Home' Greymouth Star : April 24th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
As Queen Elizabeth II
celebrates her 88th year,
we take a look at the more
unusual moments that
have shaped her life and
made her of one of the
most powerful and memorable women in
1. She was born by Caesarean section.
Born at 2.40am on April 21, 1926, to
Prince Albert, Duke of York and his wife
Elizabeth, Duchess of York, her birth was
not without its di culties. At 10am her
doctors issued a statement saying that
after a consultation had taken place a
"certain line of treatment" was required.
at was doctor-speak for Caesarean
2. Her nickname is Lilibet.
Named Elizabeth (after her mother)
Alexandra (after George V's mother who
had died months earlier) Mary (after her
paternal grandmother) she is known to
those close to her as Lilibet.
3. She fell in love at the age of 13.
When she met her future husband
Prince Philip at 13 --- a man who was her
third cousin --- she was captivated by the
foreign prince's good looks. Her governess,
Marion "Craw e" Crawford would later
write that she "never took her eyes o
him," although he "did not pay her any
4. She gave her rst radio broadcast at
With many children sent away from
England because of the war, Princess
Elizabeth --- joined by her younger
sister Margaret --- spoke during a radio
Children's Hour to those who were
displaced. "We want, on behalf of all the
children at home, to send you our love and
best wishes to you and your kind hosts as
well," she stated in a soft and tender voice.
5. She drove trucks during World War
As an 18-year-old princess, Elizabeth
was keen to help out in the war e orts and
joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial
Service. She became the only female of
the royal family to have entered the armed
forces. She trained as both a mechanic
and military truck driver and after ve
months was promoted to honorary junior
6. She had to hide her engagement until
she was 21.
A romantic Philip proposed to Elizabeth
when she was 20 but the engagement
was to be kept secret until after her
21st birthday. In a romantic letter, he
re ected upon all the good things in
his life, especially "to have fallen in love
completely and unreservedly".
7. Her relationship with Philip was
eir union was not without its
controversies; Prince Philip renounced
his Greek and Danish titles, converted
to Anglicanism and changed his name
to his mother's British family, becoming
Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten. Before
the wedding took place, he became Duke
of Edinburgh and therefore His Royal
8. She had to use ration coupons for her
eir wedding was held on November 20
at Westminster Abbey. Because there were
still rations from the war, the Princess
required coupons to buy the material for
her gown --- many of the coupons were
gifted to her from brides-to-be from
around the country. Designed by Norman
Hartwell, the dress was decorated with
crystals and 10,000 pearls.
9. She has been red at by a teenager.
Marcus Sarjeant, 17, who idolised the
assassins of both John F Kennedy and
John Lennon, red six shots during the
Queen's Trooping the Colour birthday
celebrations in 1981.
Police found a note written by Sarjeant,
stating that "I am going to stun and
mystify the world. I will become the most
famous teenager in the world."
Although the police later discovered that
the shots were blank, he was sentenced
to ve years in prison and was released in
three. He then changed his name and has
started a new life.
10. An intruder has invaded her
On July 9 1982, Michael Fagan scaled
the walls of Buckingham Palace, climbed
up a drainpipe, wandered around the
palace and then entered the Queen's
bedroom. It was the biggest security
breach in 800 years.
Fagan triggered two alarms during
his palace walkabout, but Police turned
them o because they thought they were
accidentally set o . e Queen awoke
to nd him sitting on the edge of the
bed, his hand bleeding from a cut he had
sustained from tripping up as he wandered
the palace. She left the room immediately
and he was soon apprehended by a
footman. He was later sent to a psychiatric
institution for six months.
11. She holds a Bafta Award.
At the opening ceremony of the London
2012 Olympic Games, Daniel Craig,
acting as secret agent James Bond, met
the Queen, who was playing herself,
in a special video. A year later, she was
presented with an honorary Bafta award in
recognition of her outstanding patronage
of the lm and television industries.
--- New Zealand Herald
4 - Thursday, April 24, 2014
We appreciate the value of the Letters to the Editor
column as a public forum for West Coasters and
welcome your opinion and suggestions.
Letters may be submitted by post, fax or e-mail and
must include your name, address, phone number
and - except for e-mails - your signature. Noms de
plume are not accepted.
Please keep your letters honest, respectful and
within 300 words. Letter writers will generally not
be published more often than weekly. The Editor
reserves the right to edit or not publish letters,
especially those that are o ensive or too long.
Post to PO Box 3, Greymouth, fax to 768 6205 or
email to firstname.lastname@example.org
uLetters to the editor
1731 - Death of Daniel Defoe, British
journalist and author of Robinson Crusoe.
1833 - e soda fountain is patented by Jacob
Ebert and George Dutley.
1898 - Spain declares war on United States.
1915 - e Ottoman Turkish Empire begins
the brutal mass deportation of
Armenians during World War One.
1916 - Some 1600 Irish
nationalists launch the Easter
1945 - US forces liberate Dachau
1953 - British statesman Winston
Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at
1980 - e United States launches an abortive
attempt to free American hostages in Iran.
1986 - Wallis Simpson, the Duchess of
Windsor, for whom King Edward VIII gave
up the British throne, dies in Paris at the age
1996 - e Palestinian parliament declares
in Gaza City that it no longer seeks Israel's
destruction and has abandoned armed struggle.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
St Vincent de Paul, French priest and founder
of charity orders (1576-1600); Anthony
Trollope, English novelist (1815-1882);
Philippe Petain, French statesman
(1856-1951); William Joyce (Lord
Haw-Haw), British fascist and Nazi
broadcaster (1906-1946); Shirley
MacLaine, US actress (1934-); Jill
Ireland, US actress (1936-1990);
John Williams, Australian classical
guitarist (1941-); Barbra Streisand,
US actress and singer (1942-);
Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer (1973-);
Kelly Clarkson, US singer (1982-).
"We are what we think. All that we are, arises
with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we
make the world." --- Buddha.
" e rain fell, the oods came, and the winds
blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall,
because it had been founded on rock."
--- (Matthew 7.25).
"To promote deer
hunting for overseas
tourists was wishful
thinking," said Mr
P J McKelvey of the New Zealand Forest
Ser vice today. He was making submissions to
the parliamenary select committee inquiring
into ways of controlling noxious animals.
He said that it had often been proposed that
New Zealand should capitalise on the herds
of noxious animals by promoting hunting for
" ere is an uninformed opinion that this
would be an attractively economic way of
gaining control over noxious animals," he
said. "Our steep arduous mountain lands, the
physical limitations of most of the tourist
hunters, many of whom are not young, and
their understandable desire for large numbers
of animals, make this opinion wishful
thinking," he added.
e death of Mr Frederick Gustov Hahn, a
senior citizen of Ahaura, occurred yesterday
at Greymouth. He was 79. Mr Hahn was
born at Oxford, Canterbury and came to the
West Coast with his parents as a child, rst to
Stillwater and later to Ahaura where he had
resided for the past 73 years. He had spent a
lifetime in the timbermilling industry.
As a young man he was a keen member of the
Ahaura Gun Club, and a trustee of the Ahaura
Memorial Hall Committee since its inception.
Mr Hahn is suvived by his wife Katharine,
ve sons, Ted Savage (Petone), Jim Savage
(Ahaura), Les Hahn (Te Atatu), Vince and Pat
Hahn (Ahaura); two daughters, Kit (Mrs C F
Johnsen, Kumara) and Betty (Mrs V Curtain,
Ahaura); and one brother Gus Hahn (Ahaura).
uToday s birthdays
uFood for thought
Printed and published by the
Greymouth Evening Star Co Limited
3 Werita Street, PO Box 3, Greymouth
03 769 7900 (o ce)
769 7913 (editorial)
768 6205 (fax)
Sports Editor Tui Bromley
Chief Reporter Laura Mills
03 769 7913
03 755 8422
Healy s view
Majesty at 88
Eleven things you might not know about Queen Elizabeth II.
e deep solemnity with which Anzac
Day is commemorated in New Zealand
is entirely appropriate. Never before had
the people of this country been required
to cope with the violent death of so many
of their fellow citizens. For New Zealand's
political and military leadership the
public's response to the unprecedented
length of the casualty lists was a matter of
critical signi cance.
A military disaster on the scale of the
Gallipoli campaign can be responded to in
one of two ways. Either, the nation recoils
in anger and disgust at the unforgiveable
failure of both the armed forces and
the government to protect its sons; or,
it transforms the sordid waste of young
lives into an occasion for patriotic and
ultimately spiritual exultation.
For the deeply conservative government
of the day it, therefore, became a matter
of some urgency that the Gallipoli defeat,
and its horri c losses, be recon gured into
a blood-sancti ed rite of national passage.
Having laid upon the altar of the "dearest
and the best" they had to o er, New
Zealanders still at home were told that
they had all, by some mysterious patriotic
alchemy, been ennobled. ose hundreds
of dead New Zealand boys had "stood
the test", and now it was the duty of all
those for whom they had made "the nal
sacri ce" to do the same.
is transformation of the botched
Dardanelles campaign into a symbol of
emergent nationhood was, thus, a stunning
example of the most malign and cynical
statecraft. By re-presenting the Anzac
defeat as New Zealand's bloody "coming
of age", the Reform Party Prime Minister,
Bill Massey, made certain that the disaster
of Gallipoli would never be seriously
questioned or criticised. Because to do so
would be tantamount to questioning and
criticising "the glorious dead" --- and that
soon became unthinkable.
And so it has continued, down through
the 10 decades since those Anzac soldiers
rst planted their boots on Turkish
soil. And in every one of those decades
the political and military leadership
of New Zealand have reiterated the
solemn falsehoods upon which the
commemoration of Anzac Day is
at the soldiers died for freedom and
at the battle marked the true birth of
the New Zealand nation.
at had it been left to the New
Zealanders and the Australians, the
Gallipoli peninsula could have been
e men who died on the unforgiving
slopes of Gallipoli were volunteers, brim-
full of imperial pride and ready to give
their all for their King-Emperor and his
empire. Freedom and democracy did not
come into it. In 1914 Great Britain itself
was only barely a democratic State. Most
of the 800,000 British dead gave their
lives for a State which allowed them no
vote. New Zealand was a truly democratic
State, but the progressive forces which had
made it so harboured serious reservations
about the war. Conscription was required
to keep the blood tribute owing and the
government which oversaw it was brutally
Far from marking the birth of the
New Zealand nation, the Gallipoli
campaign and the subsequent battles in
Flanders retarded the development of an
independent New Zealand identity. Only
in World War Two could it be truthfully
said that New Zealand's citizen soldiers
were consciously ghting for freedom and
democracy --- along with the job-rich,
union-protected, welfare state their votes
had brought into being.
at the losses in World War Two were
so much fewer than the rst owed a great
deal to the lessons drawn from that earlier
con ict. Sending farm boys to take the
Gallipoli peninsula was always a fool's
errand. e Turks knew it and so did their
German advisers. Yes, we took Chunuk
Bair, but we could not hold it. Nobody
Next year we will solemnly mark
the 100th anniversary of the Gallipoli
landings. I hold little hope that we will do
so honestly. Age may not weary those dear,
best boys, but while we continue to tell
ourselves lies about why they died --- they
will never rest.
̌ Chris Trotter is an independent
left-wing political commentator.
Gallipoli --- solemn falsehoods
Queen Elizabeth II
Passing through the serene,
colourful countryside of northern
France, it is almost impossible to
fathom the horror that came a
Bright yellow, blooming canola
elds and immaculate green elds
line the winding roads, masking the
bloodshed from World War One
that will always be connected to
e Western Front in France and
Belgium, where 46,000 Australians
and thousands of New Zealanders
died between 1914 and 1918,
was once a picture of carnage, a
battleground of trench warfare
described as a "muddy hell" by those
who fought there.
Today, the beauty of the area
is striking to those who come to
visit the many war cemeteries and
" ere's a real dichotomy," says
Major-General David Chalmers,
the chief executive of Anzac Day
services in France.
"On the one hand it's beautiful
... yet the soil here at Pozieres for
example (where 23,000 Australians
died) is the piece of ground most
soaked with Australian blood.
"In some ways, it's really hard to
be here on a beautiful afternoon
and try to imagine the ghting that
Major-General Chalmers, though,
believes visiting the battle elds is
the only way to get any sort of grasp
of what the diggers went through
during the Great War.
Increasing numbers of Australians
are travelling to the region and both
French and Australian authorities
have made ongoing e orts to
enhance the experience.
e Australian Remembrance
Trail project links cemeteries,
memorials and museums at the sites
of many signi cant battles across
the Western Front.
"For me there's only one way
to see and comprehend what
happened and that was to go to
the battle eld and to stand on the
ground and to read the material
that's available there and through
guide books and websites," Major-
General Chalmers said.
"We can never really understand
the horror of the Western Front,
but by visiting each of the locations,
we can get some idea what it was
Many Australians have arrived
in the region this week and an
expected crowd of more than 4000
will commemorate Anzac Day at
tomorrow 's dawn service at the
Australian National Memorial,
located on the outskirts of
Villers-Bretonneux. --- AAP
Beauty of the Somme
masks horrors of past
Links Archive April 23rd 2014 26-Apr-2014 Navigation Previous Page Next Page