Home' Greymouth Star : April 10th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Thursday, April 10, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1814 - Napoleon's army is defeated by the
British and Spanish at the Battle of Toulouse;
leading to his abdication and exile to Elba the
1854 - e constitution of the Orange Free
State in south Africa is proclaimed.
1912 - Luxury liner RMS Titanic sails from
Southampton, England, on its ill-fated maiden
1932 - Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected
German president, with Adolf Hitler nishing
1944 - British midget submarine secretly
enters Bergen harbour in Nor way and sinks
German merchant ship Barenfels.
1961 - Former Nazi Adolf Eichmann is put
on trial as a war criminal in an Israeli court in
1963 - US atomic submarine resher sinks in
the north Atlantic and kills 129 crew, the worst
submarine disaster in US history.
1968 - e ferry Wahine sinks in a
storm in Wellington harbour killing
1974 - Golda Meir resigns as prime
minister of Israel over di erences
within her Labour Party.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
William Hazlitt, English essayist (1778-
1830); Lewis Wallace, US novelist (Ben Hur),
soldier and diplomat (1827-1905); William
Booth, English founder of Salvation Army
(1829-1912); Joseph Pulitzer, US journalist
(1847-1911); Liz Sheridan, US
actress of Seinfeld fame (1929-);
Max von Sydow, Swedish actor
(1929-); Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor
(1932-); Dr Peter Hollingworth,
former Australian governor-general
(1935-); Steven Seagal, US actor
(1952-); Brian Setzer, US singer of
Stray Cats fame (1959-); Sophie
Ellis-Bextor, British singer (1979-); Mandy
Moore, US singer-actor (1984-)
"Take from me the hope that I can change
the future, and you will send me mad." --- Israel
Zangwill, English dramatist (1864-1926)
"I fear that when I come again, my God may
humble me before you, and that I may have
to mourn over many who previously sinned
and have not repented of the impurity, sexual
immorality, and licentiousness that they have
practised." --- 2 Corinthians 12.21
Twelve men who
work the dogwatch
at the Dobson State
second prize of £3000 in the Golden Kiwi
lottery drawn in Wellington this morning.
Each will receive £250.
e ticket was purchased by Richmond
Street, Cobden, man Mr Bill Milligan, on
behalf of the 12, and went under the name
Dogwatch Syndicate. e 12 live throughout
the Grey district.
ere have been several changes in the
syndicate over the years. In fact only recently
one member decided to withdraw, and he
will be "whipping the cat" now, Mr Milligan
A middle-aged miner was killed when he was
struck by a fall of coal while working in the
Millerton mine early yesterday. He was Francis
Albert Neilson, 45, of Granity, a married man
with a grown-up family.
e tragedy was the second mishap in
the Buller colliery in less than a week. On
Saturday, a Millerton deputy, Mr Daniel Gear,
was admitted to Buller Hospital with chest and
back injuries after he was hit by a coal fall.
Millerton has been working for several days
on a round-the-clock basis following a re
which broke out in one of the sections last
e West Coast and New Zealand rugby
league centre G M Kennedy has been named
the player of the year for 1963, in the third
Rugby League Yearbook. e author, Mr
B Montgomerie, commented that though
Kennedy might not be the most brilliant man
in New Zealand, he is a strong defensive player
and the most consistent performer.
Graham Kennedy, a Greymouth Marist
player, was rst selected for the Kiwis in 1959.
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
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3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
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Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Indians mull bison hunt revival
The Nez Perce tribe once
hunted bison in what is now
Yellowstone National Park,
and some tribal leaders want
to revive the practice, which
ended with western settlement and the
near total extermination of the once-vast
United States bison herds.
Today, remnants of the bison, or bu alo,
herds still roam the grasslands and river
valleys of Yellowstone, a huge park that
covers parts of Wyoming, Montana and
e park lands, in which hunting is
illegal, once made up a key segment of the
Idaho tribe's traditional hunting grounds,
and some Nez Perce leaders say they
should again be able to hunt bu alo inside
"Before there was a park, there was a
tribe," Nez Perce chairman Silas Whitman
said. "Some of our members already feel
we have the right to hunt in the park, but
it hasn't been exercised because we feel
it would be remiss in going for ward that
After asserting hunting rights tied to
historic treaties in recent years, the Nez
Perce and three other tribes already hunt
those bison that follow ancient migration
routes outside the park and into Montana
in search of winter range.
e Nez Perce people have not yet
formally requested hunting rights inside
the park. Such a request would require
extensive federal review, major changes to
Yellowstone policies, and congressional
action to modify a founding law that
banned hunting or killing of bu alo and
other wildlife there.
e prospect of hunting any of the
4000 bu alo within Yellowstone
boundaries is strongly opposed by
animal advocates, who decry an existing
culling programme that allows hundreds
of bison to be hunted and shipped to
"Yellowstone is against any proposal to
hunt in the park," David Hallac, chief of
the Yellowstone Centre for Resources, the
park's science and research branch.
Whitman said the tribe would not force
the issue by violating any of the park's
regulations but may seek to broach the
topic with the US Interior Department,
which oversees the national park system,
or perhaps lobby Congress "to request
those changes be made".
Management of Yellowstone bison has
stirred controversy for decades. Killing
of animals that wander into Montana
in winter in search of food aims to keep
in check a herd population whose size
is determined by social tolerance rather
than the ecosystem's carrying capacity,
Yellowstone o cials said.
e culling is also designed to ease the
worries of Montana ranchers who fear
bison will transmit the cattle disease
brucellosis, which can cause animals to
miscarry, to cows that graze near the park.
at could put into jeopardy Montana's
brucellosis-free status, which allows
ranchers to ship livestock across State lines
Marty Zaluski, Montana State
veterinarian and member of a State,
federal and tribal team that manages
bison in and around Yellowstone, is a
proponent of hunting in the park and
told Reuters in February it needed to be
"looked at more seriously as a possible
He said it would bring the herd closer to
a population target of 3000 to 3500 and
lessen the public outcry tied to slaughter
of wayward bu alo.
But Hallac contends that hunting in the
park, which draws three million visitors
a year because of tourist attractions such
as the Old Faithful geyser and the bison,
would further complicate matters.
"Even a proposal to hunt in the park
causes more problems than the dilemma it
intends to solve," he said.
" ese are America's wildlife and a
crucial part of our national heritage. To
propose to hunt in a place established
speci cally to prevent animals from being
hunted is bizarre." --- Reuters
A North American bison. Some Indian tribes want to revive hunting the animal.
Google creates digital tour of Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat (Cambodia)
Cambodia's Angkor Wat has been
digitally mapped for the rst time,
allowing people to visit the World
Heritage Site from the comfort of their
armchair using Google Street View.
e project is part of a growing trend
aimed at internet users who might
otherwise never have the chance to visit
the cultural and architectural wonders of
Google took more than a million
photos of Angkor --- the result is 90,000
360-degree views of more than 100
Street View allows web users to zoom in
on an area, and then thoroughly explore
"Recently we've done the Taj Mahal,
the Grand Canyon, Mount Fuji," project
manager at Google Maps Manik Gupta
"But the scale of Angkor Wat is what
makes this unprecedented," he told AFP
at the project's launch last week.
"It is such an iconic place, people say it
is the eighth wonder of the world, and it
gives you this incredible sense --- look at
every single small nook and cranny, you'll
e Angkor Archaeological Park
contains the remains of the di erent
capitals of the Khmer Empire, dating from
the 9th to the 15th century.
To create the project Google used a new
innovation called Trekker.
Fifteen digital cameras are attached by
a long pole to a backpack, and each one
records a 75 million mega pixel photo
every two and a half seconds.
By walking around the Angkor
Wat temple complex, they are able to
photograph areas that Google's Street
View cars cannot reach.
"Street View launched in 2007, and since
then we've amassed a huge amount of
"We've even used snowmobiles and
trains, and Trekker is the latest tool,"
Google Maps was launched in 2005,
followed by Street View and more recently
Google Art, which provides tours of major
galleries and museums.
For the latest project, ve local men
were given the job of trekking around
the temples for up to eight hours a day to
record the experience.
A huge amount of Cambodia's heritage
was destroyed during the Khmer Rouge
regime in the late 1970s.
About 4.2 million tourists visited
Cambodia last year, a 17% increase on
2012, the majority of whom visited the
temple complex. --- AFP
Part of the temple complex at Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
e power of art and its uncanny
ability to evade the censors of
our conscious mind is never
more obvious than when it gate-
crashes party politics. Poster art,
in particular, possesses a special
potency. In 1981, the year of the
infamous Springbok Tour, the
number of households in which
the "It's pronounced Apart-Hate."
poster could be found, proudly
displayed, was astounding. Hard
on the anti-apartheid movement's
heels came nuclear-free New
Zealand posters. ese were, if
possible, even more ubiquitous.
Since the mid-1980s, however,
there has been a dearth of truly
great political posters. e
west's wars in Afghanistan and
Iraq, unlike the United States's
involvement in Vietnam, passed
us by without leaving very much
in the way of enduring cultural
markers. Certainly, the rst few
years of the 21st century have
produced nothing to match the
powerful posters of the 20th.
Neoliberalism, and its cultural
corollary, post-modernism, have
created too arid an environment
for genuinely e ective posters. e
collective passions from which
political art draws its energy
have long-since collapsed into a
desiccated individualism out of
which almost nothing grows with
su cient strength to prick our
For John Key, April is indeed
the cruellest month, because the
poster which began appearing on
Wellington streets a few days ago
cannot be easy for the son of a
Jewish refugee from Nazi barbarity
At rst glance it appears to be an
example of Nazi Party propaganda
from the 1930s. e dominant
colours are the red, white and
black of the swastika ag, and its
human subject is decked out in the
uniform of a Nazi stormtrooper.
On closer inspection, however,
we discover that the symbol in
the centre of the circle is not a
swastika but a dollar sign. e
monetary symbol is repeated on
the stormtrooper's armband and
a red dollar sign is pinned to his
chest. e stormtrooper himself
is, quite clearly, the National Party
leader, John Key.
What impresses about this poster
is its painterly qualities. Not for its
creator the easy cut-and-paste of
computer-generated graphic art.
is is not a photoshopped version
of John Key but a striking portrait
executed in gouache on a matte
board. More than anything else, it
is this painterliness that tricks our
eyes into believing we are looking
at something from the 1930s.
e work of an anonymous,
collective calling itself "Tooth sh",
the poster's purpose is set forth on
the out t's website:
"Let's be clear --- the poster is
talking about capitalism, control
and the increasing privatisation of
government. e image suggests
that the naked pursuit of money
is akin to an extremist doctrine.
One in which human lives and the
environment are being sacri ced
on the altar of expediency for the
pro t of our ruling elites.
" e poster is not saying John
Key is a Nazi."
is latter disclaimer strikes me
as just a little disingenuous. e
poster only works because our eye
processes its message much faster
than our mind is able to decode its
content. And what our eye sees is
John Key dressed as a Nazi.
In an unintended way, the artist's
resort to the iconography of
Nazism is also a statement about
the enormous di culty in visually
discussing the totalitarian nature of
the neoliberal ideology.
e all-encompassing ambition
of Neoliberalism marches under no
banners, wears no symbols, swears
fealty to no fuehrer, and needs
no uniformed militia to enforce
its will. Like Yahweh and Allah,
the neoliberal deity forebears to
be represented by anything other
than words and numbers. Also like
them, Neoliberalism is a jealous
god who su ers no rivals. How
does one represent in poster form
an ideology that makes a desert ---
and calls it prosperity?
e poster's nal irony is that
the Nazis, far from being its
kindred spirits, would have fought
Neoliberalism with as much vigour
as the Tooth sh collective. By this
reading, John Key emerges not as
the dollar sign's political avatar, but
as its most atavistic opponent.
̌Chris Trotter is an independent
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