Home' Greymouth Star : April 8th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Tuesday, April 8, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1838 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel's 72m
steamship Great Western sails from Bristol,
England, on her maiden voyage; it was the rst
to cross the Atlantic regularly.
1898 - British General Horatio Kitchener's
forces score victory at Atbara River in Sudan.
1908 - Herbert Henry Asquith becomes
British Liberal prime minister following the
resignation of Henry Campbell-Bannerman
due to ill-health.
1952 - US President Harry Truman
seizes the steel industry to avert a
1953 - In Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta
is convicted of involvement with
the Mau Mau insurrection and is
sentenced with ve others to seven
years' hard labour.
1973 - Death of Pablo Picasso, Spanish
painter, sculptor and pioneer of Cubism.
1982 - John Howard is elected Australian
Liberal Party deputy leader following
resignation of Sir Phillip Lynch.
1984 - Fiona Coote, 14, becomes Australia's
youngest heart transplant patient.
1994 - Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro
Hosokawa resigns over a loans scandal.
Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain is found dead
in his Seattle home from an apparently self-
in icted gunshot wound, aged 27.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Phineas Fletcher, English poet (1582-
1650); Mary Pickford, Canadian-born actress
(1893-1979); Ian Smith, Rhodesia-Zimbabwe
politician (1919-2007); Edward
Mulhare, Irish actor (1923-1997);
Seymour Hersh, US investigative
reporter (1937-); Ko Annan, former
UN Secretary-General (1938-); Izzy
Stradlin, US musician, formerly of
Guns'n'Roses (1962-); Julian Lennon,
English pop singer (1963-); Donita
Sparks, US singer-musician, L7 fame (1963-);
Robin Wright, US actress (1966-); Patricia
Arquette, US actress (1968-); Toutai Kefu,
Australian rugby union player (1974-).
"Wherever they burn books they will also,
in the end, burn human beings." --- Heinrich
Heine, German author (1797-1856)
" ey said to the woman, 'It is no longer
because of what you said that we believe, for we
have heard for ourselves, and we know that this
is truly the Saviour of the world'." --- John 4.42
association with the
grocery business has
ended for West Coast
grocer Mr George Boucher. He has decided
to retire to Christchurch. Mr Boucher's
association with the grocery trade began in
1917 when he went into business with his
father Mr William Humphrey Boucher, in the
same Mawhera Quay building which is in use
For 33 years, Mr Boucher has been a member
of the Master Grocers' Association including
12 years as president. Today he is trustee. Mr
Boucher is the only remaining member of
the West Coast branch of the Independent
Grocers' Alliance (IGA) who attended the
original meeting in 1933.
In 1947, with the death of his father, a
partnership was formed between Mr Boucher
and his brother Mr Bill Boucher. Together the
two brothers saw vast changes take place in the
grocery trade, not only on the West Coast but
through New Zealand. e remaining partner
Mr Bill Boucher is to take his son Errol
into the partnership to maintain the family
Kumara's tourist potential could successfully
be exploited, it was suggested at last night's
monthly meeting of the Westland District
Progress League council. Mr L M Schaef said
this would be a good area to set up a gold
claim. Mr L F Anderson pointed out that there
was no sign at Kumara Junction to indicate
anything of Kumara's history.
Tourists could be invited to come to the old
town, inspect it and perhaps have a cup of tea
"It would keep visitors another hour on the
West Coast anyway," Mr Anderson said.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
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One burger enough to max out on salt
Asingle Australian burger
can contain more salt than
an adult can safely eat in
at is without chips,
and even after four years
of declining sodium in pizzas, burgers and
New research shows fast-food companies
are using less salt in their products, but
health experts say the reduction is not
co-ordinated, and is also too little and too
Too much salt is a killer, causing high
blood pressure that leads to heart attacks
and strokes. It has also been linked to bone
damage and stomach cancer.
Research leader Dr Elizabeth Dunford,
of e George Institute for Global Health
and the University of Sydney, compared
the salt content of more than 300 fast-
food products over four years.
It will take government intervention
to achieve signi cant sector-wide
improvements, Dr Dunford, whose study
is published in the Medical Journal of
e average Australian eats more than
double the recommended 4g or single
teaspoon of salt a day.
People can consume their entire daily
quota in one burger, Dr Dunford, who
compared nutrition information on
the Pizza Hut, Hungry Jacks, KFC,
McDonald's, Subway and Domino's
Overall salt content fell during the four
years, but levels in side dishes rose.
Pizza Hut was the only brand to increase
the amount of salt on its menu, mainly
because of increased ser ving sizes and side
dishes such as chicken bites.
"Salt levels in Australian fast food
remain high. ese small reductions in salt
levels could be easily undone by the trend
towards larger portion sizes," Dr Dunford
She urges Australia to adopt a strategy
similar to the United Kingdom's
programme, which has achieved lower salt
levels than other countries.
"Salt reduction is one of the most cost-
e ective options for improving public
health," Dr Dunford says.
Asked for comment, Professor Garry
Jennings of the Baker IDI Heart and
Diabetes Institute called for more action.
" e inconvenient truth is that there's
too much salt in many commercial foods
and being blind to it can cause signi cant
damage," he said.
"Better labelling and a stronger
commitment from processed food
companies would go a long way to tackling
Australia's burden of cardiovascular
e Heart Foundation's Dr Robert
Grenfell described the ndings as a step in
the right direction.
"But we're mindful that what's in the
actual product can, in some instances,
vary from what's stated on the company's
"Research suggests that if we cut the
nation's salt intake by an average of 3g a
day, we could prevent 6000 deaths every
year." --- AAP
Actor Mickey Rooney, who became the
United States' biggest movie star while
a brash teenager in the 1930s and later a
versatile character actor in a career that
spanned 10 decades, died overnight of
natural causes, Los Angeles authorities
said. He was 93.
Rooney, who developed a reputation
as a hard-partying, o -screen brat in his
heyday and married eight times, died at
his home in Los Angeles, the coroner's
o ce said, citing information from the
Los Angeles Police Department.
"He was undoubtedly the most talented
actor that ever lived. ere was nothing
he couldn't do," said actress Margaret
O'Brien, who recently worked with
Rooney on a lm adaption of Robert
Louis Stevenson's e Strange Case of
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
Actress Rose Marie, a long-time friend
of Rooney, said he was one of the greatest
talents show business had ever had. "I shall
miss him and the world shall miss him,"
she said in a statement.
Other stars took to Twitter to express
their sadness about Rooney's death.
"RIP Mickey Rooney. We can only
be awed and grateful for so many great
performances," actress Mia Farrow said.
Actor William Shatner described him as
"one of the greats," and author Anne Rice
said he was not only an actor but a legend.
"Sad to think of him gone. But what
an amazing life he lived," Rice added on
Rooney was an entertainer almost from
the day he was born in New York on
September 23, 1920. His parents, Joe Yule
Sr and Nell, had a vaudeville act and Joe
Jr, as he was known then, was not yet two
when he became a part of it, appearing in
a miniature tuxedo.
As he grew older, Rooney added dancing
and joke-telling to his stage repertoire
before landing his rst lm role as a cigar-
smoking little person in the silent short
Not to Be Trusted.
After his parents split, Rooney and
his mother moved to California where
she steered him into a movie career. He
was about seven when he was cast as the
title character in the Mickey McGuire
series of lm shorts that ran from 1927
to 1934. Nell even had his name changed
to Mickey McGuire before changing the
last name back to Rooney when he began
getting other roles.
As a teenager, Rooney was cute,
diminutive --- he topped out at 1.6m ---
and bursting with hammy energy. ose
attributes served him well when he was
cast as the wide-eyed, wise-cracking Andy
Hardy in a series of lms that would
give movie-goers a brief opportunity to
forget the lingering woes of the Great
Depression in the late 1930s.
e rst Andy Hardy lm, A Family
A air in 1937, became a surprise hit
and led to a series of 16, with Rooney's
character becoming the main focus and
helping make him the biggest box-o ce
attraction of 1939 and 1940.
e Hardy lms were wholesome,
sentimental comedies in which Andy
would often learn a valuable lesson from
his wise father, Judge Hardy.
In 1938, Rooney and Deanna Durbin
received miniature Academy Awards for
"Call him cocky and brash but he has the
sort of exuberant talent that keeps your
eyes on the screen," the New York Times
said of Rooney in a 1940 review.
It was in Love Finds Andy Hardy that
he rst worked with Judy Garland, who
was on the verge of superstardom herself
with e Wizard of Oz.
ey made two more Hardy movies
together and in 1939 were cast together in
Babes in Arms, a Busby Berkeley musical
about two struggling young entertainers
that earned Rooney, then 19, an Academy
Movie-goers loved the lively "let's put
on a show!" chemistry that Rooney and
Garland brought to the screen. ey were
paired again in Girl Crazy in 1943.
"We weren't just a team, we were magic,"
Rooney said in a stage show about his life.
Rooney proved he could handle serious
roles, too, with a notable performance
in 1938 in Boys Town as a troubled kid
helped out by a kindly priest played by
He picked up another Oscar nomination
for e Human Comedy in 1943 and
starred with Elizabeth Taylor in National
Velvet in 1944.
O the screen, the young Rooney was
the Justin Bieber of his time. His fame,
money, gambling, lust and mercurial
nature were problems for the MGM
studio, which did not like seeing its young
star sully his reputation and box-o ce
e studio assigned a fulltime sta er
to keep Rooney out of trouble, but his
antics still frequently ended up in gossip
columns. MGM was greatly upset when
Rooney, 21, married Ava Gardner, then a
19-year-old aspiring actress, in 1942. e
marriage lasted barely a year.
From 1939 to 1941 Rooney had ranked
as the top US male box-o ce attraction.
After he returned from serving the
military as an entertainer during World
War Two, the public was growing weary
of seeing him play teenagers and he would
have to retool his career.
"I was a 14-year-old boy for 30 years," he
After the rush of stardom, Rooney was
battered by a stalled career, drug and
gambling addictions, bad marriages, a
failed production company and the deep
nancial problems they caused. He lost his
hair and grew paunchy but he persevered.
"I'm a ham who wants to be a small part
of anything," he told the Times.
He took small parts, worked in lesser
movies and tried a couple of television
He picked up two more Oscar
nominations for 1956's e Bold and the
Brave and e Black Stallion in 1979.
In 1979 he also broke through on
Broadway, harking back to his vaudeville
beginnings with Sugar Babies, a
burlesque-style revue with MGM tap
dancer Ann Miller in which he sang,
danced and dressed in drag. He said the
role saved him from being "a famous has-
" e American public is my family,"
Rooney said. "I've had fun with them all
Rooney won an Emmy and a Golden
Globe in 1982 for the tv movie Bill,
playing a mentally handicapped man
trying to live on his own. He was given a
lifetime achievement Oscar in 1983.
In 1978 he found a lasting marriage with
country singer Jan Chamberlin. In his late
80s they toured the country with a song-
Rooney, who had ve sons and ve
daughters, told a US Senate committee on
ageing that he had been emotionally and
nancially abused by family members. He
later said Christopher Aber, Chamberlin's
son, had deprived him of food and
medicine, prevented him from leaving the
house and meddled in his nancial a airs.
Mickey Rooney became
a solid character actor
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