empire was one of the most
powerful empires in Southeast Asia,
spreading across Vietnam, ailand and
Laos. e Empire had an extensive network
of agricultural farming and excelled at
engineering. ey developed a road network
that included bridges, building hospitals and
elaborate temples. With high stone walls
and military might, they fought many wars
against the Annamese and Chams.
Cause: e demise of the Khmer Empire
was due to a number of factors, including
the arrival of eravada Buddhism which
challenged the government, increasing
invaders, overuse of the land and deaths
from the Black Death.
7. e Inca Empire
e largest empire ever to exist in the
Americas, the Inca carved a system of
roads into rugged mountains that stretched
around three times the diameter of the earth.
ey built complex cities and were regarded
for their cleanliness and peacefulness. While
they did not have a written language, they
did have a system for recording information
such as census data. ey were a deeply
religious society, with many nature gods.
An archaeological discovery in 1999
found the mummies of three children who
had been left as sacri ces at a shrine. ey
were adept at agriculture, stone-work and
were well known for their complex, multi-
coloured textiles. Estimates of the Inca
population at its peak are varied, but range
from 4 million to more than 37 million.
Cause: e Inca were conquered by the
Spanish. e arrival of the Spanish was
catastrophic because they brought new
diseases and engaged in repeated warfare.
e population declined at a ratio of 58:1 in
the years 1520-1571. --- AP
When civilisations collapse
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