Home' Greymouth Star : April 9th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
She lost her baby daughter and
her right hand to a manic
killing spree. He wielded the
machete that took both.
Yet today, despite coming
from opposite sides of
an unspeakable shared past, Alice
Mukarurinda and Emmanuel Ndayisaba
are friends. She is the treasurer and he
the vice president of a group that builds
simple brick houses for genocide sur vivors.
ey live near each other and shop at the
eir story of ethnic violence, extreme
guilt and, to some degree, reconciliation
is the story of Rwanda today, 20 years
after its Hutu majority killed more than
a million Tutsis and moderate Hutus. e
Rwandan government is still accused by
human rights groups of holding an iron
grip on power, sti ing dissent and killing
political opponents. But even critics give
President Paul Kagame credit for leading
the country toward a peace that seemed all
but impossible two decades ago.
"Whenever I look at my arm I remember
what happened," said Alice, a mother of
ve with a deep scar on her left temple
where Emanuel sliced her with a machete.
As she speaks, Emmanuel --- the man
who killed her baby --- sits close enough
that his left hand and her right stump
is week, Rwanda marks the 20th
anniversary of the beginning of 100 days
of bloody mayhem. But the genocide was
really in the making for decades, fuelled by
hate speech, discrimination, propaganda
and the training of death squads. Hutus
had come to resent Tutsis for their greater
wealth and what they saw as oppressive
Rwanda is the most densely populated
country in mainland Africa, slightly
smaller than the American State of
Maryland but with a population of more
than 12 million. e countryside is lush
green, lled with uncountable numbers of
e Hutu-Tutsi divide may be the
country's most notorious characteristic
but also its most confounding. e two
groups are so closely related that it is
nearly impossible for an outsider to tell
which the average Rwandan belongs to.
Even Rwandans have trouble knowing
who is who, especially after two decades
of a government push to create a single
For Alice, a Tutsi, the genocide began
in 1992, when her family took refuge in
a church for a week. Hutu community
leaders began importing machetes. Houses
were burned, cars taken.
Hutu leaders created lists of prominent
or educated Tutsis targeted for killing.
ey also held meetings where they told
those in attendance how evil the Tutsis
were. Like many of his Hutu neighbours,
Emmanuel soaked in the message.
e situation caught re on April 6,
1994, when the plane carrying Rwanda's
president was shot down. Hutus started
killing Tutsis, who ran for their lives and
ooded Alice's village.
ree days later, local Hutu leaders told
Emmanuel, then 23, that they had a job
ey took him to a Tutsi home and
ordered him to use his machete. A
Christian who sang in his church choir,
Emmanuel had never killed before. But
inside this house he murdered 14 people.
e next day, April 12, Emmanuel found a
Tutsi doctor in hiding and killed him, too.
e day after, he killed two women and a
" e very rst family I killed, I felt bad,
but then I got used to it," he says. "Given
how we were told that the Tutsis were evil,
after the rst family I just felt like I was
killing our enemies."
In the meantime, Alice's family took
refuge in a church, just as they had done
before, crammed in with hundreds of
others. But this time, Hutu attackers
threw a bomb inside and set the church
on re. ose who ed the re inside died
by machetes outside. Alice lost some 26
family members, among the estimated
5000 victims at the church.
Alice, then 25, escaped with her nine-
month-old daughter and a nine-year-old
niece into Rwanda's green countryside,
moving, hiding, moving. She hid in a
" ere were so many bodies all over the
place," she says. "Hutus would wake up in
the morning and go hunting for Tutsis to
By late April rebel Tutsi ghters led
by Kagame had reached the capital and
chased Hutus out. Hutu troops began to
ee to neighbouring countries, and the
violence spread, with killings carried out
by both sides.
On April 29, Emmanuel joined Hutu
soldiers searching the countryside for
Tutsis. e attackers blew a whistle
whenever they found a Tutsi hiding.
e murders began at 10am and lasted
until 3pm. Alice had been hiding in a
swamp for days, keeping out only the top
of her face so she could breathe. at was
where the Hutus found her.
ey surrounded the swamp. en they
First they killed the girls. When that was
done, they came after Alice. She was sure
she would die, but instinctively put up her
arm to defend herself.
Emmanuel, Alice's school mate,
recognised the woman but could not
recall her name. Perhaps that made
it easier to rain down machete blows
on Alice's right arm, severing it just
above the wrist. He sliced her face. His
colleague pierced a spear through her left
ey left her for dead.
She was bloodied, scarred, and missing
a hand, yes, but not dead. Alice fell
unconscious, she says, and was found three
days later by other survivors. It was only
then that she realised she no longer had a
In the months after the genocide, guilt
gnawed away at Emmanuel. He saw his
victims during nightmares. In 1996, he
turned himself in and confessed.
His prison term lasted from 1997 until
2003, when Kagame pardoned Hutus who
admitted their guilt. After he was freed,
he began asking family members of his
victims for forgiveness. He joined a group
of genocide killers and survivors called
Ukurrkuganze, who still meet weekly.
It was there that he saw Alice, the
woman he thought he had killed.
At rst he avoided her. Eventually
he kneeled before her and asked for
forgiveness. After two weeks of thought
and long discussions with her husband,
she said yes.
"We had attended workshops and
trainings and our hearts were kind of free,
and I found it easy to forgive," she says.
" e Bible says you should forgive and you
will also be forgiven."
Josephine Munyeli is the director of
peace and reconciliation programs in
Rwanda for World Vision, a US-based aid
group. A survivor of the genocide herself,
Munyeli says more killers and victims
would like to reconcile but many don't
know who they attacked or were attacked
"Forgiveness is possible. It's common
here," she says. "Guilt is heavy. When
one realises how heavy it is the rst
thing they do to recuperate themselves is
Although Rwanda has made signi cant
progress since the genocide, ethnic
Alice worries that some genocide
planners were never caught, and that
messages denying the genocide still lter
into the country from Hutus living abroad.
She believes remembrance is important
to ensure that another genocide never
For Emmanuel, the anniversary periods
bring back the nightmares. He looks like a
man serving penance, who does not want
to talk but feels he must.
"I've been asking myself why I acted
like a fool, listening to such words, that
this person is bad and that person is bad,"
Emmanuel says. " e same people that
encouraged the genocide are the ones
saying there was no genocide."
He, too, worries that the embers of the
genocide still smoulder.
" e problem is still there," Emmanuel
" ere are Hutus who hate me for telling
the truth. ere are those up until now
who participated in the genocide who
deny they took part." --- AP
4 - Wednesday, April 9, 2014
We appreciate the value of the Letters to the Editor
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welcome your opinion and suggestions.
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Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
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uLetters to the editor
1241 - Mongol horsemen under Batu Khan,
grandson of Genghis Khan, defeat Teutonic
Knights at Liegnitz, Silesia.
1626 - Death of English writer and
statesman Francis Bacon. He was conducting
experiments on his theory that keeping meat
frozen would keep it fresh. He was stu ng
chickens with ice, caught a cold and died.
1928 - Islam is no longer recognised as state
religion in Turkey.
1942 - Japanese aircraft sink and destroy the
Royal Australian Navy's HMAS Vampire and
British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes o the
coast of Sri Lanka. Ten crew die.
1945 - Dietrich Bonhoe er, German
theologian and anti-Nazi, is executed in
Flossenburg concentration camp; he was
arrested in 1943 over a plot to assassinate
1960 - South African Prime Minister Dr
Hendrik Ver woerd is wounded in assassination
1970 - Paul McCartney seeks
a High Court writ to wind up
the Beatles business partnership,
e ectively ending the group's career.
1981 - IRA hunger striker Bobby
Sands wins a seat in the British
parliament in the Fermanagh and South
Tyrone by-election in Northern Ireland.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
Leon Blum, French socialist statesman
(1870-1950); Paul Robeson, US singer (1898-
1976); Sir Robert Helpmann, Australian ballet
star-actor (1909-1986); Joern Utzon, Danish
architect who designed the Opera
House in Sydney (1918-2008); Hugh
Hefner, US publisher (1926-); Avery
Schreiber, US comedian (1935-2002);
Dennis Quaid, US actor (1954-);
Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer
(1957-2011); Paulina Porizkova,
Czech model-actress (1965-);
Cynthia Nixon, US actress (1966-);
Jacques Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver
(1971-); Kristen Stewart, US actress, (1990-)
" ere is no such thing as conversation. It is
an illusion. ere are intersecting monologues,
that is all." --- Dame Rebecca West, Irish-born
author and journalist (1892-1983)
"Since you are eager for spiritual gifts, strive
to excel in them for building up the church."
--- Corinthians 14.12
A method of
obtaining coal being
employed by a group
named Barrier Coal
Party, at Waitahu about ve and a half miles
from Reefton, is not altogether uncommon
but one feature of the operation is thought to
be unique in New Zealand coalmining. e
coal is being pumped through a 250ft vertical
underground pipe. Two pumps are being used in
the operation and it is this aspect that is thought
to be unprecedented.
e pipes are capable of transporting the
coal from the coalface to the vibrators at the
rate of half a ton a minute. e present average
output is about 40 tons a day. A spokesman
for the party said the method was proving very
satisfactory. He added that the whole operation
could be run by only seven men.
Fresh from a victorious visit to Sydney for
the Easter Show, New Zealand representative
axeman Bill Curtain, of Hokitika, added a
world crown to his chopping laurels at Carters
Beach, Westport, at the weekend. He scored an
impressive win in the world 14-inch underhand
Buller and former Greymouth axeman Bill
Evans received a trophy for the West Coast
axeman gaining the most points in standing
chop events throughout the season.
e wedding took place in St Patrick's
Church, Greymouth, on Easter Monday of
Patricia Dorothy, younger daughter of Mr and
Mrs L C Lindley, Joyce Crescent, and Bernard
Joseph, eldest son of Mr and Mrs J J Wood,
e bride was attended by Misses Maureen
Kennedy and Beverly Martin. e groom was
attended by his brothers Desmond and Terry
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Emmanuel Ndayisaba, left, and Alice Mukarurinda at Alice's house in Nyamata, Rwanda.
It is often said that the best laid plans
can go horribly wrong. A shining example
of this is the footpath modi cation in
front of the Smelting House Cafe. e
owners deserve a great deal of credit
in spending a large sum of money on
earthquake strengthening and installing a
e council has come to the party by
raising the footpath. Sadly, the result
is more hazardous than helpful to the
disabled and elderly people which the
work is intended to help.
It is easy to be wise after the event;
however, I can o er one suggestion
that might prevent at least some future
mistakes. Our organisation is more than
happy to o er advice and guidance when
new public buildings and modi cations are
being planned. If we can weed out a few
mistakes along the way then everybody
Barrier free adviser
CCS Disability Action
How did the council get it so wrong with
its waste recycling scheme? (Greymouth
Star, April 5).
ere is a big di erence between halving
the amount of rubbish going into the
land ll and only getting a 13% reduction.
You would have to hope that halving was
based on the experience of other councils.
We were, after all, a pretty late starter on
So where did the poor advice come
from? From a tenderer doing a hard sell,
or did someone advising the council just
not understand recycling? To blame it
on the bin size seems a bit far-fetched,
but the choice of a cheap and cheerful
two-bin system may have something to
do with it.
is raises some questions about the
tendering process. e Subloos price was
signi cantly lower than the next tenderer's
price, but there is more to a successful
recycling system than being cheapest.
I know that a dearer tenderer had in
mind a more sophisticated system with
comprehensive community consultation
and education, and a multi-bin system
that would have reduced the sorting
required. Getting community buy-in, an
understanding of recycling, and a more
sophisticated system is probably what the
halving of general waste was based on, not
on what Subloos had to o er at the price.
So here we go again. A rate rise to
catch up on port work that should
have been done years ago (not mention
the management issues that led to the
port debt), a rate rise to catch up on
infrastructure work that should have been
done years ago, and now a rate rise because
the recycling system has turned out to be
Too much rubbish or just chickens
coming home to roost?
Grey District Council chief executive
Paul Pretorius responds: " e writer
addresses two issues, namely: e recycling
service not achieving the expected reduction
in volumes of waste recycled; the decision to
fund the port de cit.
A. While the actual reduction in waste going
into the land ll is lower than expected at this
point, it must be pointed out that it was never
intended to achieve the full reduction (as an
aspirational target) in the rst year. Our
planning provided for optimisation to happen
over a period of ve years, with the staged
process being necessitated by the following or a
” Only Greymouth would be incorporated
into recycling in the rst year. Other areas
would follow in subsequent years with
the relevant communities having a say in
relation to when they should have access to the
” e introduction of the new service was
expected to take some time to "bed in" with
teething problems detracting from success.
” e impact of community education
on recycling and associated practices would
require time to be fully successful.
” Council data and data interpretation
had to be developed in order to provide a fully
representative picture. Even at this point this
is not fully in place.
” Uncertainties in the markets for recycled
materials may impact on the success of the
scheme. We needed time to develop a consistent
Council learned from experiences elsewhere
in the country in the development of the
scheme, and the fact that the introduction of
the service ran so smoothly is testament to the
fact that we bene ted from such experiences
and our community embraced the service.
e fact that some communities in New
Zealand had to pay $300 per annum more
for recycling was a sobering thought and
council was absolutely intent upon getting it
right. Council decided on the two-bin system
for its recycling and tenders were invited on
that basis. e suggestion that the contractor
may have had something to do with it is
therefore o the mark.
On the whole, council is quite happy with
the performance of Subloos as contractor.
B. Records show that the port may have
been running at a de cit for at least the
past 40 years. It appears that the shortfall
in 1989 when the port was incorporated
into council, was $450,000 per annum with
no depreciation provided for. e ongoing
impact on council 's rate take, in 1996,
resulted in council withdrawing all rate
input into the port and opting for a strictly
commercial approach spearheaded by a Port
Management Contractor. In spite of his
best e orts, the Port remained nancially
unsustainable. Annual de cits were funded
from port land sales. We have now reached
the point that the port's available land
holding has shrunk to the point where it can
no longer sustain the annual operational
Council, in line with its unwavering
support for the shing industry, resolved to
reinstate rate funding into the port. is will
be done gradually over many years until the
port is fully funded.
I trust this provides context to the letter by
Your paper of March 24 'Flood prone
Seddonville to get a warning system' refers.
And so they should get a ood warning
system, then thinking on it, why not a
oodwall? Well, we have a $1 million
oodwall at Cobden, but someone has left
a hole in it and we still get ooded. Well,
a oodwall could cost over $1 million and
the ood warning only $30,000, they tell
us. We all should have a warning system,
especially in Cobden.
en again, if for every instance a
klaxon started blaring out we would not
know which way to run. Some method
to distinguish the di erent alarms would
have to be established at the minimum
costs to our councils (ratepayers).
Just as a suggestion: If one of our well-
known voices from either councils or
DOC were to hire a Greymouth Taxi,
and have them drive around Cobden, they
could have a loud speaker out the back
window and keep hollering ('you are going
to get ooded again'). Taxi fare $10.
Damien O'Connor's call for action
regarding surgical mesh problems
(Greymouth Star, March 31) only
touches on the problems concerning
this type of surgery in New Zealand and
Recent ACC gures showing 421
claims involving mesh-related injuries
between March 2010 and March 2013,
while the Ministry of Health's Medsafe
received a mere 19 reports for that
period, shows an alarming absence of
accountability for what is happening in
Warnings by the US Food and Drug
Association in 2008 and 2011 about using
surgical mesh to treat organ prolapse
further highlights the lack of awareness by
the New Zealand authorities.
Most alarming is that New Zealand
medical professionals are not required to
notify problems arising from the use of
mesh in surgery. With a reported 20% of
patients su ering complications from the
use of mesh in surgery this an appalling
oversight by politicians and health
e true horror of mesh surgery gone
terribly wrong was again brought home
a few days ago by another patient who
described to me the dreadful pain she
is in and the convoluted battles she has
been involved in to try to get corrective
treatment. She even spoke of suicide.
Two women from one of the mesh
surgery campaign groups are taking a
petition to Parliament about these often
tragic events. It is time for the Minister of
Health to cease his repeated claims that it
is "not appropriate" for him to get involved
in such matters.
NZ Democrats for Social Credit
Law Commission president Sir Grant
Hammond is recommending a relaxation
of the most restrictive suicide reporting
rules in the world (Greymouth Star, April
3).If, according to experts, reporting the
method of suicide resulted in 'copycat
suicides' then everyone who suicides
would blow themselves up because suicide
bombers get international headline
coverage, but the fact is the most common
form of suicide has remained the same for
more than 10,000 years.
All that has happened in New
Zealand is that we have covered up the
monumental mess that is called modern
after the slaughter
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