Home' Greymouth Star : March 28th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
8 - Friday, March 28, 2014
A copy of the earliest printed
map of Australia has sold at
auction in London for over
e map was commissioned by
botanist Joseph Banks in 1772 to
celebrate Captain Cook's voyage
of discovery to the Paci c which
ended the previous year.
e map depicts New Holland
with the continent's entire east
coast labelled New South Wales
and Tasmania connected to the
It also shows New Zealand.
e copy sold by Sotheby's
overnight is one of just three
copies known to have survived.
e other two are held at the
British Library and the State
Library of New South Wales.
e map was engraved by
John Bayly based on Alexander
Dalrymple's map of the Paci c.
Banks hoped his 1772 chart
of the Great Paci c Ocean and
South Paci c Ocean would not
only celebrate Cook's rst voyage
but also promote his second.
However, when the botanist
fell out with the British
Admiralty and withdrew from
the next expedition, Banks
"discarded any uncirculated
copies of the map", Sotheby's
said in an auction note.
e copy sold in London had
been owned by private collector
It fetched £134,500 ($257,662)
--- well above the estimate of
about £100,000 ($191,568).
First map of Australia sells for $250,000
e death toll in the devastating
landslide in the American State
of Washington is expected to rise
"substantially" in the next day or two, an
o cial says.
e con rmed number of dead stands
at 16 with at least eight more bodies
believed located, and there are 90 listed
as missing after the monster mudslide
crashed on to the town of Oso.
But Snohomish County district re
chief Travis Hots said bodies were not
being included in the o cial death
toll until they had been recovered and
"medical o cers have done their di cult
"You're going to see these numbers
increase substantially" in the next 24 to
48 hours, he told reporters.
A total of 49 dwellings in the rural
town were hit by the 2.5 square kilometre
wall of mud, rocks and trees, which also
destroyed part of a highway some 95km
north-east of Seattle.
Over 200 rescue workers have been
working in grim conditions for the past
A few survivors were found
immediately after the mudslide, but
none since Saturday.
Hots said they have not given up hope
of nding survivors, even if the chances
diminish by the day.
"If we nd one more person alive, to me
that's worth it," he said.
He described workers recovering a
victim on Wednesday from a car which
had been swept 60m from the highway,
in a process that took several hours
"What happens is, when the person
is removed, things kinda get sombre
out there. It gets really quiet for a few
minutes. You can almost hear a pin drop,"
"You see seasoned veterans in this
business, they start to tear up, their eyes
get glossy. It's kinda their way of paying
respects to these people's loved ones."
e World Health Organisation declared
India free of the crippling polio virus overnight,
making the country's almost two-decade-long,
multi-billion-dollar e ort one of the biggest
public health achievements in recent times.
India's last case of the wild polio virus was
detected in January 2011 in a two-year-old girl
in the state of West Bengal. ree years without
any new cases means a country can be certi ed
Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria are the
only countries in the world left where the virus
remains endemic, largely due to violent con icts,
weak health systems and poor sanitation.
" is ceremony marks one of the biggest
public health achievements," Poonam
Khetrapal Singh, the WHO's South-east Asia
director, told diplomats and health o cials at
"It is a day that all countries fought hard for,
and a day when all stakeholders come together
to celebrate the victory of mankind over a
dreaded disease that, for centuries, has killed
and disabled legions."
Until the 1950s, polio crippled thousands
every year in rich countries. It attacks the
nervous system and can cause irreversible
paralysis within hours of infection.
e highly contagious virus often spreads in
areas with poor sanitation and children under
ve are the most vulnerable.
In 1988, the Global Polio Eradication
Initiative --- led by governments and supported
by organisations such as WHO, Rotary
International and the United Nations'Children's
Fund --- was launched to ensure comprehensive,
nationwide vaccination in endemic nations.
More than 350,000 children across 125
countries were being paralysed or killed by polio
every year at that time. at gure has since
reduced by 99.9% and in 2013, just 406 cases of
polio were reported.
India --- where more than 50,000 children
were a icted with the virus every year --- was
considered one of the toughest places in the
world to eradicate polio. Many families in poor,
high-risk northern States such as Bihar and
Uttar Pradesh migrate for work, while others
live in remote areas.
Millions of health workers were involved in
India's mammoth drive to immunise children
by giving them polio drops.
ey targeted migrant families at bus stations,
on trains and at festivals. Some used motorcycles
or trekked by foot to reach villages.
As a result, over 170 million children are
now immunised every year, with millions more
targeted in house-to-house visits in a drive
which has cost the government $3 billion since
In 2009, 741 Indians fell sick with polio, nearly
half the world's cases that year. e number
dropped to 42 in 2010 and only one in 2011.
In Pakistan --- the only country where polio
cases are increasing --- gunmen frequently
attack polio workers, accusing them of being
Western spies and part of a plot to sterilise
Muslims. Earlier this month, militants killed
12 members of the security escort for a polio
vaccination, detonating a roadside bomb before
opening re on their convoy.
In neighbouring Afghanistan, a three-year-old
girl was found in February to have contracted
the rst case of polio in the country's capital
Kabul since 2001. --- Reuters
toll set to
Nepal intends to distribute free mobile
Sim cards to trekkers travelling alone to
remote corners of the country, to address
safety concerns and aid any rescue e orts
after a spate of missing hikers, including
a young Australian man.
Tens of thousands of independent
trekkers arrive in the Himalayan nation
every year, with the majority travelling
through the scenic Annapurna, Langtang
and Khumbu regions.
Recent reports about missing hikers
prompted the government to launch the
new initiative, which will see o cials
distribute mandatory Sim cards to
all solo trekkers when they apply for
required entry permits.
"We hope to start distributing free Sim
cards within a month," national Nepal
Tourism Board spokesman Sharad
Pradhan said. " e cards will allow us
to trace the location of missing trekkers,
so we can get them help in a timely
fashion," Pradhan said.
He said plans were also under way to
develop an easy to recall emergency
number that stranded travellers could
contact in case they needed urgent help.
A 39-year-old German tourist,
Mit Aslim, was reported missing last
month while on a ve-day trek along
the Annapurna circuit. Last November,
a 23-year-old Australian, Matthew
Allpress, was listed as a missing person
when he lost contact with his family
back home while trekking through the
same region. --- AFP
Pope Francis, right, talks with United States President Barack Obama as they exchange
gifts during a private audience at the Vatican.
Obama gives Pope seed from his garden
Pope Francis, who has taken his name from
the nature-loving 13th century saint, was
gifted with seeds from the White House
organic kitchen garden as he met United
States President Barack Obama.
e garden is known to be the pride and joy
of First Lady Michelle Obama, who did not
accompany the president on his Vatican visit.
"If you have a chance to come to the White
House, we can show you our garden as well,"
Obama said, o ering a wooden box with the
seeds to Francis.
He then urged the Ponti to pray for his
family, joking, "My girls and wife have to put
up with me."
In return, Pope Francis gave Obama a copy
of the Joy of the Gospel, the encyclical that
is seen as a manifesto for his reform-oriented
papacy, as well as a bronze medal with an
"I actually will probably read this in the Oval
O ce when I'm deeply frustrated. I'm sure it
will give me strength and calm me down," the
US leader said about the papal document.
"I hope," was the Pope's reply.
Obama later met with Italian President
Giorgio Napolitano at his Quirinale palace,
where he was greeted with full military
As they shook hands, Napolitano was heard
apologising to Obama about Rome's rainy
"It's still Rome," the US president retorted.
"Rome is beautiful no matter what the
Obama's last visit to the Italian capital
was in 2009, when he met Pope Francis's
predecessor Benedict XVI.
Following o cial engagements with
Napolitano and Italian Prime Minister
Matteo Renzi early today, Obama was due to
be given a private tour of the Colosseum.
Free Sim cards
A Montana bride who shoved
her husband o a cli at Glacier
National Park will not be allowed
to withdraw her guilty plea, a
federal judge ruled, paving the
way for her to be sentenced on a
charge of second-degree murder.
Lawyers for the bride, 22-year-
old Jordan Graham, had asked
the judge to rescind her guilty
plea from December, alleging
prosecutors were overreaching
by seeking a life sentence and
reneging on an agreement that
they expected to involve less
But District Judge Donald
Molloy declined the request,
siding with federal prosecutors
who wrote in documents
submitted yesterday that the
request was without merit.
Graham has admitted in court
to pushing her husband of eight
days o a cli last July, saying
that on the day he died the
newlyweds had driven to the
Montana park and walked down
to an embankment on the cli
face, where she told him she was
not happy and "wasn't sure we
should be married."
Her husband, 25-year-old
Cody Johnson, responded by
grabbing her hand, she said.
pushed his hand o ," Graham
said. "I just pushed his hand o
and just pushed away."
In exchange for Graham
pleading guilty to second-degree
murder, prosecutors dropped a
rst-degree murder charge that
carries a mandatory life sentence.
e plea deal was struck just
before closing arguments in
Graham's high-pro le murder
trial before in Missoula,
But the sentence sought by
prosecutors exceeded the prison
term advised by a pre-sentencing
investigative panel, which
recommended 24 to 30 years.
e defence sought a 10-year
Prosecutors have argued a life
sentence was warranted given
the seriousness of the crime,
Graham's lack of remorse and the
"mental preparations" she made
in advance of killing Johnson
during a marital dispute while
hiking on a steep trail at Glacier.
Johnson told acquaintances on
the morning of his death that
Graham had planned a "surprise"
for him that evening, Assistant
US Attorney for Montana Zeno
Baucus wrote in legal documents.
Prosecutors described Graham
predatory and an unrepentant
murderer" who had "left a mother
childless, up-ended a community
and shown no respect for the law
during this entire process".
Michael Donahoe, Graham's
federal defender, argued his
client had no criminal record
before the "tragic event," was
unlikely to commit another
crime and regretted she initially
lied to investigators to cover up
e judge said in documents
led this week that government
statistics show the length of
imprisonment in Montana on a
murder charge averaged about
17.5 years. --- Reuters
Newlywed woman's murder plea stands: judge
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